|Publication number||US2275365 A|
|Publication date||Mar 3, 1942|
|Filing date||Jul 21, 1939|
|Priority date||Jul 25, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2275365 A, US 2275365A, US-A-2275365, US2275365 A, US2275365A|
|Original Assignee||Hermes Patentverwertungs Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 3, 1942. R; HlN'rzE 2,275,365
' REFRIGERATOR Filed July 21, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 March 3, 1942. R. HlNTzE 2,275,365
I REFRIGERATOR v Filed July 21, 1959 i v 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Mar. 3, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE REFItIGERATOR Rudolf Hintze, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany,
assignor to Patentverwertungs-Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung Hermes, Berlin, Germany, a corporation of Germany p Application July 21, 1939, Serial No. 285,645 In Germany July 25, 1938 13 Claims.
erating apparatus; in accordance with the pres-l ent inventionthe feet or legs, the inner casingand the frame for the refrigerating apparatus which is preferably arranged on the rear side of the refrigerator cabinet or the refrigerating apparatus itself are combined so as to form the supporting bodycarrying the refrigerator cabinet including the insulation and the outer lining.
In thev novel arrangement the insulation surrounding the inner casing is placed on the supporting body in such a manner that it is not required to carryor support parts of the refrigerating apparatus. Two or more adjacent insulating walls, i. e., for instance, the side walls and the upper insulating wall are made of one piece in the form of a hood to be arranged on thesupporting body proper.
The invention may be carried into practice in different ways. refrigerating apparatus may, for instance, be made of angle iron provided with legs and secured to the inner casing of the vcooling chamber by means of connecting pieces. The front legs of the refrigerator cabinet may be firmly secured to the inner casing. Inl a particularly simple preferred embodiment of the invention parts of the refrigerating apparatus lying outside the cooling chamber, i. e., in the case of refrigerating apparatus of the compression type, parts such as the condenser and the compressor-motor housing are made of two metal sheets provided with corresponding indentations and secured together around their edges by welding.
These sheet-iron parts may be so designed that they form at the same time the rear legs or feet of the refrigerator cabinet. This form of the invention is considerably simplified as compared with prior structures which require special legs at the side where the refrigerating apparatus is arranged. The connecting pieces are arranged between the inner casing and frame of the refrigerating apparatus or the feet and the portions.r thereof passing through the insulating walls are preferably made of insulating material The frame for carrying the' particularly simple construction of the refrigerator cabinet may also be obtained by providing the refrigerating apparatus or the frame carrying the same with legs or feet and securing it to the door frame-also provided with feetby means of struts arranged on the inner cabinet casing. The lower and the rear insulating wall of the refrigerator cabinet may be secured to the supporting body before arranging thereon the in order to reduce the loss of refrigeration. A 5
other insulating walls. f
In order to avoid perforations in the inner casing of the cabinet, it is advisable to arrange the conduits in such a manner-placed between the outer refrigerating apparatus arranged on the rear wall of the cabinet. and the evaporatorthat they enter the cooling chamber at the side of the door. The arrangement of the conduits diiers from that of prior structures in that the conduits lie between the'outer side of the inner cabinet casing and the insulating Walls. In such a structure the side Walls and the upper insulating walls, andin certain cases also the rear wall are made of one piece in the form of a hood which is placed on the supporting body provided with the refrigerating apparatus.
In the accompanying drawings are shown some y forms of the invention in diagrammatic form.
1 shows .fthe assemblage of the inner casing, the rear wall, and the bottom and rear insulating walls on one form of the invention;
Fig. 2 indicates an insulating hood that may be slipped over the structure Fig. 1 and may also be used in a similar manner with other embodiments;
Fig. 3 represents the door frame for the structure Figs. 1 and 2;-
Figs. 4 and 5 illustrate another embodiment of the invention in diagrammatic perspective and top plan view, respectively;
Figs. 6-10, inclusive, cover details of still another embodiment;
Fig. 11 indicates an outer shell or jacket for use with any` of the embodiments disclosed herein;
Fig. 12 shows in perspective view a modification of an insulating jacket that may be used in place of the one illustrated in Fig. 2; and
Figs. 13 and v14 show details in connection with a refrigerator structure having a motor-compressor unit ldisposed underneath the cooling chamber.
v In Fig. 1, I rdenotes the inner casing for the cabinet preferably made of enamel, igelite or the like. 2 is the rear wall serving at the same time as support for the refrigerating apparatus.
The rear wall 2 extends in the downward direction and is provided with legs or feet 3. This rear wall may be so designed that it forms at the same time the condenser or other parts of the refrigerating apparatus. 4 and 5 denote the rear and lower insulating walls of the refrigerator cabinet. These walls may be made of a piece of corrugated paper board bent in a corresponding manner. 6 and 1 are the iront feet rmly secured to the lower part of the inner casing The rear wall 2 is also secured to the inner casing I by connecting pieces 8, 9 which are preferably so designed that the portions thereof as indicated at I passing through the insulating walls consist cf insulating material in order to avoid a loss of'refrigeration. In Fig. 2 is shown an upper and lateral insulating wall forming the hood II made of corrugated paper board. The hood is slipped over and placed onl -or' Bakeiite is attached to the structure at the open front thereof.
Numeral 2| in Fig. 4 denotes the rear wall of the cabinet serving at the same time as a support for the refrigerating apparatus and provided with legs or feet 22. 23 is a door frame with feet .24. This dior frame may be made of sheet metal, igelitc or the Lke. The two parts 2| and 23 are held together by struts 25 secured thereto preferably by spot welding. The inner casing 26 contacts with the struts 25. 21 and` 28 denote the rear and lower insulating walls of the cabinet. ln this refrigerating apparatus the conduits 29 which are arranged between the refrigerating apparatus arranged exteriorly of the cabinet and the evaporator (not shown) enter the cooling chamber at the side of the door frame and then extend between the outer side of the inner casing 26 and hood (Fig. 2) to be placed thereon.
Fig. shows the assembly of the refrigerator and the hood I I. side hood or a shell of sheet metal, igelite or the like may be placed over the hood I I so as to rmly hold together the different insulating parts and to form the outer jacket of the refrigerator cabinet.
Fig. 6 shows the cabinet frame 3| provided with a support 32. Fig. 1 shows the corresponding inner casing 33 and Fig. 8 the cabinet rear wall 34 in which an indentation 35 is provided for receivng the refrigerating apparatus. The rear wall 34 is provided with feet 39. To the inner casing 33 and rear wall 34 are secured butt strutsv 36 and brackets V3'! respectively. Fig. 9 shows the assembly of the parts shown in Figs. 6 to 8. The butt struts 36 and the brackets 31 are secured to each other by means of connecting pieces 38 which may be made of insulating material. Fig. shows a cross-section of the assembled parts shown in Fig. 9 after having positioned thehood of corrugated paper board shown in Fig. 2. The cabinet frame 3| is secured to the cabinet insert 33 by llets 40. As will be seen from Fig. l0 these fillets are provided with grooves in which are inserted the sheet-iron parts of the frame 3| and of the inner casing 33. The inner c asing is held A correspondingly shaped outstance, by spot welding or the like.
together with the frame 3| by means of two tieribbons 4|,- 42. These tie ribbons are secured as will be seen from Fig. 9 to the frame 3|, for in- The tie-ribbons are united as indicated at 43 in a manner as is usual, for instance, in sealing together bands tied around boxes or packages. The assemblage of the inner cabinet casing 33 with the outer lining of therefrigerator shown in Figs. 9 and 10 is particularly advantageous because no bolts or screws are necessary. The steel shell shown in Fig. 11 may be used for an outer lining for the corrugated paper board insulation in any of the structures.
Instead of using the arrangement shown in Fig. 4, the sf'de' of the cabinet insulation facing the refrigerating apparatus and the upper and the two lateral parts of the insulation may be made of one piece. In this case the hood shown in 12 may be employed which is a perspective view of the insulating hood, viewed from the side facing the refrigerating apparatus. The wall 44 of this hood With which the refrigerating apparatus contacts when the unit is assembled is provided with an opening 45 through which pass the conduits leading from the refrigerating apparatus arranged exteriorly of the cabinet to the evaporator. To facilitate the arrangement of the conduits a slit 46 is provided in the insulating wall 44. When placing the hood on the supporting body the conduits glide along this slit.
Figs. 13 and 14 show an embodiment of the invention in which a refrigerating apparatus of the compression type is employed whosemotorcompressor set is arranged. below the cooling chamber. 5I denotes the inner casing. 52 is the cabinet door frame. The inner casing 5I and the frame 52 may, for instance, be `secured to each other in the manner shown in Fig. '9. 53 is the rear wall of the refrigerator cabinet and forms the condenser 54.0f the refrigerating apparatus as well as the lower feet of the,refrigerator cabinet. The housing 56 in which is arranged the compressor motor is rmly secured to the rear wall. The rear wall 53 and the compressor-motor housing 56 are made of two sheets in which corresponding indentations are provided for the condenser 54 and for the reception of the motorccmpressor set. The metal sheets are secured together around their edges by Welding and form at the same time the rear feet 55 of the refrigerator cabinet. Fig. 14 shows the portion 51 of the metal sheet in which is provided the indentation 5", before bending the same about the dotted line 58. 'Ihe part 51 is bent at right angles so as to obtain the form as shown in Fig. 13. A refrigerating unit is thus obtained in which the feet, the condenser and the compressor-motor housing consists of two metal sheets.
59 and 60 denote connecting pieces which serve to secure the inner casing 5| to the walls of the reirlgerating apparatus. Feet 6I are secured to the frame 52. The compressor-motor housing is secured to the support 63 arranged'at the lower end of the frame 52. The supporting body consisting of the parts 5|, 52, 53 and 6I is provided with the insulation 64 in a manner as described in connection with previously discussed embodiments. To secure the support 63 corresponding holes 65 are arranged in the front part 62 of the ,compressor-motor housing.
The refrigerator cabinet is preferably so designed that it may easily be arranged on the wall.
'To this end, the feet 6I are detachably secured to the part 52 and the holes 66 provided in the upper part of the rear wall 53 serve to secure the re-v frigerator cabinet to a wall. If the cabinet is to be arranged on the wall, the front feet 6| are removed and a bottom cover apron 61 is provided, having perforations for the passage of cooling air. 'Ihis cover may consist of paper board or similar material.
What is claimed is:
1. In a refrigerator, a cooling chamber of boxlike conformation, a back plate, means rigidly securing said back plate to said chamber in spaced relation thereto, said plate and chamber constituting a frame' on which all the parts aresupported, means including legs formed integrally with the lower portion of said plate'for supporting said frame, and heat insulating means surrounding said chamber'and supported thereon outside said securing means. Y
2. In a refrigerator, a cooling chamber of boxlike conformation open at the front, a door frame secured to the front of said chamber, said frame having a support formedl integrally therewith, a back plate spaced awayv from the'rear of said chamber and rigidly secured thereto, said plate having feet formed integrally therewith, means for v'insulating the back and bottom of said chamber,
and a separate one-piece hood of insulating material for covering the top and sides of said chamber which is applied thereto after the chamber, door frame and back plate are assembled.y
3. A refrigerator as claimed in claim 2, in which the door frame is made of molded plastic material.
4. In a refrigerator, a cooling chamber of boxlike conformation open at the front, a layer of heat insulating material covering the bottom and rear of said chamber, a back plate for supporting refrigerator parts and having feet formed integrally therewith, means for rigidly securing said back plate to the rear of said chamber in spaced-relation thereto, foot members secured to the sides of said chamber at the front thereof, said securing means and said foot members being composed in part of heat insulating material, a door frame secured to the front of said chamber, and a onepiece hood of insulating material of inverted U- shape covering the top and sides of said chamber. 5. In a refrigerator, a main frame structure on which all the apparatus is mounted, said structure comprising a cooling chamber, a door frame, and a rear plate member all rigidly secured together,
vthere being independent means for securing the said frame and plate, respectively, to said charnber, and the said chamber together with said securing means constituting the sole mechanical connection between the said frame and plate, feet formed integrally with the door frame and rear lplate, respectively, and heat insulating means covering and supporting .entirely on said chamber. 6. In a refrigerator, a main frame comprising a cooling chamber, a front door frame. and an apparatus mounting plate at the rear, tie straps extending around said chamber and. rigidly securing the same to said door frame, connecting members composed of heat insulating material rigidly securing said mounting plate to'said chamber in spaced relation thereto, and heat insulating.
means surrounding` said chamber and supported thereon.
7. In a refrigerator, a cooling chamber, means including a front door lframe for supporting saidA chamber in front, heat insulating material covering said chamber at the sides and back, an apparatus mounting plate spaced away from the heat insulating material at the back of said chamber and constituting means for supportingsaid chamber at the rear, and means extending inside the side insulation for rigidly securing said mounting plate to said chamber, said last means being of heat insulating material where it passes through the insulation zone at the back of the chamber.
8. A refrigerator as claimed in claim 7, in which refrigerant conduits are provided which extend from the mounting plate along the top of the cooling chamber and beneath the insulation and enter the cooling chamber at the door opening.
9. In a refrigerator, a mainframe structure on which all the apparatus and parts are mounted, said structure comprising a cooling chamber, supporting means at the front thereof, and an apparatus mounting plate spaced away from said chamber at the rear, means securing said frame elements rigidly together, a conduit leading from said chamber to said mounting plate, and a onepiece hood of heat insulating material adapted to cover the top, sides and back of said chamber, said.
hood having an opening in the rear wall for said conduit and a slit extending from the opening to thebottom of said wall, whereby said hood may be placed in position after the other parts are assembled.
10. In a refrigerator, a main frame including a cooling chamber and an apparatus mounting plate spaced away from said chamber at the rear and rigidly secured thereto, said mounting plate comprising a one-piece metal stamping coextensive in area with the back of said chamber, having downwardly extending portions at each side forming feet, and having a central indented portion 'at the bottom which is bent forward at right angles and forms part of a housing for apparatus underneath said chamber.
positioned at one end of said chamber and a.
mounting plate for receiving refrigerating apparatus positioned at the other end thereof, securing means forrmly uniting said door frame, cooling chamber and said mounting plate to form a unitary carrying structure which solely and exclusively supports the entire refrigerator and all its component parts, said door frame and said mounting plate extending beyond thevperiphery of .said cooling chamber and forming a marginal space on three adjacent sides thereof, and heat insulating means removably disposed in said space around said cooling chamber, said heat-insulating means being removable from said space as a unit. o
13., The structure and combination in claim 12. together with a shell-like member secured to the ,outside of said insulating means for holding said insulating means in place in said marginal space.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2598917 *||Dec 29, 1949||Jun 3, 1952||Ingram Herbert M||Refrigerator construction|
|US2958210 *||Nov 14, 1957||Nov 1, 1960||Gen Motors Corp||Refrigerating apparatus|
|US3409976 *||Jan 13, 1966||Nov 12, 1968||Gen Motors Corp||Method of assembling an outer shell|
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|US5522216 *||Jan 12, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Marlow Industries, Inc.||Thermoelectric refrigerator|
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|US20090058244 *||Jul 10, 2008||Mar 5, 2009||Lg Electronics Inc.||Refrigerator|
|EP0071090A1 *||Jul 14, 1982||Feb 9, 1983||INDESIT INDUSTRIA ELETTRODOMESTICI ITALIANA S.p.A.||Thermal insulating system for refrigerating apparatus and relative realization process|
|U.S. Classification||62/453, 312/406, 62/451, 220/62.2, 220/592.9, 220/DIG.900|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S220/09, F25D23/062|