|Publication number||US2259560 A|
|Publication date||Oct 21, 1941|
|Filing date||Sep 27, 1938|
|Priority date||Sep 27, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2259560 A, US 2259560A, US-A-2259560, US2259560 A, US2259560A|
|Inventors||Glidden Alfred A|
|Original Assignee||Hood Rubber Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (36), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 21,- 1941. Af. A. GLIDDEN ENTILATED FABRIC, GARMENT, AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAMEv Filed Sept. 27, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Oct. 21, 1941. A. A.`GL|DDEN 2,259,560
VENTILATED FABRIC, GARMENT, AND METHOD OF MAKlNG THE SAME Filed Sept. 27, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2- Patented Oct. 21:, 1941 UNITED 4s'iii'iiss rratito VENTILATED FABRIC', GARMENT, AND METHOD F MAKING THE SAME Alfred A Glidden, Watertown, Mass., assigner to Hood Rubber Company, Inc., Watertown, Mass., a 'corporation of Delaware Application September 27, 1938, Serial No. 231,894
"minima Il'his invention relates to ventilated or breathable fabrics and to garments employing the same and -methods of manufacture.
Heavy coats used in very cold climates permit and encourage the formation of perspiration, the dampness of which is dangerous to health and disagreeable. Similar diillculties areencountered with impervious rubberized fabric coats adapted for wear lin warmer climates especially where the lo one edge margin thereof may be fed from supply humidity is high. V
The chief objects of this invention are to provide warmth and resistance to showers while at the same time providing ample ventilation, and to provide breathability uniformly distributed throughout a garment, and to provide a'sheet material having these properties which `readily may be made up into garments. A further object is to providea weather-resisting fabric and garment that is breathable throughout very-.nearly its entire extent and with substantial uniformity throughout such extent.
These and other objects will appear from the following. description and lthe laccompanying drawings:
Of the drawings:
Fig. l is a front quarter view in perspective of one form of garment embodying the invention as in use.
Fig. 2 is-adetaii pian view of the material 30 thev shingling strips of the body panel as at 24.
thereof, parts being broken away to show the construction. i
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the compound fabric employed, taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a rear view of the garment in use. Fig. 5 is a front view of a modified form of garment in use.
Referring to the drawings, and ilrst to Figs. 2 and 8, the material comprises a, perforatebacking or lining IIJ to which .are` secured-in overlapping or shingled relation a plurality and preferably a multiplicity of strips I-I of substantially. impervious fabric of any desired construction. The strips are attached tothe lining by one edge in any desired manner but preferably by a band I2 of adhesive applied to the under side of their upper margins. The strips may also be attached at intervals at positions below their upper marglns so as to resist being turned up in the wind.
The strips may be of heavy heat insulating cloth or of lighter cloth provided on itsunder'face with a layer I3 of waterproof material such as rubber composition or other waterproof plastic, or the cloth may be otherwise treated to make it water.- proof. The lining I Il may be of any breathable material such as pervious cloth.
` An eective method of preparing the material is by printing the lining 'with al gridiron design of adhesive coating material, preferably having stripes of adhesive material I4 applied lengthwise of the fabric and cross stripes I5 of similar material. While the deposited cementing material is still adhesive in nature the strips II of rubberized cloth -or other material, preferably having an adhesive coating I2 of cementing material at lrolls into engagement with the face of the lining so that their upper margins are adhered to the lining and the strips are pressed in place in overlapping or shingled relation.I
l5 Referring to Figs. 1 and 4, these illustrate a garment having a rear panel I6, a right front panel I'I,- and a left front panel I8, a collar I9 and raglan sleevesV 20, 2I. panels are arranged so that the shingled strips` II extend circumferentially of the body,'and the sleeves are so .arranged that'the strips II extend circumferentially of the arm, the sleeves and body panels being united by stitched or other suitable seams. The collar I 9 and belt 22 are made of similar material but need not be of shingled construction. The patch pockets 23 however are made of shingled fabric corresponding with the coat, the upper margin of the pockets extending under, and being. normally concealed by one of The garment of Fig. 5 is tailored of different style and is made up of shingle cloth material havingshingle strips of greater width than that used in the garment of Figs. 1 and 4, the wider strips giving the body and skirt portion a cape and'flounce effect'. This style is very suitable for ralncoats made of rubberized fabric.
Byvarying the number and size of the shingles,
the percentage of breathable area of the fabric 40 may be varied over a wide range. and while the protection against rain is complete, .the breathable area may be made as high as 90 percent and greater-oi' the area of the fabric, if desired, and distributed with substantial uniformity.
454 variations may be made' without departing from the scope of the invention as it is deilned bythe following claims. l Y
4 1. 'I 'he method of making ventilated flexible ma'- terial which comprises providing a pervious lining,
disposing adhesive material in spaced apart zones upon said lining, and then adhering margins of covering elements .to said lining at said zoneiin overlapping shingled relation of said elements to 5 5 provide ventilation between the shingled elements The front and rear and through the material, said adhesive material being disposed to adhere the covering elements at `adhesive material on one face thereof with intervening uncoated zones of the pervious backing and a plurality of strips of flexible weather-resisting material adhered to at least some of said areas of adhesive material on the backing and arranged in overlapping relation, providing for ventilation between the adjacent strips, said strips being adhered to said backing Aat one margin of the strip and also at spaced-apartV positions throughout a substantial part of the width of the strip to retain the strip in place against undesirable lifting thereof while providing such ventilation. l
3. Ventilated exible sheet material comprising a pervious flexible backing having closely spaced narrow bands of adhesive material on one face thereof with intervening uncoated zones of the pervious backing, and a plurality of strips of ilexible weather resisting material adhered to` said narrow bands of adhesive material on the `backing along a margin of each strip and arranged in overlapping relation, providing for ventilation between the adjacent strips, and said strips being adhered also at spaced-apart positions throughout a substantial part of the width of the strip to retain the strips in place against undesirable lifting thereof while providing such ventilation. 4. Ventilated flexible sheet material comprising a pervious flexible backing, and on one face thereof a coating of adhesive material disposed in a gridiron pattern providing crossed narrow bands of the adhesive material and interposed uncoated areas of the previous material, and a plurality of strips of weather-resisting material upon the backing in overlapping relation, said strips having adhesive material on the under faces thereof united with the adhesive material of the gridiron pattern `on the backing along a margin of each strip providing for ventilation between the adjacent strips, and said strips being adhered by such gridiron pattern also at spaced-apart positions throughout a substantial pant of the width of the strip to retain the strip in place against undesirable lifting thereof while providing such ventilation.
5. The method of making ventilated flexible material which comprises providing a pervious backing of flexible material, applying adhesive material in closely spaced zones upon one face of the backing, and then adhering a plurality of strips of weather-resisting material to said zones of the adhesive material on the backing along one margin of each strip with the strips in overlapping relation to permit ventilation therebetween,
and also adhering said strips at spaced-apart poof strips of weather-resisting material rto said bands of adhesive material on the backing along one margin of each strip with the strips in overlapping relation to permit ventilation therebetween, a-.. also adhering said strips at spacedapart positions throughout a substantial part of the width of said strips to retain the strips in place against undesirable lifting thereof while providing such ventilation.
7. The method of making ventilated exible material which comprises providing a pervious backing of'iiexible material, applying adhesive material upon one face of the backing in a gridiron pattern of crossed narrow bands of the adhesive upon the backing. providing a plurality of strips of weather-resisting material with adhesive material upon the face of each strip, applying said strips to said backingin spaced-apart overlapping relation with adjacent strips, pressing the strips upon the backing to unite the adhesive material of the strips with the adhesive ma,- terial on the backing in an arrangement to permit ventilation through the backing between adjacent strips, said crossed narrow bands of adhesive being so disposed as'lto adhere said strips at a margin thereof and also at spaced-apart positions throughout a substantial part of the width of the strip to retain the strips in place against undesirable lifting thereof while providing such ventilation.
ALFRED A. GLIDDEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2565219 *||May 15, 1946||Aug 21, 1951||Donald W Gardiner||Sail and method of manufacture of same|
|US2771661 *||Oct 15, 1953||Nov 27, 1956||Us Rubber Co||Rainproof fabric|
|US2886248 *||Dec 31, 1954||May 12, 1959||Texas Co||Sealable adhesive composition, tie pad comprising same, and process for using said pad|
|US2922417 *||Jun 11, 1953||Jan 26, 1960||Johnson & Johnson||Air-permeable product and method of making it|
|US2989754 *||Sep 16, 1959||Jun 27, 1961||Joseph Bukspan||Ventilated raincoats|
|US3213465 *||Oct 30, 1962||Oct 26, 1965||Ludwikowski Stanley W||Rainwear|
|US4408356 *||Dec 14, 1981||Oct 11, 1983||Simon Abrams||Ventilated rain garment|
|US4513451 *||Feb 22, 1983||Apr 30, 1985||Brown Michael A||Variable ventilation system for garments|
|US4608715 *||Aug 12, 1985||Sep 2, 1986||Fitch-Wyckoff International, Inc.||Protective garment having variable ventilation entry and exit panels|
|US5105477 *||Feb 15, 1991||Apr 21, 1992||Intersport Fashions West, Inc.||Garment with provision for arm ventilation|
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|US7685650 *||Mar 30, 2010||Establissements Guy Cotten||Oilskin-type water-tight and air-tight protective garment|
|US7966668||Jun 28, 2011||Sullivans, Inc.||Ventilated garment|
|US8001618||Sep 21, 2007||Aug 23, 2011||Sullivans, Inc.||Ventilated double-closure garment|
|US8336116||Apr 28, 2008||Dec 25, 2012||Angela Jodie Gomes Seguin||Garment closure system|
|US8336117 *||Dec 25, 2012||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel with material elements having a reversible structure|
|US8522369||Apr 11, 2008||Sep 3, 2013||Sullivans, Inc.||Garment protective system|
|US20030033656 *||Jun 20, 2002||Feb 20, 2003||Knut Jaeger||Ventilation system for clothing|
|US20040158910 *||Feb 13, 2003||Aug 19, 2004||Bay Marc A.||Hybrid ventilated garment|
|US20040221356 *||Aug 21, 2002||Nov 11, 2004||Rekkedal Bjarne Idar||Sportswear for team players|
|US20050251900 *||Dec 15, 2004||Nov 17, 2005||Harlacker John A||Hazardous duty garments|
|US20070061948 *||Sep 19, 2006||Mar 22, 2007||Guy Cotten||Oilskin-type water-tight and air-tight protective garment|
|US20070094762 *||Oct 19, 2005||May 3, 2007||Nike, Inc.||Article of apparel with material elements having a reversible structure|
|US20130333092 *||May 14, 2013||Dec 19, 2013||Berghaus Limited||Garment Vent|
|USD498037||Mar 9, 2004||Nov 9, 2004||Robison's Inc.||Jacket|
|USD618440||Jun 29, 2010||Parker Synergies, LLC||Venting motorcycle jacket|
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|DE1085832B *||Jul 19, 1956||Jul 28, 1960||Metallwerk Todtnau G M B H||Als Schutz gegen Sonneneinstrahlung dienendes Bekleidungsstueck, insbesondere zur Verwendung in tropischen Gegenden|
|DE102004041184A1 *||Aug 25, 2004||Mar 30, 2006||W.L. Gore & Associates Gmbh||Connection strip for joining items of clothing, comprises an adhesive strip, an adhesive seam and a connection strip|
|DE102004041184B4 *||Aug 25, 2004||Jul 13, 2006||W.L. Gore & Associates Gmbh||Connection strip for joining items of clothing, comprises an adhesive strip, an adhesive seam and a connection strip|
|U.S. Classification||428/134, 2/87, 156/253, 156/292, 156/299, 428/191|
|International Classification||A41D27/28, A41D27/00|