US 2259673 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
0a; 21 1941. R, M, wHlTE I I.2,259, ,673
COMBINATION HUNTING LIGHT AND FLASHLIGHT Filed Au 28, I940 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR WITNESS ATTORNEYS Oct; 21, 1941.. R, WHITE 2,259,673
COMBINATION mmme LIGHTAND FLASHLIGHT Filed Aug. 28, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 BY M flm ATTOR N EYS WITNESS Patente d Octl 21} 19.41
oouenvanoiv mm'rmo uon'r AND msmon'r Ralph M. White, mmntow m'vs. Application August as; 1940, Serial No. 354,017
Claims. (01. 240-1037) invention relates to combination huntingl shts and flashlights, and more particularly to those having a pivoted connection whereby the light may be directed either straight ahead or at right angles with respect to the base.
To combine a flashlight, in which the light v beam is directed straight ahead with respect to the base, and a hunting light, in which the light beam is directed at right angles with respect to the base, has long been considered a desirable expedient for economy and convenience, and several devices have been developed along this line. The common method of accomplishing this changeability is to provide a case for the bulb, lens and reflector, which case is swiveled' on the battery caseso the light may be directed either straight or'to the side; however, this creates the problem of a suitable swiveled connection. The
electrical connections for the .bulb must pass through the swivel,-' and at the same time the connection must be as nearly watertight as possible to prevent the entry of moisture, dirt, etc..
from entering the casings, with deleterious resuits. I realize that various means have been developed to solve this problem but, so far as I am aware, no one has produced av device having the speciflc advantageous combination and arrangement 0! parts of that embodied in my invention.
The object of this invention is a durable and convenient combination flashlight.
Another object is a snug swivel connection between the light casing and the battery casing such a device. Y o L Still another object is an economical and easily assembled device for accomplishing the above result. These and other objects may be accomplished Figure-'3 is a cross-section taken on line 1-3 01' Figure 2. v I
Figure 4 is a cross-section taken on'line 4-4 oi Figure 2,
' Fi ure 5 is a side elevation of my device with thebulb casing tumed so the light is directed straight ahead, as with the conventional flashli ht. and
Figure 6 is a side elevation the light turned part way light position.
Referring to the drawings in detail; a battery casing III carries the batteries II and is closed at its lower end by a screw' cap i2 carrying a contact spring l3 pressing on the batteries. The
spring i3 rests on insulating material l4 and has connected thereto the wire it which runs down the side of the case to a suitable switch means l6 which makesi contact with a light wire 31. v The switch is oi conventional flashlight construction and need not be described. On'the side of the casing there is a conventional belt oi the casing is built with a diseat 20. Threaded into the neck I! is a coacting by my invention which embodies among its ieatimes a battery casing, a bulb casing, a threaded connection between the two casings, a resilient.
means .operating to push the two casings apart to 7 cause tightness of the connection, a housing on I the bulb socket, an insulating base on thehousing, ascontact member for the bulb held to the base by a rivet therethrough, and brush means in the casing contacting the rivet and the housing. Other objects and features will become evident from the following disclosure when taken in conmfitcilclin with the accompanying drawings in w Figure 1 is a rear elevation view oi my device, partly in cross-section. I
Figure 2 is a vertical'cross-se'cthn taken ion line 2-: oi Figure 1, r
neck Ii oi-the light casing 22, having a corresponding spring seat 28. The front of the casing 22 carries a light structure consisting of a reflector 24- and lens 25 of conventional construction andheld in place by a rim 28.
Seated in the two'spring seats 20 and 23 in a compression spring 21, which tends to push casings in and 22 apart and thereby forms a tighterflt between the threads I! and-2|. It will be noted that the casing" is'readily rotatable, and that at the same time the spring 21 causes a binding 01 thesethreads which makes a near watertight connection. Y
The lower end of the reflector 14 is screw 1 threaded. and fltted therein is a bulb socket 28 which carries a housing 20 positioned axially and concentric to thenecki9. There is a base 30 clamped into an enlarged end II of the housing,
and the base'carries, by meansoi a rivet 3!, a
' spring contact member II. when a light bulb is screwed into the pocket 28. this contact member will make electrical contact with the bottom of the bulb. v
In the upper end of the casing I 0 extending along the'long side oi-the diagonal position, is
an L-shaped bracket of insulating material 34, and a resilient strip 35 is riveted to the lower I of device with 'down into hunting 'of the battery through the strip 35, rivet 32 and strip 33 to the light bulb and back through the housing 29, brush 36, wire 3i, switch l8 and wire l to the spring l3 which bears on the zinc of the battery. It will further be noted that the strip 35 and the brush 3?; make good electrical contact with the light no matter how much the light casing is rotated.
By the above described structure, I have produced a combination flashlight in which the light casing may be turned either straight as shown in Figure 5, in which case it is handled like the I conventional flashlight, or turned at any angle as shown in Figure 6, or at right angles as in Figures l and 2. In the latter positionitmaybestuck in the users belt or stood upright on the ground. Although a preferred embodiment is disclosed herein, I do not wish to be limited thereto but only by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a device oi the class described, a battery case, a bulb case, a diagonally disposed,
threaded connection therebetween for angular adjustment thereof, a resilient means tending to push said cases apart to cause tightness oi the threaded connection, a bulb socket in the bulb.
case and a housing integral therewith, a base on the housing, contact means extending through the base and contacting the bulb, and brush means in the battery case contacting the contact means and the housing.
2. In a device of the class described, abattery case, a bulb case, a diagonally disposed threaded connection therebetween for angular adjustment thereof, a resilient means tending to push said cases apart to cause tightness of the threadedwonnection, a bulb socket in the bulb case and a housing integraltherewith, an insulating base on the housing, contact means for the bulb held by a rivet through the base,' and brush means in the battery case contacting the rivet and the housing. r
3. In a device of the class described, a battery casing, a light bulb casing connected by a swivel joint with the battery casing, a bulb receiving socket mounted in the bulb casing and having an extension housing of conductive mateaccepts rial extending through the swivel joint, an insulating base member secured to the extension housing and carrying a conductive terminal, a spring contact attached to the said terminal adapted to make electrical contact with the bot tom terminal of the bulb, an angular bracket secured within the battery casing adjacent the swivel joint, a resilient conductor strip attached to one end of the said bracket adapted to make contact with one pole of the battery and with the terminal on the base member, and a contact member secured to the opposite end of the bracket electrically connected with the opposite pole of the battery and making contact with the socket extension housing.
4. In a device of the class described, a battery casing. a light bulb casing connected by a swivel joint with the battery casing, a bulb receiving socket mounted in the bulb casing and having an extension housing of conductive material extending through the swivel Joint, an insulating base member secured to the extension .housing and carrying a conductive terminal, a
spring contact attached to the said. terminal adapted to make electrical contact with the bottom terminal of the bulb, an approximately L- shaped bracket fastened to the battery casing adjacent the swivel joint, an angular contact strip fastened to one end of the bracket disposed to make contact with one pole of the battery and with the terminal of the base member, and an angular resilient contact member secured to the opposite end portion of the bracket arranged to contact with the housing extension of the socket and electrically connected with the opposite pole v of the battery.
5. In a device of the class described, comprising a battery case, a bulb case, a threaded connection diagonally between the two cases for angular adjustment thereof, a coil spring having one end engaging the battery case and the other the bulb case for forcing the cases apart longitudinally of the threads, a housing carried by the bulb socket and passing through the coil spring into the battery case, an electric connection between the housing and the battery, an insulated plate carried by the lower end of the housing, a metal member passing through the plate, a spring contact connected to the member and engaging the end of the bulb, and a spring contact engaging the battery and having an upwardly extending spring arm engaging the metal member passing through the insulated plate.
RALPH M. WHITE.