US 2279748 A
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April 14, 1942;. F. DE'AK COLLAPSIBLE EASY CHAIR Filed March 28, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 F. DEAK COLLAPSIBLE EASY CHAIR April 14, 1942,
Filed March 28; 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
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April 14, 1942.
F. DEAK COLLAPSIBLE EASY CHAIR 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March 28, 1939 INVENTOR 1 13w)? flea/ swa BYW /W X 1'5 ATTORNEY.
Patented Apr. 14, 1942 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE COLLAPSIBLE EASY CHAIR Frank Deak, New York, N. Y.
Application March 28, 1939, Serial No. 264,548
This invention relates to easy chairs and has for its main object .to provide a device of this type which may be easily folded into a compact small formation so as to be adapted to be carried in a bag.
Another object of this invention is to provide a device, as characterized hereinbefore which may be changed quickly and easily into various forms, like an arm chair, an easy chair, a lounge, etc.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a collapsible easy chair with the above characteristics, made up of sections, easily and quickly assembled or disassembled.
Still further objects of this invention will be apparent as the specification of the same proceeds, and, among others, I may mention: to provide a device of this character which will have an adjustable sun shade incorporated therein, which will be simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, easily and quickly set into its various formations and conditions, and which will be durable in use.
In the drawings, accompanying this specification and being a part thereof:
Fig. l is a side elevation of my invention in its assembled form set to be used as a lounge;
Fig. 2 is a plan View thereof in the position illustrated in Fig. 1, and
Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of my device set in the position wherein it is used as an easy chair with a sun shade thereover, the view being taken as indicated by the arrow Y in Fig. 4, and,
Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation, the section being taken about on the line 44 of Fig. 3.
Figs. 5 and 6 are side elevation and plan view, respectively, of the portion of my device wherein the chair proper thereof has the back support and sun shade portion detachably secured to it.
Figs. 7 and 8 are views showing two phases in the collapsing or folding of the chair proper portion of my device.
Figs. 9 and 10 show phases in the folding of the rear back support and sun shade portion of my device, while,
Figs. 11 and 12 are views showing phases in the folding of the front or leg rest part of my device;
Fig. 13 shows the manner in which the folded portions may be arranged in a side by side and one above the other relation in a comparatively small bag, and,
Fig. 14 indicates the construction of a yielding pivot used between the two sections of the sun shade attached to my device.
formations for various purposes and each part being collapsible and foldable independently into a compact small unit.
The said three main portions of the device are: the central or chair proper portion generally indicated by the numeral 2|, 2. front leg and foot rest portion generally indicated by the numeral 22, and the rear back support and sun shade portion generally indicated by the numeral 23.
Taking the three portions, one after the other, and describing in detail, the central chair proper portion 2| has seat frame 24 composed of a right hand member 25 and a left hand member 26, a front cross member 21 and a rear cross member 28. Two foldable pivoted front legs 29 and two foldable pivoted rear legs 30 are provided at the respective forward and rearward ends of the side frame members 25 and 26. A cross member 3| is secured'between the two rear legs 30 so that they may fold upwardly and downwardly together as one unit. Collapsible braces, well-known in this art, are provided between the respective side members 25 and 26, and the legs 29 and 30 so that said legs may be set into their operative positions around their respective pivots 29a and 30a and secured therein by the braces 32 or said .brace members caused to be released and collapsed and the legs 29 and 30 folded up along the inner sides inside of the frame members 25 and 26 as will be understood, and as indicated by the arrows 33 in Fig. 1 and by the dot and dash line showing of said legs in Fig. 2 and as also indicated in part by dotted lines in Fig. 7.
- each of the side frame members 25 and'26 as indicated at 34a and 35a, respectively, and an arm rest 36 is secured pivotedly to the upper ends of each pair of arms 34 and 35, as indicated at 34b and 352), so that said arms 34 and 35 will serve as pivoted link members to permit the raising of said arms andsaid rest 36 into their operative position, as indicated in Figs. 1, 3 and 4, serving as an arm rest, or swinging the arms 34 and 35 downwardly, in the direction of arrows 34c and 350, along side of the respective side frame members 25 and 26, the arm rests proper 36 in this case also being folded along side of the mentioned side frame members 25 and 26, and over vice.
the folded support arms 34 and 35, as indicated in the folded rear view of the seat member proper device, in Fig. '7.
Means are provided for releasably securing the arm rest structure of 34, 35 and 36 in its raised position said means being more clearly illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6.
As shown in said figures at the rear end of each of the respective side frame members and 26 is secured ah upstanding plate 31 and the l respective rear arm 35 of the arm rest structure is arranged pivotedly on the outside of said plate 31 which is provided with a lower extension part 31a, (Fig. 5). A pin 38 projects from the top portion of the plate to the rear of said pivoted arm 35 i and said arm carries a swinging hook device 39, a
slot 40 of which will be caused to engage said pin 38 when it is desired to secure the arm 35 in its upstanding position, thereby securing the whole respective arm rest in its'raised position. When it is desired to fold the arm rest alongside the name members is and 2a, the hook as win be freed from the pin 38 by swinging the same upwardly as indicated by the arrow 39a.
I also want to remark that the upper ends of the legs 23 and 30 of the central seat section proper are provided'with setback portions 4| forming shoulders "4|a. on which the respective cross members 21 and 28 mayrest when the legs are in their open position as shown in Fi 4.
It is also to be noted that the upper ends of said reduced portions are rounded, as indicated at 41b, to permit an upward swinging "of said legs as indicated by arrow 33 when folding the de- The second, front, foot rest porti0n22 of my device is formed of an upper rectangular frame (Figs. '1, 2 and 4) 'gen'erally 'indicated by the numeral 42 and composed or the two side members 43 and 44, a front member-'45 and the rear member '43. i
Two 'foldable legs 41 are provided a' t' the front or the footrest structure Z2fipi'vo'tedas at l8 and otherwise being or similar transduction to M legs 29 and 30-ofthe' middle seat 'proper'section.
downward *hooks 'ae are secured on the nder;- side'at the rear ends of the side members 43-ahd 4: which "may engage into'appropriate leaps tn secured on the 'front sidef'of' the seat proper "sec:-
tion 2| so that when it is desired the foot rest section 22may "be -attached to theifroht ofthe "sea't .p'r'op'er section 21, as indicated in Figs. 1, 2 "and'ior it may be removed by lifting thedo'wnwere hooks "4'9 upwardly tut dr the loops to, as
indicated by the arrow 5l in Fig. 1.
In Fig. 4, I illustrate the foot rest '22 as biased into an inclined position which i's attained by turning its legsj41 reafrwardly, the engagements "or hooks '49"with loops permitting such-an arirangement on account of "the widepperiings in loops 5!).
The third or rear section of m device is the two pins and ts areprojectin'g "from the upper surfaces of the lower end 53 of each member 5| and appropriate holes are provided in the pivoted securing metal plates or metal strips 54 to engage said pins 55 and 55 when it is desired to secure the rear back rest portion on the central seat proper portion of my device. To further secure the parts together, pivoted metal strip hooks 55a and 5611 are provided which may be swung around their pivots 55b and 56b to engage said pins 55 and 56 or to disengage them as will be understood.
An inner pivoted member 51 is also secured on each member 5|, pivoted as at 51a, and sockets 5B are secured at appropriate places at the rear upper end of the seat proper section 2|, said sockets being adapted to receive the lower ends 51b of the respective inner member 51, when the member 5| are secured by the pivoted securing plates 54," and said inner members 51 are swung somewhat rearwardly, as illustrated in Fig. 4. In the embodiment shown, the sockets 58 are formed by appropriate bending of a strip of metal.
Two adjusting and securing plates 59 are arranged at the upper ends of the respective members 5| to aid in adjusting the position of the sun shade por'tion of my device, generally indicated by the numeral 61]. Said s'un shade portion is also "formedwith two side members 6|, the lower ends of which are hingedly secured on; the respective upper ends of the back rest members 5|;- as indicated at 62.
A pivoted frame or sun shade proper, generally indicated by the numeral 53, is secured to the upper ends oi the side members 31-, said frame having two side members 34, a front cross member 65, and a rear cross members '65. Looking means at pivots 61 are arranged between the inner end of the sun shade frame proper '63 and the upper ends of the members B l, the construction of such locking means having a tendency of retaining the sun shade framepro per 53 in any desired position as it is well-lmown in this art. One form of the sameis indicated in Fig.
14, said form being the ene applied in the embodiment of my device shown in-the drawings.
The use and operation -of my device will be obvious fro'mthe herein description thereof, but I desire to offer the following remarks to further explain the same: i
= ormally' m-y foldable sectional combination easy-chair is as'sembled as shownin Figs. -1 to'4, by setting up the central s at-sectichpro er, with its legsand arm "rests raised and secured. and by attaching thereto in the rear the back rest and sun shade *portion l3, as indi'cated th ng. 4, and'a's wild-be ebvio'u's from the earlier desci' iption of the respective releasable s'ecuiiin'g devices, and byattahmg to the front' oflsaidoentral portion ll the wettest-portion 22. I
When'it-is desired to use-my device as an easy chair, it will be set about into-fthe positioh in Fig. 4.
In this position, the members 3| o'f the sun shade section are arranged in 'a -soinewhat forwardly inclined positionwith relation -'to the back res't' me'rrib'ers 51 and se'cured in -suc'h position throughthe use of the mentioned plate. For this purpose; "screw-pins =38 are provided at the lower-n'ds of the m'er'iiber's 5|, ridirigin the arcuate-slotslili of -the-plates $9; "wingnuts m are provided to secure the partstin their desired relative positions. I r r g I Similarly, the --sun'-snade frame proper 63 -"Will be set into the position shawl-1 in Figvi'orany desired position by turning the same yieldably held against swinging about pivots 61.
The foot rest section 22 will be hooked to the front of the seat proper section 2|, as has been described hereinbefore and set into the inclined position shown in Fig. 4.
When it is desired to use my device as a lounge, it will be set about into the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
In this case, the inner swingable members 5! of the back rest section 23 will be lifted out of the sockets 58 and turned into a generally vertical position, their lower ends 511) now resting on the floor and providing the necessary support for the rear of the lounge, the outer frame members 5| of the back rest section 23 also being turned downwardly and rearwardly to a lower inclination, as shown in Fig. l, as against their more upward position shown in Fig. 4, such a movement being permitted by the pivoted securing device 54 and by the wedge shape lower ends 53 of said members 5|.
The legs 41 of the foot rest section 22 will be opened up and the upper frame section 42 of said foot rest will be placed substantially in alignment with the seat of my device, the lounge so produced being supported at four places by the pairs of legs formed by the. members 51, 36, 29 and 41, respectively. The sun shade portion may be set to any desired angle.
In case I Want to use my device as a plain arm chair with a back and a sun shade, it will be set into about the position of Fig. 4, but the front foot rest section 22 will be entirely removed.
The removal of the foot rest section will be obvious from the description of the same and will be executed by lifting the hooks 49 out of the loops 50 whereupon a comfortable arm chair is produced with a back rest, and a. sun shade, placed into an appropriate position thereover.
When it is desired to disassemble, fold and store or transport my device, it may be done in the following manner:
First the back rest and sun shade portion 23 will be removed from the seat proper portion 2|.
also, members 51 first being lifted out of sockets 58 and then members 5| released from the hinge securing means 54.
In a similar manner, the foot rest portion 22 will be removed'from said seat proper portion 2|.
My device now is taken apart into its three main sections and each section will be folded separately.
Referring to Figs. 7 and 8, the seat proper section 2| will be folded in the following manner:
Hooks 39 will be lifted out of pins 38 (Fig. 5) whereupon the legs 35 and 34 of the arm rests 36 may be folded down, outside and along of the side frame members 25 and 26, as will be obvious and as indicated in Fig. 7, said figure being a rear View, observed as indicated by the arrow Y in Figs. 2 and 4, of the seat proper in the middle phase of its collapsing or folding.
The braces 32 are now released and the legs 29 and 30 folded inside and along side of said side frame members 25 and 26, as indicated in saidFigf'Land alsoin Fig. 2, by the dot and dashlines. 7 r i The seat proper portion nowappears as shown in Fig. 7,.vieWed as indicated by arrow Y, in Fig. 2. The two halves of the partly collapsed seat proper are now folded on the hinges 28a, as indicated by the arrows .80, the final folded position of said seat proper being shown in an end view in Fig. 8, the length thereof being equivalent to the length of side frame members and 26, and the respective pairs of the folded cross members ZTan'd 28. projecting upwardly from the longitudinally folded two groupsof frame members 25 and 26 and respective legs 29 and 3!], arm rests'36'and their supports 34 and 35, at about the two ends of said longitudinally folded two groups of elements...
In' folding the back rest and sun shade portion, I proceed as follows-r I The members 51 of the back rest portion are lifted out of the sockets 58 and the members 5| are released from the hinges 54, as will be.
, larly the hinges 92 and 95 in the cross member obvious. Now the members 57 willbe turned on their pivots 51a into the plane of the members 5|. The upper sun shade frame 63 is now rocked around its pivot 61 into the plane of the members 6| and the Wholefolded sun shade is now folded down upon the plane of the back rest member 5|, on the hinges 52, wing nuts 15 being first loosened. The back rest members 5| and 51 are now in one plane and the sun shade members 60 and' 63 in another plane slightly thereover as indicated in Fig. 9 which is an end view of the folded back rest and sun shade from the ly as shown in Fig. 10, which is an end View of the finally folded position thereof.
It is to be understood that the cross members 65 and 52 in Fig. 9 are in different vertical planes, 65 being somewhat to the rear of 52, and simi- 66 of the sun shade and in the cross member 510 between the pivoted members 51 of the back rest, respectively, are also in different vertical frames, one in back of the other, so that nothing will be in the way of the folding as shown by the arrows 8|, the two halves of the cross members 52, and the cross member 510, to the rear thereof, appearing nearer to the center, almost Vertical, while the folded halves 66 of the sun shade frame, and 65, in the back of them,
will appear somewhat outwardly inclined, as indicated in Fig. 10. The location of the other members will be obvious from said figures.
When folding the foot rest, finally, its legs 41 with their cross member 45 are first folded, generally into the plane of the frame 42, as shown in a rear view in Fig. 11, whereupon the cross members 45 and 46 will be folded on their respective hinges, and the whole device, will appear as viewed from the rear end, as indicated in Fig. 12.
I want to remark that obviously the sun shade frame may be covered by an appropriate canvas or other material, as indicated at 82 in Fig. 2, and similarly the back rest, the seat and the foot rest may have transverse straps 83 secured thereon, possibly covered by a fabric, like canvas, as indicated at 84, to provide support for the parts of the body.. These covers will not any way prevent the folding of my device. 61-. course, any desired removable pillows, or the like,
may be placed on appropriate portions of my device, which will have to be removed before folding the same.
In I4, I show a. sideview of; a. yielding frictional connection at the pivot between. the lower and upper portions of thesunshade. Such. frictional pivots are well-known in this. art andany appropriate one may'beused. The one indicated is more fully described in my co-pending application for Letters Patent for a Collapsible sun shade.
What I claim asnew is:
1. In a folding: easy chair and: lounge, a. seat proper section and a backrest section, a longitudinal frame member in each side of each of said two sections, a releasablehinged connection between the respective longitudinal frame mem ber-s in said two sections, an upstanding plate on the outside of each longitudinal frame member of said seatproper section, a foldable arm rest structure on each side of said section pivoted on the respective longitudinal frame member insaid seat section and adapted tobe folded generally into the planeof the seat, a hook device on a member of said foldable arm rest structure,*a pin on said upstanding plate, said hook device being adapted to be secured on said pin when said arm rest isin araised. operative position, and thereby secure said arm rest in said position, and said hook device being adapted to be released from? said pin when it isdesired to lower said armrest into an inoperativefolded position. i
2. In a folding easy chair and lounge, 2: seat proper section and a back rest section; a longi--- tudinalframe member in each side of each of said two sections, a releasable hinged connectionbetweenthe respective longitudinal framemembore in said two sections, a leg member pivoted at the upper end of each of the longitudinal frame members in saidback rest, adaptedto be.
set at various angles in relation; thereto: and having a free lower end whereby'to' reston' the ground and support said backrest in a. less inclined nearer tothe horizontal position when it is desired. to form a lounge, and means at the rear end of said seat frame adapted to removably receive the free ends of the respective leg members for said backrest when it is desired to set said back rest in a. more inclined: position nearer to the vertical.
3. In a foldable easy chair and lounge, :asset forth in claim 2, said hinged connections being formed by a first plate secured on the uppersurface of each longitudinal member in the seat frame adjacent to its rear end, a second plate hingedly secured to the rear end of each of saidfirst plates and removably secured to the upper side. of the lower end of. the respective longitudinal frame member in said back rest, the underside of each of said lower ends being cut inclined to bring said end to a point and to I permit the rocking of said back rest member with relation to the respective longitudinal member in said seat frame for the" various positions of said back rest and to cause said back rest frame member to be supported by said inclined: cut surface on the respective longitudinal frame member in the seat frame when said back rest is set into a less inclined nearly horizontal position to form a lounge.
4. In a foldable easy chair and. lounge, as set forth in claim 2, a transverse member between folded into the plane of its frame and then folded doubled upon itself in a longitudinal direction, and. said seat frame also folded doubled in the longitudinal axis of the device.