US 2266853 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
DeC- 23 1941 G. F. DABNEY COLLAPSIBLE SHELTER IVIIIII GENE F DA eNEY DEC. 23, G. F DABNEY COLLAPSIBLE SHELTER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 22, 1939 .1NvENToR.
GENE F DA/vey BY C MAM hb/ ATToR Ex Patente-d Dec. 23, 1941 UNITED; STATES cargar ori-ics '2 Claims.
This invention relates to shelters and more especially to a collapsible' sun shelter, and is a continuation in part of my copending application, Serial No. 210,761, filed May 28, 1938.
An object of the invention is toprovide a simple, practical and inexpensive article of the character described.
Another object is to provide a sun and wind shelter having novel features of collapsibility and portability.
Another Objectis to provide in a shelterof the character described improved features of comfort, facility andsimplicity of erection and collapsibility. v
More specic objects andadvantageswill appear and be brought out more fully inthe following specication, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a view of an embodiment of the invention showing the article fully; expanded in condition for use;
Fig. 2 is a View of the samecollapsed'and compacted for transporting;
Fig. 3 is a side view of one of the brace members;
Fig. 4 is a sectional View 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating one of the said structural features;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view showing another of the structural features;
Fig. 7 is a view showing means for securing the article to the ground;
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a modied form of the invention;
Fig. 9 is a vertical section;
Fig. 10 is a plane View partly in section of the same;
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary detail of the cover showing means for fastening the cover member to the floor member;
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary view illustrating the means of fastening the device in folded position;
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line I3-I3 of Fig. l0;
Fig. 14 is a sectional view taken along the line I4-I4 of Fig. 15; and
Fig. 15 is an end elevation of the hub also shown in Fig. 14.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, I show a pair of bow members I0 and Il respectively, preferably of resilient steel or the equivalent, and a plurality of similar bow members I2 positioned therebetween, the bow members each taken along the line having terminal loops I 3v by which they are an elongated loop*2I for connection with eachv ring I 4 and may be provided with a loop 2,2 to facilitate placing inthe ground and removal therefrom.
A pair of braces 23Y are pivotally securedk at 24VV and 25 respectively to bows I0 and I I and each brace consists of a pair of strap irons 26 pivotedV together at 2l and provided collar 28 which may be slipped over the overlapping portions of members 26 be slipped away from the overlapping," portions for collapsing the brace in the usual manner.- -A
central brace 29 is provided forthev articleamtlY comprises strap members 30, 3| and 32; member 3l being pivoted at 33 to bow II; member 32 being pivotally secured to members 30 and 3| in a manner similar to braces 26; member 30 having an L-shaped member 34 secured adjacent the free end thereof whereby the same may be engaged with bow I Il as shown in Fig. 5 when the brace 29 is extended and stiifened as shown in Fig. l.
A plurality of rings I 4a. be secured t0 tabs I4b, to cover I5 adjacent bow ing as shown in Fig. 6. A plurality of ties 34 are secured to floor pieces II for securing the article in collapsed position as shown in Fig. 2. A bail 35 is secured from detachment by a strap 36 secured to one of the floor pieces I'l, the ends of which are adapted to engage apertures in strap members 33 and 32 whereby the article may be carried when, compacted.
I show a plurality of pockets 31 secured on the inner side of cover l5 which may be used for placing therein articles such as cigarettes, magazines and the like.
The article may be compacted bywithdrawing the stakes 2i) from the ground, removing member 34 from bow Ill and folding brace 29 and braces 23, thus permitting the bows I0 and I2 to collapse on bow II. Floor pieces I1 may thereupon similar to ring I4 may the latter being sewed II for auxiliary anchorwith a rectangular to maintainthem-` in straight relation for bracingV and which mayil be wrapped around the bows and cover I5 and the end portions overlapped as shown in Fig. 2 and passed between braces and 32 and tied by ties 34 and bail 35 secured to braces 36 and 3|.
In Figs. 8 to 15 I show a modif-led form of a shelter in which a pair of hubs 4l each having an aperture 42 secure the ends of a plurality of resilient wire ribs 43 having end portions 44 turned inwardly at substantially right angles which extend through apertures 45 in one of the hub member plates, of which there are two, they being held together by a plurality of bolts 46. Centrally at the rear portion of the shelter a U-shaped clip 41 is secured about the terminal rib 43 and held by bolt 48. A strap 49 is secured by a bolt or rivet to clip 41 and Vis secured to a ring 5I which is adapted to engage.
the head of a pin 52 secured to a U-shaped clip 53 secured to the other terminal rib 43 by bolt 54.
A floor piece 55 of suitable fabric material, such as canvas or the like, is provided with a plurality of apertures having eyelets 56 secured thereto and a ring 51 is secured as by a strap 58 to the lower terminal rib 43 adjacent each eyelet 56 for the reception of a bifurcated peg 59 having a shouldered head by which the floor 55 is held to the ground, a peg passing through each ring 51.
The fabric cover portion comprises a plurality of rsegments 60 whichl overlap at their edge portions which are sewed or otherwise secured together as at 6|,va rib 43 being held in each of the overlapping. portions. An abbreviated apron 62 may be secured to the forward terminal rib portion if desired. A rear edge portion 63 of the top may be divided and left free so as to overlie the rear edge portion of the flooring 55. If
desired, these parts may be secured together in any suitable manner.
A collapsible stiffener strap is provided and compri-ses members 64, 65 and 66, members 64 and 65 being secured together by any suitable pivot 61 and members 64 and 66 being similarly secured by a pivot 61. These members each consist preferably of a resilient steel bar section and are provided with intertting humps and recesses 68 and 69 by which the stiffener strap will be held in extended position against inadvertent collapse, but may be collapsed by pivoting the members 64, 65 and 66 on their pivots 61 when the shelter is to be collapsed. Member 65 is pivotally secured to bolt 48 by the head 10 thereof, and member 66 is similarly pivotally secured to bolt 54 by the head 1I thereof. One or more pockets 12 may be provided on the inner side of the cover element if desired.
As may be seen in Fig. 12, when the shelter is collapsed pin 52 of clip 53 is adjacent strap 49 and ring 5I secured toclip 41 and ring 5l may be secured to pin 52 and the shelter secured in collapsed position, the flooring 55 being rolled or folded within the folds of the cover material.
-Having described my invention, what I claim 1. In a device of the character described, the combination of a pair of hub members, two terminal rib members and a plurality of intermediate rib members, each said rib member being individually pivoted at each o-f its ends to one of the hub members whereby said ribs can be folded together or swung apart to form a frame simulating a section of a sphere, a cover secured at spaced intervals to each of said ribs and foldable with them, and means engageable with the terminal ribs when they are swung apart for holding the frame unfolded and the cover taut, said la-st named means comprising a semi-rigid strap member composed of a plurality of sections pivotally connected with each otherat their ends so that they can be collapsed to lie face to face or extended in longitudinal alignment for the frame holding purpose, said strap member being permanently secured at one end to one terminal rib and detachably connectable with' the other terminal rib.
2. A structure as dened in claim 1 in which means is provided on said strap and effective at the pivotal connections therein to hold the strap sections in longitudinal alignment and against inadvertent folding movement.
GENE F. DABNEY.