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Publication numberUS2268511 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1941
Filing dateJan 14, 1939
Priority dateJan 14, 1939
Publication numberUS 2268511 A, US 2268511A, US-A-2268511, US2268511 A, US2268511A
InventorsCharles Ledin
Original AssigneeYale & Towne Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Removable lock core
US 2268511 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 30, 1941. Q LED|N '2,268,511

REMOVABLE LOCK CORE Filed Jan. 14, 1939 INVENTOR C Lac/ff" BY//Wwa/wv.

ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 30, 1941 REMVABLE LOCK CORE Charies Ledin, Stamford, Conn., assigner to The Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company, Stamford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application January 14, 1939, Serial No. 250,959

(Cl. 'Y0-371) 9 Claims.

This invention relates to a cylinder lock of the type having a removable core. More particularly, this invention relates to a novel form of lock core retaining means adapted for a cylinder of the class described.

In brief, my invention embodies a cylinder having a removable lock core, with the locking mechanism of the core being normally operable by one key, and the core being removable from the cylinder when operated by another key. More particularly, the core has a key plug equipped with tumblers, which tumblers are positioned by either of the two keys to allow rotation of the key plug, one of the keys being specially formed to effect movement of a retaining detent into release position whereby to effect removal of the core. As a feature of my invention, the two keys are preferably bitted exactly alike, so that I am able to simplify the tumbler structure and thus facilitate master keying a group of cylinders, all as will be understood by those skilled in this art.

Even more particularly, the retaining member which interlocks my lock core and cylinder takes the form of a detent normally spring pressed out of interlocking engagement, and maintained in interlocking engagement by the peripheral surface of the key plug. This peripheral surface includes an opening which, when the key plug is rotated by one key, remains open. When the key plug rotates to a position aligning the opening with a portion of the detent, the detent Will enter the opening and move out of interlocking engagement with the cylinder. When a regular key operates the key plug, the opening is iilled, and a continuous surface is presented to the detent, so that it does not move out of interlocking position. In the preferred form of my invention, the opening is actually the key slot of the plug, and the detent moves into the key slot and out of interlocking engagement with the cylinder when the key plug is operated by a key whose lower edge is notched to leave an opening in the key slot. The regular key, of course, fills the key slot and prevents movement of the detent to release position. By the simple expedient indicated, I obtain a very desirable function from a construction which is inexpensive to manufacture, and which because of its simplicity, will be trouble free.

Referring now to the drawing, Fig. l is a section through a cylinder showing in partial section the lock core Within the cylinder. Figs. 2 and 3 are sections taken along lines 2 2 of Fig. 1 showing the interlocking detent in interlocking position in Fig. 2, and out of interlocking position in Fig. 3. Fig. 4 is a section taken along lines 4 4 of Fig. 1.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, the cylinder of my invention is designated by reference numeral I0 and is herein shown to be of the type equipped with screw threads whereby it may be screwed into a lock casing. The lock core adapted to iit into the cylinder is designated generally by reference numeral I2, and comprises a bible portion I3 and a key plug portion I4. As is best shown in Fig. 1, the bible portion is equipped with a series of driver bores I5 in which are maintained drivers I5 and driver springs I7, all as is standard in the art. Within the key plug I4 there are mounted the tumblers I8 adapted to be set by a key I9 in the usual manner.

Proper alignment of the tumblers and drivers will, of course, permit rotation of the key plug I-i relatively to the bible portion I3 of the lock core I2. This rotation of the key plug It operates lock actuating means, in this case, a cam 2i) secured to the key plug I4 by screws 2i For retaining the core I2 Within the cylinder III, I utilize a detent 22 pivoted on a pin 23 relatively to the lock core I2. A spring 24 presses against one end of the detent 22 and tends to press the other end 25 of the detent against the periphery of key plug Iii. In the position of the parts in Fig. 2, the detent 22 will lie partially Within a slot 28 formed in the cylinder I), and when so positioned will hold the lock core I2 against Outward movement relatively to the cylinder.

The keyway of the key plug I4 is designated by reference numeral 2l. When the tumblers of the lock core I2 are set by a key, such as I9, notched as at 28, and the plug I4 then rotated to the position of Fig. 3, there will be nothing obstructing the movement of the end 25 of the detent into the key slot 27, due, of course, to the fact that the notch 23 in the key I9 is pcsitioned opposite the detent 22 when in proper tumbler operating position in the key plug I4. Under such circumstances, the lock core I2 will be readily removable, the detent 22 being entirely out oi the slot 26 of the cylinder Iii. Of course, I can utilize an opening other than the key slot, which opening will be filled under the control of one key just as is the key slot in the form of invention shown.

A key notched as is key I9 in Fig. 1, will be called a removal or control key. A key bitted exactly as is the key I9, but not equipped with the notch 28, will of course rotate the plug I4 by the setting of the tumblers, but will not allow movement of the detent 22 into release position since the lower edge of the key forms with the key plug a continuous surface. Such a key will be called a change or regular key, and will be the regular operating key of the lock.

It is therefore seen that through use of very simple means, I obtain a removable lock core which is removable only by a proper key, which key must be adapted to operate properly all of the tumblers of the core, and must simultaneously effect the operation of the special detent.

I now claim:

1. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug, a detent pivoted between said lock core and said cylinder and adapted to interlock said core and said cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a c:

spring pressing said detent on its pivot and tending to move said detent out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement.

2. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug, a detent pivoted on said lbible and adapted for interlocking engagement with said cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a spring pressing said detent on its pivot and tending to move said detent out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement.

3. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a driver containing bible and a rotatablekey plug having a key slot, said key slot being so formed relatively to the key for which it is intended that said key entirely fills said slot whereby its lower edge forms with the outer periphery of the key plug a continuous cylindrical surface, means between said lock core and cylinder adapted to interlock said core and cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a spring normally pressing said means out of interlocking engagement, a portion of said means abutting the key plug and maintained thereby against movement out of interlocking engagement until said key plug is rotated to align its key slot with said portion abutting the key plug, said portion being of such size and conguration as to enter partially into said key slot under said spring pressure when the key slot is open as by the partial cutting away of the key inserted into said slot, whereby to eifect movement of said means out of interlocking engagement, said key slot when lled with a key, functioning however as a continuous part of the key plug adapted to maintain said means in interlocking engagement.

4. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug having a key slot, said key slot being so formed relatively to the key for which it is intended that said key entirely fills said slot whereby its lower edge forms with the outer periphery of the key plug a continuous cylindrical surface, a detent adapted to interlock said core and cylinder to prevent movement of said core out of said cylinder, a

spring pressing against said detent and tending to move said detent out of interlocking engagement, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the periphery of the key plug and the lower edge of the key against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement, rotation of said key plug by a key to align its key slot with said detent portion allowing entry of said portion into the key slot under said spring pressure when the key is notched to expose the keyway to said detent portion, said entry allowing sufilcient movement of said detent to withdraw said detent from interlocking engagement.

5. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug having a key slot, a detent pivoted on said bible and adapted for interlocking engagement with said cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a spring pressing said detent on its pivot and tending to move said detent out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement, rotation of said key plug by a key to align its key slot with said detent portion allowing entry of said portion into the key slot under said spring pressure when said key is notched for said detent portion, said entry allowing suiiicient movement of said detent to withdraw said detent from interlocking engagement, while when said key plug isrotated by a key entirely filling said key slot, said detent will be maintained against movement out of interlocking engagement.

6. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug having tumblers, means adapted to interlock said lock core and cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core and spring pressed toward release position, a portion of said means pressing against the key plug and maintained thereby in interlocking position, said key plug being rotatable relatively to said bible by the setting of the tumblers by either one of two keys, one of said keys having a notch in the lower edge thereof whereby to leave an opening in the keyway, said opening being cooperable with the means interlocking the core and cylinder for allowing movement of said means by said spring pressure out of interlocking engagement when said key plug is rotated by said key, the other of s-aid keys entirely lling said keyway whereby rotation of the key plug by the other of said keys prevents movement of said means by said spring pressure out of interlocking engagement.

7. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug, a detent pivoted on said bible and adapted for interlocking engagement with said cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a spring pressing said detent on its pivot and tending to move said detent out oi interlocking engagement with said cylinder, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement, said key plug having an opening adapted to be lled by one key and to be left unfilled by another key, said opening moving opposite said key plug abutting portion of the detent as said plug is rotated by either key, whereby when said opening is unlled said detent portion will enter it and said detent Will move out of interlocking engagement With said cylinder, While when said plug opening is lled by a key, the said detent Will remain in interlocking engagement.

8, In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a bible and a rotatable key plug, a lever pivoted on said bible and adapted for interlocking engagement with said cylinder to prevent outward movement of said core, a spring pressing said lever on its pivot and tending to move said lever out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder, a portion of said lever abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement, said key plug having a key slot adapted to be filled by one key and to be left unlled by another key, said key slot moving opposite said key plug abutting portion of the lever as said plug is rotated by either key, whereby when said key slot is unfilled said lever portion will enter it and said lever will move out of interlocking engagement With said cylinder, While when said key slot is lled by a key, the said lever will remain in interlocking engagement.

9. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a removable lock core in said cylinder comprising a rotatable key plug, a detent mounted for interlocking engagement with said cylinder and lock core to prevent outward movement of said core from said cylinder, a spring pressing said detent and tending to move said detent out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder and lock core, a portion of said detent abutting the key plug and maintained by the key plug against movement by said spring out of interlocking engagement, said key plug having an opening adapted to be filled when a regular key is inserted into said key plug and to be left uniilled when the removal key is inserted into said key plug, said opening moving opposite said key plug abutting portion of the detent as said plug is rotated by either key, whereby when said opening is unfilled said detent portion will enter it and said detent Will move out of interlocking engagement with said cylinder and lock core, While when said plug opening is lled as When said key plug is rotated by the regular key, the said detent will remain in interlocking engagement.

CHARLES LEDIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2460615 *Jun 7, 1945Feb 1, 1949Yale & Towne Mfg CoRemovable core lock
US2580548 *Jul 26, 1948Jan 1, 1952Briggs & Stratton CorpMounting for lock mechanism
US3009349 *Apr 14, 1959Nov 21, 1961Yale & Towne Mfg CoRemovable core lock
US3402582 *Feb 7, 1966Sep 24, 1968Briggs & Stratton CorpCylinder lock with improved retainer
US3448599 *Jan 6, 1967Jun 10, 1969Joseph SchreiberKey-operated lock mounting and removing arrangement
US4142391 *Aug 18, 1976Mar 6, 1979Paig Robert MRe-keying locking kit and method thereof
US4809525 *May 25, 1988Mar 7, 1989Cox Terry LPlunger lock with removable core
US5121619 *Jul 31, 1991Jun 16, 1992Frank J. Martin CompanySpeed release mechanism for cylinder and plug assembly for use with cabinet locks
US5317889 *Aug 13, 1992Jun 7, 1994Emhart Inc.Front loaded cylinder for door lockset
US5335525 *Mar 8, 1994Aug 9, 1994Emhart Inc.Universal adaptor for deadbolt
US6076386 *Mar 20, 1997Jun 20, 2000Australian Lock Company Pty Ltd.Removable plug lock
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/371, 70/369
International ClassificationE05B9/08, E05B9/00, E05B27/04, E05B27/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B9/084, E05B9/086
European ClassificationE05B9/08C, E05B9/08C2