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Publication numberUS2265998 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 16, 1941
Filing dateJun 28, 1940
Priority dateJun 28, 1940
Publication numberUS 2265998 A, US 2265998A, US-A-2265998, US2265998 A, US2265998A
InventorsWilliam A Bruno
Original AssigneeBruno Patents Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric connector
US 2265998 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 1 w. A. BRUNO 2,265,998

ELECTRIC CONNECTOR Filed June 28, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR. M11 MM 4. BRUNO M mm 1941- w. A. BRUNO ELECTRIC C ONNECTQR Filed June 28, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. W/LLIAM A BRUNO M-k/W Patented Dec. 16, 1941 William A. Bruno, Astoria, Long Island, N. Y

assignor, by mesne assignments, to Bruno Patents Ine., Long Island City, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application June 28, 1940, Serial No. 342,834 Claims. (Cl. 200-51) This invention relates to electric couplers or connectors, and, while not limited thereto, is particularlyadaptedfor microphone connections, such as amplifier inputsor extension cables, for example. v

It is the principal object of my invention to provide an electric connector which comprises means for producing self-cleaning short circuiting contact between the electrodes of said connector.'

Another object of my invention is to provide an electric connector which is adapted to afford a secure, quick and positive connection between the elements to beconnected, and cannotbe connected or disconnected accidentally.

Still another object of my invention is to provide means whereby wires or leads can be connected with connector parts or elements in an improved, simple, and convenient manner.

The manner in which the above and other objects are realized by the invention will now be described, reference being had to the appended drawings.

The connector according to my' invention consists preferably of two separable main parts. One of these parts is provided with a contact element which is connected with one bf the leads, and can be brought, by--inclining the same, into a position in which said contact element produces a short circuit between the electrodes of said part, whereas such short circuit can be interrupted by assembling said main parts of the connector.

Two embodiments of the electric connector according to my invention are illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, wherein 1 Figure l is an elevational viewof a preferred embodiment of my invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view of the embodiment according to Fig. 1, showing the manner in which the conductors leading to the connector are connected; p

Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to that shown in Figure 2, the parts of the connector being in a relative position in which they are disconnected;

Figure 4 is a perspective view of the insulating member and the spring used in the embodiment according to Figs. 1-3;

Figure 5 shows in sectional view another embodiment of my invention, and

Figure 6 shows an insulating washer which can be used in the embodiment illustrated in Figure 5.

Like characters of reference denote similar parts throughout the several views and the folaperture of a circular insulating disc 22. The

second lead consists of a wire gauze or shield 18 which is provided with rubber insulation l9 and soldered with said tubular casing 13 at 2|. The

male part of the connector comprises a threaded metal casing or housing I. A washer 3 which is made of insulating material, for example of the molded insulating plastic known under the tradename Bakelite, is positioned in said casing I. This washer 3, the upper surface 3 and lower surface 3 of which form an acute angle, is preferably provided with a square projection 4, and a central bore 5 which extends through said washer and its projection, and receives the boltlike contact member 6 connected with the lead 1. The latter may be covered with rubber insulation 8. The washer 3 rests on the upper part of spring 2. If the female part and the male part of the connector are screwed together by means of the cap screw M, the contact pin l5 presses on said contact member 6 and the washer 3, and forces said member and said washer to move downward whereby the spring wire 2 is compressed as shown in Figure 2. A soldering lug I0 is provided to solder to it lead ll. Thus, in the position shown in Figure 2 lead 1 being connected with lead I1, and conductor l8 being connected with lead H the circuit is completed by the assembled connector parts.

Figure 3 shows the female and male parts of my connector in another relative position, in which these parts are separated. In this position the cap screw M is partly screwed oif from casing I so that the contact between pin 15 and element 6 is interrupted, and pin 15 does not press on said element 6 and the washer 3. Thus, the spring 2 is released and forces the washer 3 and contact member 6 into a position in which said member 6 is in contact with the inner surface of casing l whereby wires 1 and H are short circuited.

In order to break this short circuit the cap screw I4 is screwed on casing I until pin 15 and element 6 come in contact, spring 2 is compressed, and element 6 is forced away from the inner surface of casing I. Thus, the short circuit between element 6 and casing I is interrupted, and connection between the elements to be connected, for instance a microphone attached to the female connector partand an electronic amplifier input attached to the male connector part, is established.

Shield i8 can be connected with the tubular casing l3 in any convenient manner. I have found, however, that a connection between said parts can be obtained in a particularly simple, efficient, and cheap manner by providing said tubular casing with a slot or the like 20, and soldering the shield to the body, as shown in Fig. 2, for example at 2|.

In the embodiment shown in Figures 5 and 6, a preferably circular insulating disc-like washer 3 is positioned in the threaded metal casing I, the wall of which has a projecting portion as shown at 23. Said washer which is shown in Fig. 6, is provided with preferably parallel surfaces and a central aperture 5, and rests on the upper-part of spring 2. The washer 3 holds the contact member 6 which is connected with lead I. If the female part and the male part of the connector are not screwed together, and the spring 2 is released, the washer 3 and contact member 6 will be forced by the dented wall portion of casing l and spring 2 into the position shown in dotted lines, in which member 6 is in contact with the inner surface of casing l and thus short circuits wires I and II. If, as shown in Fig. 5, the female part and the male part of the connector are assembled, the contact pin l5 presses on contact member 6 and washer 3, and the circuit is completed as described above in connection with Fig. 2.

The short circuiting contact produced between contact member 6 and casing I is self-wiping.

I have shown preferred embodiments of my invention, but it will be obvious from the above that the invention is not limited to the specific constructions and arrangement of elements -threadedmetallic casing connected with an electric lead, aninsulating washer, said washer being provided with a projection and an aperture extending through said washer and said projection,y and I being positioned in said metallic casing and resting on a spring positioned in said 'metallic -ca sing,- a contact member received by said aperture and connected with another electric lead, said spring in its released condition being adapted to support said washer and said contact member in a position in which said contact member contacts with said metallic casing.

2. An electric male connector comprising a threaded metallic casing connected with an electric lead, a disc-like insulating Washer, said washer being provided with an aperture, and being positioned in said metallic casing and resting on a spring positioned in said metallic casing, a contact member received by said aperture and'connected with another electric lead, said spring in its released condition and an inwardly projecting wall portion of said metallic casing being adapted to hold said washer and said contact member in a position, in which said contact member contacts with said metallic casing;

3. An electric connector means comprising a metallic casing connected with an electric lead, an insulating washer, said washer being provided with an aperture, and being positioned in said metallic casing and resting on a spring positioned in said metallic casing, a contact member received by said aperture and connected with another electric lead, said spring in its released condition being adapted to hold said washer and said contact member in a position in which said contact member contacts with said metallic casing.

4. An electric connector means comprising a metallic casing connected with an electric lead, an insulating washer, the upper surface and lower surface of which form an acute angle, said washer being provided with a projection and an aperture extending through said washer and said projection, being positioned in said metallic casing and resting on a spring positioned in said metallic casing, a contact member received by said aperture and connected with another electric lead, said spring in itsreleased condition being adapted to hold said washer and said contact member in a position in which said contact member contacts with said metallic casing.

5. An electric connector means comprising ametallic casing connected with an electric lead, a disc-like insulating washer, said washer being provided with an aperture, being positioned in said metallic casing and resting on a spring positioned in said metallic casing, a contact member received by said aperture and connected with another electric lead, said spring in its released condition and a dented wall portion of said metallic casing being adapted to hold said washer and said contact member in a position in which said contact member contacts with said metallic casing.

WILLIAM A. BRUNO.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421516 *Mar 29, 1943Jun 3, 1947Galvin Mfg CorpApparatus for supporting portable radio sets
US2423276 *Mar 20, 1946Jul 1, 1947Weissman Morton RRotatable electrical connector
US2477901 *Apr 7, 1948Aug 2, 1949Robboy Nathan MSwivel fixture joint
US2755330 *May 11, 1951Jul 17, 1956Ludwig SidneyEnd structure for electrical conduit
US3041503 *Nov 3, 1958Jun 26, 1962British Thomson Houston Co LtdElectrical connections to igniters or electrical supply units
US3654588 *Feb 5, 1970Apr 4, 1972Ruth Fred NElectrical wire connector
US5585577 *Nov 30, 1995Dec 17, 1996The Torrington CompanyBearing with a sensor arrangement for obtaining an indication of various parameters within the housing of the bearing
US5713765 *Apr 23, 1996Feb 3, 1998Nugent; Steven F.High-current audio connector
US6524140 *Jun 13, 2001Feb 25, 2003Japan Aviation Electronics Industry, Ltd.Connector excellent in reliability of contact
US7357656 *May 5, 2005Apr 15, 2008Areva T&D AgElectrical energy disconnection device
US8251755 *Jun 14, 2010Aug 28, 2012Tyco Electronics CorporationConnector with a laterally moving contact
US20110306251 *Jun 14, 2010Dec 15, 2011Tyco Electronics CorporationConnector with a laterally moving contact
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/51.1, 439/387, 439/188, 174/51, 439/289, 174/75.00C, 439/320, 439/939
International ClassificationH01R13/24
Cooperative ClassificationY10S439/939, H01R13/2421
European ClassificationH01R13/24A3