US 2259435 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 21, 1941. w. D. coLLlNs 2,259,435
STRUCTURAL EXHIBITION DEVICE Filed DSC. 7, 1959 Patented Oct. 21, 1941 UNlTED STATS PATENT FFICE STRUCTURAL EXHIBITION DEVICE William D. Collins, Chicago, Ill.
Application December 7, 1939, Serial No. 308,047
My invention relates to a simple improvement or device used to determine how the wall of a building would appear if made of a certain shade of brick and a certain color mortar joint used to hold the bricks together.
The main object of the invention is to provide a device for determining, before a wall is set up or built, how that wall will actually appear, it being composed of a certain number of bricks or other units which use in combination therewith a cementing composition such as mortar or other suitable substance.
A further object of the invention is to provide a series of transparent cards having secured thereto in unit outline formation the cementing composition so as to demarcate in miniature a structure composed of a number of units.
Another object of the invention is to provide a simple, practical device for the purposes and objects heretofore enumerated which is also simple, practical and economical to manufacture in quantity production.
In order that the above objects may be attained, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing and the ensuing description wherein;
Fig. 1 represents a top view of my invention superimposed upon a standard building brick.
Fig. 2 is a front View thereof.
Fig. 3 is a top view of another form of my invention superimposed upon a brick.
Fig. 4 is a front view of Figure 3.
Referring to the drawing, wherein like numerals are used to designate like parts, in Figure 1 is shown one form of my invention, which is comprised of a transparent material, preferably Celluloid or Cellophane of suitable thickness, or it may be glass or any other suitable material.
The member 1 is made up to the approximate dimensions indicated in the View of Figures 1 and 2, where 5 designates a standard brick, my invention generally designated 6, and as indicated at 7 it is somewhat shorter than the length of a standard brick 5.
On the front face of my invention, a small portion of the same 8 is reserved for advertising material indicated by 8.
The portion conned within the space designated I8, is divided 01T into a brick diagram or formation as indicated by the numerals 9, I0, l2, and I3 showing the usual staggered pattern formation of brick structure. Altho this is the most common arrangement indicated, yet any other designs used in the brick laying industry may be shown or indicated in the pattern formation on the member 6 comprising my invention such as a soldier course, arch formation, or any other standard structural design.
The demarcations Il are provided in order to bring out the brick pattern structure in the manner indicated, and may be printed on the surface of the` transparent material indicated in Figures 1 and 2; or the actual mortar or cement may be positioned on the surface, or cemented, or vulcanized thereto, or by using a heating process the mortar may be secured to the transparent member 6 to bring out the harmonious relationship between the different colors of mortar `and the different colors of bricks.
It is a known fact that in the brick industry, bricks are made of different colors, red, brown, or black or clinker brick, etc., whereas the mortar is also` made in a variety of colors such as white, grey, brown, red, black, etc.
Now, with the use of my invention, the true appearance of a brick wall may be obtained by super-imposing my invention on the surface of one standard brick. Heretofore this has been done in various cumbersome ways; a salesman would have considerable diiiiculty in convincing a prospect by showing him certain color bricks or a certain mortar color, how a wall would look when completed. y l
In some instances after a sale was made and after a building was actually erected, the appearance was totally different than what the purchasing prospect had expected to see.
In some instances brick frame works have been devised wherein a section of a wall is actually constructed and mounted, but this method necessitated the building of many wall sections due to the many combinations of colors of bricks and colors of mortar available.
Up to the present, as far as I know, the prospect had to use his imagination in order to assimilate the colors of brick and mortar to visualize the finished result.
In many instances the prospect is brought to the sales agency, where he is given an opportunity to inspect a section of a wall made up of a certain color brick and a certain color mortar, kof course as many sections of wall have to be shown as there are color combinations of both mortar and brick. The prospect views each section thru a redu-cing glass, `thus getting the general eifect of the harmony and color scheme combination.
My method of presenting the prospect with a miniature display permits the prospect to view the finished wall from close range, which cannot be done when Va wall section display is used without the vuse of ,a reducing glass. My yinvention see if he looked at the actual wall at a distance. Hence, my invention permits a salesman to demonstrate to a prospect the actual appearance of a wall section as it would ultimately appear in the building structure when completed.
With my invention on the other hand, a salesman may carry along a convenient kit, one of each of the different colors of brick and a series of templates with the various colored mortar joints the colors indicated thereon in a manner heretofore explained, thus the prospect may arrive at his own determination as to the color scheme he would desire in the wall structure of the house that he may be building, and have no difficulty in visualizing the color harmony of a proposed combination of brick and mortar.
Another form of my invention is illustrated in Figures 3 and 4 where the arrangement is substantially made of a material the same color as the mortar to be used indicated by the numeral 6' my invention designated by the numeral II, which material is opaque material, and is made up in the same and various colors as there are mortar joint colors available to the customer or purchaser.
The invention is confined to a slightly smaller portion than the brick proper designated 5, and my template or mat is provided with a space reserved for advertising 8' whereas the balance or remainder included within the portion or lines of demarcation I9 is spaced off into brick formation as indicated by I4, I5, and I6.
This provides an arrangement whereby the cutout formation I4, I5, and I which may be any design used at the present time in standard construction in the brick industry, and by super-imposing the same on a standard brick will permit the natural brick color to be seen thru the openings I4, I5, and I6, at the same time showing the mortar combination by virtue of the sections 20 which are the same color as the original material, and Which represent a color of available mortar material.
Another feature of my invention is the fact that I have made it of a smaller size than the standard brick giving the customer the opportunity to see the formation of a brick wall with a particular mortar combination, and at the same time get the impression of the brick 5 which is not covered by my invention when making the demonstration or'color scheme selection.
My invention may be used for demonstrating in advance of actual construction, roong, inner walls, outer walls, tile, brick, stone and other similar structures. In other words I provide a simple means of comparison and demonstration of the color harmony and appearance of a 1inished structure by the use of my invention and a single unit comprising the structure.
My invention may be made up to be distributed gratis, and would be quite useful as an advertising medium, in that architects, builders, prospective home owners and such other businesses allied to the building industry, or those furnishing materialsy to the building industry, whether it `happens to be brick, slate, roofing materials, wall materials, may find it to their advantage to give away the brick mat comprising my invention, and which may be utilized 'most advantageouslyv by people in the building business.
While I have shown schematic or preferred forms of my invention, I feel that it is susceptible of many alterations and improvements, therefore thus provides an ideal arrangement for demonstrating at close range what a prospect would.
I reserve the right to all such alterations, modi cations or improvements coming within the scope and spirit of my invention and thepurview of the foregoing description, my invention to be limited only by the subjoined claims.
Having thus described and revealed my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is'.
1. An article of the character described comprising, a transparent sheet member having a section showing a formation of a series of architectural building units, the said formation indicated on the said section by designation in the same color simulating the color of composition binder used to maintain the said architectural units in assembly.
y 2. In combination, an architectural buil-ding unit, and a transparent sheet member having a section showing a formation of a series of architectural building units, when the said transparent member is superimposed on the said architectural building unit, the said formation indicated on the said section by designation in the same color simulating the color of a binder composition used to maintain the said architectural building units in assembly 3. An article of the character described comprising, a transparent sheet member having a section showing a formation of a series of architectural building units, the said formation obtained by airixing to the said section binding composition used to maintain in formation the said architectural building units in a building structure made up of the said architectural building units.
4. In combination, a rectangular architectural building unit, and a transparent member having a section showing a formation of a series of such architectural building units, the said formation obtained by aflixing to the said section a binding composition used to maintain the said architectural building units in formation in a building structure made up of the said architectural building units, the said transparent member when superimposed on the said rectangular architectural building unit producing a miniature effect of a portion of a building structure made up of the said architectural building units and the said binding composition. l
5. An article of the character described comprising, a transparent sheet member dimensioned to correspond to a surface of an architectural building unit of the type assembled in a building structure by virtue of a binder composition, the said sheet member having lines representing binder composition similar in design to the lines of binder composition between a number of architectural building units forming a visible design when assembled in a building structure.
6. An article of the character described comprising, a transparent sheet member dimensioned to correspond to a surface of an architectural building unit of the type assembled in a building structure by virtue of a binder composition, the said sheet member having lines representing binder composition similar in design to the lines of binder composition between a number of architectural building units forming a visible design when assembled-in a building structure, the superimposition of the said sheet member upon one of said architectural building units producing a miniature display resembling an assembly of said architectural building units and said binder in a. building structure.
' WILLIAM D, COLLINS".