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Publication numberUS2267513 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1941
Filing dateOct 14, 1940
Priority dateOct 14, 1940
Publication numberUS 2267513 A, US 2267513A, US-A-2267513, US2267513 A, US2267513A
InventorsHays Waterman John
Original AssigneeHays Waterman John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cove base
US 2267513 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A Dec. 23 1941.

J. H. WATERMAN 2,267,513

COVE BASE Filed Oct. 14, 1940 ATTORN EYS 2 Sheets-Sheet l Patented Dec. 23, 1941 UNITED starts PATENT OFFICE@ 9 Claims.

This invention relates in general to the finish of the oor covering with a bathroom fixture at the floor, and in particular the invention is directed to, and it is my principal object to provide .an arrangement whereby cove bases may be conveniently employed as the floor finish with bathroom xtures such as bath tubs, pedestal type wash basin, and toilets.

Another object of the invention is to provide a cove base finish with bathroom xtures at the iioor, which is sanitary, easy vto clean, neat in appearance, and provides toe room when the cove is inset relative to the fixture.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a cove base assembly for toilets, which permits of placement or removal of the toilet bowl after the lcove is in place. I

A further object of the invention is to produce a simple and inexpensive cove base and yet one which will be exceedingly eiiective for the purpose for which it is designed.

These objects I accomplish by means of such structure and relative arrangement ofparts as will fully appear by a `perusal of the following I specication and claims.

In the drawings similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several views:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary* transverse section showing an inset linoleum cove base as applied to a bathtub in accordance lwith my invention.

Figure 2 is a similar View but with the cove base substantially ilush withTthe bathtub skirt.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary transverse section showing a tile cove base as I apply the same to a bathtub.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary transverse section of my linoleum cove base assembly for a toilet.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary transverse section of such cove base assembly as embodying a tile cove.

Referring now more particularly to the characters of reference on the drawings, and at present to Figs. 1-3 inclusive, which disclose the invention as applied to a bathtub, the numeral I indicates a bathtub including, as usual, an inner wall 2 and an outer substantially vertical skirt 3 spaced therefrom.

The skirt 3 terminates at its lower horizontal edge 4 some distance above the floor 5 which as usual rests on a sub-floor 6. The space between I skirt 3 and Wall 2 is `closed adjacent edge 4 by means of a horizontal ller plate 1 having an upturned flange 8 along one edge frictionally engaging the inner face of skirt 3, and a downturned flange 9 along the other edge frictionally engagadjacent but short of oor 5. These llanges` may be secured to the skirt and wall in any suitable manner if desirable.

For an inset linoleum cove base, as shown in Fig. l, the linoleum I which covers floor 5 iseX- tended to a point relatively close to wall 2,'thence curves upward as at I I, and then lies flat as at I2, against flange 9; the edge of the linoleum terminating substantially at the bottom of ller plate A suitable molding I3 is disposed beneath and supports the curved portion I I.

When a substantially ilush cove base of linoleum is desired, it is formed as shown in Fig. 2; a blocking member I4 being engaged between plate l 'F and iloor 5, and portion I2a of the linoleum resting thereagainst as shown. Here the upper edge of the linoleum engages behind and slightly underlaps edge 4 of skirt 3.

In Fig. 3, I illustrate a semi-inset tile cove base. 0 A blocking member I5 is disposed between plate 'I vand the sub-oor 5 and engages flange 5j reinforced cement I6 covering the sub-floor and outer face of blocking member I5. The floor tiles I'I are placed as usual, while the cove tile I8 abuts 5 against 'the cement on blocking member I5 and extends up to plate 1. If a flush tile'cove base is desired, the blocking member I5V is moved outward, while for greater inset such member is omitted or reduced in thickness.

Turning now to the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 4, I disclose here a linoleum cove assembly for a toilet. A separate base I9 is set at the time of roughing in on the floor 5, and the lead ferruleor discharge pipe extends upward through a throat 2| in said base; such base being secured to the floor by any suitable type bolts as at 22. The top ofthis separate base is of a configuration and size in plan the same as the base portion 23 of the toilet bowl 24, and is also formed to match; being secured thereto by bolts. `The ferrule is connected as usual and the channel 25 lled with sealing putty. It isto be noted that the heads of bolts 22 are disposed so as to enter such channel.

About its periphery and a short distance below the top, the separate base I9 is reduced in size in the manner of an undercut, as indicated at 26. The linoleum 21 curves upward adjacent the vertical wall of the undercut, as at 28, and thereabove rests flat against said Wall up to the horizontal .portion of said undercut.

In Fig. 4, a tile cove base for a toilet is illustrated, and in this form the assembly of separate base 29 and bowl base 3U are the same as shown lng the adjacent face of wall 2 and depending to 55 in Fig. 3, except that the separate base is slightly higher and seats on the sub-hoor 6. Reinforced cement 3l covers the sub-Hoor and lines the vertical wall of the base undercut; the oor tile 32 being set as usual and the cove tile 33 being disposed in the undercut and extending up said vertical wall to the horizontal face thereof.

The advantages of my improved cove base assembly for bathtubs and toilets are that such assembly is sanitary, easy to clean, watertight, convenient, provides ample foot room adjacent the xture, and assures a neater appearing oor as the cove base for the xture matches with and eliminates any break in the cove base, which may extend about the entire room.

In addition, the cove base assembly as applied to a toilet simpliiies removal of the toilet bowl for inspection and repairs, as the separate base is left secured to the floor.

From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that I have produced such a cove base as substantially fullls the objects of the invention as set forth herein.

While this specification sets forth in detail the present and preferred construction of the device, still in practice such deviations from such detail may be resorted to as do not form a departure from the. spirit of the invention, as defined by the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and useful and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. In combination, a toilet bowl having a base, a floor, an initially separate base seated on the oor and supporting the bowl base; said separate base having a peripheral undercut thereabout immediately above the floor, and a floor covering extending into said undercut and thence curving upwardly as a cove.

2. In combination, a toilet bowl having a base, a floor, an initially separate base seated on the oor and supporting the bowl base, said separate base having a peripheral undercut thereabout immediately above the floor, a tile floor covering extending to a point adjacent said separate base and a tile cove continuing from said point into the undercut and up to the top thereof.

3. AV cove base between a floor and a wall of a fixture, said wall including spaced inner and outer wall portions, the. inner wall portion extending substantially to the oor and the outer wall portion terminating at its lower edge in clearance relation to the floor; said cove base comprising an initially separate. filler member disposed between said wall portions adjacent the lower edge of said outer wall portion, and a floor covering extending over the floor to a point adjacent said inner wal1 portion and thence extending up the latter to substantially said ller member.

4. A cove base between a iioor and a wall of a fixture, said wall including spaced inner and outer wallportions, the inner wall portion extending substantially to the floor and the outerwall portion terminating at its lower edge in clearance relation to the iloor; said cove base comprising an initially separate ller member disposed between said wall portions adjacent the lower edge of said outer wall portion, said filler member comprising a substantially horizontal plate having an upturned ange along one edge engaging the inner face of the outer wall portion and a downturned ange along the other edge engaging the adjacent face of the inner wall portion.

5. A cove base between a iioor and a wall of a fixture, said wall including spaced inner and outer wall portions, the inner wall portion extending substantially to the floor and the outer wall portion terminating at its lower edge in clearance relation to the floor; said cove base comprising a i'lller member disposed between said wall portions adjacent the lower edge of said outer wall portion, a blocking member between said iiller member and the floor outwardly of the inner wall portion, and a iioor covering extending to a point adjacent said blocking member and thence curving upwardly as a cove and resting against the outer face of said blocking member.

6. A cove base between a floor and a wall of a xture, said wall including spaced inner and outer wall portions, the inner wall portion extending substantially to the floor and the outer wall portion terminating at its lower edge in clearance relation to the iioor; said cove base comprising an initially separate ller member disposed between said wall portions adjacent the lower edge of said outer wall portion,l said filler member comprising a substantially horizontal plate having a downturned ilange along its inner edge engaging the adjacent face of the inner wall portion, and a linoleum oor covering extending to a point adjacent said inner wall portion, thence curving upward and resting in part on said flange.

'7. A cove base between a floor and a wall of a xture, said wall including spaced inner and outer wall portions, the inner wall portion extending substantially to the floor and the outer wall portion terminating at its lower edge in clearance relation to the floor; said cove base comprising an initially separate filler member disposed ben tween said wall portions adjacent the lower edge of said outer wall portion, a blocking member between said filler member andthe floor, a oor covering extending to a point adjacent the blocking member and thence curving upward as a cove and resting against said blocking member; the upper edge of said cove projecting between and being closely engaged by the lower edge portion of the outer wall portion and said blocking member.

8. A Astructure as in claim 3 in which the floor covering is of tile; the upwardly extending portion of the covering being a tile cove terminating at its upper edge in engagement with said ller member.

9. A structure as in claim El` in which the oor covering is of tile; the upwardly extending portion of the covering being a tile cove terminating at its upper edge in engagement with said. filler member; there being an initially separate blocking and backing member engaged between the tile cove and said inner wall. portion, said blocking and backing .member extending from the l'ler member to the oor.

JOHN HAYS WATERMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2526883 *Apr 26, 1947Oct 24, 1950Borg WarnerSeal for bathtub bases
US4794653 *Dec 24, 1986Jan 3, 1989Strasser Thaddeus BBase for elevating a toilet
US5159723 *Dec 23, 1991Nov 3, 1992Benedict Ray BBathtub
US5255400 *Jul 28, 1992Oct 26, 1993Sween Adrian PApparatus for containing a liquid
US5383240 *Feb 4, 1994Jan 24, 1995Weeks, Sr.; Alton S.Adjustable trim strips for bathroom fixtures
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/35, 4/252.5, 52/273, 4/538
International ClassificationE03D11/00, E03D11/16
Cooperative ClassificationE03D11/16
European ClassificationE03D11/16