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Publication numberUS2272910 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 10, 1942
Filing dateApr 22, 1940
Priority dateApr 22, 1940
Publication numberUS 2272910 A, US 2272910A, US-A-2272910, US2272910 A, US2272910A
InventorsPaul Gobberdiel Peter
Original AssigneeThomas J Boodell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet metal building construction
US 2272910 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb 10, 1942.A P. P. GOBBERDIEL.l 2,272,910

SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed April 22, 1940 e sheets-sheet 1 rme/Yf): I

Feb. l0, 1942. P, P, GQBBERDIEL l 2,272,910

SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed April 22, V1940 e sheets-sheet 2 54.3. /o o /0 L Il m fn In' -n 5 5 jh-@H- i I l l I Feb. 10, l942.

P. P. GOBBERDIEL SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION e sheets-sheet 3 Filed April 22,1940

Feb. l0, 1,942. p P GQBBERDIEL 2,272,910

SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION F116@ April 22, 1940 e sheets-sheet `4 Feb. 10, 1942.

Y P. P. GOBBERDIEL SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed April 22, 1940 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Feb.10,-1942. P. P. GOBBERDIEL 2,272,910

SHEET- METALVBUILDING CONSTRUCTION l Filed April 22, 1940 esmas-sheet e /ip M Parente-d Feb. 1o, 1942 ampio 'r OFFICE SHEET METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Chicago, Ill., asslgnor to Peter Paul Gobberdiel,

` Boodell, Chicago, Ill.

Thomas J.

Application April 22, 1940, Serial No. 330,919

Claims.

My invention .relates to improvements in building materials and the construction of buildings in which the same are used.

My invention relates more particularly to sheet metal construction for buildings and to the particular units which are employed.

The principal object of the present invention is. to provide improved units from which to construct a portable or stationary sheet metal buildmg. A further object is to provide improved units for this purpose by the use of which inexperienced persons may easily and quickly erect a building.

A further object is to provide improved -units for erecting a building of this type which do not require an auxiliary frame work or superstructure to support the individual units.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved building wherein the side walls, end walls and roof thereof are formed from similar sheet metal panels, each of which interlocks with an adjacent panel to form a Weatherproof joint, with the whole forming a rigid structure capable of withstanding exceptionally hard service.

A further object o the invention is to provide a sheet metal building constructed of a plurality of similar units or panels which when assembled present a smooth, unbroken interior wall surface devoid of ridges or other projections, and hence` -form a surface which may be easily covered with composition board or other interior finishing material if desired.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved form of interlocking panel in which adjacent panels are connected together in a weatherproof joint by frictional edge contact along their entire sides so that wind, rain, sleet or other eiiects of the weather cannot possibly penetrate to the inner surface of the panels or to the nishing material which may be employed on the inside of the building.

A further object is to provide an improved construction or ridge bar and cap to be used in connection with the panels described.

A further object is to provide an improved gable construction whereby vertical wall .panels and similar roof panels are interlocked in 'a weatherproof joint by frictional edge contact along the entire connecting edges of thesame.

A further object is to provide 'an improved form of roof support member capable of interconnecting the sloping roof panels to the upper ends of the wall panels in such amanner that the walls and roof are rigidly secured together.

A further object is to provide an improved form of ceiling'support or joist connected to the roof support members whereby a desired ceiling conbe had and wherein the ceiling support members co-op'erate with the roof support members and side wall panels to effect greater rigidity to the assembled construction.

A further object is to provide a -sheet metal building which is simple in construction, consists of very few parts each -of which is inexpensive to manufacture and which when assembled actually provide a building which is weatherproof at all of the joints between the interconnected units.

Other objects and advantages will be more apparent from the following description wherein reference is had to the accompanying six sheets of drawings, upon which Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a typical house which may be built with my improved construction;

Fig. 2 is a vertical cross sectional view on approximately half scale of a fragmentV of the side of the building and the manner in. which a flat roof may be fastened to the same;

Fig. 3 is a somewhat diagrammatic horizontal sectional view of the building shown in Fig. l, the section being taken on the line 3 3 of, Fig. l;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary cross sectional view through a corner ofthe building and a portion ci the side wall taken on the line d of-Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view through theside of the building, the ceiling support and a portion of the roof, parts being broken away in section to more clearly show other parts;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the fastening members shown in Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a fragment of the roof support member shown in Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the ridge bar, cap and roof panels connected thereto, and is taken .generally on the line 8 8 of Fig. 1:

Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view of the same elements taken generally on the line 9 9 of Fig. 8;

Fig. 10 is a similar cross-sectional view through the joint between adjacent roof sections taken generally on the line IIJ-I 0 of Fig. 8;

Fig. 11 is a fragmentary perspective view of the ridge bar cap which I employ; Fig. 12 is a vertical cross-sectional viewv back toward the panel parallel bend 48 parallel to the wardly slightly so through the gable showing the manner in which the roof sections and side wall sections-are connected together, and is taken on the line I2-I2 of Fig. l;

Fig. 13 is a similar fragmentary sectional view along the gable taken on the line I3-I3 of Fig. 1;

Eig. 14 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view showing a modified form of roof support and ceiling construction for the side wall; and

Fig. 15 is a fragmentary perspective view of the roofl support member shown in Fig. 14.

In the embodiment of the invention which I have chosen to illustrate, in Fig. 1 I have shown a front elevational view of a comparatively simple rectangular building. Thegbuilding has its side walls constructed of sheet metal units I8 which are interlocked together in a manner which will be presently described. The side walls I4 and I8 (Fig. 3), are constructed of units I8 which are all exactly alike and are of a length reaching from the sill to the roof support memwalls I8 and 28 are only differbers. The front and back constructed of similar units I8, the

ence being that each of the units I8 in the walls I8 and 28 will have a tapered upper edgei to meet the sloping roof sections 22 and 24.`

While different ways of fastening the lower l ends of the individual units I8 which form the side and end walls may be provided, in Figs. 3 and 4 I have shown an angle iron 28 which runs about the entire lower edge of all of the walls and has the individual units I8i fastened tothe same. The angle iron 28 is provided with bolt holes 28 at desired intervals so that the same may be fastened in any appropriate or desired manner to the sill or foundation.

Fig. 4 shows a somewhat enlarged view of the units I8 and the manner in which the connection is made between the individual units both along a straight wall and at a corner. Each of the units y I8 is preferably' formed of a sheet metal of the desired gauge to provide the rigidity desired and has parallel rectangular edge portions 38 and 32. As shown in Fig. 4 the left edge 38 is formed with a right angle bend 34. another right angle bend 38 parallel to the panel I8 and extending away from the same, another bend 38 to the bend 34, and anotherrectangular plane of the panel I8 and reaching to a pointless than the thickness of the metal of the panel from the same. The right edge 32 is formed by providing a bend 42 at right angles to the panel I8, a bend 44 parallel to the panel and directed along the panel, another right angle bend 48 parallel to the bend 42 toward the panel and terminating short of the. same less than the thickness of thepanels I8 are thus together by telescoping joined the right edge 32 of a panel within the left edge 38 of the adjacent panel. The telescoping of these edges is done by bending the edge 32 outthat the bend 48 of the edge 38 is introduced `in the slot between the end of the bend 48 and the panel. Because of the fact that the edge of the bend 48 is closer to the wall of the panel than the thickness of the metal in the bend 48, the rectangular member is forced outwardly to permit the introduction of the edge 48, and in this manner a frictional contact is maintained throughout connection. This is highly important as it makes an 'absolutely weatherproof joint l and one through which snow, sleet, wind or other weather metal of the panel. Adjacenty ported in if desired.

the entire length of the concrete sill or By observing the corner connection in Fig. 4,

it can be seen that a sealed and interlocked corner is obtained where the panels are connected together at different angles.

In this construction. I8a is telescoped in the edge 38 of the panel I8 in the same manner described, and the same airtight and weatherproof joint is obtained.

As shown in Fig. l, in the panel I8b I have shown a window 48, and in panel I8c `I have shown a door 5I).` While I have not shown the detailed construction of how the same are sup' ported in the panel, it will be obvious that the same can be built right in to the individual panels in a number of different ways- In a sim.

ilar manner ventilators may be disposed in individual panels where desired, or double doors or larger doors, such as garage doors, may be supa plurality of adjoining panels'l.-

In Fig. 2 I have illustrated one method of supporting a flat roof upon a building of this type. A Z-bar 52 is provided about the entire inner perimeter of the building with its vertical wall 54 secured -to the individual panels I8. `A weatherproof roof such as an insulation board 58 with a protecting coating of asphalt or other material 58, may be supported and secured to the upper horizontal leg 68 of the Z-bar. The lower leg. may provide a convenient support for any clesirable type of ceiling 82 or other interior finish which is desired. In connection with the same, a space 84 may be left for wiring and insulation In Figs. 5, 6 and '1 I have shown one form 'of construction for the support of the side walls and roof. The angle iron 28 may be anchoredy to a other foundation 88 by means of a plurality of bolts or other fastening members 88. The angle iron is likewise secured to the individual units I8 by screw members 18 or other suitable fastening means adjacent the sill 88. I provide a roof support member 12 which is secured to the upper end of the panels I8 by similar screw members 18. The screw members may 'extend through a vertical wall 14 of the roof support member 12. yThe member 12 may be a preformed metal member of the desired thickness and rigidity for the size of the building, and in addition to the vertical wall 14 have the horizontal wall 18 which lies upon the upper edge of the units I8 and is bent back upon itself to provide a supporting wall 18 of the desired angle for the roof. Roof sections I8, similar to the side wall sections, are thus secured at their lower end to the supporting wall 18 by suitable screw members 18.

Where it is desired to have a horizontal ceiling in the building, I provide the additional support bars 88 which are fastened to the. roof support member 12 by substantial bolt membersI 82 positioned atdesired intervals. The bar 88 is provided with the horizontal wall 84, a vertical wall 88 and outwardly extending flanges 88 to which suitable channel members 98 may be secured, the channel members 88 extending Aacross the building and being connected upon the opposite side to similar bars 88. The channel memthe edge 32 of the panel suitable screw members 10.

. 2,272,910 `bers 90 thus provide cross bracing in the interior of the building for the vertical walls and in addition a support to which a suitable interior ceiling finish may be fastened.

In Figs. 8, 9 and 10 I have shown the manner in which the upper edges of the roof sections I are supported and connected to the ridge bar. The ridge bar 92 which I prefer to employ, may be generally formed with two angle shaped portions 94 and 96 connected together at their upper ends by rectangularly directed flanges 98 to form a peak for the same. Forv greater rigidity I preferably provide a weld W at the meeting corners of the angle shaped portions 94 and 96 of the same. The panels or units l0 will have their upper edges resting upongthe portions 94a `and 96a of the ridge bar, and are preferably` fastened to the same by suitable screw members 10. lI prefer to provide al ridge cap member 9B which conforms generally to the shape of the ridge bar 92 and which overlies the same and has the outwardly extending flange portions |00 and |02 for overlying the upper ends of the panels l0. The ridge cap is preferably formed of comparatively thin sheet metal and is fastened to the upper ends of the panels l0 by suitable screw members |06. As shown in Fig. ll, the ridge cap 98, in addition to having the flanges |00 and |02 overlying the upper ends of the panels I0, is also provided with an overlying flange for the interconnected edges 30 and 92. This flange may comprise the vertical walls |04 and |06 and the connecting wall |08 which fits snugly about the interconnected joint. In Figs. 12 and 13 I have shown the manner inv which the roof sections I0 and the wall sections |0 meet at the gable. The particular wall sections which form the end walls I8 and 20 and which are cut on an angle at the upper edge as shown in Fig. l, have an upwardly extending portion H0 adapted to be frictionally inserted in the slot oithe edge members 30. In this manner the upper end o f a side panel |0 is internested with the roof panel I0 "in a friction type manner, thus insuring against the introduction of wind, rain or other weather elements at the gable connection.

In Fig. 12 I have shown the manner in which the interconnected edges 30 and 32 of adjacent panels are also positionedKwithin an edge 30 of a roof panel l0. This is done by permitting the panel portion of both adjacent sections to extend upwardly the length of a rectangular edge 30 and be introduced into the same in the same manner that the other interlocked and sealed joints are made. Where no horizontal ceiling is desired in a building, such as shown, in Fig. l, it is sometimes desirable to provide the cross braces H2 along the front and back walls of the building. `These braces may be in the form of angle irons which are fastened at all yof the interconnected joints to the Wall panels I0 by of the channel members I8 I have'provided a suitable floor |20.

In Figs. 14 and 15 I have shown a'modied form of support member |22 for the lower ends tical wall of the roof sections I0. The support member may be in the form of an angle having the ver- |'20, horizontal wall |26 and an angularly disposed wall |28 extending from the same. The wall |28 may be bent back upon itself to form a supporting flange |30 providing a slot |32 into whichthe lower ends of the units I0 maybe positioned, thus'supporting the same and rigidly holding them in their fixed position. I have provided slots in the upturned ange |30 wherever the edges 30V and 32 of the panels 0 are joined so that except at these edge connec-4 tions the entire roof is rigidly secured along its entire lower edge. Where it isfdesired to have a horizontal ceiling in the-building. I have provided the channel members |34 connected by lsuitable clip angles |36 to the roof support member |22. The clip angles |36 may be connected at desired intervals to the member |22 by welding or in any other suitable or desirable manner. The'upper ends of the units In are also fastened tothe member |22 by the suitable screw mem- Vbers l0.

From the above and foregoingdescription 'it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that I have provided a building of sheet metal construction that is comparatively simple to fabricate. The roof and sidewalls constructed of panels such as I have described, require only the cutting of similarly shapedfpanelsfor the roof angle desired and to the proper length for the width, length and height of the building. The angle iron which is provided about the base for connecting the same to the sill, is of course comparatively simple to cut to the size required for. the building. The roof support member bent to the desired shape need only be cut to the necessary lengths for the building. The same applies to the ridge member and the cap for the same. Where horizontal ceilings are desired in the building, it is a comparatively simple matter to attach the necessary angle members to the Aroof support members, connect the supporting channels, and then apply the desired type of interior roof finish. `It will also be obvious that while 1 have not shown the manner in which an interior wall finish can be applied, that the same can easily bedone withthe construction shown.

' While I have illustrated and described a spe- In Figs. 14 and 15 Il have shown a somewhat which may be placed at desired intervals supported upon the sills 66 and connected, if desired, to the angle member H4. Upon the top ciflc form of the invention and some modifications of the same, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes and modifications may be made in the exact details shown, and I do not desire to be limited in any particular; rather whatI'desire to secure and protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A flat panel for sheet metal buildings having two parallel edge portions, the parallel edge portions thereof bent to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional shape, one edge bent outwardly at right angles to said panel for a short distance, then parallel thereto the same distance, then bent again at right angles the same distance and directed toward said panel, then bent at right angles parallel to and the thickness of the material of said panel short of the plane of said panel and terminating near the first bend said slot; thereby bending said rectangular shape slightly to effect a frictional edge contact throughout its length in said slot.

2. A longitudinal panel for ings having the parallel edge portions thereof bent to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional shape, one edge bent outwardly at right angles to said panel for a short distance, then parallel thereto the same distance, then bent again at right angles the same distance and directed toward said panel, then `bent atl right angles parallel to and the thickness of the material of said panel short of the plane of said panel and terminating near the iirst bend a distance less than the thickness of the material to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge .of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot and have a frictional edge contact throughout its length in said slot.

3. -A building constructed of similarly shapedI interlocking panels, said panels forming the side walls and roof, the roof sections being interlocked together and the side walls being interlocked together, each of said panels having two parallel edge portions, the parallel edge portions thereof bent to a substantially rectangular crosssectional shape, one edge bent outwardly at right angles to said panel for a short distance, then parallel thereto the same distance, then bent again at right angles the same distance and directed toward said panel, then bent at right angles parallel to and the thickness of the rnaterial of said panel short of the plane of said panel and terminating near the first bend a distance less than the thickness of the material to y form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot and have a frictional edge contact throughout its length in said slot.

4. A building having its side walls constructed of similarly shaped interlocking panels, each of said panels having parallel edge portions, the parallel edge portions thereof being bent to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional shape, one edge bent outwardly atright angles to said panel for a short distance, then parallel thereto the same distance, then bent again at right angles the samedistance and directed toward said panel, then bent at right angles parallel to and the thickness of the material of said panel short of the plane of said panel and terminating near the first bend a distance less than the thickness of the material to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge ofan adjacent panel maybe telescopically inserted therein' through said slot, thereby bending said rectangular shape slightly to effect a frictional edge contact throughout its length i'n said slot.

5. A longitudinal panel for sheet metal buildings having the parallel edge portions thereof bent to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional shape, one of said shapes having its last bend parallel to and the thickness of the material of said panel short of the plane of said panel and terminating near the iirst bend a distance less than the thickness of the material to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot, thereby bending said 'rectangular shape slightly -to eiect a frictional edge contact'throughout its length in said slot.

6. A panel for sheet metal buildings having a. pair of parallel edge portions, the edge portions being bent to a substantially rectangular crosssectlonal shape, one edge thereof bent outwardly from said panel for a short distance, then parallel thereto, then bent back towards said panel and then at right angles parallel to and short of the plane of the panel and terminating near the first bend to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge portion of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot.'

7. A panel for sheet metal buildings having a pair of parallel edge portions, the edge portions being bent to a substantially rectangular crosssectional shape, one edge thereof bent outwardly from said panel for a short distance, then parallei thereto, then bent back towards said panel and then at right angles parallel to and short of the plane of the panel and terminating near the rst bend to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge portion of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot, with one leg thereof positioned in the plane of and adjacent the panel. v

8. .A panel for sheet metal buildings vhaving a. pair of parallel edge portions, the edge portions being bent to a polygonal cross-sectional shape, one edge thereof bent outwardly from said panel and after being bent in other directions bent back towards said panel and then at right angles parallel'to and short of the plane of the panel, and terminating near the rst bend to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped polygonal edge portion of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot.

9. A panel for sheet metal buildings having edge portions formed to a substantially rectanguiar cross-sectional shape, one of said edge portions bent outwardly from said panel for ashort distance, then parallel thereto, then bent again toward said panel, then bent and aligned parallel to the plane of said panel and terminating near the rst bend to form a slot so that a generally similarly shaped rectangular edge of an adjacent panel may be telescopically inserted therein through said slot to form an edge connection between adjacent panels.

10. A panel for sheet metal buildings having PETER PAUL GOBBERDIEL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2712863 *Apr 16, 1949Jul 12, 1955Busch Frank WPrefabricated bathroom unit
US3143827 *Apr 15, 1960Aug 11, 1964Showalter Sr Dennis JCanopy assemblies
US3435575 *Jan 21, 1966Apr 1, 1969Meurop SaProcess and extruded elements for industrial manufacturing of furniture,furniture components and similar constructions
US3534515 *Feb 19, 1968Oct 20, 1970Beed Carl FPrefabricated building unit and structures made therefrom
US3969869 *Sep 20, 1974Jul 20, 1976Partridge Arthur FBuilding truss
US4192119 *Oct 2, 1978Mar 11, 1980E.T.I. CorporationStructural member
US4389829 *Dec 22, 1980Jun 28, 1983Murphy Wesley TMetal roof system
US5337535 *May 20, 1992Aug 16, 1994Maupin James HPanel system and method for building construction
US5657596 *May 22, 1996Aug 19, 1997Powers, Iii; JohnFabricated building with metal purlins
US7784223 *Mar 5, 2004Aug 31, 2010Ramey Larry EThree hundred mile per hour wind resistive building
US8234827Sep 1, 2006Aug 7, 2012Schroeder Sr RobertExpress framing building construction system
US8261495 *May 11, 2011Sep 11, 2012Alphonso GriffinConnector system for connecting panels of framing members
US20120291378 *Aug 6, 2012Nov 22, 2012Schroeder Sr RobertExpress framing system
WO1993023629A1 *May 19, 1993Nov 25, 1993Maupin James HPanel system and method for building construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/262, 52/92.2
International ClassificationE04B1/02, E04B1/08
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/08
European ClassificationE04B1/08