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Publication numberUS2264982 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 2, 1941
Filing dateMay 22, 1940
Priority dateMay 22, 1940
Publication numberUS 2264982 A, US 2264982A, US-A-2264982, US2264982 A, US2264982A
InventorsJohnson Floyd D
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Motor-control circuit for circuitbreaker closing mechanisms
US 2264982 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 2, 1941. F. D. JoHNsoN MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR CIRCUIT-BREAKER CLOSING MECHANISMS Filed lay 22. 1940 WITNESSES:

ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 2, 1941 MOTOR-CONTBOL CIRCUIT FOR cmcm'r- BREAKER. CLOSING MECHANISMS Floyd D. Johnson, Pittsbu'gh, Pa., assignor to Westinghouse Electric & Manufactring-Company, East Pittsburgh, Pa., a. corporation o! Pensylvania Application May 22, 1940, Serial No. %6,569

8 Clains.

My invention relates to motor-operated closing-mechanisms for circuit breakers, and it has particular relation to that important type of circuit breaker which has come to be known as a network protector. More specifically, my invention has particular relation to the distribution system, as distinguished from the electrical generating and transmission systems, the importance of the distribution system being indicated -by the fact that it represents approximately 40% of the investment of all of the central-station operating-companies, in apparatus and plant. Still more specifically, my invention relates to the automatic, alternating-current, low-voltage network which is now recognized as the standard for serving heavily loaded areas. Such a network is served from feeders which are connected to the network, at various points, through networktransformers, the transformers and feeders being, in turn, protected by network-protectors which consist of very compactly arranged circuit breakers which are provided with special protector-relays.

Heretofore such network-protectors have given some trouble and have involved a rather exacting manufacturing procedure, in connection with the controlling means for the motor which is utilized to close the circuit-breaker mechanism, and my present invention is designed to overcome these troubles by prcducing a motor-control circuit which is at once simple, non-critical in its structure and adjustment, and absolutely reliable and trouble-free in service. My invention is an improvement over the network-protectors which are described and claimed in an application of Ture Lindstrom, Serial No. 156,'143, filed July 31, 1937, and a patent of John B. MacNeill, No. 2,15'7,714, granted may May 9, 1939, both assigned to the Westinghouse Electric 8: Manufacturing Company.

My present invention relates to that common type of circuit breaker having a closing-mechanism which employs an electric motor with a gear reduction to drive a cam or crank shaft, or other thrust-imparting means for imparting a closing thrust to the movable contact-member of the circuit breaker during a small part of the revolution of the low-speed shaft carrying the cam or crank or equivalent thrust-imparting means. The cam or crank or other thrust-imparting means commonly actuates a toggle-linkage in order to secure a greater mechanical advantage in the last stages of the closing operation, and also in order to provide a convenient means for makof displacing one end of the toggle-linkage. To deenergize the closing-motor at the completion i of the closing-cycle, it has been common to pro- Vide a cutofi switch which is actuated by the toggle-linkage, and it is this cutofi switch which has been the source of cost and trouble which my present invention seeks to avoid.

In order that such a cutoi switch should operate properly, it was necessary that it should have a snap-action in both its opening and closing movements, that it should be so accurately designed, and so accurately coupled to the togglelinkage, that it would reliably open during the very last small fraction of an inch of travel of the knee-pvot of the toggle, neither too soon nor too late, during th closing movement of the toggle; and it was further required that the closing movement of the cutoff switch should take place ,within the last small fraction of an inch of travel of the opening movement of the toggle toward its reset position when the circuit breaker is opening. Experience has proved that it is impractical to successfully manufacture and use such cutof switches without providing refinements of adjustment in order to secure the necessary accuracies of operation; and the inevitable errors and changes in such adjustments have proved very troublesome in the past.

My present invention has for its object, a combination of simple switches, with appropriate circuits therefor, such that it is not necessary to utilize any cutoff switch operated from the toggle-linkage, it is not necessary to have any snapaction cutofi switch, and it is not necessary to make any adjustments. Preferably, the deenergization of my closing-motor is accomplished after the closing-mechanism is latched in its closed position, as distinguished from the previous practice of attempting 'to deenergize the motor just immediately before the closing-mechanism has reached its fully closed position.

A further object of my invention relates to an auxiliary switch, in the motor-control circuit, for correlating the motor-control mechanism with the position of the manual closing-means or hand-Operating device which is commonly provided for manually closing the circuit breaker or network-protector.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, my invention consists in the parts, combinations, circuits, apparatus and methods hereinafter described and claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein:

Figure 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic partial ing the breaker trip-free by the simple expedient View, in side elevation, of a network-protector embodying my invention, showing the relative positions of the essential parts when the circuit breaker or protector is closed;

Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the position of the parts when the circuit breaker is open, with certain parts broken away to better illustrate the Construction; and

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic View of electrical circuits and apparatus embodying my invention.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, my invention, is illustnated as being applied to a network-protector which is mounted on an insulating panel 4, and which comprises a circuit breaker 5 and an operating mechanism 6 thereior. Each pole of the circuit breaker 5 has three main-circuit contacts 1, 8 and 9, each of which isa pair of Contacts, one contact being stationary and the other contact being movable. The stationary contacts are mounted upon a stationary contact-block or bus 11, while the movable contacts are carried by a movable contact-arm 12 which is pivotally supported at 13, and which is strongly biased toward its open position by means of an accelerating spring which is diagrammatically indicated at 14. The movable contact-arm 12 is provided with an abutment-plate 15 which is adapted to be engaged by the closing-mechanism 6 in order to close the circuit breaker.

The closing-mechanism 6 comprises a closingroller 16, and means for suitably supporting and actuating said roller so that it presses against the abutment-plate 15 of the movable contact-arm 12 during the closing movement of the mechanism. The closing roller 16 is mounted on a shaft or pivot 11 at the end of a link 18 which is pivotally supported at 19. The roller-shaft 11 is also engaged by one end of a three-part togglelinkage which comprises two links 21 and 22 and a bell crank 23. The two links 21 and 22 are pivoted together at a knee-pivot 24 of the toggle, the other end of the first link 21 being connected to the roller-shaft or pivot 11, while the other end of the second link 22 is pivoted at to the bell crank 23. The bell crank 23 is pivotally supported on a fixed pivot 26. In the closed or locked position of the linkage 21-22-23, the knee-pivot 24 is just above the line of action between the pivots 11 and 25, while the bell-crank pivot 25 is just above the line of action between the pivots 24 and 26.

The bell crank 23 is provided with a depending arm, terminating in a latch-roller 28 which is normally engaged in a notch 29 of a latch 31 which is movably mounted on a fixed pivot 32. The latch 31 has a depending arm which is pivoted at 34 (Fig. 2) to the top end of a latch-toggle comprising the links 36 and 31 which are connected by a knee-pivot 33. The top link 36 of the latch-toggle is connected to the pivot-pin 34 of the latch 31, while the bottom link 31 is pivotally mounted on a fixed pivot 39. The bottom link 31 of the latch-toggle is biased toward its latched position by means of a latchtoggle resetting spring 41, the upper end of which is connected, at 42 (Fig. 1), to the latch 31, in such position that the line of action of the latchtoggle resetting spring is practically in line with the supporting-pivot 32 of the latch when the parts are in their closed position as illustrated in Fig. 1.

The kuce-pivot 39 of the latch-toggle is held in its latched position by reason of the fact that the knee-end of the lower latching link 31abuts against an abutment 44 on the top of a. main trip-laver 45. The trip-lover 45 is pivotally supported, at its front end, on a fixed pivot 39, while its rear end normally rests upon the front end of an auxiliary trip-lever 41 which is intermediately pivoted on a fixed pivot 43. The front end of the main trip-lever is provided with a manual tripping handle 50, while the rear end of the auxiliary trip-lever 41 is provided with a depending arm 51 which is adapted to be depressed by a manual Operating mechanism, subsequently to be described, in order to trip the breaker.

-The main tripping-means i'or the circuit breaker consists of a trip-rod 52 which is adapted to be raised into engagement with the rear end of the main trip-lever 45 so as to break the latch-toggle 38-31, permitting the latch 31 to swing in a counter-clockwise direction under the thrust of the latch-roller 23 of the bell crank 23, which tends to rotate in a clockwise direction as a result of the tension of the accelerating or opening spring 14 Operating upon the movable contact-arm 12. When the bell crank 23 thus rotates in a clockwise direction, ts linkage pivotpin 25 is carried up, so that the line of action 11-25 is carried above the knee-pivot 24 of the main closing linkage 21-22, causing said linkage to collapse under the influence of the powerful opening or accelerating spring 14 of the movable contact-arm 12.

The trip-rod 52, which initiates thetrippingoperation just described, is elevated by means oi' a trip-coil 53 in a manner which is well understood in the art.

The closing-mechanism of the breaker, to which my present invention particularly relates, is actuated by a vertical-shaft motor 55 having an upwardly extending worm-gear shaft 56 which is geared to a worm wheel 58. The worm wheel 58 is fixed on a slow-motion shaft 59 carrying a closing-crank 61 terminating in a closing-roller 62. The worm wheel 53 is enclosed in a gear case 63, said gear case being illustrated, for the sake of Simplicity, as being provided with an arcuate slot 64 which serves as a guide for a roller 65 carried by the bottom end of a closing-link 66, the top end of which is pivoted on the knee-pivot 24 of the main closing-toggle 21-22.

When the circuit breaker is in its open position, as shown in Fi'g. 2, the closing-link 66 is in its lowermost position, with its roller 65 at the bottom of the guide-slot 64 which is carried by the 'gear case 63. The lower portion of the closing-latch 66 is provided with a depression '61 which is adapted to be engaged by the closingroller 62 of the closing-crank 61 when the slowmotion shaft 59 is driven in a counter-clockwise direction by the closing-motor 55. When this action occurs, the closing-roller 62 engages the depression 61 in the bottom of the closing link 66 during a small part of a single counter-clcckwise rotation of the slow-motion crankshaft 59, so as to elevate the closing-link'66, thereby elevating the knee-pivot 24 of the main closing-linkage 21-22 to its fully closed position just. above the line of action 11-25, thrusting the closing-roller 16 backward against the abutnent-plate 15 of the movable contact-arm 12, and closing the said contact-arm during this operation.

In accordance .with myinvention, the slowmotion crankshait 59 is provided with an insulated electrical contact-segment 10 which is engaged, during a portion of the revolution of the crankshaft 59, by a switch-spring 11. The posi'- tion of the contact-segment 10 is such that the contact between the segment 10 and the switchspring 11 is broken soon after the closing-roller 82 quits the depression 61 in the bottom of the closing-link 86, during the counter-clockwise rotation of the crankshaft 59, so that the contact 1| is opened immediately after the closing-crank SI ceases imparting its closing-thrust to the closing-mechanism G of the circuit breaker. The arcuate extent or length of the contact-segment 10 is such that it does not engage the switch-arm 1l, to close the switch, during the counterclockwise rotation of the crankshaft 59, until the closing-motor 55 has been energized by some other means (subsequently described), and preferably not until the closing-roller 62 of the closing-crank 8! is already in engagement with the depression 61 in the bottom of the closing link 68, and is in the process of elevating said link during the closing operation of the circuit breaker.

The illustrated network-protector is shown as being provided with a. manual operating-shaft 13 which is disposed near the fixed pivots l3 and l9. For Simplicity of illustration, the front end of the manual operating-shaft, as viewed in Fig. 1, is illustrated as being provided with a slot 14 which may be engaged by a suitable Operatinghandle, crank, or other tool (not shown). The manual operating-shaft 13 carres a crank-arm 15 which is provided with a closing-roller 18, and which is also provided with a tripping-extension 11. The closing-roller 18 is adapted to engage a depression 18 in the bottom end of a manually operated closing-link 19, the top end of which is in engagement with the knee-pivot 24 of the main closing-linkage 2! and 22. The trippingprojection 11 of the crank-arm 15 of the manual Operating-mechanism lies over the depending rear end of the auxiliary trip-lever 41.

'The manual operating-shaft 13 has three operative positions, including an intermediate neutral position, as illustrated, which is commonly designated as the automatic" position, because it is the position which the manual Operating shaft 13 occupies when the automatic tripping and closing mechanism is in operation. When the' manual operating-shaft 13 is rotated, in a counter-clockwise direction, from its illustrated neutral position to a closed position, its closing roller 16 elevates the manually operated closinglink 19 to close the circuit-breaker mechanism. When the manual operating-shaft 13 is rotated, in a clockwise direction, from its illustrated neutral position to its tripping position, its tripping arm 11 depresses the rear end of the auxiliary trip-lever 41, thereby causing said lever to elevate the main trip-lever 45 and trip the circuitbreaker mechanism.

In accordance with my invention, as illustrated more clearly in Fig. 2, the manual Operatingshaft 13 is provided with a short insulated contact-segment 8! which is adapted to be engaged by a spring switch-arm 82 only when the manual operating-shaft 13 is in its neutral or automatic" position, so that said switch 81-82 is closed only when the manual operating-shaft is in said position.

The illustrated network-protector is shown as being provided with an auxiliary switchingmechanism 84, which is provided with a plurality of contacts, only two contacts 85 and 86 being illustratedl This auxiliary switching-mechanism 84 is adapted to be mechanically coupled to the circuit hreaker so as to be responsive to the positions or conditions of the circuit-breaker parts. For Simplicity of illustration, the shaft 81 of the auxiliary switch-mechanism 84 is illustrated as being rocked by means o! a rack 88, or other mechanical coupling, on a vertical rod 89, the bottom end of which is pivoted on a. bell crank 9I which is rocked by means of a link 92 carried by the main Operating-link l8 which supports the closing-roller Hi of the breaker-mechanism.

The electric operating-circuits of a typical apparatus embodying my invention are i1lus-' trated in Fig. 3, which shows a system in which power is supplied to a three-phase low-voltage network 93 through a three-phase high-voltage feeder 94, the distant end of which is energized through a feeder-breaker 95. The feeder 94 energizes a step-down network-transformer 95 which is connected to the network 93 through the main contacts 1, 8, 9 of a. network-breaker 5. One pole of the network-breaker is illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, it being understood that the other two poles of the breaker are mounted on the same Operating-mechanism, so that all three poles are actuated simultaneously.

The breaker Operating-mechanism 6 is indicated quite schematically in Fig. 3, including the previously described switches 1l, 82, and 86. To facilitate the schematic illustration, the switch 1| is illustrated as if it comprised two slip-rings carried by the motor-shaft 56, one shp-ring being the one carrying the previously described contact-segment 19, while the other shp-ring, indicated at 91, is a continuous slipring engaged by a brush 98, so that the brush 98 is constantly in electrical connection with the contact-segment 10 through the metal parts j'oining the second slip-ring 91 with the said contact-segment 19.

Power for Operating the closing-motor 55 is derived from one of the phases of the low-voltage circuit, starting with a phase-conductor o and traceable through the auxiliary`switch 82 which is carried by the manual operating-shaft 13 of Figs. 1 and 2, thence to two switches 1| and 85 which are in parallel circuit-relation to each other and in series circuit-relation to the auxiliary switch 82.

The switch 1| is responsive to the position of the slow-motion crankshaft 59 of Figs. 1 and 2, being mechanically coupled to said crankshaft by having its contact-segment 10 mounted on said shaft. Its circuit may be traced in Fig. 3, through a conductor m, the brush 98, the slipring 91, the contact-segment 10 and the brush 1l, to a conductor !93.

The switch 85 is a switch of the auxiliary switching-mechanism 84 of Figs. 1 and 2 which is responsive to the position of the circuit breaker. The switch 85 is so arranged that it is open when the circuit breaker is closed, and so that it closes at a predetermined point in the opening movement of the circuit breaker, preferably just before the circuit breaker is fully opened. In Fig. 3, the electrical connections to the auxiliary switch 85 may be traced from the conductor !02, through a conductor !04 to the switch 85, and thence through a conductor !05 to the conductor "13.

In the electrical control-circuit shown in Fig. 3, I also provide an auxiliary contactor SG having an Operating coil !98 and two make-contacts !01 and |08.

I also provide an auxiliary controlling relay such as the relay marked CN-J in Fig. 3, said relay having a normally closed contact l o, which may be controlled in any manner which is customary in network-protectors, the specific details of which do not constitute a part of my present invention, except that suitable ccntrolling relay-mechanism is utilized. It is customary, in network-protectors, for the relay CN-J to open its back-contact o, when the circuit breaker is open, whenever 'the low-voltage output of the network-transformer 86 is less than the voltage of the network 63, or is out of phase with the' voltage of the network 93 by more than a prethe order of phase-sequence of the three phases 4 of the network 93, and it is customary to have the front or "make" contact ||2 of the master relay CN-33 automatically close, when the circuit breaker is closed, whenever there is a current reversal such as takes place when there is a fault on the transformer side of the breaker, so that current is being fed back from the network 93 toward the transformer 96.

Referring, again, to the electrical controlcircuits which are illustrated in Fig. 3, it will be observed that the operation of the motor, M or 55, is initiated by the closure of the auxiliary switch 85 which closes whenever the circuitbreaker is opened, (or by the reclosure of the relay-contact ill in the case where the tripping had been initiated by the contact |l2 of the CN-33 relay). When this auxiliary switch 85 closes, provided that the auxiliary switch 82 of the manual Operating mechanism is also closed, a circuit is energized from the low-voltage lineconductor o to the conductor os, and thence, through a resistor R, to the Operating coil !06 of the SG relay, after which the circuit is completed, through a conductor ||3 and the serially connected back-contacts o and ill of the control-relays CN--J and CN-33, to another lowvoltage phase-conductor I M.

The energization of the relay SG closes its "make" contacts |01 and los. The make-contact !01 bypasses the relay-contacts ill! and III, so that a complete closing operation, once started, will be carried through, regardless of the subscquent operation of either one of the relays CN -J or CN-33. The make-contact His, of the SG relay, connects one terminal of the motor 55 directly to the line IM, the other terminal of the motor being connected to the conductor !03 which is connected to the line u through the auxiliary switches 65 and 82.

The motor, being thus energ'ized, begins to rotate so as to cause a counter-clockwse rotation of the crank-arm 59 in Figs. l and 2. After this rotation of the crank-arm 59 is well under way, and preferably after the closing-roller 62 of the closing-crank 6l has engaged the depression 61 in the bottom of the closing-link 66, and has begun to elevate said link, in the closing operation of the mechanism, the crank-arm-'responsive switch 10-1! closes, thereby completing a bypass circuit around the auxiliary switch 85, as

shown in Fig. 3. As the closing motor 55 continues its rotation, the closing-mechanism of the circuit breaker reaches a predetermined point,

ase-1,982

in its closing-movement, which need not be a crltically chosen point, other than that it comes at a time after the closure of the switch 10--1l and before the operating-mechanism is in its final closed position. At this predetermined point in the closing-movement of the operatingmechanism, the auxiiary switch 65 opens; but the motor 55 and the auxiliary relay SG remain energized because the bypassing contac'ts 10-10 are still closed.

The bypassing contacts 10--1l remain closed at least until the closing-mechanism of the circuit breaker has substantially reached its final closed position which is illustrated in Fig. l, and thereafter the switch 16-1l opens. Preferably, the switch 1II-1l opens after the closing roller 62, or other thrust-imparting means which is responsive to the rotation of the slow-speed shaft 58 in Figs. 1 and 2, has ceased giving a closingthrust to the movable contact-arm !2, that is, in the illustrated mechanism, after the closingroller 62 has left the depression 61 in the bottom end of the closing-link 66 (Fig. 1) during the counter-clockwise rotation of the crankshaft 56.

Since the contact-segment 10 of the switch 16-1l occupies only a small portion of the total circumference of the crankshaft 59, and since there is a relatively large angular or rotational movement of the closing-crank 6i which must take place after the closing-roller 62 has quit the depression 61 in the closing-link 66, at the end of the closing operation of the breaker, as shown in Fig; 1(a.nd before the closing roller 62 can reengage said depression 61 after the breaker has been tripped open, as shown in Fig. 2), there is a considerable proportion of a single counter-clockwise rotation of the crankshaft 59, in Fig-s. 1 and 2, in which the motor 55 may be brought to a stop, without requiring any particularly critical adjustment, the only requirement being that the motor shall stop before it drifts far enough to reclose the switch 16-11. My controlling-mechanism, thereiore, is not critical, and does not require accurate adjustments of any sort.

In the control-circuits shown in Fig. 3, the automatic tripping-means of the circuit breaker is of a conventional sort, comprising a trip-circuit which may be traced irom the low-voltage line-conductor o, through the auxiliary switch 66, and thence to the trip-coil 53, after which the circuit is completed, through the make-contact H2 of the master relay CN-u, and thence to the other ow-voltage line-conductor lil.

While I have illustrated my invention in a single preferred form of embodiment, refe'ring both to the structural design and the particular illustrated electrical control-circuits, I wish it to be understood that such showing is only illustrative, and that various changes may be made, in the design, without de from the essential spirit of 'my invention. I desire. therefore, that the appended claims shall be accorded the broadest construction consistent with their language.

I claim as my invention:

1. In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contactmember; opening-means operative at times, to cause an opening movement of the movable contact-member; and closing-mechanism operative, at times, to perform an operation tending to cause a closing movement of the movable contactmember; said closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said aaa-1,932

shaft, thrust-imparting means effective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said' shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and energizing and controlling means for said motor; said energizing and controlling means being characterized by including a first switch-controlling means operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of said motor, means for operatively associating said first switch-controlling means with the circuit-breaker in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at a predetermined point in an opening movement of the circuit breaker and is moved to its non-actuated position during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position, and a second switch-controlling means also operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of the motor, means for operatively associating said second switch-controlling means with said shaft in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at some time after the first switch-controlling means has moved to its actuated position and before the first switch-controlling means has returned to its non-actuated position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it remains in its actuated position at least until the closing-mechanism has substantially reached its final closed position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it thereafter returns to its non-actuated position.

2. In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contact-mem I ber; opening-means operative, at times, to cause an opening movement of the movable contactmember; and closing-mechanism operative, at times, to perform an operation tending to cause a closing movement of the movable contactmember; said closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means effective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and energizing and controlling means for said motor; said energizing and controlling means being characterized by including a first switch-controlling means operative, when actuated, to cause the operation 'of said motor, means for operatively associating said first switch-controlling means with the circuit br`eaker in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at a predetermined point in an opening movement of the circuit breaker and is moved to its non-actuated position during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position, and a second switch-controlling means also operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of the motor, means for operatively associating said second switch-controlling means with said shaft in such manner that it is moved to its actuated positioh at some time after the first switch-controlling means has moved to its actuated position and before the first switch-controlling means has returned to its non-actuated position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it moves to its non-actuated position after said thrust-imparting means has ceased giving a closing thrust to said movable contactmember.

3. In combination; a circuit breaker having main 'contacts including a movable contact-mem-` ber; opening-means operative, at times, to cause an opening movement of the movable contactmember; a manually closing-means operative, when moved from a neutral position to a closed position, to perform an operation tending to cause the main contacts to'be closed; and a motorized closing-mechanism operative, at times, to perform an operation tending to cause a closing movement of the movable contact-member; said motorized closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said .4

shaft, thrust-imparting means effective during considerabiy less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and energizing and controlling means for said motor; said energizing and controlling means being characterized by including a first switch-controlling means operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of said motor, means for operatively associating said first switch-controlling means with the circuit breaker in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at a predetermined point in an opening movement of the circuit breaker and is moved to its non-actuated position during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechansm is in its final closed position, a second switch-controlling means also operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of the motor, means for operatively associating said second switch-controlling means with said shaft in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position 'at some time after the first switch-controlling means has moved to its actuated position and before the first switch-controlling means has returned to its non-actuated position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it remains in its actuated position at least until the closing-mechansm has substantially reached its final closed position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it thereafter returns to its non-actuated position, and a V third switch-controlling means mechanically associated with said manual closing-means in such manner as to make it possible for the first switchcontrolling means to initiate the operation of said motor only when said manual closing-means is in its neutral position.

4. In combination; a circuit breaker having main Contacts including a movable contact-member; opening-means operative, at times, to cause an opening movement of the movable contactmember; a manual closing-means operative, when moved from a neutral position to a closed position, to perform an operation tending to cause the main Contacts to be closed; and a motorized closing-mechanism operative, at times, to perform an operation tending to cause a closing movement of the movable contact-member; said closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means effective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and energizing and controlling means for said motor; said energizing and controlling means being characterized by including a first switch-controlling means operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of said motor, means for operatively associating said first switch-controlling means with the circuit breaker in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at a predetermined point -in an opening movement of the circuit breaker and is moved to its non-actuated position during a closing movement of the circuit brealrer before the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position, a second switch-eontrolling means, also operative, when actuated, to cause the operation of the motor, means for operatively associating said second switch-controlling means with said shaft in such manner that it is moved to its actuated position at some time after the first switch-controlling means has moved to its actuated position and before the first switch-controlling means has returned to its non-actuated position, the operative association of said second switch-controlling means with the shaft being such that it moves to its non-actuated position after said thrust-imparting means has ceased giving a closing thrust to said movable contactmember, and a third switch-controlling means mechanically associated with said manual closing-means in such manner as to make it possible for the first -sWitch-controlling means to initiate the operation of said motor only when said manual closing-means is in its neutral position.

5. In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contactmember; opening-means operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to open; and closingmechanism operative, at times, to cause 'the main contacts to close, said closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means eflective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and an electrical circuit-means operative, when energized, to cause the operation of said motor; said electrical circuit-means being characterized by including two switching-means in parallel operative relation with respect to each other and. in series operative relation with respect to said circuit-means, one of said switching-means being mechanically connected to said circuit breaker in such manner that it closes at a predetermined V point in an' opening movement of the circuit breaker and opens during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechanism' is in its final closed position, and the other one of said switching-means being mechanically connected to said shaft in such manner that it closes after said thrust-impartingmeans has begun to impart a closing thrust to the movable contact-member and remains closed substantially until the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position.

6. In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contactmember; opening-means operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to open; and closingmechanism operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to close, said closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means eflective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and an electrical circuit-means operative, when energized, to cause the operation of said motor; said electrical circuit-means being characterized by including two switching-means in parallel operative relation with respect to each other and in series operative relation with respect to said circuitmeans, one of said switching-means being mechanically connected to said circuit breaker in such manner that it closes at a predetermined point in an openin movement of the circuit breaker and opens during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position. and the other one of said switching-means being. mechanically connected to. said shaft in such manner that it closes after said thrust-imparting means has begun to impart a closing thrust to the movable contact-member and opens after said thrustimparting means has ceased giving a closing thrust to the movable contact-member.

7. In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contact-member; opening-means operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to open; a manual closingmeans operative, when moved from a neutral position to a closed position, to cause the main contacts to be closed; and a motorized closingmechanism operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to close, said motorized closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means eflective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shait for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-"member, and an electrical circuit-means operative, when energized, to cause the operation of said motor; said electrical circuit-means being characterized by including two switching-means in parallel operative relation with respect to each other and in series operative relation with respect to said cirsuit-means, and a third switching-means in series operative relation with respect to said circuit and said two switching-means, one of said two switching-means being mechanically connected to said circuit breaker in such manner that it closes at a predetermined point in an opening movement of the circuit breaker and opens during a closing movement of the circuit breaker before the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position, the other one of said two switchingmeans being mechanically connected to said shaft in such manner that it closes after said thrust-imparting means has begun to impart a closing thrust to the movable contact-member and' remains closed substantially until the closing-mechanism is in its final closed position, and the third switching-means being mechanically associated with said manual closing-means in such manner that it is closed only when said manual closing-means is in its neutral position.

8, In combination; a circuit breaker having main contacts including a movable contact-member; opening-means operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to open: a manual closingmeans operative, when moved from a neutral' position to a closed position, to cause the main contacts to be closed; and a motorized closingmechanism operative, at times, to cause the main contacts to close, said motorized closing-mechanism including a rotating shaft, an electric motor for driving said shaft, thrust-imparting means effective during considerably less than one complete rotation of said shaft for imparting a closing thrust to said movable contact-member, and an electrical circuit-means operative, when energized, to cause the operation of said motor; said electrical circuit-means being characterized by including two switching-means in parallel operative relation with respect to each other and in series operative relation with respect to said circuit-means, and a third switching-means in series operative relation with respect to said circuit and said two switching-means, one of said two switching-means being mechanically connected to said circuit breaker in such manner member and opens after said thrust-impartng means has ceased giving a closing-thrust to the movable contact-member, and the third switching-means being mechanically associated with said manual closing-means in such manner that it is closed only when said manual closing-means is in its'neutral position.

FLOYD D. J OHNSQN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2441851 *Jul 11, 1944May 18, 1948Gen ElectricMotor protective and control arrangement
US2523116 *Jan 14, 1944Sep 19, 1950Westinghouse Electric CorpControl mechanism for circuit breakers
US2671141 *Aug 31, 1949Mar 2, 1954Mcgraw Electric CoSwitch operating means
US2856566 *Dec 3, 1956Oct 14, 1958Gen ElectricControl system for electrically operated circuit interrupters
US2940015 *Sep 30, 1955Jun 7, 1960Bacon Robert MSwitch operating mechanism responsive to power failure
US5534833 *Oct 11, 1994Jul 9, 1996General Electric CompanyCircuit breaker remote closing operator
Classifications
U.S. Classification361/71, 361/115, 335/68, 66/172.00E, 361/62
International ClassificationH01H71/10, H01H71/70
Cooperative ClassificationH01H71/70
European ClassificationH01H71/70