US 2275626 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 10, 1942. N. M.- HARRISON 2,275,626
RETRACTABLE ANTENNA Filed Nov. 28, 1940 2 Shets-Sheet l INVENTOR Neil MHarrl'son ATTORNEY March 10, 1942. N. M. HARRISON 2,275,626
. RETRAC TABLE ANTENNA Filed Nov. 28, .1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 10, 1942 RETRACTABLE ANTENNA Neil M. Harrison, Burbank, Calif., assignor to United Aircraft Corporation, East Hartford,
Conn., a corporation of Delaware Application November 28, 1940, Serial No. 367,548
This invention relates to improvements in vehicle radio equipment and has particular reference to an improved retractable mast for a vehicle radio aerial.
An object of the invention resides in the provision of a retractable radio mast of thecharacter indicated which can be moved between its operative position and its retracted position by movement of .a control handle within the vehicle convenient to the operator thereof.
A further object resides in the provision of an improved retractable radio aerial mast of the character indicated which will maintain the aerial under tension in both its operative and retracted position and in its various intermediate positions.
A still further object resides in the provision of a retractable radio aerial mast of the character great utility in connection with other vehicles such as automobiles and ships or boats, it is thought that the showing in connection with an airplane is sufiicient for the purpose of fully disclosing the invention.
In the arrangement illustrated the airplane is of generally conventional form and has an elongated fuselage IO provided with wings I2 and I4 positioned one upon each side of the fuselage and. with a tail group, generally indicated at H5, at the rear of the fuselage, which tail group includes a vertical fin l8 supporting the movable rudder 28. At its forward end the fuselage l0 carries an engine enclosed in a nacelle or cowl 22 for driving the propeller 24. Immediately behind the cowl 22 is the pilot cockpit 26 conindicated which can be positively locked in either its operative or retracted position against accidental displacement therefrom.
Other objects and advantages will be more particularly pointed out hereinafter or will become apparent as the description proceeds.
In the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals are used to designate similar parts throughout there is illustrated a suitable mechanical arrangement for the purpose of disclosing the invention. The drawings, however, are for the purpose of illustration only and are not to be taken as limiting or restricting the invention since it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the illustrated arrangement may be resorted to without in any way exceeding the scope of the invention.
In the drawings,
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of an aircraft equipped with a radio aerial and improved aerial mast constructed according to the invention.
Fig. 2 is a side-elevational view of the airplane shown in Fig. 1 showing the improved radio aerial mast applied thereto.
Fig. 3 is a detail view on an enlarged scale of the retracting and extending mechanism for the aerial mast.
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the mast and operating mechanism shown in Fig. 3, and
Fig. 5 is a side-elevational view of the bottom portion of the mast showing the connection of this mast to a rotatable support carried by the aircraft, this View being taken on the line 5--5 of Fig. 4 looking in the direction of the arrows.
In the accompanying drawings, the improved retractable mast is shown as applied to an aircraft and, while the improvement may have 5 ventionally separated from the engine compartment 22 by a fire wall 44 which constitutes the front end of the fuselage proper.
A radio aerial 28 in the form of a wire or cable is connected at its rearward end through suitable means such as the insulator 30 and spring 32 to the upper end of the vertical fin l8 and is connected at its forward end through an insulator 34 with the upper end of a mast 36 supported on the forward end of the fuselage adjacent to the front end or fire wall. As is particularly shown in Figs. 1 and 2 the mast is located on the upper surface of the fuselage slightly to one side of the top center in order not to interfere with the vision of the pilot from the interior of the cockpit 26.
This location of the mast 36 and vertical fin l8 gives the aerial 28 a position in which it extends lengthwise of the fuselage somewhat above the top surface thereof. While this location has been found highly desirable for the reception of radio signals and for placing the aerial in a location in which it will not obstruct the view of the pilot or observer, there are certain occasions when this location of the aerial interferes with operation of the aircraft. For example, many military aircraft are provided with lift or hook-on members located on the top of the fuselage or on the upper surfaces of the wings adjacent to the fuselage so that in the case of a seaplane cooperating with surface vessels the seaplane may land on the water and be lifted to the deck of the vessel by hoisting with the lift or hook-on member, and in the case of an airplane cooperating with aircraft of the lighter than air type the airplane may hook on to a trapeze lowered from the craft with which it cooperates. While other occasions might be enumerated in which it is desired to have free access to the upper surface of the airplane, it is thought that the examples cited above I are suflicient for the purposes of this disclosure.
As is particularly shown in Fig. 3, the mast 36 is mounted upon the top'of a rotatable post 38 mounted in bearings 46 and 42 secured in place in the fuselage of the aircraft. In the construction illustrated these bearings may be connected to the fire wall 44 which closes the front end of the fuselage. The greater portion of the post 38 is within the fuselage but the end projects out of the fuselage through the bearing bracket 46 and is provided with an end ball 46, particularly illustrated in Figs. 3 and 5. This ball 46 is provided with opposite parallel flattened faces 68 and 56 disposed at an oblique angle to the axis of the post 38 and with a transverse aperture 52 the center line of which is perpendicular to the faces 48 and 50. The lower end of the mast 36 is provided wlth a slot 54 dimensioned to receive the ball end 46, the sides of this slot being disposed at an angle to the center line of the mast and the post 38 and parallel to the spaces 48 and 56 of th ball end 46. The end of the mast is also provided.
with apertures at opposite. sides of the slot 54 which apertures register with the aperture 52 in the ball end 46. and a pin 56 extends through these registering apertures to pivotally connect the mast to the upper end of the post 38. The lower end of the mast is provided with an offset abutment 58 which engages with a stop 60 secured to the bearing bracket 40 when the mast is rotated to its vertical or operative position. Preferably the abutment 58- carries a projecting pin 62 which engages in a groove in one side of the stop member 66 to lock the mast securely in its upright position.
Immediately below the bearing bracket 46 the post 38 carries a sleeve 64 which is secured to th postin' contact with the bottom of the post bearing to vertically position the post and hold it against upward movement through the bearing, downward movement through the bearing being limited by a shoulder 66. formed on the post immediately below the ball end 46. At its lower end and immediately below the bearing 32 the post is provided with an outwardly projecting handle 68 secured to the bottom end of the post in such a manner that the post can be rotated by angular movement of the handle. A fixed quadrant 16 is provided at the bottom of the post and has spaced notches 12 and 14 therein positioned to receive a locking pin 16 carried by the handle 68 whenever the handle is in the position in which the mast 36 is operative or the position in which the mast is fully retracted. This looking pin may be disengaged by a thumb lever 18 of some desired or conventional construction.
The forward end of the aerial is connected to the top of the mast by a pivotal connection 86 and the aerial is connected with the radio apparatus by a suitable lead-in wire such as :is indicated at 82.
In. operating the. device, if it is desired to move themast from its upright operative position to its.r.etracted substantially horizontal position, the 7 locking pin 16 is disengaged and the lever 68 moves from the position shown in full lines in Fig. 4 to the position shown in broken lines in that figure. This movement of lever 68 will rotate the post 38 and the mast 36 and as these two members rotate the mast 36 will start to retract as soon as pin 56 has passed a position parallel to the aerial. As the mast continues to rotate the pin 56 will move through the plane of the aerial to positions of gradually increasing angularity on the opposite side of the aerial from the position shown in Fig. 4 and the pull of the aerial at the tip of the mast will begin to rotate the mast about this pin to relieve this tension. As the mast continues to rotate the tension of the aerial will continue to pull it down about the axis of the pin 56 until it acquires the substantially horizontal position shown in broken lines in Fig. 3 at which time the lever 68 will be in the position shown in broken lines in Fig. 4 and the locking 16 may be engaged in the notch 72 to hold the mast in this position. When it is desired to erect the mast to its operative position the lever 68 will be moved from the broken line position shown in Fig. 4 to the full linepos'ition shown in this figure. As the lever is moved in this direction rotating the post 38 and mast 36, the tip of. the mast will try to move forwardly swinging about the axis of the post 38 and pulling. on the aerial. This pull will continue until the pin 56 has assumed a position in which its axis acquires an angular position with respect to the direction of pull of the aerial that this pull rotates the mast about the axis of this pin 56 and returns the mast to its upright position as the post 38 is rotated. When the post 38 has reached its operative position the lever 68 will be in the position shown in full lines in Fig. 4 and the locking pin; '56 will then be engaged in the notch M to hold the post 38 and mast 36 against rotation- Atthe same time pin 62 will engage in the stoptfl 'to restrain the mast from movement about the axis of. the pin 56.
While a suitable mechanical arrangement has been hereinabove described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings for the purpose of disclosing the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular arrangement so described and illustrated, but that suchchanges in the size, shape and arrangement of the various parts may be resorted to as come within the scope of the sub-joined claims.
Having now described the invention so that others skilled in the art may clearly understand the same, what it is desired to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:
1. A radio mast installation for aircraft comprising a radio aerial, a mast supporting one end of said aerial, a rotatablepost extending through the fuselage of said aircraft and attached at its outer end to one end of said mast by a pivotal connection having its axis inclined relative to the axis of rotation of said post, and means within said fuselage operatively connected with said post to rotate said post and said mast. to retract said mast from a vertical to. a horizontal posi- 2. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post, a radio mast attached at one en'dto one end' of an antenna: and connected at its opposite end to said post by a hinge having; an. obliquely disposed hinge joint, whereby rotation of said post will. change. the angular relationship between said hinge joint and, the direction of theforce exerted. by said antenna and cause said mast to move angularly into and out of alignment with said post.
3. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post supported upon the fuselage of an airplane for rotation about a substantially vertical axis, a radio mast attached at one end to one end of an antenna and connected at its opposite end to said post by a hinge having an obliquely disposed hinge joint, and rotating means for said post, whereby rotation of said post by changing the angular relation between said hinge joint and the direction of the force exerted on said mast by said antenna causes said mast to move angularly about said oblique hinge joint.
4. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post supported upon the fuselage of an airplane for rotation about a substantially vertical axis, a radio mast attached at its outer end to a radio aerial and connected at its inner end to said post, said connection between said mast and said post including an obliquely disposed hinge joint, means to angularly move said post and retain said post in angularly disposed positions, whereby by changing the angular relationship between said hinge joint and the force exerted on said mast by said aerial, in one position of said post said mast will be extended vertically and in the other position of said post said mast will be disposed substantially horizontally.
5. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post secured vertically to the fuselage of an airplane and extending therein, a mast hingedly connected to said post outside said fuselage and having a radio aerial attached at its outer end, manual means within said fuselage to angularly move said post and mast between limiting positions, means to secure said post in said limiting positions, an abutment on said mast, and a stop fixed to said post and engaging said abutment when said mast is in extended position.
6. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post secured vertically to the fuselage of e an airplane and extending therein, a mast hingedly connected to said post outside said fuselage and having a radio aerial attached at its outer end, manual means within said fuselage to angularly move said post and mast between limiting positions, means to secure said post in said limiting positions, an abutment on said mast, a stop fixed to said post and engaging said abutment when said mast is in extended position, and a radio aerial attached at the free end of said mast, whereby angularly moving said post raises and lowers said aerial.
'7. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatable post secured to the fuselage of an airplane and extending therethrough, a mast connected to said post outside said fuselage, and operating means within said fuselage to angularly move said post and retain said post in fixed positions, said mast and post being connected by a joint having inter-engaging surfaces oblique to the axes thereof and a pin extending normally to said oblique surfaces and hingedly connecting said mast and post together.
8. A radio mast installation comprising a rotatably supported post, a mast connected to said post and, in one position, located substantially coaxial with said post, a hinge joint in which the hinge axis is oblique to the mast axis connecting said post and said one direction in said mast, means for rotating said post to change the position of said hinge axis relative to said aerial wire so that the aerial wire will pull the mast from a vertical to a horizontal position or vice versa as the post is turned in one direction or the other.
NEIL M. HARRISON.
mast, an aerial wire pulling in