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Publication numberUS2264646 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 2, 1941
Filing dateMar 17, 1939
Priority dateMar 17, 1939
Publication numberUS 2264646 A, US 2264646A, US-A-2264646, US2264646 A, US2264646A
InventorsMackay Spears Joseph
Original AssigneeMackay Spears Joseph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary drier
US 2264646 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. Mac'K. SPEARS ROTARY DRIER Dec. 2, 1941.

Filed March 17, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet l (j 1 wam/tofu Josep/6M Spears.

k :Way man Dec. Z,` 1941. J. MacK. sPEAR ROTARY DRIER I5' Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March' 1'7, 1939 vm @n Dec. 2, 1941. J. MacK. SPEARS ROTARY DRIER Filed March 17, ,1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Dec. 2, 1941 UNITED STATES PAT-ENT OFFICE yRoiAnY Danza Y J oscph MacKay Spears, Washington, D. C.

Application March 17, 1939Scrial No. 262,518

(ci. 34a-135) calins.

This invention relates to rotary rdriers of the type used in connection with fragmentary or pulverant material and has special reference to driers for the aggregate used in forming asphaltic roadways, streets, and the like.

One important object of this invention is to provide a novel form of rotary drier having a cylindrical outer shell surrounded by a casing or drum intermediate its ends, the drier having openings in its outer shell freely communicating with this drum.

A second important object of the invention is to provide such a drier with a novel guard arrangement whereby the material will pass from one end of the drier shell to the other without possibility of any part of such material entering the air casing or drum.

A third important object of the invention is to establish air currents between the air casing or drum and at least one end of the outer shell.

A fourth important object of the invention is to provide a novel arrangement of means for su plying heated air to .the drier shell.

A fifth important object of the invention is to provide at the guard portion of the drier a novel arrangement of means for agitating .the material as it passes the guard.

With the above and other objects in View, as will be presently apparent, the invention consists :in general of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in th'e appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings, like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, and- Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through one embodiment of the invention,

Figure 2 is a similar section through a second embodiment of the invention,

Figure 3 is a similar section of a third embodiment of the invention,

Figure 4 is an enlarged detail section on the line 4-4 of Figure 3,

Figure 5 is a fragmentary section on the line 5 5, of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a side elevation of a modified form of the invention, and

Figure 7 is a section on the line 'I-'I of. Figure 6.

In each form of the invention h'ere shown, there' is provided a long cylindrical Outer shell I0 having supporting rings II surrounding the shell at spaced intervals of its length. These rings arey supported on rollers l2 carried byrsutable sup-V ports I3. Also a suitable gear ring I4 surrounds the shell at a point intermediate its ends. A pinion I5 meshes with the gear ring I4 and is driven by suitable motor meansflnot shown). By this means the shell is rotated during the drying operation. 'Ihe dried `shell is thus supported to incline downwardly from one end, which may be .termed the intake end, to the other or delivery end. At the intake end the shellis provided with an externally extended flange I6. A housing I'I is xed at the intake end of the shell and this end of the shell projects into the housing Il for a slight distance so that the flange I6 may fit in a channel I8 formed at the open end of the housing. A worm or screw conveyor I9 is mounted in the upper part of the housing I1 and has a casing 20 provided with an opening 2| in its upper side. This conveyor extends into the drier shell and is driven by any suitable means such as here indicated by the chain 22. Extending through the top wall of the housing II is a feed hopper 23 which, at its lower end, unites with the casing 20 to surround the vopening 2I so that material placed in the hopper 23 vwill pass through the opening 2| and be fed by the conveyor I9 into the drier shell.

Intermediate its ends, but closer to the intake end than tothe delivery end, the shell I0 is provided with a circumferentially extending series of spaced openings or vents 24. Spaoed circumferential flanges 25 are carried by the exterior of the shell I0 and lie on opposite sides of the series of vents 24. Surrounding these flanges 25 and spaced concentrically to the shell I9 is a drum 26 having an interior channel 2'I at each' end for the reception of the anges 25 whereby a relatively airtight connection is formed between the shell I0 and drum 26 so that the shell may revolve while the drum remains stationary. A duct 28 communicates with the drum 26. A series of Z-bar ribs 29 extend fromv end to end of the drier shell on the interior thereof and'these ribs are located between the openings 24. y

-The guard for preventing the passage of the material being dried from the interior of the drier into the drum 26 through the openings 24 consists of a series 'of transversely arcuate plates 30 ar ranged between and welded to the ribs 29 to form a generally frusto-conical guard having its larger end fitting against and welded to the inner face of the shell I0 adjacent the openings 24 on the side adjacent the inlet end of the drier. The smaller end of this truste-conical guard extends to a point between the openings 24 and the delivery end of the drier so that these openings are covered. Moreover. the lower or delivery end of the guard is spaced concentrically from the shell wall l0 so that air may pass between this delivery end of the guard and the drier shell. Free communication is thus obtained between the interior of the drier shell and the drum. Z-bar ribs 3| are spirally disposed on the interior of the guard between the ribs 29.

The parts so far described are common to all forms of the invention, but the means for introducing heated air and causing air flow in the drier vary in the several forms. In Figure 1, the duct 28 is supplied with heated air from any suitable heater (not shown) and a suction fan 32 has its intake 33 opening into the housing l1. By this means a current of air is set up from the delivery end of the drier to the intake end thereof and hot air passes from the duct 28 int'o the drum 26 from whence it ows through the openings 24' intothe space between the guard and shell I0. From there it passes beyond the delivery end of the guard to mix with the cold air entering'thedelivery endof the drier. In th'is form the material is subject to hot air in passing from the intake end ofthe drier to the guard and to cool air in passing fromithe guard to the delivery end of .the drier.

In'the fornilsl'lovvn in Figure 2, the conditions are reversed, the duct 28 communicating with the intakeof a suction fan 34 and a heater 35 introducing hot airinto the housing Il. Here again f supplies hot air to thehousing l'l. These parts are like those 0f the second form, but a heater 38 isused to supply hot air to the center of the delivery end of the drier. In this form the hot air supplied from the heater 38 mixeswith cool air drawn in around the heater. heat zone at each end of the drier, butdue to the entry'of the cool air, the zone between the guard andvdelivery end of the drier is cooler than that at theother endoi theV drier.

In all forms the Z-bar arrangement causes the materialY to be: elevated and dropped during. the rotation of the drier so that the air streams come into intimate contactcwith all parts of the surfaces ofthe material passing through the drier.

With the use of the forms of the device shown in f Figures 1 and 2, the drying operation will take place in the heated zone of the drier between its inlet end and the drum 2G'. When the aggregate passes beyond the drum. however, its temperature will become greatly reduced because of contacting the cool air enteringfat the delivery end. A construction such as illustrated in Figure 3, wherein heat enters at bothk ends of the drier, will beusedin connection with excessively wet material.

In Figures 6 and 7 there is illustrated a modiiied form oftheinvention, wherein means is providedV for accelerating the flow of V.aggregate towards the delivery end of the drier.

In this form ofthe inventionrelatively short angle-irons 39-'are secured, at their ends, to the innermost faces of the Z-bars 29, so as to bridge the same and form a continuousv conveyor ange extending within the drier from the housing Il to a point adjacent the delivery end. This con- I-Ierev we have a 5 veyor iiange will catch material being dried as it falls from the Z-bars 29 and will function as a screw conveyor to urge that material towards the delivery end at a rate of speed greater than that brought about by the slant of the drier alone. Where angle-irons 39 cross the short Z-bars 3l, the latter are slotted to receive the former.

What is claimed is:

1. In a drier of the kind described, a rotary drying shell having a circumferential series of spaced openings intermediate its ends, a xed air drum encircling the shell at said openings and having slip-joint connection with the shell at each side of the series of openings to form a closed annular air chamber, an air duct communicating with said drum, said shell having an intake end and a delivery end, a frusta-conical guard member mounted in said shell and having its major end in contact with and xed to the shell between the openings and intake end whereby material4 passing through the shell will enter, the guard member, theguard, member terminating at its minor `end between said openings andthe 4cleliveryend of the shell, and materialengaging ribs spirally. arrangedon the interior of said'guard.

2. Inza drier of the kind described, a rotary drying shell having aV circumferential series of spaced openings intermediate its ends, a xed air drum encircling the shell at` said. openings and having slip-joint connection with the' shell at each side ofA the series of openings `tc, form a closed. annular air chamber, an air duct communicating with said drum, said shell having an inlet end' and a delivery end, a series of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extending material-tumbling ribs fixed on the interior of thc shell, and aseries of guard plates fitted between said ribs each having one endtted against the interior of the'shell wall between an opening and the inlet endlA and extending over the opening to terminate between the opening and said delivery end in spaced relationto the shell wall.

3. In a drier of the kind described, a rotary drying shell having a circumferential series of spaced openings intermediate its ends, a fixed air drum encircling the shell at said openings and having slip-Joint connection with the shell at eachL side of. the series of openings to form a closed annular air chamber, an air duct communicating with said drum, said shell having an inletrend and a delivery end, a series of circumferentially spacedlongitudinally extending material-tumbling ribs fixed on the interior of the shell, a series oi guard plates fitted between said ribsieach having one end iittedagainst the interior of the shell wall between an opening and the inlet end and extending over the opening to terminate between'the opening and said delivery end in spaced'relation tothe shell wall, and spirally disposed ribs fixed on the inner faces of the plates.-

4, In a drier of the kind described, a rotary drying shell having a circumferential series of spaced openings intermediate its ends, a fixed air drum encircling the shell at said openings and having slip-joint connection with the shell at each side of the series of openings to form a closed annular air chamber, an air duct communicating with said drum, said shell having an inlet end and a delivery end, a series of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extending materialtumbling ribs fixed on the interior of the shell, a series of guard plates fitted between said ribs each having one end iitted against the interior of the shell wall between an opening and the inlet end and extending over the opening to terminate between the opening and said delivery end in spaced relation to the shell wall, a spirally disposed rib fixed on the inner face of each of said guard plates, and means for establishing a current of air between said duct and at least one end of said drier shell.

5. In a drier of the kind described, a rotary drying shell having a circumferential series of spaced openings intermediate its ends, a fixed air drum encircling the shell at said openings and having slip-joint connection with the shell at each side of the series of openings to form a closed annular air chamber, an air duct communicating with said drum, said shell having an intake end and a delivery end, a frusto-conical guard member mounted in said shell and having its major end in contact with and Xed to the shell between the openings and the intake end whereby material passing through the shell will enter the guard member, the guard member terminating at its minor end between said openings and the delivery end of the shell, material-engaging ribs spirally arranged on the interior of said guard member, a series of oircumierentially spaced longitudinally extending material-tumbling ribs fixed on the interior of the shell, and relatively short angle irons secured at their ends to the innermost faces of and bridging said 1ongitudinally extending ribs whereby to form a conveyor extending longitudinally within the shell.

JOSEPH MACKAY SPEARS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2665568 *Oct 7, 1949Jan 12, 1954Monroe Auto Equipment CoMethod of and apparatus for cooling and drying rubber
US2677195 *Jun 26, 1951May 4, 1954Rudolf LorenzApparatus for treating granular materials
US2774587 *Sep 30, 1952Dec 18, 1956Mayenschein Henry DApparatus for cooling cement clinker
US2825149 *Apr 13, 1955Mar 4, 1958Allis Chalmers Mfg CoRotary heat exchanger
US2884710 *Aug 30, 1956May 5, 1959Lovell Mfg CoClothes dryer
US4619121 *Oct 9, 1984Oct 28, 1986Alexander MollerusSeal for tunnel washing machines
US4730400 *Dec 9, 1985Mar 15, 1988Gunter JohannsenDrum reactor for manufacturing fertilizers and other raw materials by aerobic fermentation
US7980002 *Jan 28, 2010Jul 19, 2011Röhren-und Pumpenwerk Bauer Gesellschaft mbHRotary drum for the aerobic heating of pourable solids
DE970628C *Apr 26, 1950Oct 9, 1958Kurt J MenningGleichstrom-Gegenstrom-Verbunddrehtrommel
DE1134635B *Jul 28, 1960Aug 9, 1962Buckau Wolf Maschf RGutdurchtrittsvorrichtung von Gleichstromteil zu Gegenstromteil einer Verbundtrommel
DE1218360B *Sep 14, 1960Jun 2, 1966Buckau Wolf Maschf RGutdurchtrittsvorrichtung zwischen Gleichstromteil und Gegenstromteil einer Verbundtrommel
DE2914286A1 *Apr 9, 1979Oct 16, 1980Wibau GmbhVerfahren zur aufbereitung von bituminoesem mischgut in einer anlage, deren wesentlicher bestandteil ein im gleichstrom befeuerter trommelmischer mit einer im endbereich des trommelmischers angeschlossenen absaugeanlage ist
DE3442058C1 *Nov 15, 1984Mar 20, 1986Paul Johannsen Gmbh & Co KgTrommelreaktor zur Herstellung von Duengemitteln und anderen Grundstoffen durch aerobe Fermentierung
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/135
International ClassificationE01C19/02, E01C19/05
Cooperative ClassificationE01C19/05
European ClassificationE01C19/05