US 2276890 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 17, 1942. c. H. STEINBISS- BACKING AND MERCHANDISING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1938 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 SHIEIR no wi EVERY gwuc/nfon Car! /7. firezhbzcs MW at WM March 17, 1942. CH. STEINBISS 0 PACKING AND MERCHANDISING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1938 I 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 m .zfM /ZW March 17, 1942. c. H. STEINB ISS PACKING AND- MERCHANDISING CONTAINER Filed July 22, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Mar. 1' 7, 1 942 PACKING AND MEBCHANDISING CONTAINER I 2 Carl E. Steinbiss, San Francisco, Calii.' assignor to Lyons-Magnus,Incorporated, San Francisco,
Calif., a corporation of Delaware Application July 22, 1938, Serial No. 220,760
The present invention relates to a packing and merchandising container, and more particularly to a novel packing and display carton formed from a relatively simple blank.
A primary object of the present invention re- .sides in the provision of a novel combined packing and display carton formed in relatively simple manner from a blank as of cardboard or the like, the construction being such that the carton is effectively locked in assembled position and cannot readily come apart.
A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a novel and relatively simple blank scored along predetermined lines to facilitate the formation of a carton particularly suitable for the merchandising of confections and the like.
Another object of the present invention resides in providing a novel carton for confections'or the like formed by simpl folding operations with novel means for securing the box in its final folded form without the use of adhesives or complicated interfitting notches.
A further object of the present invention resides in providing a novel carton for confections or the like with a display opening formed'by complemental formations provided by the blank.
Another object of the present invention resides in formingpa novel combined display and packagingcarton having a display opening from a blank having complemental formations designed to provide the opening so as to efiect a-saving in material by reason of the elimination of a panel having the opening cut therein.
A further object of the present invention resides in providing a carton wherein the ends are formed by overlapping, interfolded flaps designed to automatically lock the carton in its final folded conformation.
Other objects will appear as the description proceeds in connection with the appended claims and attached drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a pictorial view of a preferred manner of using the cartons of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a plan view of a preferred form of blank from which the individual carton of th present invention is formed.
Figure 3 is a plan view showing the blank of Figure 2 partially folded and'just prior to the folding and interlocking of the end structures.
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view through a folded carton having division members in place to provide separate compartments and illustrating the various steps in folding the end structures in dot and dash lines.
Figure 5 is a fragmental sectional view illustrating a modified manner of interlocking the sloping end of the carton.
Figures 6' and 7 are elevational views of the partitioning members used to form the several compartments in the carton, the dot and dash lines illustrating the blanks from which the partitioning members are formed.
Figure 8 is a plan view of a carton filled. with a product such as glac fruit and having a Cellophane" wrapper or the like for enclosing the carton and covering the display opening, and
With continued reference to the drawings Figure 9 is a sectional view of line 9-9 of Fi wherein like reference numerals are employed to I designate the same parts throughout the several figures and with particular reference to Figures 2 to 7 inclusive, l0\generally designates a blank used to form the'caiton of the present invention.
Blank I0 is preferably formed 01' relatively light paper-board, cardboard or the like, and is cut from a large sheet of such material. Blank III is cut and scored, as shown in dot and dash lines, in a single operation to provide a body or back panel II, a pair of longitudinally extending side panels l2 having squared ends defined by scored lines l3, and irregularly shaped ends providing short squared portions l4 and angular portions formed by scored lines IS. The longitudi nal edges formed by scored lines l6 of panels I! are formed as narrow longitudinal border panels Il extending from the point of intersection l8 of lines l3 and lines l5 toward the squared ends.
i Panels H are of uniform width from point l8 to point [9 where they curve outwardly to form elongated flaps 2|, one edge of each fiap forming an extension of line l3.
Attached to panels I2 along lines'l3 are longitudinal extending fiaps 24 of a width'equal to that of panels I2. At their opposite ends, panels l2 are provided with flaps 25 which are attached to panels l2 along lines l5. Flaps 25 preferably extend in a direction normal to that of lines l5. Flaps 25 adjacent their free ends are provided with transverse slits 26 extending partway there- 7 across for a purpose to be presently described.
Back panel H is defined by longitudinal scored lines 21 and transverse scored lines 28 and 29.
Attached to panel ll along line 28 is an end panel 30, border panel 3|, and flaps 32 and 33. Scored lines 34, 35 and 36 and edge 31 define panel 3| and flaps 32 and 33. Panels 30 and 3| are preferably of a length equal to the width of panel ll andfiaps 32 and 33 are shorter by a distance d equal to or slightly less than. the width of panels l'l. Slits 38 separate panels 30 and 3| from flaps 24.
Attached to panel along scored line 29 is a relatively narrow end panel 39, a relatively wide end border panel 4| and a flap 42- divided by a scored line 43. Scored lines 29, 44, 45 and edge 45 define panels 39 and 4| and flap 42. Panels 38 and 4| and flap 42 are preferably equal in length to the width of panel I.
The carton 50 of the present invention is formed by folding blank In in the following manner:
Panels l2 are folded upwardly along fold lines 21 so that panels l2 and I! and flaps 2|, 24 and 25 are disposed in a plane normal to the plane of panel Panels I! are then folded inwardly along fold lines l to dispose border panels I? and flaps 2| in a plane parallel to and above panel II as illustrated in Figures 3 and 4. Flaps 24 are then folded inwardly along fold lines |3 to close the left-hand end of carton 55 as illustrated in Figure 3. Flaps 25 are then folded inwardly along fold lines l5 and the slits 25 interlocked as shown in Figure 3 to prevent the side panels I 2 and attached border panels l1. and flaps 24 from unfolding along fold lines 21. These folding operations result in a partially folded carton such as that illustrated in Figure 3.
The end portions of carton 53 are now folded in the following manner. The several panel flaps forming flap F are folded upwardly along fold line 23 so as to dispose end panel 33 in overlapping relation to flaps 24. This folding operation places panel 3| and flap portions 32 and 33in position A as shown in dot and dash lines in Figure 4.
The flap F is then folded inwardly along fold line 34 to dispose panel 3| -in engagement with the top of flaps-2| and the ends of border panels II as shown in Figure 4. This folding operation places flaps 32 and 33 in position B as illustrated in dot and dash lines in Figure 4. Flap F is then folded upwardly along fold line 35 to place flap 33 in dot and dash line position C illustrated in Figure 4. With flaps 32 and 33 disposed in this last mentioned position, the flap F is folded downwardly around fold line 35 until flap 32 is disposed beneath flaps 2| and flap 33 is disposed in abutting relation to flaps 24 on the side opposite that engaged by panel 23. This last mentioned position of flaps 32 and 33 is the final position and. is illustrated in solid lines at the left-hand end of Figure 4.
This folding operation causes flaps 24 to be interlocked between panel- 25 and flap 33 and flaps 2| to be interlocked between panel 3| and flap 32. Edge 31 of flap 33 in this final folded position engages the inner surface of panel II and locks the end structure in folded position in such 2 a manner that it is impossible for the left-hand end of the carton to become accidentally disengaged and also provides a structure that is relatively difficult to purposely unfold.
The opposite end of carton 5 3 is folded in the following manner. End flap F is folded upward- 1y along fold line 25 to dispose panel 33 in a vertical position closing the lowermost portion of the tapered end of carton 53 and disposing i'lapr" in position D illustrated in dot and 'dash lines in Figure 4. Flap F is then folded toward the opposite end of carton 53 along fold line 44 to place top panel 4| in overlying relation to the top surface of flaps 25 and flap 42 in the dot and dash line position E illustrated in Figur 4. Flap forming a vertical wall.
42 is then folded downwardly along fold line 45 and around the upper edges of flaps 25 so as to place flap 42 underneath flaps 25 with edge 45 in engagement with the inner surface of panel In order that end flap F may be interlocked in this position, the length of flap 42 is preferably slightly longer than the distance from the upper edges of flaps 25 to the surface of panel measured along the sloping under surface of flaps 25.
It will be clear,therefore, that flap 42 must be designed to bow slightly in order to assume its final position under flaps 25. To this end, fold line 43 permits a slight downward bowing of flap 42.
Since end flap F is preferably of the same width as panel II it is necessary to provide some means for permitting the insertion of flap 42 into its final position. The necessary space is provided at 5| between the end edges 52 of panels I7 and the upper edges 53 of flaps 25. Space 5|, due to the angle between ends 52 and the edges 53 of flaps 25 (see Figure 2) is automatically formed as blank I3 is folded as heretofore described.
Since panels I1, 30, and 4| are relatively narrow with respect to the length and width of back panel H, the, folding operation just described automatically provides a display opening 54 (see Figures 4, 8 and 9) without the necessity of cutting any material from the blank.
While end flap F may be folded as heretofore described, a modified method of folding this flap is illustrated in Figure 5. Inthis ,form of the invention, flap F is folded in the manner heretofore-described until it reaches position E. At
thistime, the end 42a of flap 42 is folded upwardly along fold line 43 and flap 42 is then folded downwardly along fold line 45 and around edges 53 of flaps 25 so as'to dispose flap 42 underneath flaps 25 with edge 45 of portion 42a in engagement with the inner surface of panel II This alternate method of folding fiap F also provides an interlock to prevent accidental unfolding of flap F.
With the carton in its final folded position as illustrated in solid lines in Figure 4, the carton may be filled with a confection such as glac fruit or any desired material. While such a confection may be placed in a carton having the one large compartment, it is preferable to provide partitioning members to divide the carton into several compartments. To this end, partitioning members 55 and 55 illustrated in Figure 4 are provided. Member 55 is formed from a fiat paperboard blank 57, shown in dot and dash lines in Figure 6, by folding fiap 55 upwardly into a plane normal to flap 59 and folding flap' 5| inwardly into abutting engagement with the ends of flap 55. r
Member 55 is formed from a similar blank 52, shown in dot and dash lines in Figure 7, by folding fiap 53 upwardly into a plane normal to flap 54 and folding flaps 55 inwardly into abutting engagement with the ends of fiap 53.
Members 55 and 55 are positioned in carton 5||-through display opening 54 and the flaps 5| and 55 extend along side panels |2 into abutting engagement with flap 33 at the squared end of the box. Since fiapsf55 are approximately twice as long as flaps 5| the carton is divided into three approximately equal sized compartments. These compartments are then filled in any suitable manner.
After carton 50 is filled with a confection illustrated at 5'! in Figures 8 and 9, the carton is preferably wrapped in a cellophanetwrapper. 68 which is sealed in any desired manner to provide a sanitary package .and a covering for display opening 54. While material such as Cellophane is preferred, it is understood that other transparent materials on the market may be employed.
Referring to Figure 8, it will be seen that the carton of the present invention, due to the cooperation of panels I'I, 3| and ll and wrapper 68, provides a highly effective display package so that the contents of the carton may be viewed through the Cellophane" wrapper 68. The completed carton provides an unusually strong package since the multiple plies at the end tend to impart rigidity to the box. As a consequence, the cartons may be readily stacked one upon the other with very little danger of crushing the contents or upon the squared ends for display purposes as shown in Figure 1.
flaps and side panels in proper position; a nar- Referring to Figure 1 wherein a preferred manner of displaying carton ill is disclosed, a shallow open topped box-like paper-board receptacle 10 having a suitable decorative front panel H and a relatively tall back panel 12 is provided for receiving cartons 50. Panel 12 is preferably provided with suitable descriptive printing l3 and a space ll for the insertion of the price of the article. Cartons 50 are placed on their squared ends with the opening 54 facing panel H to exhibit the confection above the top of panel ll. With the cartons arranged in this manner, panels 4| with the name of the manufacturer if desired and the name of the particular confection contained in the box are disposed so that they may be viewed from the front or from above the receptacle 10. Preferably receptacle I0 is designed to receive a dozen of the cartons 50 disposed in three rows of four cartons each. The cartons are arranged one behind the other in the rows so that as one carton is removed the other cartons will be in position to be properly displayed to the customers.
While the above mentioned manner of displaying cartons 50 may be resorted to, printing on the panel ll may be reversed, that is to say, turned up-side-down, and the box laid flat upon back panel II on the shelf of a show case so that panel 4| may be viewed from the front ofthe show case or through the usual transparent top. Accordingly, cartons 50 of the present invention, adapt themselves for display purposes in such a manner that the customer does not have -to stoop or place himself in an uncomfortable position in order to view the name of the goods or manufacturer on the box.
The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather thanby the foregoing description, and all changeswhich come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein,
What-is claimed and desired to be secured by United States Letters Patent is:
1. A blank for forming a confection or like carton capable of being secured in final ,form without the use of adhesives or locking means comprising a main body portion, a projecting portion at each end, having substantially parallel scored lines where each projecting portion may for formingthe sides of the carton; a diagonally 1 disposed flap at the matching ends of each side panel portion adapted to be folded transversely of said bodyportion to form a sloping top end portion overhanging said end of said body portion and having cooperating slits for locking said row projecting portion at the free side of each of said second mentioned projecting portions for forming top side portions overhanging said body portion; a coplanar right angularly extending flap at the end of each narrow projecting portion adjacent the opposite ends of said second mentioned projecting portions adapted to be folded transversely of said body portion to form a top end portion overhanging the other end of said body portion; and a flap at saidsame opposite end of each of said second mentioned projecting portions adapted to be foldedtransversely of said body portion to form an end wall at that end of said body portion, said first mentioned projecting portions being adapted to be folded at said scored lines to form connected panels engaging both the exterior and the interior of said top end portions and said end wall respectively, and having end portions engaging the main body portion for locking the blank in its final folded formation.
2. A confection or like carton comprising a back panel; side panels; relatively narrow side border panels at the top edge of said side panels, said narrow border panels having transversely extending flaps at one end thereof, the free ends of which abut to form a top end border panel at one end of said back panel; transversely extending flaps at said one end of said side panels forming an end wall at the respective end of said.
back panelftransversely extending flaps at the opposite ends of said side panels forming a combined top and end border panel at the other end of said back panel, said last-mentioned flaps havconnected panels which pass over and under said transverse flaps at the opposite ends of the back panel respectively to abut the opposite surfaces of said transversely extending flaps, and the free transversely extending edges of said longitudinal flaps .abutting said back panel for retaining said end wall and the adjacent top end border panel in proper position and for retaining said slitted flaps in cooperating engagement.
3. A confection or like carton comprising a back panel; side panels having sloping edges adjacent one end and squared edges at the other ends; marginal top panels forming a display opening and a sloping end, formed by a pair of transversely folded flaps carried by said sloping edges of said side panels and having a lower edge slightly spaced above said back panel and a higher edge spaced above said back panel a greater distance, said flaps including slits therein in interlocking engagement to prevent unfolding of said side panels and said top panels; a flap folded upwardly to close the space between said slightly spaced edges and said back panel, and having a portion overlying the top surface of said pair of transversely folded flaps in contacting relationship therewith to provide a' sloping name display panel, and a portion folded around said be folded into panels forming the ends of the carupper edges of said pair of flaps and underlying the said pair of flaps in contacting relationship, said last-mentioned portion being oi. a length sufllcient to have its free edge engagesaid back panel and having a transverse scored line to permit a slight downward bowing of said portion between the parts in engagement with the underside of said pair of flaps and the part engaged back panel and including a vertically extending portionengaging the outer surface of said vertical flaps; a horizontally extending portion engaging the upper surface of said horizontal flaps to provide an end marginal panel, a second horizontally' extending portion engaging the under surface of said horizontal flaps for interlocking said flaps between said marginal panel and said last-mentioned portion; and a vertically extending portion engaging the inner surface of said vertical flaps and having its transverse edge in engagement with the inner surface of said back panel whereby said vertical panel is gripped between said horizontal pcrtions and said back panel to prevent disassembly of said horizontal flaps and unfolding of said end.
CARL H. STEINBISS.