|Publication number||US2273350 A|
|Publication date||Feb 17, 1942|
|Filing date||Aug 7, 1940|
|Priority date||Aug 7, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2273350 A, US 2273350A, US-A-2273350, US2273350 A, US2273350A|
|Inventors||Bedell Harold L, Fry Walter C|
|Original Assignee||Socony Vacuum Oil Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 17, 1942. w. c. FRY ET AL 2,273,350
METHOD OF HANDLING DEHYDRATION Filed Aug. 7, 1940 BY ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 17, 1942 METHOD OF HANDLING DEHYDRATION Walter C. Fry and Harold L. Bedell, Augusta,
Kans., assignors to Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 7, 1940, Serial No. 351,662
In United States Patent 2,195,989 to Edward L. Hoffman, there is disclosed a method of handling and transporting gasoline and similar light petroleum products, in which deleterious effects of corrosion of the pipe line and loss of quality of product is avoided by passing the gasoline through a dehydrating adsorbent to reduce its dissolved water content prior to passing it into the pipeline for transportation.
This invention has specifically to do with the method of handling and regenerating the drying mass used in such a process.
Most finished gasolines today are inhibited. Many are dyed. The purpose of the inhibitor is to prevent deterioration of the gasoline, before sale, by oxidation reactions.
The most efficient and convenient way of dehydrating the drying adsorbent after it becomes water saturated is by passing air through it, while heating, to drive ofi the moisture. This drying regeneration is usually preceded by a purging, either with superheated steam or by evacuating. Its completion leaves the adsorbent saturated with air. Upon reintroduction of gasoline to be dehydrated, that oxygen, in the catalytic surroundings afforded by the adsorbent, reacts with the gasoline. If the gasoline is not inhibited, it produces gum and color reactions. If the gasoline is inhibited, it reacts to remove or destroy the inhibitor, leaving the gasoline unprotected against subsequent oxidation. If the gasoline is dyed, the dye in many cases will be removed or altered in color.
This invention has for its object the provision of a method of regenerating such dehydrating adsorbents as will avoid the substantial presence of oxygen in the regenerated dehydrating adsorbent.
This invention will be readily understood by reference to the diagrammatic drawing attached to this specification in the single figure of which I denotes a drying tower, packed with an adsorbent 2 supported by a grid 3. Within the adsorbent there are embedded heating coils 4' and 5 connected to heating medium inlet and outlet manifolds. An inlet 6 is provided, and an outlet 1. In dehydrating operation, a light petroleum product, such as gasoline, enters from pipe 8, and departs through pipe 9. When the adsorbent 2 becomes so water-soaked that it will no longer remove dissolved water from the gasoline to the extent desired, pipes 8 and 9 are closed, and regeneration begins. First the adsorbent is purged of gasoline. This may be accomplished by admitting steam, preferably superheated, through pipe l0, and discharging that steam plus the gasoline removed either through pipe II to a condenser, not shown, or through pipe [2 to a barometric condenser or other source of vacuum, I3. If desired, the purging may be merely a vacuum purging, using the vacuum developed by barometric condenser l3. Purging may also be accomplished by admitting an inert gas, such as flue-gas or a normally non-condensible gaseous petroleum hydrocarbon through pipe I6. During purging the operation may be assisted, if desired, by applying heat through coils 4 and 5. After purging, the adsorbent is dried by continuing the heating with coils. 4 and 5, while introducing air through pipe 14. The outgoing air, together with moisture may be discharged to atmosphere through pipe [5. Drying may also be accomplished by continuing the passage of steam with or without use of coils 4 and 5, the steam being sufficiently superheated to act as a moisture removing medium.
After drying, by whatever means it is accomplished, steps are taken to not only remove any oxygen which may be associated with the adsorbent, but also to prevent access of oxygen to the adsorbent until such time as it is to be put into service. These steps consist of cutting off the drying medium flow and whatever heat may be supplied, and admitting a normally non-condensible, gaseous, petroleum hydrocarbon fraction, such as refinery residue gas, through pipe [6, continuing the flow of such gas until the adsorbent body is well flushed, the gas passing through being disposed of through pipe l5, then reducing the flow of gas, but continuing it, while barometric condenser I3 is operated to induce a relatively high vacuum, say of about 26" mercury, then closing all valves in the outlet piping and flowing gas into the adsorbent until pressure is built up to atmospheric or even somewhat above, then closing all inlet valves and allowing the adsorbent to stand with gas introduced until dehydration of oil is resumed.
In this manner an adsorbent so free of oxygen is obtained that no noticeable'efiect, even upon rather sensitive inhibited gasolines, is observed therefrom.
Some good portion of the desirable efiect may be obtained from merely flushing and blanketing, without the vacuum, but considerably enhanced freedom from oxygen is obtained by the step of applying vacuum while continuing a small flow of gas, since some oxygen, apparently tightly adsorbed, stubbornly resists removal.
We claim: 1. That method of conducting a cyclic process including dehydrating inhibited gasglines to -a'e move dissolved water therefror'n'wliich comprises passing the gasoline through a confined body of adsorbent material capable of removing water dissolved in said gasoline, ceasing passage of gasoline when adsorbent becomes incapable of further water removal, drying said adsorbent by the joint action of heat and a stripping gas flow-- ing therethrough, flushing said adsorbent with a normally gaseous petroleum hydrocarbon fraction, charging said adsorbent with a protective charge of said normally gaseous hydrocarbon while awaiting reuse as a dehydrator, and again using the adsorbent in the dehydrating portion of the cycle.
2. That method of conducting a cyclic process tact with said adsorbent while adsorbent awaits use ig dehydratien-warrd agam using said ad- 's'o rbent in the dehydrating portion of the cycle.
3. That method of handling regeneration of a dehydrating adsorbent used in removing dissolved water from light petroleum products to prevent the presence of oxygen in the regenerated adsorbent which comprises drying the adsorbent by the combined action of heat and a stripping gas, flushing the adsorbents, after drying, with a normally gaseous petroleum hydrocarbon fraction, charging said adsorbent with a protective charge of said gas, and maintaining said charge 7 in said adsorbent until reuse for dehydration is 30 uum thereto, raising the pressure on said adsorbent to at least atmospheric pressure by flowing said gas thereinto, maintaining said gas in conbegun.
4. That method of handling regeneration of a dehydrating adsorbent used in removing dissolved water from light petroleum products to prevent the presence of oxygen in the regenerated adsorbent which comprises drying the adsorbent by the combined action of heat and a stripping as. flushing the adsorbent, after drying, with a normally gaseous petroleum hydrocarbon fraction, continuing flow of said gas in small quantity through said adsorbent while applying a substantial vacuum thereto, raising the pressure on said adsorbent to at least atmospheric pressure by flowing said gas thereinto, and isolating said adsorbent in the presence of said gas so added until the dehydrating operat-ion is resumed.
WALTER c. FRY. HAROLD L. BEDELL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2440784 *||Jan 16, 1943||May 4, 1948||Globe Oil & Refining Company||Process for regenerating a solid desiccating agent|
|US2549104 *||Jun 29, 1946||Apr 17, 1951||Socony Vacuum Oil Co Inc||Method for revivification of desiccants|
|US2558206 *||Dec 6, 1948||Jun 26, 1951||Phillips Petroleum Co||Process and apparatus for drying hydrogel|
|US2560152 *||Aug 6, 1946||Jul 10, 1951||Berl Walter G||Storage of liquid fuels|
|US2580404 *||Mar 14, 1946||Jan 1, 1952||Burl H Bush||Method and apparatus for controlling humidity|
|US2746935 *||Apr 9, 1951||May 22, 1956||Socony Mobil Oil Co Inc||Process for drying inorganic hydrogels particles|
|US2841564 *||May 5, 1953||Jul 1, 1958||Porocel Corp||Alumina desiccant and process for preparation thereof|
|US2972411 *||Nov 19, 1957||Feb 21, 1961||O'dette Stanley R||Dehydrating and filtering apparatus for liquid dielectrics|
|US3080433 *||Jun 17, 1960||Mar 5, 1963||Standard Oil Co||Drying process|
|US3239942 *||Apr 16, 1962||Mar 15, 1966||Battelle Development Corp||Process for drying food|
|US4331456 *||Jun 27, 1980||May 25, 1982||John Zink Company||Process for recovering hydrocarbons with air-hydrocarbon vapor mixtures|
|US4561865 *||Nov 1, 1983||Dec 31, 1985||Greene & Kellogg, Inc.||Single bed pressure swing adsorption gas separation system|
|US4919695 *||Apr 24, 1989||Apr 24, 1990||Pierre Trepaud||Apparatus for drying gas|
|US5137547 *||Jun 24, 1991||Aug 11, 1992||L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude||Process and apparatus for preparing a gas component from a gas mixture|
|US5985006 *||Feb 5, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||The Boc Group Plc||Gas separation|
|US5989315 *||Feb 5, 1998||Nov 23, 1999||The Boc Group Plc||Air separation|
|US7954254 *||May 13, 2003||Jun 7, 2011||Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno||Method for drying a product using a regenerative adsorbent|
|US20060010713 *||May 13, 2003||Jan 19, 2006||Bussmann Paulus Josephus T||Method for drying a product using a regenerative adsorbent|
|U.S. Classification||208/188, 502/34, 95/97, 516/136, 208/305, 34/407|
|International Classification||C10G33/06, C10G33/00|