US 226778 A
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J. H. PA-WLING. Machine for Booking Tobacco-Leaves. No. 226,778
Patented April 20, 1880.
NPETERS, PHOTOJJTHOGRAPMER, WASHINGTUN. D C.
U ITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH H. PAWLING, OF PHILADELPHIA, PA., ASSIGNOR ()F ONE-FOURTH OF HIS RIGHT TO J. B. HEIL AND A. WAGNER, OF SAME PLACE.
MACHINE FOR BOOKING TOBACCO-LEAVES.
SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent NO. 226,778, dated April 20, 1880. Application filed February 0, 1880.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JosEPH H. PAWLING, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Machines for Booking Tobacco-Leaves, of which the following is aspecification.
The object of my invention is to facilitate the process of booking tobacco-leavesthat is,
their reduction to a proper unwrinkled condition preparatory to their use as wrappers for cigars; and this object I attain in the manner and by the appliances too fully explained hereinafter to need preliminary description.
1 In theaccompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a rear view, in perspective, of the machine for preparing tobacco-leaves Fig. 2, a front view;
Fig. 3, a vertical section on .the line 1 2, and
Fig. 4 a modification of my invention.
To a suitable base, A, is secured the arched frame B, which may be formed by bending a strip of appropriate wood, or it may be otherwise constructed, as the judgment of the manufacturer may suggest.
D and D are two arms, each hinged to the base at a, and each having at its upper end a pad, (I, which is of the same width as the arched frame, and which is caused to bear against the same by a spring, 0, secured at its 0 lower end to the base and bearing with its upper end against the arm.
A lever, G, is hinged to the base at b, one arm of this lever projecting forward so as to form a treadle, h, for the foot of the operator,
5 and to the rear arm, 2', is hinged the lower end of the rod H, which passes through and is guided by a slot in a bar, I, secured to the under side of the arched frame, the upper end of the rod bearing against the under side of the 4.0 arm K, which is hinged to the bar I at 0, and
against which bears a spring, vi, a pad, 127.,
which is about as long as the arched frame is wide, being pivoted at its center to the end of the said arm.
The operator, seated in front of the machine, takes a leaf of moistened tobacco from a pile within reach, depresses the treadle h with his foot, and thereby raises the pad m, and carefully adjusts the leaf and smooths it down on the arch at a point midway, or thereabout, be-
tween its opposite ends, after which he releases the. pad by removing his foot from the treadle. The leaf being now confined at or about its middle to the top of the arched frame by the pad m, the operator applies the outer edges of his open hands to the leaf, one hand on each side of the pad, but clear of the same, as indicated by the two arrows in Fig. 2, and while pressing the leaf against the arch moves his hands downward. The pads d d will yield to the hands and permit them to continue their downward movement while they smooth and press the leaf against the curved sides of the arch, and this movement is continued until the hands pass the lower edges of the pads, when the latter, owing to the springs e 0, will confine the leaf to the arch. Leaf after leaf may be thus applied to the arch, one leaf on another, and the leaves may be removed after they have been long enough under confinement on the arch to be in a condition for cutting into strips for cigar-wrappers.
The front edge of each pad 01 is furnished with a projection, q, so that as the hands smooth down the leaf against the arch the arms of the operator will strike the projections q, and thereby elevate the pads, and permit the hands to pass under the same, the upper edges of the pads .being by preference 8o beveled, so as not to strike the knuckles.
It is not essential in carrying out my invention to adhere to the precise construction of parts described above. The pads d (l, for instance, may be attached to arms having such inherent elasticity that the springs e 0 may be dispensed with; or the pads may be attached to arms suspended from a frame carried up from the base A, as shown in Fig. 4.
Devices other than those described, and which will readily suggest themselves to an expert mechanic, may be used for raising the upper spring-pad, which, however, should, by preference, be pivoted, so that it will accommodate itself to the inequalities of a pile of leaves.
I claim as my invention 1. The combination of the arched frame B and the yielding presser-pads d cl with the I In testimonywhereof Ihavesignedmy name upper presser-pad, m, and devices for operatto this specification in the presence of two ing the same, substantially as described. subscribing witnesses.
2. The combination of the arched frame B, JOSEPH H. PAWLING. 5 the lever G, the spring-arm K, connected to Witnesses:
the said lever, and the pad m, pivoted to the JAMES TOBIN,
said arm, all substantially as specified. HARRY SMITH.