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Publication numberUS2265279 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1941
Filing dateNov 12, 1938
Priority dateNov 12, 1938
Publication numberUS 2265279 A, US 2265279A, US-A-2265279, US2265279 A, US2265279A
InventorsGraf Paul A
Original AssigneeContainer Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible carton
US 2265279 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dc. 9, 1941. P. A. GRAF 2,265,279

COLLAPS IBLE CARTON Filed Nov. 12, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet l MW d Dec. 9, 1941.

P. A. GRAF COLLAPS IBLE CARTON Filed Nov. 12, 193e 2 sheets-shane Patented Dec. 9, 1941 UNITED STATE coLLAPsrBLE CARTON z Paul A. Graf, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Container Corporation of America, Chicago, Ill., a col'PO- ration of Delaware Application November 12, 1938, Serial No. 239,982

k 4 Claims. (Cl. 229-33) The present invention relates to folding cartons and more particularly to a type of folding carton especially adapted for the shipment of eggs and other fragile articles.'

An object of the present invention is to provide a fully collapsible carton having'a cover 4element carrying a tuck flap extension so that the carton may be set up and the lcover secured in position so as to completely enclose the contents. v

Another object of a collapsible carton having a cover nap extension carried on one of the walls, and in which all, of the walls of the carton may be folded inwardly to lie on or adjacent lthe upper surface -of the bottom wall 'to provide a'. rectangular shaped collapsed construction which may be set up by merely grasping and moving the front and rear walls successively upwardly and out- .wardly of the collapsed assembly.

A further object of the invention is to provide K a collapsible' carton in which at least the front and side walls are collapsible upon the bottom, but are so related as to cause the walls to readily assume a -set-up lcondition and after being set up, the walls will not move to collapsed condil tion until conscious eiort is made to collapse it.

A still further object of the invention is 'to provide an enicient method of securing together the parts of a collapsible carton of the type described in which the front, rear and side walls are collapsed inwardly to lie substantially within the contour of the bottom wall.

In the drawings, illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a carton made in accordance with the present invention, showing same as it appears in fully set-up position just prior'to bringing the closure element to iinal position;

Fig. 2 is a. fragmentary rear view showing the construction of one of the comer portions of the carton;

Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the carton as it appears when partially collapsed;

Fig. 4 is a top`view of the carton illustrating it in a collapsed condition; and

which tends to slow up the operation of making the carton ready for use.

Thev present invention provides a collapsible carton fully completed at the box-plant, such carton having all of its walls, as well `as the cover ap, collapsible over the bottom by inward swingl' ing movement so as to provide a collapsed conthe invention is to provide struction of generally rectangular form, whereby packing of the collapsed cartons for storage and shipment is simplified.

Referring more particularly to the drawings. -the carton, as herein disclosed, is formed from a single blank of foldable paperboard comprising a bottom panel I0, a front wall Il, side walls I2 and I3, and rear wall Il. The rear wall I4 'I has a. ilap extension thereon which provides a cover element I5.

Fig, 5 is a plan view of the blank Vof the carton.

'I'he carton of the present invention nds particular application where a relatively inexpensive carton lfor eggs or other fragile articles is desired and where one of the requisites of the carton is that of -having it adaptable to being 'I'he front wall is suitably connected at its ends to the respective ends of the side walls, and, for this purpose, the front end s of the side Walls are preferably formed with flap extensions I6, I6,

adapted to be secured to the inner face of the front wall as by means of suitable adhesive.

The front and side walls are preferably so constructed as to enable the front wall to be folded at upon the upper surface of the bottom wall and for this purpose the side walls l2 and I3 are provided respectively with'fold lines I1., Il, extending rearwardly and upwardly from the lower, front corners of the side walls and being disposed at an angle of approximately 45 degrees with the flower edges of the side walls. These fold lines thus dene a triangular section I'Ia at the front part of the side walls which maybe folded down to lie against the adjacent front part of the side walls in which position the front wall will assume a position in which it lies nat on the upper faceof the bottom Wall I0.

For the purpose of enabling the rear wall'to be folded inwardly ,to lie dat upon the bottom 4wall, the side walls are in the present instance provided with extensions at their rear ends and these extensions are in turn connected to the rear face of the rear wall along a line spaced inwardly from the outer ends of the rear wall land disposed-at an angle to the vertical rear corners of the carton. In the present instance the rear and side walls are' connected together by integral corner elements Il, I8. each of these elements Il, Il being formed with a diagonally extending crease line I9, I8, separating each of .the elements'll. Il into two symmetrical parts I8a and Ib. Inorder to hinsediy associate the parts Ita, Ila with the rear wall of the carton,

the parts IIb, IIb are secured to the rear face 2,265,279 of the rear wall as by means of adhesive. By

respect to the bottom of the carton is to retain the cover panel in closed position and, forthis purpose, there is preferably provided on the free edge of the cover panel a tuck nap 2|, this tuck being disposed at an angle of approximately 45 degrees with the vertical corners of the carton,

.as well as the lower edge of the rear wall. Thus when the carton is in a set-up condition the respective parts l8a and l8b will lie iiat against each other at the rear of the carton, leaving the interior of the carton free from any irregularities or projeCtingparts.

When the front, rear and side walls are in a relatively vertical position, as illustrated in Fig. 1with the cover of the carton raised approximately as illustrated in Fig. 3, the box may then be collapsed by swinging the front wall inwardly anddownwardlyto lie ilat upon the bottoml wall. This operation is accompanied by acertain amount of outward deection of the side walls due to the triangular parts HA of theside walls acting as la. connecting element between the front wall and the remaining portions of the side walls. When the front wall has assumed' its position flat uponv the bottom there will be a tendency for this wall to remain in this position due to the fact that the side walls somewhat resist outward bending movement, this being due in part to the fact that the rear ends of the sidewalls' are so associated with the lateral ends of the rear wall that the ends of the side walls vare `held closely against the ends of the' rear wall.

After the front wall has been moved to this -collapsed position on top of the bottom panel,

the rear wall is then moved to a position overnap being so formed as to be insertable at the front of the carton to lie directly behind the rear face of the front wall. When a set of partitions is employed the tuck ilap 2l will iit snugly between the ends of the partitions and the front wall. It will thus be seen that with the partition element in the carton; only a small degree of stiness of the cover ap is required to A cause the rear wall of the carton to be mainlying the bottom, the cover panel is moved at y the same time to a position in which it lies flat over the bottom panel and collapsed front wall lying thereon. It is apparent that the cover panel and rear` wall are free to swing downward because the -front wall, in being swung downward on the bottom wall, has left a clear space at the front of the carton. Due to the connection between the rear face of the back wall and the for the rear ends of the side walls to move inwardly as soon as the rear wall begins to swing 'ends of the side walls there will be a tendency 1n bringing the carton to an expanded posiy tion from its collapsed condition as just described,

the rst Aoperation comprises holding the front of the carton then raising the cover and .rear

' wall to a vertical position. -The front wall is then raised to vertical position, whereupon the carton is in condition to receive its contents.

In general, when the carton is to be employed-` ior eggs or similar fragile articles, a set'of partitions as indicated at v2l) in Fig. 1 will be inserted into the'carton. 4 I

In the event no partitions are to be employed in the carton, .there will be some tendencyior the rear wall to swing inwardly due to the resiliency of the corner portions connecting the rear -wall and the side walls. A convenient means for retaining the rear wall in vertical position'with tained in a verticalposition when ,the cover is held in closed position as by means of the tuck ilap 2i just described.

From the foregoing it is apparent that the present invention provides a convenient form of collapsible carton which may be folded in compact 'rectangular form in which the front, rear and side walls are all moved inwardly upon the bottom wall of the carton. 'With the carton thus collapsed it may be conveniently packed in shipping containers for storage and shipment and, when it is desired to set up the carton, this may be done by holding the front part thereof and raising the cover and rear wall to vertical position after which the front wall is moved to vertical position and the box is set up in such condition that it will resist collapsing unless a conscious eiort is made to collapse it. It is to be noted that. the movement of the rear wall and cover to a position in which the rear wall is vertical causes the side walls to move to vertical position without requiring these side walls to be moved upwardly in a separate operation.

Due to the fact that the connection between the rear wall and the side wall is such as to prevent outward displacement of the rear end of the side walls, it is to be noted that the front Y wall will assume either a vertical position or a flat position and will stay in such 'position due to the construction of the carton. Movement of the front wall to. either its collapsed o r vertical position is accompanied by what may be termed a snap action of the parts, resisting displace- Y ment of the front wall when it has been moved to either one of its `two ilnal positions.

Due to -the fact that the crease line in the side walls tends to cause the walls at this point to assume a somewhat outwardly convexed position, the insertion of a partition unit within the box is greatly facilitated, particularly in comparison with certain cartons of collapsible form which have a tendency on the part of certain -walls to assume an inwardly directed convexed and it is therefore desired that the present embodiment be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being hadi to the appended claims rather than to the foregoing dcscription to indicate the scope of the invention.

andere I claim:

1. A collapsible carton having a bottom, front,

rear and side walls hinged to the bottom, the front and side walls being hingedly connected to each other, the side walls being provided with .fold lines extending rearwardly from the lower front corners of the carton and disposed at an fold lines extending rearwardly from the lower front corners of the carton and disposed at an angle of approximately forty-live degrees to the the respective side walls folded down to lie against adjacent portions of the side walls, theV rear ends of the side walls each having a triangular corner extension connectedthereto along one side, the other side of the triangular corner extension being hingedly connected to the rear face of thev rear wall along a line extending diagonally upward from the lower rear corners of the lcarton at an angle` of approximately forty-five degrees to the lower edge of the rear wall, whereby, after the front wall has been folded to lie at on the bottom, the rear wall, together with the side walls connected thereto, can also be folded to lie flat over the bottom with the side vwalls overlying the downfolded front. and rear walls.

2. A collapsible carton having a bottom, front, rear and side walls hinged to the bottom, an extension flap on the rear wall forming a cover for the carton, the front and side walls being hingedly connected to each other, th'e sidewalls being provided with fold lines extending rearwardly from the lower front corners of the carton and disposed at an angle of approximately fortyfive degrees to the lower edges of the side walls, whereby the front wall may be swung rearwardly to lie fiat against the bottom with the diagonal front portion of the respective side walls folded downto lie against -adjacent portions of the side walls, the rear ends of the side walls each having a triangular corner extension connected thereto along one side, the other side of the triangular corner extension being hingedly connected to the rear face of the rear wall along a line extending diagonally upward from the lower rear corners of the carton at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees to the lower edge of the r'ear wall, whereby, after the front wall has been folded to lie flat on the bottom,

the cover and rear Wall can be folded to lie fiatv over the bottom and front wall and, whereby the movement of the rear wall to flat position over the bottom will cause the side walls to assume a position overlying the .rear wall and cover portion due to the connection between the side walls and the rear wall.

3. Aycollapsible carton having a bottom, front, rear and side walls hinged to the bottom, the front and side walls being hingedly connected to each other, the side walls being provided with angle of approximately forty-,five degrees to the lower edges of the side walls, whereby the front wall may be swung rearwardly'to lie fiat against the bottomwith the diagonal front portion of the respective side walls folded down to' lie against adjacent portions of the side walls, the rear ends of the side walls each having a triangular corner extension connected thereto along one side, the

other side of the triangular corner extension 'being hingedly connected to the rear face of the rear wall along a line extending diagonally upward from the lower rear corners of the carton at an angle of approximately forty-live degrees to the lower edge of the rear wall, whereby, after s the front'wall has been folded to lie fiat on the bottom, the rear wall can be folded to lie flat over the bottom and, whereby the movement of the rear wall to flat position over the bottom means for retaining the rear wall in vertical position with respect to the bottom panel when the carton is in set-up position.

4. A collapsible carton having a bottom, front, rear and side walls hinged to the bottom, an

extension ap on the rear wall forming a cover e for the carton, the front andslde walls being hingedly connected to each other, the side walls being providedgwith fold lines extending rearwardly from the lower front corners of the carton and disposed at an angle of approximately forty-ve degrees to the lower edges of the side walls, whereby the front. wall 'may be swung rearwardly to lie flat against the bottom with the diagonal front portion of the respective side walls folded down to lie against adjacent portion-s of the side walls, the rear ends of the side walls each having a triangular corner extension connected thereto along one side, the other side of the triangular corner extension being hingedly connected to the rear face of the rear wall along a line extending diagonally upward from the lower rear corners of the carton at anl angle of approximately fortyve degrees to the lower edge of the rear wall, whereby, after the front Wall has been folded to lie at on the bottom, the cover and rear wall can be folded to lie at over the'bottoxn and front wall and, whereby the :movement of the rear wall to flat position over the bottom will cause the side walls to assume a position overlying the rear wall and cover portion due to the connection between the side walls and the rear wall, and a tuck flap on the cover Ainsertable behind the front wall when the cover is closed, whereby the rear wall which supports Athe cover will be retained in vertical position thereby.

lPAUL A. GRAF.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2708065 *Aug 25, 1952May 10, 1955Bloomer Bros CoCollapsible carton
US3276662 *Feb 4, 1965Oct 4, 1966Reynolds Metals CoContainer construction and parts therefor or the like
US6527118 *Oct 15, 2001Mar 4, 2003Solution Informatique Modulaire Sarl.Case for different cards
US20130075461 *Sep 20, 2012Mar 28, 2013Ching-Min HsuFoldable box and package panel which is folded to form the box
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/117.7, 229/190, 229/120.36, 229/186, 229/152
International ClassificationB65D5/36
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/3642
European ClassificationB65D5/36B4A