Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2273505 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 17, 1942
Filing dateApr 28, 1939
Publication numberUS 2273505 A, US 2273505A, US-A-2273505, US2273505 A, US2273505A
InventorsRaymond K. Florian
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container
US 2273505 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

CONTAINER Filed April 28, 1939 Raymandfi IN V EN T OR.

ATTORNEYS.

Patented Feb. 17, 1942 STATES FFICE 1 Claim.

This invention relates to a container designed for containing liquids which freeze under freezing temperature, the primary object of the inven tion being to provide a collapsible body held within the container to compensate for the expansion of the liquid during the freezing thereof, thereby insuring against the container being broken by the expansion of the frozen material within the container.

An object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which may be supported in such a manner within the container that the compressible body may be readily observed, to determine the condition of the compressible body.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein described, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Referring to the drawing:

Figure 1 is a vertical sectional View through a container equipped with an expansible body, constructed in accordance with the invention.

Figure 2 is a transverse sectional View taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view through a container equipped with an expansible body designed to float within the container.

Referring to the drawing in detail, the container is indicated generally by the reference character 5, and as shown is provided with an inlet pipe G, and an outlet pipe I.

The bottom of the container is formed with an opening, the wall of which is threaded to accommodate the plug 8, by means of which access to the interior of the container may be had.

As shown, the opening is formed in such a way as to provide a shoulder 9 against which the flange ill of the neck I! is held, by the action of the plug 8, which is shown as positioned thereagainst.

The expansible body IQ, of which the neck ll forms a part, is preferably constructed of rubber, and filled with air to be compressed by the expansion of the liquid in the container, freezing.

In the form of the invention as shown by Figure 3 of the drawing, the expansible member or body i3 is placed within the container, to float to the top of the container, as shown.

The body It in this form of the invention is also constructed of rubber material and filled with air to be compressed, due to the expansion of the liquid freezing within the container.

The reference character l4 designates the cover for the container, which may be held in position by any suitable means.

From the foregoing it will be seen that due to the construction shown and described, a space is provided at all times within the container, to compensate for the expansion of the material freezing. It is obvious that as the material in the container freezes, pressure will be directed to the expansible body, compressing the air in the body, and compensating for the expansion, thereby relieving the walls of the container of undue strain which, under ordinary conditions, would break or rupture the container to cause the same to leak.

What is claimed is:

The combination with a receptacle having an opening in the bottom thereof and having inlet and outlet pipes connected with the receptacle and disposed in a horizontal line drawn through the center of the receptacle, of a substantially shallow circular hollow body portion constructed of rubber material, fitted within the receptacle, through the opening in the bottom of the receptacle, a neck forming a part of the body portion through which air is directed to the body portion inflating the body portion, said neck being fitted within the opening in the bottom of the receptacle, the upper surface of the hollow body portion being spaced an appreciable distance below the direct line of flow of Water through the pipes and receptacle, and means for removably securing the neck of the body portion, within the opening in the bottom of the receptacle.

RAYMOND R. FLORIAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2418667 *Apr 7, 1944Apr 8, 1947Borg WarnerPackaged power accumulator
US2600103 *Feb 19, 1948Jun 10, 1952Franz Feck JohnMeans for absorbing ice pressure
US2751073 *Sep 11, 1952Jun 19, 1956 Container with diaphragm
US2861714 *Oct 5, 1955Nov 25, 1958Colgate Palmolive CoShipping unit
US3390406 *Apr 18, 1966Jul 2, 1968Lowry Dev CorpFreeze protection device for toilet bowl traps
US3534884 *Jul 1, 1968Oct 20, 1970Goodyear Tire & RubberPressurizable container and method of preparation
US4227512 *Dec 11, 1978Oct 14, 1980S. W. Hart & Co. Pty Ltd.Means for protecting solar water heating equipment against frost damage
US4460102 *Sep 23, 1982Jul 17, 1984Barringer Albert JSealed container
US4693202 *Oct 21, 1985Sep 15, 1987Rauma-Repola OyFreeze resistant bottom well
US4755112 *Aug 5, 1987Jul 5, 1988Houser John RWater/air pumping system
US5501012 *Jun 28, 1995Mar 26, 1996Southcorp Water Heaters Usa, Inc.Tank lining method
US5522523 *Jun 6, 1995Jun 4, 1996Southcorp Water Heaters Usa, Inc.Water heater having flexible liner and method for making the same
US5555997 *Oct 3, 1995Sep 17, 1996Southcorp Water Heaters Usa, Inc.Pressure compensating water heater
US6800114Aug 7, 2002Oct 5, 2004Andrew CorporationPressure equalization apparatus and methods
US6986382May 16, 2003Jan 17, 2006Cooligy Inc.Interwoven manifolds for pressure drop reduction in microchannel heat exchangers
US6988534May 16, 2003Jan 24, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for flexible fluid delivery for cooling desired hot spots in a heat producing device
US6988535Oct 30, 2003Jan 24, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US6994151Feb 12, 2003Feb 7, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Vapor escape microchannel heat exchanger
US7000684Oct 6, 2003Feb 21, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7013924 *Nov 17, 2004Mar 21, 2006In-Well Technologies Inc.Fluid pressure system including free floating bladder
US7017654Aug 18, 2003Mar 28, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Apparatus and method of forming channels in a heat-exchanging device
US7021369Jan 29, 2004Apr 4, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Hermetic closed loop fluid system
US7044196Oct 6, 2003May 16, 2006Cooligy,IncDecoupled spring-loaded mounting apparatus and method of manufacturing thereof
US7050308Jun 30, 2004May 23, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Power conditioning module
US7061104Jun 30, 2004Jun 13, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Apparatus for conditioning power and managing thermal energy in an electronic device
US7086839Sep 23, 2003Aug 8, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump with on-frit electrode
US7090001May 16, 2003Aug 15, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Optimized multiple heat pipe blocks for electronics cooling
US7093651Jun 27, 2005Aug 22, 2006In-Well Technologies, Inc.Water pressure system with pressure tank installed within well casing of well
US7104312Oct 30, 2003Sep 12, 2006Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for achieving temperature uniformity and hot spot cooling in a heat producing device
US7156159Jul 1, 2003Jan 2, 2007Cooligy, Inc.Multi-level microchannel heat exchangers
US7188662Feb 1, 2005Mar 13, 2007Cooligy, Inc.Apparatus and method of efficient fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US7201012 *Aug 18, 2003Apr 10, 2007Cooligy, Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7201214Apr 20, 2005Apr 10, 2007Cooligy, Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7255133Mar 20, 2006Aug 14, 2007In-Well Technologies, Inc.Fluid pressure system including free floating bladder
US7278549Apr 20, 2005Oct 9, 2007Cooligy Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7293423Feb 1, 2005Nov 13, 2007Cooligy Inc.Method and apparatus for controlling freezing nucleation and propagation
US7344363Apr 20, 2005Mar 18, 2008Cooligy Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7402029Apr 20, 2005Jul 22, 2008Cooligy Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US7449122Oct 18, 2004Nov 11, 2008Cooligy Inc.Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump
US7591302Dec 8, 2003Sep 22, 2009Cooligy Inc.Pump and fan control concepts in a cooling system
US7616444May 3, 2007Nov 10, 2009Cooligy Inc.Gimballed attachment for multiple heat exchangers
US7715194Apr 6, 2007May 11, 2010Cooligy Inc.Methodology of cooling multiple heat sources in a personal computer through the use of multiple fluid-based heat exchanging loops coupled via modular bus-type heat exchangers
US7746634Aug 7, 2008Jun 29, 2010Cooligy Inc.Internal access mechanism for a server rack
US7806168Oct 30, 2003Oct 5, 2010Cooligy IncOptimal spreader system, device and method for fluid cooled micro-scaled heat exchange
US7836597Jan 6, 2006Nov 23, 2010Cooligy Inc.Method of fabricating high surface to volume ratio structures and their integration in microheat exchangers for liquid cooling system
US7913719 *Jan 29, 2007Mar 29, 2011Cooligy Inc.Tape-wrapped multilayer tubing and methods for making the same
US8157001Mar 30, 2007Apr 17, 2012Cooligy Inc.Integrated liquid to air conduction module
US8250877Nov 14, 2008Aug 28, 2012Cooligy Inc.Device and methodology for the removal of heat from an equipment rack by means of heat exchangers mounted to a door
US8254422Aug 5, 2009Aug 28, 2012Cooligy Inc.Microheat exchanger for laser diode cooling
US8299604Aug 5, 2009Oct 30, 2012Cooligy Inc.Bonded metal and ceramic plates for thermal management of optical and electronic devices
US8602092Apr 6, 2006Dec 10, 2013Cooligy, Inc.Pump and fan control concepts in a cooling system
US9297571Jul 2, 2012Mar 29, 2016Liebert CorporationDevice and methodology for the removal of heat from an equipment rack by means of heat exchangers mounted to a door
US20040025691 *Aug 7, 2002Feb 12, 2004Andrew CorporationPressure equalization apparatus and methods
US20040076408 *Feb 12, 2003Apr 22, 2004Cooligy Inc.Method and apparatus for removeably coupling a heat rejection device with a heat producing device
US20040101421 *Sep 23, 2003May 27, 2004Kenny Thomas W.Micro-fabricated electrokinetic pump with on-frit electrode
US20040104010 *May 16, 2003Jun 3, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Interwoven manifolds for pressure drop reduction in microchannel heat exchangers
US20040104022 *May 16, 2003Jun 3, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for flexible fluid delivery for cooling desired hot spots in a heat producing device
US20040112585 *Oct 30, 2003Jun 17, 2004Cooligy Inc.Method and apparatus for achieving temperature uniformity and hot spot cooling in a heat producing device
US20040148959 *Aug 18, 2003Aug 5, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Remedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20040182548 *Jul 1, 2003Sep 23, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Multi-level microchannel heat exchangers
US20040182560 *Aug 18, 2003Sep 23, 2004Cooligy Inc.Apparatus and method of forming channels in a heat-exchanging device
US20040188064 *Oct 30, 2003Sep 30, 2004Cooligy Inc.Channeled flat plate fin heat exchange system, device and method
US20040188065 *Oct 6, 2003Sep 30, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Decoupled spring-loaded mounting apparatus and method of manufacturing thereof
US20040206477 *Oct 6, 2003Oct 21, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20040240245 *Jun 30, 2004Dec 2, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Power conditioning module
US20040244950 *May 16, 2003Dec 9, 2004Cooligy, Inc.Optimized multiple heat pipe blocks for electronics cooling
US20050016715 *Jan 29, 2004Jan 27, 2005Douglas WernerHermetic closed loop fluid system
US20050084385 *Oct 18, 2004Apr 21, 2005David CorbinMicro-fabricated electrokinetic pump
US20050094374 *Jun 30, 2004May 5, 2005Cooligy, Inc.Power conditioning module
US20050183443 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Mark MunchRemedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183444 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Mark MunchRemedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183445 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Mark MunchRemedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050183845 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Mark MunchRemedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050210913 *Apr 20, 2005Sep 29, 2005Mark MunchRemedies to prevent cracking in a liquid system
US20050211418 *Jun 29, 2004Sep 29, 2005Cooligy, Inc.Method and apparatus for efficient vertical fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20050226751 *Jun 27, 2005Oct 13, 2005In-Well Technologies, Inc.Water pressure system with pressure tank installed within well casing of well
US20050269061 *Feb 1, 2005Dec 8, 2005Cooligy, Inc.Apparatus and method of efficient fluid delivery for cooling a heat producing device
US20060144455 *Mar 20, 2006Jul 6, 2006Meyers Kenneth AFluid pressure system including free floating bladder
US20070193642 *Jan 29, 2007Aug 23, 2007Douglas WernerTape-wrapped multilayer tubing and methods for making the same
US20070227708 *Mar 30, 2007Oct 4, 2007James HomIntegrated liquid to air conduction module
US20070235167 *Apr 6, 2007Oct 11, 2007Cooligy, Inc.Methodology of cooling multiple heat sources in a personal computer through the use of multiple fluid-based heat exchanging loops coupled via modular bus-type heat exchangers
US20070256825 *May 3, 2007Nov 8, 2007Conway Bruce RMethodology for the liquid cooling of heat generating components mounted on a daughter card/expansion card in a personal computer through the use of a remote drive bay heat exchanger with a flexible fluid interconnect
US20080006396 *Jun 27, 2007Jan 10, 2008Girish UpadhyaMulti-stage staggered radiator for high performance liquid cooling applications
US20080210405 *Jan 6, 2006Sep 4, 2008Madhav DattaFabrication of high surface to volume ratio structures and their integration in microheat exchangers for liquid cooling systems
US20090044928 *Oct 25, 2007Feb 19, 2009Girish UpadhyaMethod and apparatus for preventing cracking in a liquid cooling system
US20090046423 *Aug 7, 2008Feb 19, 2009James HomInternal access mechanism for a server rack
US20090046430 *Aug 7, 2008Feb 19, 2009Richard Grant BrewerMethod and apparatus for providing supplemental cooling to server racks
US20090225513 *Nov 14, 2008Sep 10, 2009Adrian CorreaDevice and methodology for the removal of heat from an equipment rack by means of heat exchangers mounted to a door
US20090225514 *Nov 14, 2008Sep 10, 2009Adrian CorreaDevice and methodology for the removal of heat from an equipment rack by means of heat exchangers mounted to a door
US20090225515 *Mar 10, 2009Sep 10, 2009James HomThermal bus or junction for the removal of heat from electronic components
US20100032143 *Aug 5, 2009Feb 11, 2010Cooligy Inc.microheat exchanger for laser diode cooling
US20100035024 *Aug 5, 2009Feb 11, 2010Cooligy Inc.Bonded metal and ceramic plates for thermal management of optical and electronic devices
US20110073292 *Sep 30, 2009Mar 31, 2011Madhav DattaFabrication of high surface area, high aspect ratio mini-channels and their application in liquid cooling systems
USRE41507 *Feb 2, 2006Aug 17, 2010In-Well Technologies, Inc.Air filter for a well
CN102791984A *Mar 8, 2010Nov 21, 2012万国卡车知识产权有限公司Surge tank
EP1473447A1 *Apr 1, 2004Nov 3, 2004MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AktiengesellschaftLiquid container for motor vehicles, especially an aqueous urea solution
WO2011112175A1 *Mar 8, 2010Sep 15, 2011International Truck Intellectual Property Company, LlcSurge tank
Classifications
U.S. Classification138/28, 220/720, 174/12.00R, 222/385, 222/384, 174/11.00R
Cooperative ClassificationF16L55/04