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Publication numberUS2275772 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 10, 1942
Filing dateJun 26, 1940
Priority dateJun 26, 1940
Publication numberUS 2275772 A, US 2275772A, US-A-2275772, US2275772 A, US2275772A
InventorsKoch Leroy J
Original AssigneeKoch Leroy J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Kitchen wall cabinet
US 2275772 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 10; 1942; L. J. KOCH KITCHEN WALL CAINET Filed June 26, 1940 www |||||||||||||||||M`jl 2l L. I mpc/f I We@ Patented Mar. 10, 1942 KITCHEN WALL CABINET The invention aims to provide a new and improved wall cabinet to be mounted in what is ordinarily waste space over a kitchen stove, portions of said cabinet being so constructed to act as a ventilator for directing ascending hot air and fumes to an escape flue.

With the foregoing in View, the invention resides in the novel subject matter hereinafter described and claimed, description being accomplished by reference to the accompanying draw- Figure 1 is a perspective View showing the cabinet mounted over a stove which may be considered as a gas, electric, oil or solid fuel stove.

Figure 2 is a vertical sectional View substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. l, the stove being in elevation.

Figure 3 is a detail vertical section on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

In the drawing above briefly described, the numerals 5 denote two parallel vertical side walls secured at their upper ends to a horizontal top 6, said side walls and top being of uniform width. A vertical back wall 'I is spaced forwardly from the rear edges of the side walls 5 and extends 'i cabinet, although hinged doors could of course be provided instead of having the cabinet front entirely open as herein shown. In the present disclosure, this cabinet space is provided with vertically spaced shelves II and IIa, all of which extend between the side walls 5. 'Ihe shelves II extend rearwardly to the back wall 'I and the shelves IIa extend rearwardly to the forwardly declined bottom 9. 'Ihe part denoted at I2 is merely a finishing strip at the lower front portion of the cabinet and similar strips could of course be provided elsewhere if desired.

When the cabinet is mounted against a wall I3 over a stove Iii, the space I5 behind the back wall 'I constitutes a hot air and fume escape passage, which passage has an opening I6 at its upper end to communicate with an appropriate vent flue I'I. The lower end portions of the side Walls 5 and the cabinet bottom 9 cooperate in forming a hood I8 which receives the ascending fumes and hot air and directs them into the escape passage I5. The bottom 9 and the back wall I of course become heated, and as the shelves I I and I ia are secured to these parts, said shelves also become heated to quite an extent. Therefore, the cabinet may be effectively used to keep food warm before serving, and this is particularly true when suitable doors (not shown) are employed at the cabinet front.

-To aid in discharging the ascending fumes and hot air, a motor-driven fan I9 may be provided if desired. I have shown such a fan mounted on an appropriate bracket 2Q and accessible through an opening 2l in the upper end of the back wall l, said opening being normally closed by a suitable plate 22. At opposite sides of the fan, I have disclosed two upwardly converging baiiles 23 in the passage I5 to aid in directing the ascending currents to the iiue I'I.

In order to prevent any entrance oi cold air through the flue I'I and the passage I5, during cold weather, an appropriate damper 2li may be employed to close said passage. I have shown an operating knob 25 for this damper.

In the present disclosure of the invention, another wall 26 is disposed behind the back Wall 'I and is secured to the top 5 and the side walls 5, but said wall 26 is not absolutely essential, as its equivalent would be provided simply by the kitchen Wall I3 when mounting the cabinet.

From the foregoing taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, it will be seen that novel and advantageous provision has been made for carrying out the object of the invention. It is to be understood, however, that within the scope of the invention as claimed, minor variations may be made.

I claim:

l. A kitchen wall cabinet comprising parallel vertical side walls extending inwardly from a wall of the kitchen and spaced above a stove, a top also extending inwardly from said kitchen wall and secured to the upper ends of said side Walls, a back wall spaced forwardly from the rear edges of said side walls and thus spaced inwardly from said kitchen wall, said back wall extending from one of said side walls to the other and being secured thereto, said back wall extending upwardly to and being secured to said top and having its lower end spaced above the lower ends of said side walls, the space behind said back wall being unobstructed from one of said side walls to the other and constituting a ventilation passage extending throughout the width of the cabinet, a cabinet bottom secured to said lower end of said back wall and declined forwardly therefrom sub--` stantially to the lower front corners of said side walls, the ends of said forwardly declined cabinet bottom being secured to said side walls, the lower end of the cabinet below said forwardly declined cabinet bottom being entirely open and spaced in its entirety above the stove, whereby said forwardly declined bottom and the lower ends of said side walls may cooperate in directing ascending hot air into said ventilation passage, shelves secured to said back wall to absorb heat therefrom, and a hot air outlet from the upper end of the aforesaid ventilation passage.

2. A kitchen wall cabinet comprising parallel vertical side walls extending inwardly from a wall of the kitchen and spaced above a stove, a top also extending inwardly from said kitchen wall and secured to the upper ends of said side walls, a back wall spaced forwardly from the rear edges of said side walls and `thus spaced inwardly from said kitchen wall, said back wall extending from one of said side walls to the other and being secured thereto, said back wall extending upwardly to and being secured to said top and having its lower end spaced above the lower ends of said side walls, the space behind said back wall being unobstructed from one of said side walls to the other and constituting a ventilation passage extending throughout the width of the cabinet, a cabinet bottom secured to said lower end of said back wall and declined forwardly therefrom substantially to the lower front corners of said side walls, the ends of said forwardly declined cabinet bottom being secured to said side walls, shelves secured to and extending forwardly from both said back wall and said forwardly declined cabinet bottom to absorb heat therefrom, the lower end of the cabinet below said forwardly declined cabinet bottom being open and spaced in its entirety above the stove, whereby said forwardly declined cabinet bottom and the lower ends of said side walls may direct ascending hot air into said ventilation passage for kitchen ventilation and shelf heating, and a hot air outlet from the upper end of said ventilation passage.

LEROY J. KOCH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2535707 *Nov 23, 1948Dec 26, 1950Gen ElectricCombined kitchen carinet and ventilating hood
US2723616 *Oct 15, 1951Nov 15, 1955American Air Filter CoVentilating and heating apparatus
US2836114 *May 4, 1955May 27, 1958Robert E DakeBuilt-in ventilator for built-in ovens
US2893807 *Jan 16, 1956Jul 7, 1959Earle Guyon L CKitchen-utility units
US4254450 *Aug 21, 1978Mar 3, 1981General Electric CompanyLamp assembly for combination microwave oven and exhaust vent
US4282416 *Aug 21, 1978Aug 4, 1981General Electric Co.Unitized structure for a microwave oven
US4313043 *Aug 21, 1978Jan 26, 1982General Electric CompanyCombination microwave oven and exhaust vent and installation mounting method therefor
US4327274 *Apr 23, 1980Apr 27, 1982General Electric CompanyVentilation system for combination microwave oven and exhaust vent
US4614177 *May 3, 1984Sep 30, 1986Broan Mfg. Co., Inc.Multi feature range hood
US4753496 *Aug 31, 1987Jun 28, 1988Bussard Janice WCabinet with built-in fan
US6572207 *Aug 22, 2002Jun 3, 2003H&R Industries, Inc.Cabinet cooler
US6626508Feb 6, 2001Sep 30, 2003H & R Industries, Inc.Cabinet cooler
US20060217053 *Mar 23, 2005Sep 28, 2006Rob CardwellVentilated nail table
Classifications
U.S. Classification126/299.00D, 126/37.00R, 312/236, 312/237
International ClassificationA47B77/08
Cooperative ClassificationA47B77/08
European ClassificationA47B77/08