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Publication numberUS2275026 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 3, 1942
Filing dateOct 27, 1939
Priority dateOct 27, 1939
Publication numberUS 2275026 A, US 2275026A, US-A-2275026, US2275026 A, US2275026A
InventorsBedford Alda V
Original AssigneeRca Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Television system
US 2275026 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

` March 3, 1942.

A. v. BEDFORD l TELEVISION SYSTEM Filed oct. 27, 1939 VINI 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 March 3, 1942. A. v BEDFORD 2,275,026

TELEVIS ION SYSTEM Filed 001;. 27, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 7'0 :amr/00L D. c. DEFk.

:Snvenfor Alda Vf Bed ord Gttorncg Patented Mar. 3, 1942 UNITED STAI-FES PATENT O'FFlCE TELEVISION SYSTEM Alda V. Bedford, Collinswood, N. J., assignor to Radio Corporation of America, Va-corporation of Delaware Y Application October 27, 1939, Serial No. 301,556

6 Claims.

My invention relates to television systems and particularly to a system including means for pointing to or otherwise indicating or emphasizing selected portions of a television picture.

`whole must, of course, be under the control of an operator at the television transmitter.

Accordingly, it is an object of my invention to provide an improved means for and method of indicating or emphasizing selected portions of a television picture.

A further object of my invention is to provide an improved television system of the abovedescribed character which is simple in design and construction and which can readily be controlled by the operator.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the light image of the picture to be transmitted is converted into electrical picture signals in the usual way by means of a cathode ray transmitter tube such as the iconoscope. In order to superimpose an arrow, for example, upon this picture, signals representative of the arrow are generated by means of a second cathode ray tube of a type resembling the iconoscope but differing `therefrom in that a plate or screen having the arrow formed thereon, as by engraving, is scanned by the cathode ray. The output signals of these two cathode ray tubes are added together and transmitted to the television receivers whereby, on the screen of the cathode ray receiving tube, the arrow appears superimposed on the received picture. By providing proper deflection control means associated with the cathode ray tube generating the signal representative or the' arrow, the transmitter operator may position the arrow at will in the field of the picture.

The invention will be better understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a block and circuit diagram of a television transmitter embodying my invention,

Figure 2 is a circuit diagram of a deilecting circuit in the transmitter of Figure 1, and

Figures 3 and 4 are plan and side views, respectively, of a unicontrol means for the transmitter of Figure l.

Referring to Fig. 1, the transmitter system preferably comprises a cathode ray transmitter tube I, such as an iconoscope, having an electron gun 2 for developing a4 cathode ray indicated at 3 which, is caused to scan a mosaic of light-sensitive elements forming the front sur- 'face of a screen structure L Vertical and horizontal de'ilecting circuits 6 and 1, respectively, cause saw-tooth currents to ow through the defiecting coils 8 and 9 for deilectng the cathode ray in the usual way to scan the screen 4. The desired fixed time relation between horizontal and vertical deflection is maintained by means of a suitable synchronip@ lng impulse generator ll.

The picture signal output o the tube l appears across an output resistor l2 and is supplied through an ampliiicr tube I3 to an amplifier lll for further amplification and for mixing with the synchronizing signals which must be transmitted to the receiver. These synchronizing signals are supplied from the synchronizing impulse generator Il through an amplifier IB to a suitable stage in amplier I4.

The portion of the system of Fig. 1 so far described is of the usual design. The specic design for both transmitter and receiver may be the same as described in my copending application Serial No. 222,081, iiled July 10, 1938, and assigned to the Radio Corporation of America.

Referring now to the means for superimposing the arrow or other indicating symbol upon the picture, I preferably provide a cathode ray tube 2l having therein a plate or screen 22 upon which there is engraved or otherwise formed the indicating symbol. A cathode ray tube of this characters described and claimed in application Serial No. 106,301, filed October 19, 1936, in the name of Fritz Schroter and Max Knoll, and also in application Serial No. 137,3991/2, filed April 19, 1937, in the name of Max Knoll and Bernhard Spengler, both applications being assigned to the Radio Corporation of America. The tube 2| includes an electron gun 23 for developing a cathode ray, indicated at 24, which is caused to scan the screen 22 by means of the vertical and horizontal deecting circuits 25 and 30, respectively, and thereby produce signals representative of the indicating i symbol since it has a diierent secondary emissive characteristic than the screen 22. These signals appear across an output resistor 26 and are supplied to an amplier tube 21. They may be added to the picture signals in any suitable manner but, preferably, are added by means of 'a circuit which permits reversing polarity of the signal so that the indicating symbol may be made either black or white on the received picture.

In the example illustrated, the output of tube 21 is supplied to an amplifier tube 28 either directly through a switch 29 or through a polarity reversing amplifier 3| and the switch 29. The output of tube 21 in either case is added to the output of the tube i3, the plate resistor 32 being made common to the two amplifier tubes for this purpose.

Referring now more particularly to the manner in which an operator moves the indicating symbol to the desired portion of a picture,` the deflection of the cathode ray 24 preferably is accomplished by means of a pair of deflecting coils located in a deflecting yoke 33 which is rotatably mounted on the neck of the tube 2|. This deecting yoke may be constructed as described in Tolson Patent 2,167,379, issued July 25, 1939.

The arrow or other indicating symbol may be rotated at the will of the operator by means of a control knob 34 which, when rotated, rotates the deflecting yoke through a flexible shaft 36 and the gears 31 and 38.

The indicating symbol may be moved sideways or up and down on the picture at the will of the operator by means of knobs 4l and 42, respectively, which control the direct current component flowing through the deflecting coils of the yoke 33. In the example shown, the knob 4l controls the position of a pointer 43 on a potentiometer 44 which is grounded at its center point and connected across a battery 45. flow is through a resistor 41 and the secondary 48 of a transformer 49 supplying saw-tooth current to the horizontal deiiecting coils. A similar circuit including a potentiometer may be empl'oyedrfor controlling the D.C. component flowing through the vertical deflecting coils. It should be understood that the horizontal and the vertical shift of the cathode ray may be accomplished, if preferred, by providing separate coils in the yoke 33 through which only the D.C. components flow.

In the above-described system, the horizontal .saw-tooth deflection for the cathode ray tube l preferably is at the same rate as the horizontal saw-tooth deflection for the cathode ray tube 2i. Likewise, the vertical saw-tooth deections of the two tubes preferably are at the same rate. All deiiections are held in a fixed time relation by means of the impulse generator Il..

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that. by proper adjustment of the control knobs 34, 4I and 42, the operator may point to or otherwise indicate any desired portion or object in a picture appearing on `the screen of a television receiver.

The size of the indicating sym-bol may be varied at the will of the operator by adjusting the am-` plitude of the saw-tooth waves supplied by the deflecting circuits 25 and 30. For example, referring to Fig. 2 which shows the vertical deflecting circuit 25 designed in accordance with conventional practice, the amplitude of the sawtooth wave may be adjusted by changing the resistance of the resistor 52. It will be understood that the resistor 52 is the one 'through which a saw-tooth condenser 53 is -gradually charged, the condenser being suddenly dis'- charged through the tube 54.

In Figs. 3 and 4, there is shown a unicontrol structure which makes unnecessary the adjustment of three separate control knobs for pointing an arrow or the like to the desired area of a picture. In Figs. l, 3 and 4, like parts are indicated by the samereference numerals.

Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, the three adjustments illustrated in Fig. 1 are made by movingI a stick 56 and rotating a knob 51 mounted on the stick. Rotation of the knob 51 rotates the deflecting yoke 33 through the flexible shaft 36. Movement of the stick in the plane of the paper (Fig. 4) rotates the shaft 50 of the potentiometer 44a and moves the contact point 43 (Fig. l) along the potentiometer resistor 44 (Fig. 1). Movement of the stick at right angles to the plane of the paper (Fig. 4) rotates the potentiometer shaft 58 through a bracket 59 and moves the contact point of the potentiometer 5Ia along the resistor 5I (Fig. 1).

If desired, the arrow or other indicating symbol which is engraved on the screen 22 of cathode ray tube 2l may be marked on the knob 51, as shown in Fig. 3, to aid the operator in moving the stick 56 and knob 51 to the desired location.

It will be understood, however, that preferably the operator watches the picture on a monitor receiver or tube as he operates the knob and stick for moving the indicating symbol to the desired point in the picture.

I claim: v

1. In a television system, means for converting a picture to be transmitted into electrical signals representative of said picture, a cathode ray tube comprising a screen having formed thereon in a fixed position an indicating symbol having a different secondary emission characteristic than said screen and comprising means for producing a cathode ray and directing it against said screen, deflecting means for causing said cathode ray to scan said screen whereby electrical signals representative of said symbol are produced, means for combining said picture and symbol signals whereby said symbol appears superimposed upon the received picture, and means for so controlling the position of said cathode ray laterally while it is scanning said screen that said symbol may be positioned on various desired areas of the received picture at the will of the operator.

2. The invention according to claim 1 wherein said last means comprises means for effecting relative rotation of said deecting means and said cathode ray tube, means for shifting the center point of the horizontal defiection of said beam, and means for shifting the center point of the' vertical defiection of said beam.

3. In a television system, means for converting a picture to be transmitted into electrical signals representative of said picture, .a cathode ray tube comprising a Screen having formed thereon an indicating symbol and comprising means for producing a cathode ray and directing it against said screen, deflecting means for causing said cathode ray to scan said screen whereby electrical signals representative of said symbol are produced, means for combining said picture and symbol signals whereby said symbol appears superimposed upon the received picture, means for so controlling the position of said cathode ray while it is scanning said screen that said symbol may be positioned on a desired area of the received picture at the will of the operator, said last-named lmeans comprising means for rotating said deflecting means, means for shifting the center point of the horizontal deiection of said beam, means for shifting the center point of the vertical deflection of said beam, and a unicontrol means for said rotating means and said two center-point shifting means.

4. In a television system, means for converting a picture to be transmitted into electrical signals representative of said picture, a cathode ray tube comprising a screen having formed thereon an indicating symbol and comprising means for producing a cathode ray and directing it against said screen, deflecting means for causing said cathode ray to scan said screen whereby electrical signals representative of said symbol are produced, said deecting means including a pair of deecting coils, means for combining said picture and symbol signals whereby said symbol appears superimposed upon the received picture, and means for so controlling the position of said cathode ray While it is scanningsaid screen that said symbol may be positioned on a desired area of the received picture at the will of the operator, said last means including means for causing a ow of direct current through each of said pairs of deecting coils the magnitude and polarity of which may be controlled by the operator.

In a television system, means for converting a picture to be transmitted into electrical signals representative of said picture, a cathode ray tube comprising a screen having formed thereon an indicating symbol and comprising means for producing a cathode ray and directing it against said screen, deecting means for causing said cathode ray to scan said screen whereby electricalsignals representative of said symbol are produced, said deflecting means including a pair of deecting coils, means forcombining said picture and symbol signals whereby said symbol appears'superimposed upon the received picture, and means for so controlling the position of said cathode ray while it is scanning said screen that said symbol may be positioned on a desired area of the received picture at the will of the operator, said last means including means for rotating said deflecting coils about the axis of said cathode ray tube at the will of the operator.

6. In a television system, means for converting a picture to be transmitted into electrical signais representative of said picture. a cathode ray tube comprising a screen having formed thereon an indicating symbol and comprising means for producing a cathode ray and directing it against said screen, deecting means for causing said cathode ray to scan said screen whereby electrical signals representative of said symbols are produced, means for combining said picture and symbol signa-ls whereby said symbol appears superimposed upon the received picture, said deecting means including a pair of deecting coils, means for so controlling the position of said cathode ray while it is scanning said screen that said symbol may be positioned on a desired area of the received picture at the will of the operator, said last-named means comprising means for eiecting relative rotation between said deecting coils and said cathode ray tube, means for shifting the center point of the horizontal deection of said beam, means for shifting the center point of the vertical deflection of said beam, and a unicontrol means for said rotating means and said two center-point shifting means, said unicontrol means comprising a stick having a rotatable handle or knob thereon, said handle being coupled to said deiiecting coils for rotating them, and said stick being so coupled to said two center-point shifting means that when moved in one direction it actuates one of said center-point shifting means, and when moved in a different direction it actuates the other center-point shifting means.

ALDA V. BEDFORD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487641 *Sep 7, 1946Nov 8, 1949Philco CorpElectronic pointer for television images
US2506127 *Apr 30, 1948May 2, 1950Rca CorpOptical mixing of plan position indication and graphical information
US2532063 *Sep 7, 1946Nov 28, 1950Rca CorpPosition indicating system
US2793320 *Jul 30, 1951May 21, 1957Sun Oil CoMemory tube function generator
US2851519 *Jan 31, 1952Sep 9, 1958Schira Jr John CMechanical to video transducer for superimposing additional information on a television scene
US3017628 *Jun 4, 1956Jan 16, 1962Gilfillan Bros IncMethod of and apparatus for identifying aircraft during ground controlled approach
US3541521 *Dec 11, 1967Nov 17, 1970Bunker RamoMultiple ratio cursor control system
US4541013 *Jul 19, 1982Sep 10, 1985Alpert Sidney AFootball signaling system
Classifications
U.S. Classification348/590, 315/12.1, 313/401, 348/E05.6, 348/511
International ClassificationH04N5/278
Cooperative ClassificationH04N5/278
European ClassificationH04N5/278