US 2279206 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 1942- N. RANDALL 2279206 FABRIC FOR GARMENT EDGING Filed March 6, 1941 INVENTOR.
Patented Apr. 7, 1942 'ranmc roa GARMENT EDGING Norman E. Randall, Shannock, R. I., assignor to Columbia Narrow Fabric Company, a voluntary association of Rhode Island Application March 6, 194-1, Serial No. 381,979
This inventionrelates to a length of fabric for use as an edging for a garment, particularly a girdle, and to the girdle formed with such edging. It is well known in the use of girdles that the upper edge of the girdle tends to bend over, especially when the wearer is fat, and if a girdle so bends or rolls at its upper edge, the girdle will stay in this bent or rolled condition until it is taken oil. Various attempts have been made to stiffen the upper edge of the girdle, such, for instance, as placing thereon a narrow edge consisting of fabric in which there has been provided pockets which receive short, steel stays tending across the fabric in the form of a rib;
and while such arrangements do somewhat stiffen, the stiffening .is not suflicient to be effective in all cases, and when once bent lacks suflicient inherent tendency to return to a straight condition.
One of the objects of this invention is to avoid the use of steel stays or pockets or ribs formed from the warp yarns in a fabric edge, but to utilize a filling yarn to provide the stifiness desired.
Another object of the invention is to provide a fabric which will be freely flexible circularly of the garment or longitudinally of the fabric but will be stifl against bending vertically of the garment or across the stifier yarns which are placed in the fabric.
Another object of the invention is to utilize a filling which itself is flexible although still? when a plurality are placed together in parallel relation to resist an attempt to be rolled or doubled sharp upon itself.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as will be more fully described, and
particularly pointed out in the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawing: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the woven strip embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is -a sectional view of a fragmental portion of the garment and my edge fabric attached thereto;
Fig. 3 is a formation of the fabric shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a view of the yarns in enlarged formation showing the crossings of the yarn for their interlacings one with another; and
Fig. 5 is a view of the completed girdle.
I have illustrated my invention in a woven fabric in which the filling and warp yarns are substantially right angularly disposed, although there may be'other forms of interlacing relatively flexible and stiff yams for the carrying out of this invention. I have also illustrated my invention as primarily used upon girdles or women's undergarments. The fabric which I provide is in strip form and usually between one and two inches wide and of indefinite length, woven on a narrow fabric loom. The proper length to be circularly applied to the upper edge of the girdle will be cut from the strip of fabric and sewed to the top of the girdle. I
The girdle is designated generally I0 in Fig. 2, and my top edging is designated generally H in Fig. 2 and is shown separately from the girdle in Fig. 1. This woven showing in Fig. 1 consists of a main body part l2- which is relatively stifl with two lips l3 and I4 which are relatively flex! ible and do not contain the stiffened material. These are formed together in the loom as a single integral woven structure.
The warp yarns which extend lengthwise of the material H consist of rubber yarns, designated l5, and fiber yarns, l6, such as rayon. Various arrangements for these yarns may be had but consist primarily in the body portion l2 of a two-rubber yarn alternating with a group of four rayon yarns across the fabric. Thefilling consists of a pick back and forth of a soft,
flexible yarn l1, such as rayon, and a pick of a material 18 of much stiifer qualities. than the yarn used in the warp or the filling I1.
The stiffer yarn I8 is located only in the bodyl2 of the fabric, while the rayon filling extends into andforms the edge portions or sewing lips B or M. Although I have shown two lips or edge portions l3 and II, a single edge or edge portion may in some cases suffice. .To use some stiffer material as a filling to stiffen the fabric against bending across this filling performs the useful purpose which I desire in my fabric.
A filling yarn which has been found satisfactory as a stiffener material is Saran" which is a synthetic material, apparently extruded, and in continuous lengths, which isplaced on the detailed view illustrating the weavemarket by the Dow Chemical Company. This material is impervious to moisture and acids of the skin and does not deteriorate in sunlight. It may be made in various colors, and I will select a color which will blend harmoniously with the color of the rayon or other material which I use in the fabric edging or garment. The "Saran is of a count or diameter which is relatively stiff as compared with rayon; and in the fabric which I provide this Saran is #P-4 or of a .01! diameter. From the above it will be apparent that I have provided one pick of "Saran alternating with two picks of rayon, and this has been found to make a fabric which is sufilciently stifi when the parallel Saran" picks are so arranged.
If stiffer fabric is desired, a larger number of picks of Sara-n" will be placed in the fabric with fewer number of picks of rayon; or it may be the fabric may be entirely of "Saran picks without any picks of rayon, if desired.
One weave structure is represented more fully in Fig. 3 in which the bracketed portions so designated are repeated and in which the vertical rows represent warps and the rows across represent filling. The solid portion represents that the warp where the solid portion occurs is above the filling, whereas the unfilled squares represent that the warp at this point is below the filling. The R's represent rubber warps, and the other unlettered warps are spun rayon. The rayon and the "Saran" are labeled at the side edge for each of-the fillings which are utilized in a stretch of one repeat.
In the edge or lip portions such as It and Il, instead of using rayon warps, I use cotton warps. This portion is shown in the repeat at the left hand edge of Fig. 3. In a conventional fabric I will repeat the bracketed part. desisnated 20, ten times for the unstifiened edge lip: while the bracketed portion of the body. designated 2|, will be repeated twenty-four times (I have shown only three), there being body edginas E at another bracketed part, one being designated 22, which joins the body to the lips, while the other edge E is the salvage 23.
g I claim:
An elastic edge for a garment comprising a fabric composed of relatively soft and fiexible warp rubber and textile yarns and stiffer filling yarns of a synthetic plastic material interlaced to provide a fabric, said filling yarns being parallel and providing a fabric less flexible across the filling so disposed, said warp being freely extendible and flexible across the same about an axis parallel to the filling, and a pair of sewing lips of unstiflened material along one edge of the fabric, and woven integral with the stillened portion of the fabric.
NORMAN E. RANDALL.