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Publication numberUS2275723 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 10, 1942
Filing dateMay 6, 1940
Priority dateMay 6, 1940
Publication numberUS 2275723 A, US 2275723A, US-A-2275723, US2275723 A, US2275723A
InventorsBregi Benjamin F
Original AssigneeNat Broach & Mach
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Headstock
US 2275723 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I March 10, 1942.

HEAD-STOCK Filed May-6, I940 Z SheetS-Sheet l INVEI'VTOR.

ATTORNEYS B. F. BREGI 2,275,723

4 ENJAMIN F.BRE| BY W .W

B. F. BREGI HEADSTOCK March 10, 1942.

' 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 6, 1940 INVENTOR. BENJAMIN F. 5'

Patented Mar. 10, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HEADSTOCK Benjamin F. Brcgi, Detroit, Mich, assignor to National Breach & Machine Company, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Application May 6, 1940, Serial No. 333,648

17 Claims.

The present invention relates to a quick-lock headstock in which the center is advanced and center, actuating and locking means for the center comprising a pair of threaded members and a lever for operating the actuating and locking means.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a quick-lock headstock having means for advancing a center in combination with other means for locking the center in adjusted position without the introduction of lost motion.

It is a further object to provide a clamping element movable rapidly into clamping position and adapted to be locked in place without the introduction of lost motion by manipulation of a single actuating member.

Other objects of the invention-will be apparent as the description proceeds, and when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure l is a side elevation, partly in section, of a headstock made according to the present invention;

Figure 2 is an end elevation looking to the left in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary side elevation, partly in section, illustrating a somewhat different embodiment of my invention;

Figure 4 is an end view looking to the left in Figure 3;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary side elevation, partly in section, illustrating a somewhat different embodiment of my invention;

Figure 6 is an end view looking to the left in Figure 5;

. Figure 7 is a fragmentary side elevation, partly in section, illustrating yet another embodiment of my invention; and

Figure 8 is a fragmentary section illustrating the operation of my invention.

The headstock which forms the subject matter of the present invention comprises a base IQ of usual design. As a matter of common practice, headstocks of this type are ordinarily mounted on ways for adjustment toward and away from a cooperating tailstock. The head- Win stocks are locked in adjusted position and work pieces arefastened .in position or removed thereafter by advancing and retracting a longitudinally slidable center.

The headstock casting provides a housing II in which is slidably mounted a center assembly I2 having associated therewith, a center I3. Suitable bearings are provided intermediate the center and the sleeve, but these form no part ,of the present invention and are not shown herein.

Suitably locked in place at one end of the housing I I is an internally threaded sleevemember I4. A plug I5 having an exteriorly threaded portion I6 is located withinthe sleeve I4 and is.

of the threads isindicated at I6. By way of example, I have found that where the threads are provided with atwo inch lead, and four threads are provided per inch. excellent results are obtained. Means are provided for interconnecting the plug I5 and the center assembly,v

axial movement, while at the same time permitting relative rotational movement.

If preferred, projection 11 could be shaped to function as a center without the interposition of the assembly. Or other types of clamping elements could be employed instead of a center for clamping a work piece between centers.

Thus for example a clamping dog could be actuated by the mechanism disclosed herein.

Extending rearwardly from the threaded portion I6 of the plug I5 is anextension 22 which extends out of the housing II. A manipulating lever 23 is secured to the extension 22, as indicated at 24, and is adapted to rotate the plug I5 to advance or retract the center assembly. The lever 23 is pivoted to the extension 22 about a pin 24 which extends transversely to the axis of the plug I5.

Intermediate the threaded portion I6 and the lever 23 I provide a threaded locking element 25 adapted to be threaded within the threaded sleeve I4. The locking member 25 is keyed to the extension 22 as indicated at 2B, and is movable axially thereof. The lever 23 includes a bifurcated element 21 having a rounded cam surface 28 which may be provided by locating the pivot pin 24 in a slightly eccentric position. The arrangement is such that movement of the lever 23 in a clockwise direction, as seen in Figure 1, cams the locking element 24 to the left, as seen in this figure, at the sametime applying a force to the plug I 5, tending to move the same to the right. As will be evident, this results in rigidly locking the plug and the locking element against rotation, thus definitely positioning the center [3 in adjusted position. i

It will be observed that the present construction avoids the introduction of any lost motion,

into the device. In positioning a work piece between centers the lever 23 is pivoted in a counter-clockwise direction, as seen in Figure 2, until the center l3 engages the work piece and moves the work piece firmly into contact with the opposite center. At this time, due to the reaction of the work piece, the plug member [5 tends to move to the right in the sleeve It so that whateverclearance may exist between the threads of the threaded portion 16 and the sleeve l4 will appear at the left hand sides of the. threads of the threaded portion l6. When the centers have been adjusted to the desired point, the lever 23 is then swung in a clockwise direction, as seen in Figure 1. The cam surface 28,engaging the locking element 25, tends to move the locking element to the left as seen in Figure 1, and also tends to move the plug 15] This operation is illustrated in Figure 8 which indicates the relationship between the threads of the various elements. In, this figure I have shown a portion of the sleeve l4 having a thread I4a illustrated therein. A portion of the plug I5 is also shown, a tooth |5a thereofcooperating with the sleeve l4. A- portion'of the locking element 25 is also illustrated having a thread 25a cooperating with the teeth'of the sleeve I4.

Upon rotation of the lever; 23 in a clockwise direction as illustrated in Figure 2, the plug 15 and the locking element 25 are turned in a direction to advance the center l3 to the left in Figure 1. When the center 13. has clamped a work piece against a cooperating center, the reaction of the work piece holds the plug I5 to the right as illustrated in Figure 8, and the lost motion'or clearance in the threaded connection appears between the left side of the teeth I 5a and the right side of the teeth [4a, as illustrated in Figure 8. When locking is to be effected, the lockingelement 25 is cammed or otherwise moved to the left as seen in Figure8, the thread 25a thereof engaging the righthand side of the teeth l4a of the right sleeve l4, and the clearance or lost motion between the threaded connection appearing between the righthand side of the thread 25a and the lefthand side of the teeth l4a. It will be observed that motion of the locking element 25 to, the left produces a reaction on the plug l5 which tends to move the plug IE to the right as seen in Figure 8. Since this reaction acts in the same direction as the reaction of the work piece, looking is effected without the introduction of lost motion.

In the modification illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, it is necessary for the operator to swing the lever. counter-clockwise,-as seen in Figure 1, to release the locking action, and then to rotate the lever about the axis of the plug [5 to effect advance or retraction of the center l3. When the center l3 has been advanced into center position with respect to a work piece, the operator then swings the lever 23 clockwise, as seen in Figure 1, which effects the locking of the center l3 in operative position without introducing any backlash or lost motion between the center l3 and the work piece. While this operation is relatively simple and enables loading a machine relative axial motion'to the projection 22, and

is also-threaded within the sleeve I4. The bifurcated element 21 is pinned as indicated at 24 to the projection 22, and has connected thereto the actuating lever 23. The lower surface of the bifurcations of the element 2'! are cam surfaces to eifect axial movement of the locking member 25'when the lever 23 is swung in a clockwise direction inFigure 3.

In order to insure locking of the center in position, I provide a depending lever arm 30 rigidly carriedby the projection 22, and a pair ofdepending lever arms 3| carried by the bifurcations ofthe element 21. Lever arms 30 and 3| are-interconnected by tension spring 32 and, as will be readily observed in Figure 3, the spring 32 tends to swing theactuating lever 23 in a clockwise position, which is the position in which thecenter- I3' is locked; Operation of this modification is substantially identical with that more fully described in Figures 1 and 2, with the exception that it is unnecessary for the operator to swing the lever 23 clockwise as seen in Figure 3. After the center has been advanced to operative position it is only necessary for the operator to release the lever 23 and the tension spring 32 will-automatically swing the lever into locked position. In addition to thus providing for accelerated operation of the headstock assembly, this feature is also a safety feature since it insures that locking of the center l3 will take place.

In Figures 5 and 6 I have illustrated a similar but specifically different embodiment of my invention. In these figures the sleeve I4 is mounted in the housing H as in the preceding embodiments, and has associated therewith the threaded plug I5 having an extension 22. Keyed to the extension 22 for'longitudinal sliding movement is the locking'lmember 25, which is also threadedly received within the sleeve 14. Bifurcated element 21 is pinned as indicated at 24 to the projection 22, and carries the actuating lever23. In this modification, instead of providing resilient means for automatically swinging the actuating lever 23 to locked position, I provide fluid. pressure means which include a sufficient tomerely make this connection loose enough to permit straight-line reciprocation. of the rod 55 and swinging movement of the lever 53 about the axis of the pin 24. I have indicated connections at 51 and 58 for supplying fluid pressure to the cylinder 50. In the simplest form the fluid pressure will be admitted continuously through the connection 58-, thus continuously urging the piston 55 to the left in Figure 5, and also continuously urging the actuating lever 23 toward locking position. It is also contemplated that suitable controls may be provided to the connections 51 and 58 for controlling the application of fluid pressure there through. Thus for example in an automatic machine, pressure may be automatically admit-- ted through the connection 51 after completion of a working cycle, and pressure may be automatically admitted to the connection 58 just prior to initiation of a working cycle to insure that the center 13 is locked against accidental displacement during the working cycle.

In Figure 7 I have illustrated a somewhat different embodiment of my invention, in which the sleeve I4 is rigidly mounted within the housing H and receives the threaded plug i5 and the locking member 25. The locking member 25 is keyed to the projection 22, and is adapted to be actuated by a suitable cam surface on the bifurcated member 21, as in the preceding embodiments. The bifurcated member 21 has rigidly secured thereto an actuating member 23. In this modification I have indicated a gravity member in the form of a weight of suitable mass rigidly secured to the bifurcated element 21 by a lever H. As will be evident, the. Weight I0 continuously urges the lever 23 toward looking position, and is adapted to automatically lock the center l3 in operative position upon release of the lever 23 by the operator.

It will be understood that in the modifications of Figures 3 to '7, all parts of the headstock mechanism are identical with those more fully described in connection with Figures 1 and 2, with the exception of the means addedi thereto for effecting automatic locking of the center in operative position.

I have illustrated a simple manually operated form of my improved headstock, together with a number of specific embodiments of automatically or semi-automatically operated headstocks'. I

wish to emphasize the fact that all embodiments include certain features which I consider novel. One of these is the large lead threaded connection which provides for advancingor retracting the center assembly between its limits upon a limited motion of the operating handle. Constructions in use at the present time ordinarily involve a crank which must be turned a plurality of times to advance or retract the headstock between limiting positions. In the present construction it is necessary to swing the actuating lever 23 through only a limited arc. This rapid advance and retraction of the center assembly is also considered novel, in combination with the quick-locking arrangement, and particularly where the quick-locking means is actuated by selective movement of the actuating lever.

A pair of rigidly mounted.

the modifications where means are added. for

automatically locking the center assembly, it will be observed that the provision of. large lead advancing and retracting means and the same specific locking means 'is employed.

The invention has been illustrated in connection with a headstock, and specifically, with a so-called live center. Obviously it is capable of general. application, and where applied to a dead cente "the center element could be formed as a part of theplug l5. In like manner, instead of employing' acenter as a clamping element, any other appropriately shaped element could be substituted, as for example,- a clamping dog. Obviously, the advantages of, a movable clamping element capable of being moved rapidly to clamping position and locked in place by movement of v a single manual control lever without the introduction of lost motion are adapted for more or less general application.

While I. have illustrated a limited number of forms of my improved headstock, 'the' same have been illustrated and described only to enable those skilled in the art to practice the inventionv the scope of which is indicated by the appended claims.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A quick-lock. headstock comprising a housshifting the same axially; one of said members being retained in said housing against rotation, the other of said members being rotatable and having an actuating lever carried thereby for rotating the same; and means operable by said actuating lever for locking said center in any position of axial adjustment.

2. A quick-lock headstock comprising a housing; a center in said housing mounted for axial movement therein; shifting means for said center comprising a pair of cooperating threaded male and female members, said female member being retained against movement in said housing, said male member being rotatable and axially movable, a connection between said male member and said center for shifting the same, a lever connected to said male member for rotating the same, and means operable by said lever for locking said center in any position of axial adjustment.

3. A quick-lock headstock comprising a housing; a center in said housing mounted for axial movement therein; shifting means for said center comprising a pair of cooperating, large lead, threaded male and female members, said female member being retained against movement in said housing, said male member being rotatable and axially movable, a connection between said male member and said center for shifting said center, a lever connected to said male member, and friction lock means operable'by said lever for lockingsaid threaded members against rotation in any position of adjustment.

ing, a. threaded plug in said sleeve, a connection' said center axially in response to rotation of said plug, a lever extending radiallyfrom said plug,

a lever extending radially from said plug for rotating said plug, a locking member associated with said plug, and means operable by said lever foractuating said locking member to lock said plug against further rotation in any position of adjustment, said lever being pivoted to said plug and having a cam surface engageable with said locking member to actuate the: same.

5. A quick-lock headstock comprising a support havin'gan internally threaded sleeve fixed thereto, a center movable axially of said sleeve, a threaded plug in said sleeve, a connection between said plug and said center for shifting said center axially in response to rotation of said plug,

a shank extending from said plug, a threaded locking member keyed to said shank for axial movement thereon, a lever pivoted to said shank about a transverse axis, said lever beingeffective to rotate said plug to shift said center, said lever having a cam surface effective upon pivoting said lever about said transverse axis to press said locking member axially of said shank to lock said plug against rotation in said sleeve.

6. A quick-lock headstock "comprising a support having an internally threaded sleeve secured thereto, a center movable axially of said sleeve, a split threaded device in said sleeve, a connection between said device and said center for shifting said center axially, a lever for rotating said threaded device, said lever being pivoted for movement about an axis transverse to the axis of said threaded-device, and cam means movable by said lever for actuating said split threaded device to frictionally lock said device against rotation.

7. A quick-lock headstock comprising a support having an internally threaded sleeve secured thereto, a center movable axially of said sleeve, a plug having a threaded portion in said sleeve and connected to said center, a lever pivoted to said plug about an axis transverse to the axis of said plug, a threaded locking member keyed to said plug for relative axial movement, and a cam surface on said lever adapted upon pivoting movement of said lever relative to said plug to force said locking member toward'said threaded portion to lock said plug in' said sleeve without the introduction of lost motion between said sleeve and plug.

8. A quick-lock device comprising a housing, a clamping element movable longitudinally in'said housing, combined shifting and locking means for said clamping elementincluding relatively rotatable members having cooperating camming surfaces efiective on partial relative rotation to shift said clamping element between extreme limits of .movement, a lever extending laterally from one of said members to provide for manual rotation of said member, said lever being pivotally secured to said one member for relative movement and effective upon such relative movement to actuate said locking means.

9. A quick-lock device comprising a housing, a clamping element movable longitudinally in said housing, combined shifting and locking means for said clamping element including relatively rotatable shifting members having cooperating camming surfaces effective on partial relative rotation to shift said clamping element between extreme limits of movement, a locking member effective to lock said relatively rotatable shifting members together, and a single manually operable lever for selectively relatively rotating said shifting members or actuating said locking member.

10. A quick-lock device comprising a housing,

. a clamping element axially movable therein,

means for shifting said clamping element between limits and for locking said clamping element in any position between said limits, an actuating member selectively movable between predetermined limits in one path to effect shifting of said clamping element and selectively movable in another path from any point between said predetermined limits to lock said clamping element against shifting.

11. A quick-lock device comprising a housing, a clamping element axially movable therein, means for shifting said clamping element between limits. and for locking said clamping element in any position between said limits, an actuating member selectively movable between predetermined limits in one path to effect shifting of said clamping element and selectively movable in another path from any point between said predetermined limits to lock said clamping element of said clamping element and selectively movable in another path from any point between said predetermined limits to lock said clamping element against shifting and resilient means constantly biasing said actuating member toward locking position. t d i 13. A quick-lock device comprising a housing, a clamping element axially movable therein, means for shifting said clamping element between limits and for locking said clamping element in any position between said'limits, an actuating member selectively movable between predetermined'limits in one path to effect shifting of said clamping element and selectively movable in another path from any point between said predetermined limits to'lock said clamping element against shifting, and fluid pressure means constantly biasing said actuating member toward locking position.

14. A quick-lock device comprising a housing, a clamping element axially movable therein, means for shifting said clamping element between limits and for locking said clamping element in any position between said limits, an. actuating member selectively movable between predetermined limits in one path to effect shifting of said clamping element and'selectively movable in anotherpath from any point between said predetermined limits to lock said clamping element against shifting, and gravity means constantly biasing said actuating member toward locking position.

15. In a device of the character described, an internally threaded sleeve, an externally threaded plug received therein, an externally threaded locking member in said sleeve, said locking memially of said sleeve to provide a friction lock between the threads of said sleeve, plug, nd locking member.

16. In a device of the character described, an internally threaded sleeve, an externally threaded plug received therein, an externally threaded locking member in said sleeve, said locking member being axially movable relative to said plug, manually operable means including a lever for simultaneously rotating said plug and locking member, and camming means operable by said lever efiective to move said locking member axially of said sleeve to provide a friction lock between the threads of said sleeve, plug, and locking member, said locking member being spaced axially from said plug in the direction which causes the friction lock to take efiect on the side of the threads of said plug which are engaged relative axial movement, a lever extending transversely from said plug for rotating said plug and locking member, said lever being pivoted to said plug for selective pivotal movement relative thereto, and cam means efiective on said selective pivotal movement of said lever relative to said plug to relatively move said locking member and plug axially to efiect locking of said plug in said sleeve.

' BENJAMIN F. BREGI.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2576506 *Jan 19, 1948Nov 27, 1951Nat Broach & MachClamping device
US7594503 *May 25, 2005Sep 29, 2009Dye Precision, Inc.Pneumatic paintball marker
US7765998Sep 28, 2006Aug 3, 2010Dye Precision, Inc.Anti-chop eyes for a paintball marker
US7997260Oct 5, 2007Aug 16, 2011Dye Precision, Inc.Paintball marker
US8186338Sep 8, 2009May 29, 2012Dye Precision, Inc.Pneumatic paintball marker
US8267077Aug 15, 2011Sep 18, 2012Dye Precision, Inc.Paintball marker
US8316835Jul 14, 2010Nov 27, 2012Dye Precision, Inc.Anti-chop eyes for a paintball marker
US8397705 *May 1, 2012Mar 19, 2013Dye Precision, Inc.Pneumatic paintball marker
US20120210992 *May 1, 2012Aug 23, 2012Dye Precision, Inc.Pneumatic paintball marker
Classifications
U.S. Classification82/148
International ClassificationB23B23/00
Cooperative ClassificationB23B23/00
European ClassificationB23B23/00