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Publication numberUS2263838 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1941
Filing dateAug 4, 1939
Priority dateAug 4, 1939
Publication numberUS 2263838 A, US 2263838A, US-A-2263838, US2263838 A, US2263838A
InventorsErmisch Herman J
Original AssigneeErmisch Herman J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Throw-away shield and method of fabricating same
US 2263838 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 25, 1941.- H. J. ERMISCH 2,263,838

THROW-AWAY SHIELD AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME Filed Aug. 4, 1959 Plq. 1 PI- 2 Patented Nov. 25, 1941 UNITED STATES enr rri orgies THROW-AWAY SHIELD AND METHOD F FABRICATING SAME Herman J. Ermisch, Terre Haute, Ind. ApplicationAugust 4, 1939, Serial No. 288,300 11 Claims. (01. 2-53) This invention relates to a throw-away? shield and its method of manufacture. a

The chief object of this invention is to produce a shield of the aforesaid character whereby the same may be readily attached to a garment for protecting same from-perspiration and the like and whichis anchored to the garment without garment penetration and which exposes no metal to the skin of the garment wearer, thereby preventing skin abrasions, discolorations or creation of allergic eruptions thereon.

One of the main difficulties, annoyances, and elements of cost in the dry cleaning industry is the removal and replacement of rubber dress shields prior and subsequent to frock cleaning for example. If such are not removed, the cleaning operation vulcanizes-them, that is, destroys the elasticity, and the frock owner demands new shields, as well as the removal of the deteriorated shields. V

Light weight shields, other than of rubber, have been fabricated but require either garment peneand shape differing only from tration or skin exposure if anchored other than by sewing (tacking) or must insert.

The present invention,

be used as a loose therefore, permits shields to be readily anchored or detached without the aforesaid objections and all without the tacking or sewing of the shield-to the garment.

The chief feature of the invention consists in forming a shield from a'material suitable for reasonable use and provided with garment anchoring means of garment gripping, as distinguished from garment penetrating character and which means is not exposed to the wearer and may also be incorporated so as not to be directly exposed to the garment.

Other objects and features of the invention will be set forth more fully hereinafter.

The method invention whereby the article invention is produced essentially consists of forming the shield material with the anchor means included therein and thus secured thereto, and if desired, covered by a portion of such material.

Herein this material is of multiply character including a fibrous interior such as sheeted ab-' sorbent cotton about to in'thickness between two layers of retaining material such as a fine grade of cheese cloth or the like. Embedded in the fibrous interior upon the inner face of the shield and retained upon the shield'by the adjacent retainer layer are the anchor means. These may be further masked as hereinafter "set forth, if desired. I

'" taneons with outline formation The edges of the shield forming blank may be hemmed by overcast sewingor. the plikegbut preferably is of pressure interlocked character as hereinafter set forth more fully herein. 1 :1;-

The resulting shield is formed froma; single blank and is of conventional shield outlinaqsize present non rubber shields as described hereinafter.- j

The full vnatureof the invention will be under stood from the accompanyingdrawing and-the following descriptionjand claims:

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a plan view of .-the shield prior to its last operation. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of such a shield; Fig.3 isanenlarged sectional view through the shield material with the anchors'included therein prior to forma-. tion into anchor form.- Fig l is an enlarged perspective view of the anchor member. Fig. 5 is an elevational diagrammatic view of, anchor memberblank formation. Fig. j6 is a similar ,view of apparatus suitable-for the final onsemifinal step in the shieldformation and with the assembled shield forming materials properly associated therewith prior-to formation as illustrated in Fig. 2 wherein the clip is then shaped as illustrated in Fig. 4.

In Fig. 3 of the drawing, l0 indicates ailayer of sheeted cotton of absorbentcharacter about A," in thickness; ll indicates a lower layer of cheese cloth or the like; I2 indicates an upper layer of the same materialorone having moisture resistance or being water repellent If'the latter be used the life of the resulting shield is correspondingly increased. v A

Whether one or the other material be used the present invention, is notconfined thereto. a In Fig. 1 of the drawing same is illustrated in plan but at a later stagein the production. i1 7 Prior to the application of layer l2 to layer I0 metal strips [3 are placed upon the batting and the layer l2 covers the same and strips and secures the two together. 5 The resulting strip embedded material is then cut to the outline as shown in Fig. 1 so as to form the shield shown inFig.2. 1

r The registering exterior edges [4 may be sewed together or the like or may be pressure locked together as at 15. The latter action may occur simultaneously with the cutting of the blank.

The interior outline I6 is preferably formed when the blank is formed. The two resulting lunar ior crescent shaped portions I l are thus connected as at I8. Ifdesired, the outline I6 maybe pressure locked together as: indicated at 19 'simul+ or omitted; 3 If penetrating and garment seam clamping anchor-' ages one at each tip and each secured to both wings adjacent the connection therebetween and positioned inwardly of the folded wings, each anchorage including a resilient clamping clip having opposed lips fully enclosed within the wings, a central seam receiving bowed portion 7 for wing connection and oppositely directed tips tion 20, two clamping lips 2i defined by outwardly directed tips 22 to look into the body of the shield and to facilitate attachment and removal of the clip to and from the garment. The bowed por tion is provided to accommodate-the garment seams, that is, where the sleeve and arm hole portions of the garment are joined together.

Fig. 5 illustrates a dual type mechanism for forming the clip forming blank as indicated at [3. The metalstock at station A is formed V -shapedin outline, as shown, and at station B is severed therefrom forming the strip l3 with tips l3dwhich constitute tips 22 in the final'clip.

After theclip blank has been formed as described, it is operated upon at station C, see Fig.

6, which curves the body'portion of the strip l3 7 into the bowed portion 2! of the clip and such bowing positions lips 20 substantially together so that, since stock- 39 is of spring steel or the like, the lips tend to resist undue separation or opening.

The blank, when finished in the manner described, thus provides at each end or tip of the shield, and at the junction between the lunar portions thereof, see Figs. 1 and 2, an anchoring clip for garment engagement.

I If desired, prior to the final formation of the strip into clip form there may be appliedthereto, as indicated at 40, a larger and'covering strip of adhesive type tape or cellulose. This addition, naturally. protects the garmentfrom direct metal contact and serves as an additional for facilitation of shield mounting, and means covering each anchorage and facilitating the connection thereof to the wings and reenforcing the wing to wing connection.

2. In a shield having two wings each of crescent outline and joined together upon an interior edge, the combination of a pair of nonpenetrating and garment seam clamping anchorages one at each tip and each secured to both wings adjacent the connection therebetween and positioned inwardly of the folded wings, each anchorage including a resilient clamping clip having opposed lips, a central seam receiving bowed portion for wing connection and oppo- 'sitely directed tips for facilitation of shield mounting, the shield forming material including a fibrous interior and adjacent facings therefor, said interior and adjacent facings being secured together at their registering peripheries, and means covering each anchorage and facilitating the connection thereof to the wings and reenforcing the wing to wing connection.

3. In a shield having two wings each of crescent outline and joined together upon an interior edge, the combination of a pair of nonpenetrating and garment seam clamping anchorarichorage for securing the clip to the shield blank, and reenforces the lunar connections.

As shown in Fig. 1, the stripl3 is applied to the shield body stock, and if desired, covered with tape, all as shown in 3. In either event the operation shown in Fig. 6 as well as the operation necessary to form the blank in Fig. 1 are then performed, the result being the shield shown in Fig. 2. a

Fig.- 6 also illustrates the preferred final or semi-final step of the process." The stock has been built up as shown in Fig.1 3 with the clip blank shown in Fig. 5 embedded: therein, see also Fig. 1 When the punchdesce'nds or the female die and support elevates, or both occur, the clip blank is changed in shape to that illustrated in Fig. 4 but same is concealed within the shield, see Fig. 2.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in great detail in the foregoing description, the same is to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character.

The several modifications described herein as well asothers which will readily suggest them-- selves to persons skilled in this art, all are considered to be within the broadscbpe of the in:

vention, reference being had to the appended claims.

The invention claimed is:

1. In a shield having two wings each of crescent outline and joined together upon an interio'r edge, the combination of a pair of nonages one at each tip and each secured to' both wings adjacent the connection therebetween and positioned inwardly of the folded wings, each anchorage including a resilient clamping clip having opposed lips, a central seam receiving bowed portion for wing connection and oppositely directed tips for facilitation of shield mounting, the shield-forming material including a fibrous interior of felted cotton fibre or padding and adjacent facings of cheese cloth and the like therefor, said interior and adjacent facings being secured together at their registering peripheries, and means covering each anchorage and facilitating the connection thereof tothe wings and reenforcing the wingto wing connection.

4. The method of fabricating a throw-away shield including forming a blank providing two crescent shaped wing portions, securing thereto at the adjacent tip forming portions a flexible clip forming strip. and. then forming the strips into wing-concealed and anchored clamping clips when the wing portions are arranged in shield formation.

5. A method as defined by claim .4, characterized by the formation of the blank from laminated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the wing portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material at the adjacent edges of the wing portions.

6. A method as defined by claim 4, characterized by the formation of the blank from laminated material and the securing of the remote inated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the wing portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material together at the adjacent edges of the wing portions, the securing of the adjacent edges of and the wing portions together being of pressure connection character.

8. A method as defined by claim 4, characterized by the formation of the blank from 1aminated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the wing portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material at the adjacent edges of the wing portions, the securing of the remote edges being of a pressure connection character, the securing of the adjacent edges of and the wing portions together being of pressure connection character.

9. A method as defined by claim 4, characterized by the formation of the blank from laminated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the wing portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material at the adjacent edges of the wing portions, the securing of the remote edges being of a pressure connection character. the blank formation and pressure connection being simultaneously effected.

10. A method as defined by claim 4, characterized by the formation of the blank from laminated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the win-g portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material together at the adjacent edges of the wing portions, the securing of the adjacent edges of and the wing portions together being of pressure connection character, the blank formation and pressure connection being simultaneously efiected.

11. A method as defined by claim 4, characterized by the formation of the blank from laminated material and the securing of the remote edges of the laminations of each of the wing portions together, and securing together all the edges of the laminated material at the adjacent edges of the wing portions, the securing of the remote edges being of a pressure connection character, the securing of the adjacent edges of and the wing portions together being of pressure connection character, the blank formation and pressure connection of the remote edges occurring simultaneously and prior to clip formation, and the latter occurring prior to adjacent edge wing connection.

HERMAN J. ERMISCH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3132346 *Mar 6, 1962May 12, 1964Kleinert I B Rubber CoProtective appliances for clothing
US6618859 *Dec 6, 2002Sep 16, 2003Jack KadymirPerspiration pad for sleeveless garment
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/53
International ClassificationA41D27/00, A41D27/13
Cooperative ClassificationA41D27/13
European ClassificationA41D27/13