US 2261411 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 4, 1941.
w. REEs DEVICE FOR APPLYI-NG VISCOUS MATERIALS Filed Feb. 19, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet l /A/L/EA/roe Wu. L /A M R555,
Nov. 4, 1941. w. REI-:s
DEVICE FORAPPLYING vIscoUs MATERIALS Filed Feb. `19, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nov. 4, 1941. wI
DEVICE FOR'APPLYING vIsooUs MATERIAL REEs Filed Feb. 19, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 will/1,111,
Patented Nov. 4, 1941 DEVICE Fon APPLYING viscous MATERIALS William Rees, St. Louis, Mo.
Application February 19, 1940, Serial No. 319,670
3 Claims. (01.,91-39) My invention has relation to improvements in f devices for applying viscous materials such as liquid wax to surfaces that are to be polished, and it consists of the novel features of construction more fully set forth in the specication and pointed out in the claims.
'Ihe primary object of the invention is to associate the polishing accessories with the container for the liquid wax so that the wax will automatically exude from the container onto the polishing sponge or cloth instead of having to be periodically applied thereto. vOf course the cloth is arranged so that it may be readily renewed and at the same time means are provided to prevent the liquid wax from ilooding the cloth, it being essential that practically the entire surface of the cloth shall receive a proper inltration'of the liquid wax.
It is a further object of the invention toY associate with the container for the liquid wax a roll of cloth or other suitable fabric which may be drawn on from time to time to renew' the polishing surface of the device.
Another advantage of the invention is that it may be adapted for embodiment in the same container in which the liquid wax is marketed, said container being equipped with suitable securing devices for receiving the polishing accessories.
Other advantages will be better apparent from a detailed description of the invention in connectionv with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 represents a side elevation of my irnproved wax applying device with parts broken v away; Fig. 2 is a top plan of the device with parts broken away; Fig, 3 is a vertical cross-sectional detail taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and shown on an enlarged scale; Fig. 4 is a modification of the device in which a roll of polishing cloth is carried by the container and may be periodically unwound to renew the polishing surface of the device; Fig. 5 is a right hand end elevation of the device shown in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 is a left hand end elevation of said device; Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional detail taken on the line l-'I of Fig. 5, showing one end of the roll of cloth in plan view; Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional detail taken through the roll on the line 8-8 of Fig. 5; Fig. 9 is a top plan of a modified form of the invention in which the container in which the liquid wax is marketed is adapted for use in connection with the accessories for applying the wax for polishing; Fig. 10 is an enlarged vertical cross section taken on the line IO-I of Fig. 9; Fig. 11 is an enlarged vertical cross section taken on the line II-II of Fig. 9 with the intermediate parts broken away; and Fig. 12 is a bottom plan of the modified form of container shown in Fig. 9 with the accessories removed.
Referring to the drawings, and for the present to Figures 1 to 8 inclusive, I represents a metallic container in the top T of which is a threaded spout 2 adapted to receive the screw cap 3 and a threaded socket 4 for receiving a suitable hanu dle 5. Also in the top T of the container I is a conventional form of air vent embodying a plate B secured to a handle 'I for rotation, in Which plate is a slot 8 adapted for registration with slot 9 formed in the top T. It is possible that the air vent may be dispensed with and the cap 3 utilized for regulating the admission of air to the container I.
Container'I is provided with a bottom wall I0 oiset with respect to the bottom edges e, e of the side walls of the container, said bottom edges e being bent outwardly to provide lateral flanges f, ,f spaced from the side walls of the container I. These upwardly extending flanges f result in the formation of longitudinally extending grooves y, g, which-serve to retain the polishing cloth in a manner presently to be described.
The bottom II) of container I has a pair of spaced indentations II, II over which are secured in any suitable manner perforated plates I2, I2. There is also a perforation I3 in the center of the indentation to permit the liquid wax to discharge into the chamber I4 formed between the indentation II and plate I2, from which it may discharge into a sponge or other form of pervious pad I5 disposed over the entire bottom I0 of the container. The sponge I5 is held securely in place by a strip of cloth or other suitable fabric I6 securely held into grooves y, g by having its ends Wrapped around wedges I1, I'I which are frictionally held within said grooves In the modified form of the invention shown in Figures 4 to 8 inclusive the construction of the container I is slightly different. A flange f' is provided only on one side of the container, there being an ordinary bead b on the other side, above which is mounted a roll R of cloth or other suitable fabric between a pair of brackets I8 and I 9 fixed on the ends 20, 2I of the container. Bracket I8 is provided with a hub 22 above which extends an arm 23 having a detent 24 mounted in its extremity for engagement with the teeth of a ratchet wheel 25 xed to spindle 26 which also carries roller 2'I on which the sheet 28 of fabric is rolled. The bracket I9 is provided with a recess 29 to facilitate the mounting of the roll of fabric Rin the brackets. It is obvious that when that portion of the cloth 28 beneath the pad I5 needs to be renewed the end thereof that is secured in the groove g is removed and the fabric unrolled from the roller 21 until a new surface is exposed beneath the pad I5', after which the fabric is cut to the proper size and again wedged into groove y.
In the operation of my improved device the container I (or I') is supplied with liquid wax to any desired level a: and the air vent 6 adjusted to permit the proper amount of air to enter the container so that the wax will flow through the opening I3 and through the perforated plate I2 in the proper amount to keep the pad I5 saturated, from which it will exude and penetrate the polishing cloth I6. Obviously, the operator can control the amount of wax that is forced from the pad I5 by the pressure with which the device is applied to the surface being polished' as well as by the regulation of the vent 6.
`In the modification shown in Figures 9 to l2 inclusive, the numeral 33 indicates a container in which the liquid wax is sold. In this container the top 3| is secured to the side Walls 32, 32 by means of beads 33, 33 of substantial proportions so that they are capable of receiving and securely holding the handle plate 34 which is provided at one end with a hook 35 to engage one of the beads 33 and a spring clamp 36 for engagement with the opposite bead 33.
The bottom 31 of container 30 is depressed and is also secured to the side walls 32, 32 by means of beads 38, 38 of substantial proportions. The
` bottom 31 is provided with a pair of spacedindentations 39 in the center of each of which an opening 4D is formed when the container 30 is to be used for polishing operations. A bottom plate 4I is provided with marginal spring clamps 42, 42 of the proper shape to snap over the beads 38, 38 to hold said plate securely in place. There are two clusters of perforations 43 in the bottom plate 4I and spaced so as to come opposite to the indentation 39 in the bottom of container 3D, and on both sides of each of said clusters of perforations there are openings 44, 44 which form pockets to receive any excess increments of the liquid wax that may otherwise have a tendency to flow between the bottom 31 of the container and the plate 4I. A pad 45 similar to pad I5 is placed against plate 4I and projects beyond the lower margins thereof and a strip of cloth 46 is drawn taut over the pad 45 to hold the same in place.
The strip of cloth 46 is itself held securely in place by wedges 41, 41 which engage the extremities of the cloth 46 and hold them securely Within the grooves g", g" formed by the flanges f, f extending upwardly from the spring clamps 42, 42. The means whereby the cloth 46 is securely held in place is identical with that illustrated in the main form, Figures 1 to 3 inclusive.
One of the advantages of the modified construction shown in Figures 9 to 12 inclusive is that the householder need have on hand only the accessories comprising the handle plate 34 and bottom plate 4I, together with the pad 45 and cloth 46, which accessories are adapted to be secured to the container 30 when the same is purchased containing the liquid Wax.
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. A device for applying viscid liquids comprising a container having a discharge opening in the bottom thereof, an absorbent pad disposed over said opening, a polishing fabric drawn taut over the pad, clamping devices arranged at the sides of the container, and Wedges cooperating with the clamping devices to engage the fabric and hold the same in place.
2. A device for applying viscid liquids comprising a container having oppositely disposed upper and lower beaded edges, a bottom plate having marginal spring clamp formations engaging the bottom beaded edges, the bottom of the container having an indentation forming a liquid receiving chamber with said bottom plate, liquid escape passageways in said bottom plate, an absorbent pad disposed over` the bottom plate, a polishing fabric drawn taut over said pad, means on the plate engaging the fabric and holding same n place, and a handle plate having spring clamps engaging the upper beaded edges of the container.
3. A device for applying viscid liquids comprising a container having oppositely disposed lower beaded edges, a bottom plate having marginal spring clamp formations engaging said beaded edges, the bottom of the container having a perforated indentation forming a liquid receiving chamber with said bottom plate, liquid escape passageways in said bottom plate, an absorbent pad disposed over the bottom plate, a polishing fabric drawn taut over said pad, and means on the plate engaging the fabric and holding the same in place.