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Publication numberUS2271063 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1942
Filing dateMar 17, 1939
Priority dateMar 17, 1939
Publication numberUS 2271063 A, US 2271063A, US-A-2271063, US2271063 A, US2271063A
InventorsMattia Peter De
Original AssigneeMattia Peter De
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus and method for the molding of plastic materials
US 2271063 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1942.

P. E MATTIA APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE MOLDING 0F PLASTIC MATERIALS Filed March 17, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet .l

Q Q QM,

Jan. 27, 1942. P. DE MATTIA 2,271,063

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE MOLDING OF PLASTIC MATERIALS Illlllllllllllllll lllllll INVENTOR. BY IQZZ- ATTORNEXIC APPARATUS P. DE MATTIA 2,271,063

AND METHOD FOR THE MOLDING OF PLASTIC MATERIALS Filed March 17, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented- Jan. 27, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE MOLDING OF PLASTIC MATERIALS Peter De Mattia, Passaic, N. J.

Application March 17, 1939, Serial No. 262,375

20 Claims.

This invention relates to apparatus and methods for the molding of plastic materials by injection into a cooled die, and has particular reference to the art of supplying the plastic material under pressure to the die.

It is well known that in the, art of injection molding referred to, extremely high pressures are.

required, so that even though the molded article is relatively small, very large and powerful machinery is required, so that the cost of the apparatus involved is unusually high. Likewise a terruption in the feeding as where a single piston had to repeat its long forward stroke accordvery large amount of power is necessary not only by reason of the weight of the moving parts, but also because a considerable length of travel of the pump piston is required for feeding the plastic to the die. This invention aims to reduce the" size and weight of the machinery and of the power required for operation by providing an improved multi cylinder pump.

While multi cylinder pumping devices are old per se, it has never to my knowledge been proposed to use the same for feeding in high pressure injection molding processes. It will be apparent that by using a plurality of successively operating cylinders, the torque required may be ing to the practice heretofore known, in 'consequence of which solidificationof material in the injection nozzle or prematurely in the die often occurred.

It is thus a further object of the invention to provide a pulsating injection of plastic into a cooled die for better loading of the die, with the plastic disturbed to retard solidification until injection is complete.

' chambers for the pumps for superior heat peneexerted continuously during 'a rotation of the crank shaft'means instead of during only a part ofsuch rotation as would be the case with a single cyliniier." Thusthe torque can be substantially reduced. But the difficulty presented itself that check valves would appear to be necessary for'the outlet of each cylinder, whereas with a single cylinder no check valve was required because ejection into the die occurred only during a forward stroke of the piston.

It is therefore one object of thev invention to provide improved apparatus and methods of feeding plastic material under high pressure to a cooled injection die by successive pump operation during a cycle of the crank shaft means, without the use of check valves, in an improved manner such that the pressure on the plastic shall not be lost upon piston retraction.

Another object of the invention is the provision of improved apparatus and methods of injection molding including a multi cycle pumping operation for the plastic, with each cycle including a purality of successive operations of different pumps, whereby each stroke of a piston feeds forward only a small quantity of plastic to thus reduce the piston area and piston stroke and afford a virtually continuous feeding opera tion prior to or during injection of the plastic into the die. Thus articles of large and small size may be molded without requiring any intration and diminished frictional resistance for the plastic.

In the molding of plastics considerable shrinkage occurs without resultant distortion of the molded article. Hence a follow-up feed of plastic is necessary, after the main injection has been completed. Heretofore such follow-up feed depended merely on the residual pressure in the fusing chamber, and was often insufficient. Furthermore, this same residual pressure caused leakage of plastic from the injection nozzle, when the die was separated from the latter on completion of the molding operation.

It is accordingly another object of the invention to provide improved means for causing a follow-up feed of plastic after completion of the main injection, at a high pressure, desirably less than piston pressure, with the means referred to being preferably adapted to supply a variable quantity of plastic asmay be required by the follow-up feed, and with said means being desirably adapted to be automatically loaded only to a required degree, as in order to replenish the plastic consumed.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved means for causing the follow-up feed to be actuable in response to pump pressure, as for example, to yield and receive plastic on the advance stroke of the piston and to feed plastic to the die on release of the high pressure on injection, during retraction of the'piston.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved means for the follow-up feed of plastic to the die, such that leakage of plastic will not occur when the die is separated from the injection nozzle; thus the means may have its own piston that is retractible just before such separation occurs to cause a suction on the nozzle.

A further object of the invention is to provide improved methods and means for producing superior stratified color effects in the molded article, as by furnishing each cylinder with a plastic of a difierent color.

A further object of the invention is to provide a molding apparatus having improved means for controlling or cutting off operation of a pressure feeding means in response to the pressure of the material that is being fed to the machine, for example, by actuation of a spring loaded followup piston which is retracted by the pressure on the feeding material.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the specification proceeds.

With the aforesaid objects in view, the invention consists in the novel combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described in their preferred embodiments, pointed out in the subjoined claims, and illustrated in the annexed drawings, wherein like parts are designated by the same reference'characters throughout the several views. a

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a top plan view showing an apparatus embodying the invention.

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view thereof taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 33 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of a modification of the invention.

The advantages of the invention as here outlined are best realized when all of its features and ins'trumentalitles are combined in one and the same structure, but, useful devices may be produced embodying less than the whole.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains, that the same may be incorporated in several different con structions. The accompanying drawings, therefore, are submitted merely as showing the preferred exempliiication of the invention.

Referring in detail to the drawings, l5 denotes an apparatus embodying the invention. The same may include a. frame ll, l2 supporting a bed plate structure l3 on which rest the upright spaced walls I4, l5, interconnected by the braces a. Between the walls I4, l5 extend a plurality of cylinders or fusing chambers l5 in angular relation to each other. Each of these cylinders may have a conventional axial core ll fixedly mounted inany suitable manner, to afford an annular chamber for better penetration of heat into the plastic from a heating element such as l5 that may surround each cylinder. Extending from the cylinders or fusing means are theindividual passages l3, which unite at to discharge through a common duct 2| into an injection nozzle 22. Heating means may be provided at Individually communicating with each fusing chamber l5is a pump comprising a pump cylinder 23 having a piston 24. Plastic material may be fed to each pump in advance of its cylinder through an opening '25. Leading from each pump cylinder into its fusing chamber I5 is an outwardly tapered passage 25. It will be noted that the heating means I8 are spaced from the tapered passages 25, and if desired, the latter may be cooled, and in any case, the arrangement is such as to be conducive to the formation of a solid tamped tapering plug 21 to seal each of these passages with suflicient power to resist back pressure on retraction of a piston, whereby the use of check valves may be dispensed with. Thus the pumps may be adapted for operation in successive stages, each pump desirably executing a plurality of advance strokes prior to an injection of plastic into a die, to thus build up the plugs 21 in successive strokes, with the forward ends of the plugs gradually melting as the plugs advance into the fusing chambers l5.-

For causing operation of the pumps, a motor 23 rotates a shaft 29 carrying a pinionand a clutch 3|, that may be combined as a unit. Engaging said pinion is a gear 32 on a shaft'33 journaled in bearing brackets 34, 35 of the machine frame. Rotated by the shaft 33 is a bevel gear 35, the teeth of which mesh with those of a bevel gear 31 fixed on a shaft 35 that is journaled in the bearing bracket 35. The shaft 38 may carry a pinion 39 which drives a gear 40 that engages a pair of like gears 4|, all mounted on stub shafts 42 journaled in bearings in the bed plate structure l3. Eccentrically carried by the gears 40, 4| are the stub shafts 43 which actuate the heads 44 to which are pivoted at 45 the tubular elements 45 to which the pistons 24 are connected, said elements 45 having sleeved engagement with the pump cylinders 23. Thus the pumps are operated so that first the piston of one of them advances, and then the piston of another and finally the piston of the third advances. In this manner, the driving torque is distributed throughout a rotation of the driver pinion 33, whereby the force required and stress generated :is substantially less than if a single pump were used.

Mounted on the frame II is a bumper plate 41 having an opening 48 for the nozzle 22, the bumper plate being suitably adjustable to provlde'the desired pressure contact of the nozzle with the die. The latter may include a plurality of die members 43, 5|! movable into open and closed positions, away from and toward each other, these die members being .slidable along the supporting guide bars 5| affixed to the plate 41. Interposed between the latter and the die member 43 are, the compression coil springs 52 that extend around the guide bars 5|, and serve to move the die member 43 out of engagement with the injection nozzle 22.

For causing operation of the cooled die members 43, 50, any suitable drive may include a pinion 35:: on the motor drive shaft, and a clutch 3|a for said pinion, like the clutch 3|. Rotated by the pinion 30a is a'pinion 53 on a shaft 54 journaled in bearings 55, and causing rotation of a bevel gear .55. The latter may engage a bevel gear 51 on a shaft 53 journaled in a bearing 53, and carrying -a pinion 53. Driven 'by the latter is a gear 5| which rotates a crank shaft 52 journaled in a bearing 53. The crank shaft actuates a connecting rod or link 54, whichengages the lug 55 of the die member 55. Hence the latter may be moved toward the die member 49 into engagement therewith; whereupon the die member 49 is moved into engagement with the nozzle 22, with the springs 52 being compressed. Now

Preferably these bolts are adjustable to adjust the initial compression on the springs 10. Thus the piston 87 is upwardly resiliently actuated by the springs '70, as far as permitted by the stop shoulder 81a, and is downwardly movable by the pressure of the plastic, generated-by the pumps 23. When the springs 18 are fully closed in compressed condition, they may serve as a stop to limit motion of the piston 61. average power of the springs I is such as to be less than the maximum attained pressure of the plastic. But when the pressure of the plastic drops upon injection into the die, the piston 61 is operative to cause the follow up feed of fused plastic from the reservoir chamber 88.

Just before the die is moved away from the injection nozzle 22, in order to prevent leakage of the plastic from the nozzle, it is desirable to greatly diminish the pressure or even to cause some suction back of thenozzle. For this purpose suitable means may be provided to retract the piston 67 prior to opening of the die. For

example, I may construct the means 68 in the form of a toggle, which includes links 73, M to whose center pin is conneted an actuator means to forcibly break the toggle. The actuator means may include a link 18 connected to a bar V I1 slidably movable in the fixed guide 18. For

Desirably the I vates to release the switch 8|, whereupon the latter automatically causes the clutch 3| to engage the pinion 3| with the shaft 33 to start operation of the pump drive. Vice versa, when the cross head 89 engages the switch 8|, the latter actuates the clutch to cause release of the pinion.

For suitably timed operation of the die 49,58, any time clock switch 83 may be connected at 84 with contact rings 85 of the clutch 3|a to connect and disconnect the pinion 38a with the constantly rotating motor shaft 28. Thus the time period for the molding operation may be adjusted. Likewise the solenoid 19 may be connected at 86 to the time switch 83, for suitable timed operation of the piston 61 relative to the die. For instance, the solenoid is energized just before the die opens, to break the toggle 68 and retract the piston 61. Immediately after the die is closed, the solenoid is deenergized so that the spring 10 causes the piston 61 to be upwardly projected to expel residual plastic in the cylinder 66 into the die before the pumps 23 built up a substantial pressure of plastic.

It may also be advantageous to connect the switch 8| to the time clock 83, so that the closing of the circuit of this switch may be controlled by the latter. Thus even if the switch 8| is in position to cause the clutch 3| to engage, such engagement may not occur until permitted by the time clock. Thus if the time for a molding operation is substantial, the feeding of plastic by the pumps is correspondingly retarded 'or timed. The connection' referred to is'at 81.

It will be understood that in actual practisev the apparatus herein shown may be constructed in different parts for easy manufacture assembling and adjustment. For instance, the cylinsuitably timed relation to the die may be caused as hereinafter described.

Preferably, the toggle 88 is returned to the operative position shown immediately after the die 8, is again closed, in order that the piston 61 shall force the residual plastic in the cylinder 88 into the die before the plastic pressure is built up by the pumps 23.

I have found it to be highly advantageous to momentarily stop the drive means 'of the pumps 23 in response to a predetermined pressure of the plastic, such pressure being, attained just prior to injection into the die. '2 permits adjust ment for plastics of difierent flow viscosities.

'Desirably I arrange such control in response to the die as hereinafter disclosed. -O'f course, when the follow up iced occurs, the cross head 88 eleders 23 may be separate and may be mounted between separate plates ll, I5 which may be bolted together at l5a. The bearing frame for the stub shafts 38, 42 may be separate and bolted to the front plate I4. The bumper plate 41 may be separate of the frame and suitably secured thereto, and similarly other parts may be designed to effectuate the actions herein referred to, in the simplest manner in actual manufacture. It will be further understood that various gear ratios and other drive details may be such as to effectuate the operation that will now be described in detail. a

In operation, while thi in vention may be applicable to the molding of various materials, it is especially intended for the molding of plastics such as those which. are adapted to flow or become fused under heat and pressure. For example, the invention is applicable to apparatus and method of making slide fasteners, disclosed in my application, Serial No. 197,799, filed March 24, 1938. In the molding of the plastics, this invention contemplates a cooled die wherein the plastic solidifies almost instantaneously. In consequence, extremely high pressures are needed to cause the plastic to flow at a reasonably low temperature, such as will not cause disintegration of the plastic, and to cause the molded article to accurately reproduce the configuration of the die. According to the present invention, a pump means 23 is arranged to complete preferably two or more pumping cycles for each single injection of plastic into the die 68, 58. The pump means comprises a plurality of pumps 28 arranged to operate in successive stages, say of degrees each. Accordingly with three pump and a two cycle pump operation, each pump 23 may complete two entire piston actions,

and thus there may be six successive stages. The torque at the driver pinion 99 is thus distributed through complete rotations thereof, whereby the required force for pump operation is greatly diminished, resulting in a smaller mamunicating passages 29 which taper toward the pumps, with the heating means being suitably designed so that the granular plastic in these passages 26 is not softened, and hence is adapted to form hard tapered sealing plugs of the plastic as at 28, compacted by the tamping action of the short stroke pistons 24. I have discovered that in actual practise, this principle is'wholly feasible and renders simple and practical the multi stage pump structure herein disclosed, since the pressure caused on the advance stroke of one piston can not be released on retraction of the next piston. As the pistons 24 add successive stratas ofplastic to the plugs 28, the latter move forward and thus supply plastic under high pressure to the fusing cylinders l6. In the latter, heat penetration is rapid, not only because of the annular flow chambers therein, but because the use of a plurality of the fusing cylinders permits a small annular flow passage to be usedin-each; Of course the die is closed and in engagement with the nozzle 22 just before the pump 23 begin to operate. When injection is occurring, a pulsating flow of plastic occurs through the cylinders 16, the nozzle 22 and within the die, due to the successive stage operation of the pumps. Hence premature solidification in whole or in partis prevented at any point along the line of flow according to the principle that solidification is arrested by a mechanical disturbance. This assures superior and complete loading of thedie. As the pressure along the line of flow builds up, prior orduring injection of the plastic into the die, an expandible reservoir becomes loaded with the soft plastic to furnish a follow-up feed of plastic to the die to take care of contraction due to solidification of the molded material. For instance, the expandible reservoir may communicate with the die or at a point back of the nozzle 22, with the piston 61 moving outward against the force of the springs 10, and until'suitably stopped. Preferably the average spring pressure is less than the injection pressure, of the plastic. As the pressure of the latter drops upon injection, the spring in acting through the toggle 68 cause the piston 81 to discharge a follow-up feed of plastic into the die, and before the die opens or moves away from the injection nozzle, the toggle 68 is forcibly broken to retract the piston 61 and cause some suction to prevent leakage of plastic at the nozzle. Upon breaking the toggle, the head 69 may move only slightly upward since the spring 19 havea limited expandibility. This operation of the piston and/or the springs may be used to control the pumps 23, so that when the springs are compressed the cross head 69 actuates the switch 8 to operate a clutch as at 9| to cause the drive to stop, and upon the follow-up movement of the piston 61, the cross head may release the switch to cause the clutch to engage for operation of the drive to start a new cycle, when the die is closed, as determined by the time clock 93. In regard to the operation of the die 49, 59, it will be sufflcient to note that the timing thereof is such that the die is first closed and engaged with the nozzle 22, whereupon the pumps-29 begin to operate in successive stage to complete two cycles of pump operation with consequent injection and advance of the follow-up piston 61, then retraction of the latter, followed by opening of the die. After the die again closes, the piston 61 is moved upward just as the pumps 29 begin to operate, so that the piston 91 may expel residual plastic from the reservoir into the die. By adjusting the compression on the springs 10, the pumps 23, as con- "trolled by the switch 8|, are caused to continue to operate until a desired pressure of plastic has been attained, whereby the injection pressure can be made to suit different viscosities of the plastic.

The invention permits diflerent stratified color I effects to .be produced in the molded article by supplying different colors to the different pumps, these colors being injected into the die through individual nozzles or a common nozzle 22, ac-

cording to the degree of mixing required. The cycle may be tabulated as follows:

Die Operationofpumps23 opemflmffplston l Just-closed Begins Advanced u ward bytfltoexpe residual plastic. 2 Closed Prcssureandinjection. Moved downward by the plastic. 3 do Storgied Down ition. 4 do o Move up by70for follow-up feed. 5 -do do Retracted by 68 to avoid leakage. 6 Opens .do Same.

In Fig. 4 is shown a modified apparatus embodying the invention and characterized by a plurality of cylinders feeding plastic into a single fusing chamber. Thus the apparatus may include a fusing chamber 9|, having a heating jacket i8, and an injection nozzle 22. Within the chamber is a core 92 affording angularly spaced bores or passages 99 extending in separate relation to each other from the rear end of chambe: up to the entrance to the injection nozzle. At the latter is a cylinder 56 for a piston 91 arranged and operative as hereinbefore described. At their rear ends, the passages 99 may be flared as shown at 94. Altemately, the chamber 9| may be replaced by the chamber It. By the provision of the passages 99 cross or transverse currents of solid, or of solid and fused plastics, which would otherwise be caused by the alternate feeding action of the pistons is prevented, so that the sealing plugs are not brokenor disintegrated. In general, the higher the temperature of the cylinder, or the more fused plastic present therein, the more important is the pro- 1 the colors.

any of the others.

divergent portion shown at 26 and results in the formation of individual sealing plugs 98 functioning like the plug Z'I.

For successively actuating all the pistons, a novel single crank means 99 is employed. The same may include a plate I of generally disc form to which the pistons are connected by individual elements or connecting rods IOI, each having universal or ball engagement at its opposite ends at I02, I03 with the pistons and with the member I00, respectively. For operating the member I00, a rotary power shaft I04 is provided with a crank I05 at an oblique angle thereto, and rotatably connected at 805a to the member I00. The arrangement is such that there is alinement of the shaft I04, chamber 9|, the axis of the circular series of cylinders 95, and the center of oscillation I06 of the member I00. This center of oscillation may be fixed by any universal joint, for instance, of the gimbal type used for a compass, exemplifled by a vertical ring I01, having alined vertical trunnions I08 joumaled in fixed frame members I09, IIO. Extending inward from the ring I01 are the opposed alined trunnions III on which the crank head I00 is journaled. Thus the latter can oscillate about the vertical axis at I08 and about the horizontal axis at III.

The operation of the apparatus 90 is in general like that of the apparatus I0, except that the differently colored plastic of the different cylinders 95 are maintained separated up to the injection nozzle 22, to avoid undue intermixing of The individual plastic plugs 90 will prevent movement of one of them from affecting The structure for actuating the cylinder pistons is greatly simplifiedas will be apparent, the single shaft I04 causing a wave like circular oscillation of the single member to successively move the several pistons" forward and rearward. More specifically, the motion of the member I00 is such that successive radii thereof from the point I06 are successively oscillated along equal paths.

It will benoted that the shaft I04 may make a single rotation for one cycle of the apparatus,

"referring to the feeding of the die and the complete moldingiof the article. Further, the shaft may make more than one rotation for each such cycle, and if desired, it may make ,5 of a rotation or 1%; rotation for each such cycle as may be necessary, all in accordance with the method as described for the apparatus I 0.

I claim:

1. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastics under high pressure in a cooled die, including a die, means for fusing a plastic and iniecting the same into the die, the fusing means including a heat source, a plurality of pumps for feeding solid plastic into the fusing means,{ actuator means for causing the different pump pistons to successively advance for feeding the plastic, and passage means interconnecting the pumps with the fusing means, providing passages tapering toward the pumps and being spaced from said heat source so as tocause the formation of sealing plugs of solid plastic to prevent release of pressure on retraction of a pump piston, said actuator means causing relatively short feeding strokes of the pump pistons for a tamping-like action on the plastic whereby said passage means and pumps are capable of causing a gradual feed of the sealing plugs toward the fusing means with the material of the sealing plugs aaaibes being continuously replenished by the layers of plastic supplied thereto by the pump pistons.

2. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastics under high pressure in a cooled die, including an injection receiver for plastic, having means for heating the same, a plurality of pumps for feeding solid plastic to said receiver under high pressure to eifect the injection, the pumps and receiver having communicating passages remote from the heating means and. tapered toward the pumps to build up and maintain solid sealing tapered plugs of the plastic to prevent release of pressure on retraction of a piston, and means for causing the different pump pistons to successively advance on their feeding strokes.

3. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastics under high pressure in a cooled die, including an openable die, means for fusing a plastic material and injecting the same into the. die, thefusing means having 'a heating means,

drive means for causing relative movement of the die and the fusing means into and out of communication with each other, a plurality of pumps for feeding solid plastic to the fusing means, the latter and the pumps having communicating passages so related to the heating means as to leave the plastic in said passages substantially unaffected by the heating means, said passages tapering toward the pumps to form sealing plugs, and actuator means for causing operation of the pump pistons in a plurality of cycles while the die is in operative communication with the fusing means, each cycle including feeding strokes of the different pump pistons in successive stages, caused by the actuator means, said feeding strokes being relatively short so as to tamp tapered sealing plugs of plastic in the said passages with the plugs gradually advanced so that their forward ends continuously supply plastic to the fusing means.

4. A molding apparatus including a die, pressure means for supplying molding material to the die, and a resiliently expansible reservoir communicating with the pressure means to receive material therefrom and. to supply a follow-up feed of material to the die upon completion of the supplying of material to the die by the pressure means, said reservoir being adapted to be expanded by pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, and being capable of exerting a pressure normally substantially less than the normal working pressure of said pressure means. u

5. An apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the fusing means includes cylinders forindividually receiving plastic from the diflerent pumps, said cylinders having a common nozzle ually advance, and constantly melting the material in advance of the plugs and causing said forward pressure to produce corresponding successive injections of the melted plastic into a cooled 'die for substantially instantaneous solidification therein.

'7. A molding apparatus including a die, pressure means for supplying molding material to the die, and aresiliently expansible reservoir communicating with the pressure means to receive material therefrom and to supply a follow-up feed of material to the die upon completion of the supplying of material to the die by the pressure means, said reservoir being adapted to be expanded by pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, and means responsive 'to the reservoir in its expanded condition to cause the pressure means to cease operation.

8. A molding apparatus including molding means comprising an openable die, a pressure means for feeding molding material to the die, the latter and the molding means being movable into and out of communication with each other, a reservoir chamber communicating with the molding means, a piston in the reservoir chamber, a spring, a collapsible-expandible means between the spring and the piston such that the spring causes an advance stroke of the piston with the collapsible-expandible means being, in expanded position, and actuator means cooperating with the spring and with the collapsibleexpandible means for moving the collapsible-expandible means to collapsed or to expanded position, to collapse the same for retracting the piston and to expand the same for advancing the piston and to adapt the piston to be further advanced by the spring, and the piston being subject to the pressure in the reservoir chamber to retract against the force of the spring and independently of the actuator means with the latter idle in its piston advancing position, said actuator means causing retraction of the piston prior to opening of the die and causing advance of the piston upon closing of the die, and the spring permitting the piston to yieldably retract under reservoir pressure and causing the piston to advance to supply a follow-up feed of molding material to the die prior to retraction of the piston by the actuator means.

9. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastics under high pressure in a cooled die, comprising a fusing means for the plastic, a plurality of angularly spaced pumps for feeding plastic to said fusing means, the latter and the cylinders of the pumps having communication with each other along passages that diverge toward the fusing means, said passages being adapted to form therein solid sealing plugs of the plastic to prevent release of pressure at a point where the piston of a pump is being retracted, and means for successively actuating the pistons of the pumps, comprising a shaft having an oblique crank, a member connected thereto so that successive like points on the member are successively moved to and fro to an equal extent upon rotation of said shaft, and universal means connecting the individual pistons to successive points of said member for successive like operation of the pistons upon rotation of said shaft.

10. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastic under a high pressure in a cooled die, including a die, a receiver for fusing a plastic and for injecting the same into the die, the receiver including a heat source, a plurality of pumps for feeding solid plastic into the fusing means at an end thereof remote from the die, actuator means for causing the different pump pistons to successively advance for feeding the solid plastic into the receiver, and individual passages for the pumps connecting the same with the receiver, said passages tapering toward the pumps and being so related to the heat source as to leave the material therein substantially unaffected by the heat source'so as to form sealing plugs of plastic therein, said actuator means causing relatively short feeding strokes of the pump pistons for a tamping-like action on the solid plastic to avoid upsetting the sealing plugs, and said receiver having passages communicating with the tapered passages and extending therefrom toward the injection end of the receiver for a sufilcient distance to prevent the feeding action of one piston from affecting the static condition of an adjacent sealing plug at a piston that may be in retracting motion.

11. An apparatus for the injection molding of plastics under a high pressure in a cooled die, including a die, a receiver for fusing a plastic and for injecting the same into the die, the receiver including a heat source, a plurality of pumps for feeding solid plastic into the fusing means at an end thereof remote from the die,'actuator means for causing the different pump pistons to successively advance for feeding the solid plastic into the receiver, and individual passages for the pumps connecting the same with the receiver,

said passages tapering toward the pumps and being so related to the heat source as to leave the material therein substantially unaffected by the heat source so as to form sealing plugs of plastic therein, said actuator means causing relatively short feeding strokes of the pump pistons for a tamping-like action on the solid plastic to avoid upsetting the sealing plugs, and said receiver having passages communicating with the tapered I passages and extending therefrom intoproximity to the heating means, at a point remote from the tapered passages, to prevent formation of transverse currents of solid and fused plastic breaking up the sealing plug as a result of the alternate feeding action of the pistons.

12. A molding apparatus including a die, pressure means for supplying molding material to the die, a resiliently expansible reservoir communieating with the pressure means to receive material therefrom and to supply a follow-up feed of material to the die upon completion of the supplying of material to the die by the pressure means, said reservoir being adapted to be expanded by pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, and collapsible means for causing the reservoir to resiliently compress the plastic therein when the collapsible means is in extended position and to relieve said pressure of the reservoir when the collapsible means is collapsed.

13.A molding apparatus including a die, a

heated receiver having at one end a nozzle for injecting plastic into the die, pressure means for supplying molding material to the receiver at the other end thereof, and a resiliently expansible reservoir communicating with the receiver at the nozzle end thereof to receive material therefrom and to supply a follow-up feed of material to the receiver upon completion of the supplying of material to the receiver by the pressure means, said reservoir being adapted to be expanded by pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, other means for independently expanding the reservoir, and means for intermittently actuating the pressure means.

14. A molding apparatus including a die, a pressure means for feeding molding material to the die, a chamber communicating with the pressure means and having a piston responsive to pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, a spring that is expansible to advance-the piston, said piston serving to feed a follow-up charge of material to the die to allow for contraction due to, solidification, collapsible, expansible toggle means forming a movable link between the spring and piston, and means to control the expansible-collapsible action of the toggle means.

15. A molding apparatus including a die, pressure means for supplying molding material to the die, and a resiliently expansible reservoir communicating with the pressure means to receive material therefrom and to supply a followup feed of material to the die upon completion of the supplying of material to the die by the pressure means, said reservoir being adapted to be expanded by pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, and means responsive to the reservoir in its expanded condition to cause the pressure means to cease operation, and said means being responsive to the reservoir in a contracted follow-up position thereof to initiate operation of the pressure means.

16. A device including a die member, a receiver member having a nozzle at one end thereof, a pump for feeding a plastic material to the receiver at the other end of the receiver member, means for causing relative movement between said members so that the nozzle engages and disengages the die member, means for causing operation of the pump only while the nozzle engages the die member, and mean connected to the receiver member at the nozzle for abstracting a, quantity of molding material adjacent to the entrance of the nozzle to prevent leakage of molding material from the nozzle at the instant that the nozzle separates from the die member, and means for causing the said abstracting means to return said material to the receiver member when the nozzle is again in engagement with the die member.

17. The method of molding plastics by injection, including intermittently feeding along a path a solid plastic under high pressure to a heated fusing region wherein the pressure is substantially maintained, comprising maintaining the plastic material at a section of said path in the form of a plug tapered in a direction opposite to the direction of advance of the plastic material and maintaining the said plug at such a temperature that it will not fuse, whereby the plug forms a solid seal preventing reverse flow of the plastic material, and causing the feeding of solid plastic toward said plug to be in such limited amounts that the plug will not be jarred and broken, whereby the material of the plug is fed forward toward the fusing region and is con.- stantly replenished at the small end thereof,

18. A molding apparatus including a die, a

reservoir therefor, a pressure means for feeding molding material to the reservoir, actuator means for the pressure means, the reservoir and the die being movable into and out of communication with each other, a chamber communicating with the reservoir and having a spring pressed piston responsive to pressure on the material caused by the pressure means, said piston serving to feed a. follow-up charge of material to the die to allow for contraction due to solidification, and releasable means coordinated with the actuator means for retracting the piston while the die and the reservoir are in communication with each other.

19. The method of molding plastics by injection, including feeding, compressing and melting plastics of different colors separately and successively, and injecting the differently colored plastics in rapid succession into a cooled die cavity to produce a succession of relatively distinct colors in the die cavity in casting an article, each injection of a plastic of one color having a, mass.

substantially less than that of the article, and the rapidity of the successive injections being sufliciently great to prevent solidification of plastic in the die cavity before all the required injections of the plastics of different colors have been effected to produce the article, whereby the resultant article is homogeneous and has different sections of different distinct colors.

20. The herein described method, including molding an article out of a melted plastic by injecting the melted plastic at high pressure into a cooled die cavity for substantially instantaneous solidification, and exerting a series of pressure impacts on the-plastic during injection of the plastic into the die thereby causing a pulsating pressure flow of the melted plastic to interrupt solidification until the die cavity is substantially fully loaded.

PETER DE MA'ITIA.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2537182 *Sep 23, 1946Jan 9, 1951Hydropress IncInjection molding machine
US2792594 *Oct 31, 1951May 21, 1957Plungermatic CorpUniversal molding machine
US3061879 *Apr 11, 1960Nov 6, 1962Rocafort Montpeat RamonApparatus for producing many-coloured artificial flowers of thermoplastic material
US3077636 *Oct 6, 1959Feb 19, 1963Phillips Petroleum CoInjection molding of plastic materials
US3095609 *Jan 22, 1962Jul 2, 1963RhodiacetaNozzle closure for injection moulding press
US3146282 *Apr 17, 1961Aug 25, 1964Owens Illinois Glass CoMethod and apparatus for injection molding of plastic materials
US3221373 *Dec 18, 1961Dec 7, 1965Rico LtdMolding apparatus for forming an artificial multicolored flower
US3224411 *Sep 18, 1961Dec 21, 1965Ford Motor CoApparatus for applying adhesive to a surface
US3267839 *Mar 1, 1965Aug 23, 1966Sperry Rand CorpAgricultural machine
US3456299 *Feb 9, 1968Jul 22, 1969Improved Machinery IncInjection molding machine
US3474754 *Oct 11, 1965Oct 28, 1969Continental Can CoApparatus for edge coating articles
US3773451 *Jun 28, 1971Nov 20, 1973Eckert Ziegler GmbhScrew-type injection-molding machine
US4042660 *Jan 14, 1976Aug 16, 1977Hpm CorporationMottled appearance injection molding methods
US4687613 *Jun 24, 1985Aug 18, 1987Shigeru TsutsumiHighly precise molded articles; short molding time
EP0090863A1 *Oct 7, 1982Oct 12, 1983Nissei Plastic Industrial Co., Ltd.Injection molding apparatus
EP0239682A2 *Oct 7, 1982Oct 7, 1987Nissei Plastic Industrial Co., Ltd.Injection molding apparatus1
Classifications
U.S. Classification264/245, 425/130, 264/77, 425/149, 264/328.15, 100/906, 425/568, 264/308, 118/692, 264/255
International ClassificationB29C45/46, B29C45/57, B29C45/53, B29C45/16
Cooperative ClassificationB29C45/535, Y10S100/906, B29C45/46, B29C45/1634, B29C45/57
European ClassificationB29C45/53D, B29C45/16D, B29C45/46, B29C45/57