|Publication number||US2259822 A|
|Publication date||Oct 21, 1941|
|Filing date||Apr 21, 1939|
|Priority date||Apr 21, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2259822 A, US 2259822A, US-A-2259822, US2259822 A, US2259822A|
|Original Assignee||Container Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (30), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Celi. 2l, 1941. A, KIENLENz- CARTON Filed April 2l. 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A. KIENLEN Oct. 21, A1941.
CARTON Filed April 21, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l 121 l l l l I l I I m m jf @j Patented Oct. 21, 1941 CARTON Alex Kienlen, Chicago, Ill., assigner to Container Corporation oi' America, Chicago, lll., a corporation of Delaware Application April 21, 1939, Serial No. 269,081
The present invention relates to folding cartons contents, and then opened along the joint which secures the carton in tubular form'.
Among the objects of the invention are to form a manufacturers joint between two walls of a carton so as to secure them together in a permanent manner so far as the filling of the. carton is concerned, the joint being so constructed as to enable the carton to be opened therealong without undue likelihood of the surface of the board peeling in such a way as to allow or cause the peeled-off material to come into contact with the contents of the carton.
A further object of the invention is to shape the surface of the material comprising the inner one of two overlapping parts of a certain joint so that, when adhesive has been applied to cause adherence between the parts, the effective bond of the adhesive with respect to the inner part will have such relation to the effective bond between the adhesive and the outer overlapping part, that the surface material of the inner part will be more readily pulled away than the surface material of the outer part, whereby peeling will be restricted to the inner part.
Additional objects of the invention will vbecome apparent as the description proceeds.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a carton in partiallylcollapsed condition provided with parts adapted to be overlapped and adhered together, such parts being formed in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view show-A ingin a somewhat exaggerated manner, the relationship between the two wall sections of the carton joint adjacent the raised area and the adhesive material holding the sections together;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 illustrating the parts after partial separation;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating the overlapping parts of the carton after samel have been separated preparatory to opening the carton; and
Fig. 5 is a view of the carton blank.
The present invention, as herein disclosed, provides a carton glue-joint structure formed as a part of the manufacturing operation in the carton plant. The joint is adapted to retain its eicacy during the filling of the carton with the commodity it is to receive, as well as during the Aand bottom wall II.
sealing of the carton by thepacker. However, when it is desired to remove the contents from the carton the character of the glue joint enables the walls to be readily pulled apart, but the parts are so joined as to tend to restrict the peeling of thesurface material of the carton to the inner one of the carton sections. Thus by having the joined wall parts so related that the glue joint islocated adjacent the edge of the inner section, and by Irestricting the peeling of the surface material to the inner or underlying carton section, it is obvious that the length of the peeled fragments will be no greater than the distance from the glued area to the free edge of the underlying carton section.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the carton is preferably formed from. a single blank of folding boxboard suitably cut and scored to provide what may .be Atermed top and bottom panels I0 and I I, an intermediate edge wall panel I2, a front Wall section I3, and a flap section I4 formed on the free edge of the top wall Ill.
The ap section I4 is preferably provided with an extension ap Ila to serve as a grasping element by means of which the flap section I4 may be more readily pulled away from section I3 after adherence thereto.
The carton is also preferably provided with end closure members, herein illustrated as interlocking flaps I5 and I6 extending respectively from the panels I2 and I3, and additional flaps I1 and I8 extending respectively from the top wall I0 Each end of the carton, in the present instance, is illustrated as being constructed inan identical manner.
As illustrated in Figs. 1 and 4, the flap I4 is arranged to be adhesively secured on the outside surface of section I3. The ap I3, in the present instance, is formed or shaped, as by means of an r embossing operation, with a plurality of spaced raised areas I9, I9. These raised areas are preferably of a rounded contour, having a relatively uniform convex curvature with respect to the surface of the section I3 which lies adjacent the outer or overlying nap I4.
The adhesive, indicated at 20, may conveniently be applied in moist condition to the ap section I4 while the carton blank is in flat form.
or collapsed tube ready for delivery to the packer.
Means are preferably provided for restricting the action of the adhesive on the section I3 to the surface of sectionI3 iin-adhesive'resisting v coating 2i. This may be inthe form of printing g' ink having a small amount of oil mixed therewith and it may be applied as part of the ordinary printing operation to which the carton is subtheadhesivelayerllhasbecomebonded.
extentofthebondednlrfaceAislimitedon sidebytheadhuive resistantcoating 2|. At othersideofthesurfaceAtherewiilbeno tinct limiting of the bond, except insofar as bondmayberenderedlessstrongduetothe creaseinthieknessoftheadhesiveasthec of the convex area vis approached. Due to fact that the extent of the bonded surface A 'Ihe adhesive resisting coating 2| is applied in n; limited 0n one side by the adhesive resistant such a way as to leave uncoated areas over the surface of the convexly raised areas I3, and the width of the band of adhesive resistant coating is preferably somewhat greater than the width of the band of adhesive that is applied between parts of the sections upon which adhesive has been applied should not be of sufiicient width to extend beyond the adhesive resistant coating the free edge of section I3.
As the surface of the flap I4 which is adhered to the surface of section I3 is on the opposite side of the sheet of paperboard, in the case where the carton is formed from a single blank, it is desirable to utilize paperboard material of a type in which no excessive difference exists between the bonding of the surface material to the body of the sheet on the ,respectivesides of the sheet.
Due to the provision of the adhesive resistant coating 2|, it is apparent that when a band of adhesive has been applied between the sections and such sections pressed together, the only substantial adherence that will exist between the sections is the adherence between the surface of the section II and the uncoated areas of the section I3. Furthermore, due to the provision of the convexly raised areas on the section I3, there will be a tendency, upon pressing the parts together, for the moist adhesive to become ap preciably thickened or concentrated in amount upon marginal surface portions somewhat spaced away from the crests of the convexly raised areas. This relationship of parts is illustrated in an enlarged and somewhat exaggerated manner in Figs. 2 and 3. 'I'he layer of adhesive material will tend to become uniformly bonded with the surface of section I4, but the bond between the adhesive and section I3 will be restricted substantially to the areas not coated by the adhesive resisting material 2|.
The bonding effect that will thus be produced between the sections I3 and I4 is such as to cause, upon pulling the sections apart,'the tearing or peeling of portions of the surface material from the section I3 at the convexly raised areas. The peeling is initiated at the side or edge of the section I3 and the directions of the peeling tends to be toward the free edge.
If the initial peeling of the surface materi is slight, the peeled fragment will generally not extend substantially beyond the convexly raised area, but if the initial peeling extends deeper into the section I3, the peeling will continue until the edge of the section I3 is reached, whereupon the peeled fragment will be merely carried away upon the section I4 and will thus be kept out of contact with the contents of the carton.
As a result of making numerous tests and observing the results obtained, the principles of operation of the construction of the present invention may be explained as follows:
Referring to Fig. 2, a surface portion A is indicated lying between broken lines B and C,`this surface portion being on the section I3 to which when section Is is pulled to separate it from secu' tion I3 the enective area over which a pulling the sections forming the Joint. In any event the force is exertedon surface D will extend someat the edge of such coating which is remote from what beyond the edge of the adhesive resistant coating and this extent of the areal D may be approximately represented in Fig.) by having the broken line B extend at an angle to broken line C.
. 'I'he surface portion indicated at D on section I4, lying between the broken lines B and C. approximates the extent of the area of the adhesive coated portion of section I4 which, under ordinary conditions, may be expected to exert reactive force upon the area A when the sections are being -pulled apart. Thus, the reactive force exerted upon any given area of small size, due to the bond between the adhesive and section I3 at the convexly raised area, is transmitted through the body of the adhesive 2l in such a way as to cause unit areas over surface area A to kbe acted upon by pulling forces exerted over somewhat larger unit areas over the surface area D. In other words, the lines of pulling force tend to flare outward beyond the vertical projection of the edges of area A upon the section I4.
Therefore, assuming that the character of the bond over the glue joint area is substantially the same on the surface of the section I4 as it is on the uncoated surfaces of section I3, the primary pulling force exerted over the surface of section I4 is greater than the secondary or reactive force exerted over the adjacent surface area of section I3, this being due to the fact that, as above stated, there is a substantially distinct line of termination of the area A on section I3. whereas the bond between the adhesive and section Il is unbroken throughout its area and therefore the lines of force, extending through the body of the adhesive between the surface of section Il and the surface of section I3 will be somewhat fan shape. when viewed as illustrated in Fig. 2.
Accordingly. if the bond' between the surface material and the body of the sheet is substantially the same on sections I3 and I4 over their adjacent surfaces, it is clear that when the reactive force exerted on a given increment of area of section I3 is spread over a larger area on section Il, the surface material that must necessarily be peeled away is the surface material on the section I3. 'I'his is assuming, of course, that the strength of the adhesivelayer and the strength of its bond to the surfaces of the sections is greater than the bond between the surface material and the body of the paperboard.
Due to the fact that the layer of adhesive material is somewhat thicker for areas remote from the crests of the convexly raised areas than it is upon such crests, there will be a tendency for a stronger bond to exist between the sections I3 and lloversuchareasthanw'illbethebondbetween such sections over the areas at and immediately surrounding the crests of the convexly raised areas. Thus, there will be a tendency for the adhesive to form a stronger bond between thesections adjacent the lower or lesser raised portions of the convexly raised areas. Stated in another way, this stronger bond will extend from the edge portions of the uncoated areas on section I3, and thence up over a marginal portion of the sloping surface of the convexly raised areas. It is to be thus noted that there will exist between the two sections I3 and Il certain oppositely disposed strongly bonded areas, one of which will lie in the plane of its carton wall section and the other of which will be somewhat inclined or tilted to the gener'al plane of its carton wall section. See particularly `partsAandDofFig.2.
remain adhered to the overlying flap and this ap will be entirely removed from proximity with the contents of the carton when the carton is opened, with the result that no part of the peeled fragments will tend to come into contact with the food contained in the carton.
While the present description sets forth a preferred embodiment of the invention, numerous changes may be made in theconstruction with- 'out departing from the spirit of the invention, and it is therefore desired that the present embodiment be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being had to the appended claims rather than to the fore- Whenthe section I4 is pulled away from section I3 (see Fig. 3) certain areas on section I4 will, due to the bonding action of the adhesive, exert a pulling force on certain areas4 of section I3 which are inclined to the plane of the section. This pull through the adhesive bond of a at surface upon an inclined or tilted surface tends to initiate peeling of the surface material from the inclined or tilted surface due to the fact that the pull is oblique to the latter surface. Thus, instead of the pulling force being utilized to bodily pull away a portion of the surface, it is utilized to produce apeeling action which action may be initiated with a lesser degree of force than that required to bodily pull a portion of the surface material from the body of the sheet.
By combining the principle of exerting a pull between a fiat surface and an inclined surface by a body of adhesive and restricting the bond of the adhesive to a point closely adjacent the edge going description to indicate the scope of the invention.
I claim: v
1. A folding carton formed of sheet paperboard, comprising two wall sections having cooperating inner and outer overlapping parts, said parts including a surface portion on each capable of being at least partially peeled away from the body of the sheet, the bond of the surface portion to the body of the sheet on the adjacent surfaces of the respective wall sections being substantially the same, the edge portion of ing spaced areas on said edge portion of restricted size left in an uncoated condition,v a band of adhesive applied between the inner and outer overlapping parts to extend entirely over of the convexly raised areas upon the flap on' which the convexly raised areas are formed, the result is that the pulling force exerted by the surface of the section Il will be exerted over a relatively large area, as indicated at Din Fig. 2. and this force will be exerted over a relatively smaller area on section I3, as indicated at A in Fig. 2. By this arrangement of parts, the tearing away of the surface material of iiap I3 will be assured substantially at all times where, as stated above, there is`no substantial difference between the bond of the surface material and the bodv of the sheet on adjacent surfaces of sections I3 and I4.
From the 'foregoing it is apparent that the present invention provides a carton which can be readily made at the box plant to include a separable manufacturers joint so that the carton can then be lled and sealed in the usual manner in which tubular cartons with end closure flaps are handled. By providing the carton with a joint construction as herein disclosed, the lled carton may be conveniently opened' by breaking the manufacturers joint, thus disengaging one wall section from the other. Due to the fact that peeling of the surface material will be restricted to the underlying flap I3, the carton of the present invention is well suited for the packaging of ice cream and similar f oods, particularly where it is desired to eliminate lining material within the carton to retain such food.
As peeling of the surface material of the carton is restricted to the underlying nap I3 of the container, the peeled fragments will always be limited in length to the distance from the point where the peeling starts to the edge of the underlying nap. Thus, the peeled fragments will the uncoated areas on the underlying part but having the edg of the adhesive maintained in position so as not to extend beyond the edges of the area coated with adhesive-resistant material, the area on the overlying Part to which the adhesive is bonded being appreciably greater in extent than the area on the underlying part to which the adhesive is bonded, whereby pulling away the overlapping section from the underlying section will produce peeling on the underlying section, said peeling being hunted to such underlying section.
2. A folding carton formed of sheet paperboard, comprising two wall sections having cooperating inner and outer overlapping parts, said parts including a surface portion on each capable of being at least partially peeled away from the body of the sheet, the strength of the bond of said surface portions to the body of said overlapping parts being substantially the same, the edge portion of said inner part having a coating of adhesive-resistant material applied thereto, there being spaced areas of restricted size on said edge portion left in an uncoated condition, at least a major part of said spaced areas being raised toward said outer part, and a band of adhesive applied between said inner and outer parts extending entirely over said spaced areas but havingits boundaries within said edge portion coated with adhesive-resistant material, whereby the area on said outer part to which said adhesive is bonded is appreciably greater in extent than that on said inner part, and separation of said overlapping parts will produce peeling of said surface `portion substantially only from said inner part.
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|US2416693 *||Aug 6, 1943||Mar 4, 1947||Hills Bros Coffee||Container construction|
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|US2506056 *||Oct 6, 1945||May 2, 1950||Bergstein Samuel||Gastight and gas-filled package and method of making it|
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|US5029714 *||Apr 9, 1990||Jul 9, 1991||International Paper Company||Easily openable paperboard carton for foodstuffs|
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|US6105857 *||May 18, 1998||Aug 22, 2000||Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc.||Anti-bowing easy opening carton|
|US20030141357 *||Jan 28, 2002||Jul 31, 2003||Ronan Michael P.||Easy-open folding carton and method for manufacturing same|
|DE3317134A1 *||May 11, 1983||Nov 15, 1984||Schaefer Etiketten||Container|
|DE3446323A1 *||Dec 19, 1984||Jun 26, 1986||Tetra Pak Int||Package for liquids and device for its manufacture|
|EP0185325A2 *||Dec 13, 1985||Jun 25, 1986||AB Tetra Pak||Package for liquids|
|EP0185325A3 *||Dec 13, 1985||Feb 10, 1988||Ab Tetra Pak||Package for liquids and device for making it|
|WO2001030659A1||Oct 19, 2000||May 3, 2001||Unilever Plc||Divisible multi-carton package|
|U.S. Classification||229/209, 229/197, 229/80, 229/198.2|
|International Classification||B65D5/20, B65D5/64, B65D5/26, B65D5/66|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/26, B65D5/6664|
|European Classification||B65D5/66D2E1, B65D5/26|