US 2264346 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Dec. 2, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 8 Claims. This invention relates in general to combs, and
more particularly to combs for hairdressing purposes.
Objects of the invention include the provision of a comb having means by which liquids may be scooped up and applied to the hair; the provision of means by which the teeth of the comb are utilized to take up and retain such liquid as water, hair-lotion, wave-set, tonic, coloring, or other fluid materials; the provision of comb teeth which will take up and evenly spread liquids on the hair; the provision of means comprising enclosures or shelves formed by the teeth and the back of the comb for taking up a larger load or liquid than possible heretofore, such means also being used to scrape excess liquid from the hair surface, retain such excess, and enable it to be worked into the hair on a subsequent stroke of the comb; and the provision of a comb having means for a more rapid, accurate, and even method of applying liquids to the hair.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a comb embodying one form of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of another form of the invention, with parts broken away;
Fig. 4 is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a further form of the invention; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional view thru the teeth of a still further modification.
Figs. 1 and 2 disclose a comb having a back III to which the roots of the teeth of an ordinary comb are connected. In the present instance, teeth [4 may correspond in depth, 1. e. distance from side to side of the comb, to the teeth of the conventional comb, as will be apparent from Fig. 2. These teeth It may occur every third tooth, the two intervening teeth it being much less in depth than teeth It, so that in efiect teeth l4 rise up or extend out to a greater distance than teeth l8. This arrangement may be made with alternate deep teeth, or with every fourth, fifth, etc. tooth a deep tooth, depending on the appearance desired, or other considerations. Also, the deep teeth l4 may be raised above normal teeth, or the teeth of less depth may be sunken below the normal teeth, the latter con- Also, of course, the deep teeth It may appear on both sides of the comb.
The comb back l0 may be cut or molded along curved lines to form rear walls 20, and as shown, three-sided enclosures having bottoms 22 are thus provided, such bottoms being in the same general plane as the front faces of teeth IS.
The efiect of the above-described structure is to present a series of thin transverse dams, composed of teeth l4 and a rear wall 20, between each dam, to provide an enclosure or shelf for I the scooping up and retention of liquids, without, however, .afiecting the use of the comb per se Hence, a comb embodying the present invention may be dipped into a bottle of wave-set, coloring, tonic, etc. and relatively large amounts of such liquid will be retained between the dams, thus avoiding the application of the liquid by separate means. The surface tension of the liquid will insure against its falling thru the spaces between the teeth and therefore teeth I6, together with surfaces 22 will form the bottom of a large shelf area for liquid retention. This structure provides for picking up a many times greater volume of liquid than combs in the prior art.
Also, the dams will prevent the liquid from flowing down to one end of the comb, as usually happens, and keep the liquid evenly distributed over the entire comb area which has been dipped in a bottle or heldunder a water-tap. This results in avoidance of spilling the liquid on the clothes when the comb is not in horizontal position.
A further use of the present comb resides in its capability to scrape excess liquids and oils from the hair, since it is clear that upon running the comb thru the hair, such excesses will be izigposited on the shelves formed by the bottoms Figs. 3 and 4 show a modification-of the invention wherein all the teeth 24 and 26 are of the same depth, but the latter have been reduced at the lower back area 28, so that smaller enclosures are formed, these enclosures being limited by the back area 28, teeth 24 and back 30. These enclosures perform the same functions as the shelves disclosed in Fig. 1, but of course are smaller.
Fig. 5 shows what may be termed the preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein the teeth and back may be similar to either that of Fig. 1 or of Fig. 3, but a rat-tail handle 32 is applied. This rat-tail has a groove 34 longitudinally thereor, and this groove not only adds to the appeardition being that disclosed in Figs. 1 and 2. ance of the handle, but forms a guide by which a hobby pin may be slid up into a curl. which has been previously rolled on the handle. This is a 'very convenient means by which the curl may have a pin applied to hold it. There may be a groove 34 on each side of the rat-tail.
Fig. 6 presents a still further modification in which the teeth ll are staggered, as seen in cross-section, so that liquid retaining enclosures 42 are formed on both sides of the comb.
It is to be understood that the grooved rat-tail 32 may be used with any 01' the tooth forms, and that any tooth form may appear on one or both sides of the comb.
Having thus described my invention and the advantages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claims, but what I claim is:
1. A comb having two series of teeth, the teeth of one series extending at least in part laterally beyond the teeth of the other series. said teeth of said one series being greater in depth than said teeth of said other series.
2. A comb having a back, a'plurality of teeth extending from said back, certain oi said teeth extending beyond the other teeth in a direction away from the longitudinal central plane of the comb, all of said teeth intersecting the longitudinal central plane of said comb substantially throughout their lengths.
3. A comb as recited in claim 2, in which further teeth extend from said one edge oi said back at said reduced portion on a level therewith and forming extensions of said reduced portions to form long narrow shelves between said,
first mentioned teeth.
4. A comb having a back, a series 01 relatively widely spaced teeth running upon said back and having reduced shell! portions therebetween, and, teeth of less depth than said first-mentioned teeth extending from said shellportions, said teeth oi less depth and said shell portions forming the bottoms of enclosures of which the nrstmentioned teeth tom the sides.
5. A comb having a back,'a series of teeth running up on said back, certain of said teeth running up on said back to a less degree than other teeth, to thereby form enclosures between said other teeth, the latter forming lateral barriers for said enclosures.
6. A comb having a back. a plurality 01' teeth extending from said back, certain of said teeth extending laterally oi the comb beyond other teeth in a direction normal to the comb, said teeth forming liquid retaining scoops in which said certain teeth form the side walls and said other teeth form the bottoms, said other teeth being close enough together to prevent drainage of liquids therebetween.
7. A comb having a back of substantial thickness, a reduced portion on said back, said reduced portion extending from a point intermediate the edges of the back to one edge thereof, spaced teeth on said comb at said one edge, said teeth extending up on said back and forming side walls for said reduced portion, the comb back forming a rear wall therefor, said reduced portion thereby forming a scoop walled on three sides.
8. A comb having a pair of teeth and at least one tooth between said pair and spaced therefrom, said pair of teeth extending, in general, laterally oi the comb beyond said one tooth, and a depression on the back of the comb, said pair of teeth extending onto the comb back in position to form sides for the depression, said depression and said one tooth forming a scoop, the latter having narrow slots in a portion thereof, said slots being occasioned by the spacing of the teeth.
EARL S. TUPPER.