US 2268056 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Bec. 39, i941. r N, A. NELSON ETAL SIGHT FOR GUNS Filed Aug. 2l, 1940 Nm @l iv. Y
Patented Dec. 30, 1941 SIGHT FOR GUNS Nels A. Nelson and Frank G. Nicolaus, Chicago,
l i Ill., assignors to Raymond T. Moloney, Chi- Application August 2l, 1940, Serial No. 353,492
The invention relates to guns and more particularly to an improved sight therefor.
In the particular case of light ray shooting guns, it is found that frequently they are used in interiors which are not too Well lighted and as a result the sight of the gun is of no service in aiming of the gun at the target, because it cannot be seen.
It is thus desirable to provide a gun sight for such guns, which Will be readily visible even when the gun is used with target apparatus placed in darkened interiors.
The main object of the invention is to provide an improved gun.
Q Another object is to provide such a gun having an improved gun sight.
Still another object is to provide a gun sight that will be visible for use even if the gun is used in dark places.
A further object is to provide a gun having an illuminated gun sight.
Further, it is an object to provide a light ray shooting gun with an illuminated gun sight.
Other important objects will become apparent as the disclosure is more fully made.
Briefly, in a preferred embodiment as herein disclosed, a light ray shooting gun having an aiming sight associated with the muzzle end of the gun, is provided at such end with means to illuminate the sight to malte same at all times visible and Without interfering with the bullet of light fired by the gun, all as shown in the accompanying sheet of drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a side elevational View of the improved light ray shooting gun with parts broken away in section; a typical Wiring diagram for the electric lights being also illustrated;
Figure 2 is an enlarged, cross sectional view through the gun muzzle, taken along line 2 2 of Figure 1, looking in the indicated direction;
Figure 3 is a plan View, on the same scale, of the muzzle end of the gun; and,
Figure 4 is a side elevational view', partly in section, and on the same scale, of the muzzle end of the gun.
The gun comprises a stock (i) including a tubular portion H, carrying a sleeve unit I2 supporting an electric lamp I3 and a light condenser lens hl. Positioned in the portion ll is a gun barrel l5, including along its front lower end a hand hold or rest portion i6, the forward end of which is hollowed out below the barrels muz- Zle to provide a cavity l '1.
The muzzle carries a projector lens i8 and an outer sleeve I9, including an upstanding vane 2l] (Cl. 24U-6.41)
forming the gun sight, Which alines With a rear gun sight 2l to enable the marksman properly to aim the gun before shooting the same. The electric lamp I3, by means of a Wire 22 is in circuit with a source of electrical energy 23; a return Wire 24 going to one side of a normally open, spring blade contact switch 25 carried in the portion ll of the gun beneath its barrel l5 in the manner shown in Figure 1. A Wire 26 goes from the other side of the switch 25 back to the lamp I3 to make a complete circuit. A pivoted trigger 2l is carried in the portion Il proximate the switch 25 and a hand grip portion 23, so that when the marksman operates the trigger 27 With his finger, the switch 25 is closed to cause the lamp I3 to light and send its flash or ray, because of the lenses i4 and I3, through the barrel l5 to the target objective, all as is well understood in this art.
In the muzzle cavity Il is positioned a bracket and socket 29 for carrying an electric lamp Si] in circuit by wires 3l and 232 with the source of energy 23. A master switch 33 is in this circuit and in practice may be closed by an appropriate coin released mechanism so that as soon as the gun is picked up by the marksnian for use the lamp 30 will be lighted and remain so during the entire time the gun is available for use to the marksman. The barrel i5 of the gun directly over the light 30 is formed with vertically alined, diametrically disposed, apertures 3l and 32.". Thus, the light emanating from the lamp passes upwardly through the holes 3l" and 32' and illuminates the rear edge 2U as Well as opposite sides of the sight 20. This is so, because the sight 2U lies in a vertical plane passing through the center oi the holes Si' and 32', and the said holes are wider than said sight. The ray of light from the lamp I3 passes freely through the barrel, cutting through the light from the lamp 3B at a right angle without interference.
It can now be appreciated that an improved gun and gun sight has been provided which achieve the objects for the invention heretofore recited.
The intention is to cover all changes and modiiications not departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
what is claimed is:
1. In a gun having a barrel and a sight at its muzzle end, means associated with the barrel to illuminate said sight, said means comprising an electric lamp carried beneath the barrel on the side thereof opposite the sight, andsaid barrel having vertically alined openings formed therein below the sight whereby light from the lamp passes upwardly diametrically through the barrel to illuminate the sides and an edge of the sight.
2. In a gun having a barrel, a sight thereon having sides and a sighting edge, and an electric lamp carried beneath the barrel proximate the sight, said barrel having openings formed vertically therethrough and positioned to illuminate opposite sides and the sighting edge of said sight, said edge overhanging the openings to receive direct illumination therefrom.
3. In a gun barrel having a vane sight thereon withv a sighting edge, said barrel having diwametrically disposed holes formed therein, a lamp holes to the sight, said upper hole being bisected by said sight so that light hits both sides thereof, the sight edge furthermore overhanging the upper hole by underoutting the vane sight, whereby light from the upper hole directly hits said edge.
NELS A. NELSON. FRANK G. NICOLAUS.