|Publication number||US2278365 A|
|Publication date||Mar 31, 1942|
|Filing date||Feb 24, 1938|
|Priority date||Feb 24, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2278365 A, US 2278365A, US-A-2278365, US2278365 A, US2278365A|
|Inventors||Daniels Dwight C|
|Original Assignee||Daniels Dwight C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (37), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 3l, 1942. nyc. DANIELS ELECTRICALLY ACTUATED APPARATUS 2 sheets-sheer 1 Filed Feb. 24, 1938 [lill/1111 vll/11111111.
9.: v in March 31, 1942.' D. c, DANIELs 2,278,365
ELECTRICALLY ACTUATE) APPARATUS Filed Feb. 24, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Awww??v O. AAN/ELS Patented Mar. 31, 1942 `UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRICALLY ACTUATED APPARATUS Dwight C. Daniels, Worcester, Mass. Application February 24, 1938, Serial No. 192,342
This invention relates to electrically actuated apparatus, and more particularly to small portable appliances, such as electrically driven tooth brushes and the like, which are held in the hand while in use.
Tooth brushes as heretofore constructed for electrical operation have been found unsatisfactory and subject to many diiculties. The motion imparted to the bristles has been so limited as to render the apparatus comparatively ineifective. Water has had ready access to the electrical coils and switches, and this hasnot only greatly shortened the life of the various parts but it has also created a serious shock hazard to the user. In some cases the Vibration encountered in the use of the apparatus has been highly disagreeable. The replaceable brushing element has in some instances been comparatively expensive.
It is accordingly one object of the present ini vention to provide a portable electrically actuated apparatus Which can safely be subjected toy considerable quantities of water while in use.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a portable electrically actuated appliance adapted to be held in the hand while in use and so constructed as to avoid disagreeable vibration.
It is `a further object of the invention to provide an electrically driven tooth brush in which the bristles will be actuated in a highly effective manner.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a replaceable brushing element which will be comparatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture.
With these and other objects in view, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the invention resides in the combination of parts set forth in the specification and covered by the claims appended hereto.
In accordance with my invention in its preferred form I provide an electric motor, which may be of the reciprocating type, and I enclose this motor in a bag formed of a suitable waterproof material such as rubber. This bag is preferably provided with a restricted opening which may be stretched to admit the motor and through which extend the electrical leads to the motor. The bag is supported within a rigid casing which-may be shaped to fit the hand of the user. A switch for the motor may be located within the bag and arranged to be actuated through the wall of the bag by means of a push button or similar device mounted on the casing. When the invention is to be used as a tooth Gil arranged to be oscillated'by the reciprocating rod about an axis which is substantially perpendicular to both the 4arm and the bristles. The brushing element comprises a backing plate having bristles extending from its outer face and a lug extending from its inner face for engagement with the reciprocating rod. The sides of the lug are shaped to flt opposed bearings carried by the arm, these bearings preferably being hollow to receive spring-pressed pins which engage shallow depressions in the lug to hold the brushing element yeldably in place.
Referring to the ldrawings illustrating one embodiment of the invention and in which like reference numerals indicate like parts,
Fig. l is a side elevation of an electrically actuatedtooth brush;
Fig. 2 is an elevation taken in the direction of the arrow 2 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a View of the apparatus with half of the casing removed and certain parts shown in section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4 4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a. section on the line 5 5 of Fig. 3; Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6 6 of Fig. 3; Fig. 'I is a detail view of one half-portion of the casing;
Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8 8 of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is an elevation of the rubber bag;
Fig. 10 is an end elevation of the rubber bag;
Fig. 1 1 is a detail view of the motor stator;
Fig. 1'2 is an end elevation of the motor stator;
Fig. 13 is an enlarged section on the line l3 |3 of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 14 is a detail view of the brushing element.
The embodiment illustrated comprises an electric motor of the reciprocating or vibrating type having a stator 20 formed by a group of thin laminations of magnetic material held in assembled relationship by means of rivets 2|. As shown particularly in Fig. 11, the stator 20 is substantially E-shaped, with two parallel outer 21 extending inwardly from its free end. This bore 21 is arranged to receive a coiled compression spring 28 (Fig. 3) which engages an armature 30 located close to the free ends of the poles 22 and 23. This armature is in the form of a bar of magnetic material having its end portions 3| substantially parallel to the adjacent beveled surfaces 26 of the stator. The central pole 23 of the stator is surrounded by a coil 32 of insulated wire arranged to be supplied with an alternating electric current, so that the armature 30 may be reciprocated toward and away from the stator in a well-known manner.
The motor is enclosed in a bag 34 of a flexible water-proof material, such as rubber, formed at one end with a ilanged neck 35 which provides a restricted circular opening 36. The rubber is sutliciently elastic to allow the openingr to be stretched for the insertion of the various parts of the motor therethrough at assembly. The bag 34 is enclosed in a rigid hollow casing 31 which is preferably shaped in the approximate form of an ovid of a size adapted to be held readily by the user in one hand. This casing is divided along a central longitudinal plane into two separable parts which are held together by means of screws 38 (Fig. 2). An opening 39 is provided at one end of the casing, this opening being shaped to receive the ilanged neck 35 of the bag and form a tight joint therewith. "As shown particularly in Figs. '1 and 8, each half of the casing is formed with two pairs` of spaced lugs 4| which project inwardly Afrom opposite sides of the casing, and a boss 42 adjacent each pair of lugs arranged to provide a at shelf. When the parts are assembled, as shown in Figs. 3 and 5, the projections 25 on the motor stator 28 lie between the pairs of lugs 4| and also between the bosses 42. These lugs and bosses hold the wall of the bag rmly against the projections 25 and thus prevent appreciable movement of the stator relative to the casing. Since the rubber forming the bag is of substantial thickness it will absorb to a considerable extent the vibrations resulting from the operation of the motor.
The motor is preferably controlled by means of an electric switch located within the interior of the bag 34 and actuated manually from the outside of the casing 31. switch block 44 of insulating material (Figs. 3 and 4) is attached by means of screws 45 to the rear end of the stator 28, adjacent the opening 36 in the bag. This block 44 is recessed to receive a pair of spring contacts 46 and 41 which are normally separated by a slight space. The casing 31 is provided with an opening 49 in which there is mounted a push button 58, this push button being so located that it may be pressed inwardly against the outer surface of the bag 34 and thus force the contact 46 inwardly against the contact 41 to close the switch. Alternating electric current is supplied by means of a cord 5| which passes through the opening 36 in the bag, this cord having a bushing or enlargement 52 thereon which fits tightly within the opening 39 in the casing and the opening 36 in the bag, to exclude all moisture. The cord 5I is provided with a conductor 53 which leadsto the contact 46 and with a conductor 54 which leads to the coil 32. This coil is also connected to the contact 41 by means of a conductor 55. With this arrangement the coil will be energized when the switch is closed.
The armature 38 is arranged to actuate a re- For this purpose a f ciprocable rod 51, preferably square in cross-sec-I tion, which extends forwardly in a direction perpendicular to the armature. The rear end of the rod 51 is welded or otherwise secured to a plate 58 (Fig. 3) which contacts with the outer surface of the bag 34, and this plate is fastened to the armature by means of rivets 5B which pass through the wall of the bagl and are insulated from the plate. A coiled compression spring 60 surrounds the rear portion of the rod ,51, the front end of this spring being supported in a recess 6I in the casing 31 and the rear end of the spring engaging the plate 58 to urge it rearwardly in opposition to the force of the spring 28. The two springs 28 and 88 thus hold the armature 30 yieldably in a predetermined position so long as the coil 32 is de-energized. The rod 51 is slidably supported in a suitable guideway shown as a tube 62 of square crosssection having a ange 63 at its rear end. The rear portion of the tube 62 is mounted in a correspondingly shaped recess 64 in the casing 31.
A hollow arrn 66 ts over the outside of the tube 62 and is releasably secured thereon by means of a small set-screw 61 located near the .rear end of the arm. At its front end the arm 66 is slightly enlarged and provided with a lateral opening 68 substantially rectangular in shape, as shown in Fig. 1. Within the opening 68 there is mounted a brushing element 18 comprising a backing plate 1| with bristles 12 extending from its outer face and a lug 13 on its inner face. It will be noted from Figs. 2 and 3 that the bristles 12 project outwardly from the opening 68 substantially at right angles to the arm 86.
The brushing element 10 is arranged to be oscillated by the rod 51 about an axis substantially perpendicular to both the arm 66 and the bristles 12. For this purpose two bearings 15 (Fig. 13) are mounted on opposite sides of the opening 68 and extend into recesses 16 on opposite sides of the lug 13. These recesses are open in a direction away from the plate 1I, so that the brushing element may be inserted and withdrawn through the opening 68 without disturbing the bearings. In order that the brushing element may be held yieldably in place, the bearings 15 are made tubular to receive small slidable pins or plungers 11 which are urged inwardly by small coiled compression springs 18. The inner ends of the pins 11 are well rounded, and engage shallow depressions 19 in the sides of the lug 13. Inward movement of the pins 11, when the brushing element 10 has been removed, is limited by in-turned flanges 80 on the inner ends of the bearings 15. The outer ends of the bearings are closed to support the springs Flanges 8| are formed on the bearings to hold them firmly in position in the walls of the opening 68. The inner end of the lug 13 is formed with a transverse notch 83, and the rod V 51 is provided at its rear end with a tooth 84 arranged to t within the notch 83 when the parts are assembled, so that reciprocation of the rod in the guideway 82 will cause the brushing element to oscillate about the bearings 15. Since the axis of oscillation is much nearer to the notch 83 than to the outer ends of the bristles 12, these outer ends will swing through an arc of appreciable length even though the amplitude of movement of the rod be rather small.
The operation of the invention will now be apparent from the above disclosure. The user will hold the casing 31 in one hand, and by pressing the button 50 inwardly he will close the switch 46-41 and energize the coil 32. The resultant alternating flux in the stator 20 will cause the armature 30 and the rod 51 to recip-l pins 11 and allow removal of the brushing element through the opening 68. The arm 66 can then be withdrawn from the tube 62 after releasing the set-screw 61. `A separate brushing element and arm 66 may be provided for the use of each member of a family, only one casing and motor being required.
Water cannot damage the apparatus, since the switch and motor are entirely enclosed in the water-proof rubber bag 34. This bag also absorbs much of the vibration of the motor and serves as an excellent insulating shield to protect the user from possible shock hazard. The brushing element 10 is of a simple and inexpensive construction, and is readily replaceable.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. An electrically actuated apparatus comprising a stator of magnetic material, a coil mounted thereon, a reciprocable armature arranged to be actuated by the stator and coil, a bag of flexible water-proof material enclosing the stator, coil and armature, a rigid casing formed in two separable parts enclosing the bag and arranged to hold the wall of the bag firmly against the stator Cil at a plurality of points to prevent appreciable movement of the stator relative to the casing, a guideway supported by the casing, a rod reciprocable in the guideway in alignment with the armature, and means connecting the armature,
the rod and the intervening portion of the bag.
2. An electrically actuated apparatus comprising a stator of magnetic material, a coil mounted thereon, a reciprocable armature arranged to be actuated by the stator and coil, a bag of ilexible Water-proof material enclosing the stator, coil and armature, a rigid casing enclosing the bag and arranged to hold the wall thereof firmly against the stator at a plurality of points to prevent appreciable movement of the stator relative to the casing, a member mounted on the casing and adapted to be moved relative thereto,
' and means connecting 'the armature, the movable member andthe intervening portion of the bag.
3. An electrically actuated apparatus comprising a stator of magnetic materiaLa coil mounted thereon, a movable armature arranged to be actuated by the stator and coil, a rubber bag enclosing the stator, coil and armature, a rigid casing enclosing the bag and arranged to hold the wall thereof rmly against the stator at a plurality of points to prevent appreciable movement of the stator relative to the casing, a member mounted on the casing and adapted to be moved relative thereto, and means connecting the armature to said member through the intervening lportion of the bag.
DWIGHT C. DANIELS.
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|U.S. Classification||310/29, 15/22.4, 310/51, 132/73.6, 15/22.1|
|International Classification||A61C17/34, A61C17/16, H02K33/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61C17/3427, H02K33/00|
|European Classification||A61C17/34A2, H02K33/00|