|Publication number||US2276671 A|
|Publication date||Mar 17, 1942|
|Filing date||Jan 29, 1940|
|Priority date||Jan 29, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2276671 A, US 2276671A, US-A-2276671, US2276671 A, US2276671A|
|Inventors||Jr Charles H Van Dusen, Mahlon J Rentschler|
|Original Assignee||Jr Charles H Van Dusen, Mahlon J Rentschler|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented iv, was
MOLDING mow I Mahlon d. ntschler and @harles H. Van Dusen, In, Wllloughby Ohio No Drawing. Application .lanuary 29, 1940, Serial No. 316,216)
This invention relates to the molding of iron and steel, and has for its general object to reduce to a minimum the losses which result-from the piping of the metal in the tops of the molds.
As is well known to those skilled in the art to which our invention relates, it has been the practice to provide ingot molds with removable refractory extensions, known as sink heads, which tend to delay the chilling and freezing of the molten metal therein to an extent to enable it to flow into the cavity which tends to be formed in the portion of the ingot which is in the top of a mold by the freezing and contraction of the metal therebeneath. To the extent that the molten metal in the sink head can flow down and maintain contact with the top of the solidlfying ingot therebelow, the formation oi shrinle age cavities or secondary pipe can be prevented. But, even where these sink heads are used, there is a considerable loss of metal, as that which remains in the sink heads must be cropped ed and put through the melting and refining operations in order to render it fit for re-use.
In order to reduce the quantity of metal re maining in the sink heads after the molding operation, various insulating covers or blankets for .the metal therein have been proposed. But none of the materials heretofore employed for blanketlng and insulating purposes possesses all of the following desirable qualities:
Avoidance of introduction of carbon or other impurities into the metal.
Ability to keep the metal hot for a suflicient length of time to prevent the formation of shrinkage. cavities. I
Ability to be spread readily over the whole upper surface of the molten metal. This is of importance because of the dlmculty of efliciently applying blanketing material, lacking this ability, to the top of the metal becauseoi the extreme heat'in this region. Freedom from the production and liberation of fumes or smoke, the presence of which will interfere with the operation of the crane by which the ingots are transported.
Freedom from fire hazard.
Cheapness of production.
The material which we employ for blanketing and insulating purposes and which will now be described possesses all of the foregoing desirable qualities. Where a material possessing no outstanding exothermic properties is desired we prepare our material as follows: i y
We grind carbon, preferably in the form of the pure insulator type. Due to its finely divided.
condition, it can be conveniently applied to the surface of the molten metal in the sink head, since it will spread over the same in a manner similar to the action of a liquid poured upon a surface. Experiment has'shown that the carbon oi the mixture can. beslowly oxidized, with the evolution of heat and that, due to the extent oi the heating of the mixture subsequent to the pugging operation, the coke breeze carbon constituent of said mixture will not enter into combination with the molten metal, thereby to in crease the carbon content of the latter, and cause'segregation at the top of the ingot or castlug.
Still further, because our powdered mixture contains no ingredient which can be sintered, it will remain in contact with the top of the molten metal as the metal sinks in the sink head or hot top.
Where it is desired to increase the ability of the above mixture to delay the solidification or freezing of the metal in the sink heads, we have coke breeze, with a substantially equal quantity found that this result can be accomplished by mixing with the same a quantity of a material possessing a high heat of combustion (such as aluminum, magnesium and silicon), powdered so finely that it will burn in air. As a source of aluminum, we preferably utilize the waste product which collects in the form of a powder on the surface of the moltenaluminum in the course of recovering secondary aluminum. This waste product contains from 5% to 50% of finely divided readily combustible aluminum. The balance of this product consists of aluminum oxide, iron oxide, silica, etc.
We have found that when this finely divided waste product is mixed with from 5% to o! the fired ground coke clay mixture in a proportion such that the final mixture will contain from 1% to 40% of aluminum, 9. corresponding series of blanketing materials are formed which are suitable for application to sink heads of various sizes. The proportion of aluminum varies with the length of time the metal thereunder is to he kept molten. The aluminum present burns in the air, not suddenly, as is the case in a thermite mixture, but slowly, over a considerable period of time. This keeps the metal in the sink head molten and prevents the formation of shrinkage cavities.
therein to sinter, and it therefore stays in contact with the molten metal as the latter sinks in the head.
Being a finely divided powder, the material containing this waste product also spreads readily over the molten metal and, as everything present has already been highly fired, it liberates no smoke or fumes.
In place of aluminum, we may, as pointed out hereinbefore, use finely powdered magnesium or silicon. The aluminum, magnesium or silicon may he used either alone or eachin admixture with one or both of the other ingredients. Where either or both magnesium and silicon are used, the proportion of the same when used alone (or of the mixture of which each forms a part) to the fired coke-clay mixture will he approxi= mately the same as the proportion of powdered employed therein can he obtained irom-mate This mixture remains inthe powdered form, as there is nothing present aeraori rials which are usually regarded as waste products.
Having thus described our invention, what we I claim is:
i. A composition of matter suitable for insulating and lblanketing molten metal in reservoirs for molds, the same comprising a finely divided heat of combustion in the proportion of approximately from 1% to by weight of said material 'to the weight of the final mixture.
2. A composition of matter suitable for insulating and blanketing molten metal in reservoirs for molds and applicable directly to the top of the molten metal, the said composition comprising a finely-divided mixture of carbon and argillaceous material from which substantially all volatile products have been expelled and which mixture will not sinter, whereby it will remain in contact with the top of the molten metal as the metal sinks in its reservoir.
3. A composition of matter suitable for insulating and blanketing molten metal in reservoirs for molds and applicable directly to the top of the molten metal, the said'composition comprising a finely divided mixture of carbon and argiliaceous material from which substantially all volatile products have been expelled and wherein the particles of cartoon are enclosed by argillaceous material, said mixture being sinter-resistant and capable of remaining in contact with'the top of the molten metal a the metal sinks in its reservoir.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2426849 *||May 10, 1943||Sep 2, 1947||Marvin J Udy||Exothermic mixture for use on surfaces of molten metal in molds|
|US2513602 *||Aug 29, 1947||Jul 4, 1950||Guaranty Invest Corp Ltd||Exothermic composition for use in molds for casting molten metal|
|US2591517 *||May 21, 1945||Apr 1, 1952||Ferro Eng Co||Method and device for casting ingots of rimming steel|
|US2698469 *||Mar 8, 1950||Jan 4, 1955||Falk Corp||Method of preventing piping in ingot molds|
|US2712165 *||Nov 28, 1951||Jul 5, 1955||Solar Aircraft Co||Mold baking methods|
|US4008109 *||Jul 1, 1975||Feb 15, 1977||Chemincon Incorporated||Shaped heat insulating articles|
|US4208226 *||May 1, 1978||Jun 17, 1980||Cundari Sante M||Energy producing waste material composition|
|US4216041 *||Jul 10, 1978||Aug 5, 1980||Cundari Sante M||Energy producing waste material composition and method of preparation|
|US4297303 *||Jan 14, 1980||Oct 27, 1981||Deardorff Paul A||Preparation and reaction of energy producing waste material composition|
|US5397379 *||Sep 22, 1993||Mar 14, 1995||Oglebay Norton Company||Process and additive for the ladle refining of steel|
|US6174347||Sep 2, 1999||Jan 16, 2001||Performix Technologies, Ltd.||Basic tundish flux composition for steelmaking processes|
|US6179895||Dec 11, 1996||Jan 30, 2001||Performix Technologies, Ltd.||Basic tundish flux composition for steelmaking processes|
|U.S. Classification||149/108.2, 75/328, 149/37, 75/329, 148/30, 252/62|