|Publication number||US2280437 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1942|
|Filing date||Nov 2, 1939|
|Priority date||Nov 2, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2280437 A, US 2280437A, US-A-2280437, US2280437 A, US2280437A|
|Inventors||George N Levesque|
|Original Assignee||Brown & Sharpe Mfg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (37), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 1942- s. N. LEVESQUE 2,280,437
RELEASABLE PERMANENT MAGNET HOLDING DEVICE Fi-led Nov. 2, 1939 Witness: M]
Patented Apr. 21, 1942 George N. Levesque, Providence, R. I., assignor to Brown and Sharpe Manufacturing Company,
a corporation of Rhode Island Application November 2, 1939, Serial No. 302,569 2 Claims, (Cl. 175-367) The present invention relates to improvements in releasable permanent magnet holding devices, and more particularly to a holding device of the general description which includes a magnetic holding member having magnetic conductors and a permanent magnet associated therewith, and means for controlling the flow of magnetic flux in a magnetic holding circuit including the magnetic conductors to hold or to release any part which may be magnetically attracted to the holding member. l
The invention is herein disclosed as embodied in a magnetic base for adlal test indicator which is adapted 'ior use on machine tools. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited in its application to a magnetic base of this description, but is equally applicable in any instance where it is feasible and desirable to secure one part to another by magnetic attraction as, for example, in the manufacture of nonelectric magnetic chucks.
It is a principal object oi the present invention to provide a novel and improved releasable permanent magnet holding device of this general description which is simple and compact in its construction, and is also most emciently arranged for controlling the d p s tion of the magnetic lines of flux to strongly hold and to release magnetically attracted parts.
' With this and other objects in view as may hereinafter appean-a feature of applicant's invention consists in the provision oi a' magnetic holding device including a magnet preferably, but not necessarily, cylindrical in cross-section and having the magnetic poles thereof disposed transversely oi its longitudinal axis, and magnetic conductors arranged to cooperate with the magnet to control the flow of magnetic lines of flux to establish a magnetic holding circuit, or to render the same. ineiiective as desired.
Other features of applicant's invention consist in the specific construction and arrangement oi the magnetic holding assembly including the parts above described, in which the portions of the magnetic conductors contacting with the magnet, take the form oi substantially semicylindrical bearing surfaces separated by nonis shunted through each of the conductors directly from one pole oi the magnet to the other.
The several features of the invention consist also in the devices, combinations and arrangement of parts hereinafterdescribed and claimed, which together with the advantages to be obtained thereby will be readily understood by one skilled in the art from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig.1 is a perspective view of a dial test indicator with a magnetic base embodying in one form the several features oi applicants invention: Fig. 2 is a view in front elevation of the magnetic base with a portion of the some broken away, and the underlying parts shown on a section extending through the middle of the base; and Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-8 of Fig. 2.
I! which serves to support a dial indicator it of ordinary description..
The magnetic base disclosed in the drawing as embodying in a. preferred iorm the several features of applicant's invention, comprises the outer shell I having roughly the shape of an inverted U. Extending transversely through the upper end of the outer shell 4, is a semi-cylindrical bearing surface 2! in which is received a cylindrical magnet 22. The magnet 22 is held in .place by meansvoi a plug 24 which is fitted into the remaining space between the two arms of the. U-shaped shell Land has formed in the upper side thereof, a cooperating semi-cylindrical bearing surface 20 for the cylindrical magnet 2h The plug 24 is separated fromthe two arms of the U-shaped shell 4 by thin sheets oi nonmagnetic material 28 forming non-magnetic insulating areas which extend from the surface oi the cylindrical magnet 22 at opposite sides thereof, to the bottom holding suriace oi the magnetic base. As best shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the cylindrical magnet 22 is held in place by means of a pin Ill screw-threaded into the bottom of the plug 24 for engagement in a transverse slot 32 formed in the middle portion of the cylindrical magnet 22. The pin 30 cooperating with the slot :2 serves to prevent endwise movement of the magnet 22, and permits rotational movement contacting the end of the magnet.
through a 90 angle between the designated "on" and "ofi positions, as indicated by the position of the manually operable knob 34 on one end of the magnet. I
The magnet 22 is magnetized in such a manner I as to cause the opposite poles to be disposed trans- 'the on" position of the magnet, the magnetic lines of flux pass through a magnetic holding circuit extending from the upper pole of the magnet, through the magnetic conductor provided by the outer shell 4, downwardly through the arms of this U-shaped member 4 to the face or holding surface of the base. Assuming that the base is engaged against a magnetizable machine part, the lines of magnetic flux then pass through the said machine part, and thence upwardly through the magnetic conductor provided by the plug 24 to the bottom or oppositely polarized side of the magnet.
While the base will ordinarily be placed with the bottom surface shown in the figures of the drawing, in contact with the machine, it may sometimes be desirable to position 'the base in such a manner that the standard 6 will be parallel to the supporting surface of the machine. Under these conditions it has been found that the end of the base opposite the knob 34 may be employed as a magnetic holding surface, and that a very strong magnetic holding circuit will be maintained for this position of the base. The magnetic lines of force originating in the magnet will be circulated from one pole to the other through that portion of. the machine surface Additional lines of force will pass through the U-shaped member 4 into the surface of the machine part contacting the rear end of the holding member,
Y comprising a rotatable cylindrical magnet having the magnetic poles disposed transversely of the longitudinal cylindrical axis and on diametrically opposite sides thereof, and a magnetic holding member in which the magnet is supported'for rotational movement comprising a U-shaped magnetic conductor forming the outer shell of the instrument supporting base and providing in the base of the U-shaped portion thereof a semi-circular bearing contact with the magnet, a second magnetic conductor located between the arms of the U, and providing a second semi-circular bearing contact member for the magnet, non-magnetic material separating the magnetic conductors, and means for rotating the magnet in the holding member from a holding position to a releasing position, said magnet having formed therein a transverse slot, a stop pin on the holding member engaging in said slot to prevent axial movement of the magnet and to prevent rotational movement thereof beyond said magnetic holding and releasing positions, and means for rotating the magnet.
2. An instrument base of the class described comprising a rotatable cylindrical magnet having the magnetic poles disposed transversely of the longitudinal cylindrical axis and on diametrically. opposite sides thereof, and a magnetic holding member in which the magnet is supported for rotational movement comprising a U-shaped magnetic conductor forming the outer shell of the instrument supporting base and providing in the base of the U-shaped portion thereof a semi-circular bearing contact with the magnet, a second magnetic conductor located beand thence will pass through the block 24 to the opposite pole portion 01' the magnet 22.
It will be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiment shown, and that various deviations may be made therefrom without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. An instrument base of the class described tween the arms of the U, and providing a second semi-circular bearing contact member for the magnet, and thin sheets of non-magnetic material separating the magnetic conductors, said magnetic holding member being shaped to provide a plane magnetic holding surface comprised by said conductors and separating non-magnetic material extending substantially parallel to the magnetic rotational axis, 'a second magnetic holdin'g surface comprised by said conductors, separating non-magnetic material, and the magnet extending in a plane substantially normal to the magnet rotational axis, and means disposed at the opposite end of the magnet from said second holding surface for rotating the magnet.
GEORGE N. LEVESQUE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2435735 *||Jan 15, 1944||Feb 10, 1948||O S Walker Co Inc||Magnetic chuck|
|US2471067 *||Oct 19, 1945||May 24, 1949||Tropical Plantations Ltd||Magnetic work holder|
|US2491339 *||Sep 26, 1944||Dec 13, 1949||Stanley Sobilo||Magnetic sine bar|
|US2500455 *||Feb 18, 1948||Mar 14, 1950||Gen Instrument Corp||Charged particle deflecting unit employing a permanent magnet|
|US2671202 *||Feb 2, 1950||Mar 2, 1954||Stewart Warner Corp||Vibration pickup|
|US2787836 *||Sep 28, 1953||Apr 9, 1957||John B White||Tool and die indicator|
|US2866889 *||Apr 9, 1956||Dec 30, 1958||Hellis Dempsey James||Welding method and means for holding a backup strip in position for welding|
|US2888617 *||Apr 19, 1954||May 26, 1959||Edward W Elste||Magnetic tool holder|
|US2909351 *||Jan 22, 1957||Oct 20, 1959||James D Pratt||Dial indicator stand|
|US2925962 *||Dec 31, 1954||Feb 23, 1960||Burroughs Corp||Magnetic core wrapping apparatus|
|US2972485 *||Dec 3, 1958||Feb 21, 1961||Gen Motors Corp||Magnetic chuck|
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|US3142787 *||Apr 27, 1962||Jul 28, 1964||Brown & Sharpe Mfg||Permanent magnetic block|
|US3164756 *||May 16, 1962||Jan 5, 1965||Nix Steingroeve Elektro Physik||Adjustable permanent magnet|
|US3367612 *||Jan 11, 1966||Feb 6, 1968||Enco Mfg Company||Adjustable indicator holder|
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|US4128945 *||Mar 15, 1977||Dec 12, 1978||Barritt Murrell R||Easily attachable and detachable gauge for re-locating tested bevel gears on a gear-cutting machine|
|US4196616 *||Sep 28, 1978||Apr 8, 1980||Pacific Transducer Corporation||Multipositionable support means for a hardness tester|
|US4303054 *||May 1, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Lopre Products, Inc.||Detachable magnetic base for machine tool table|
|US4393363 *||May 18, 1981||Jul 12, 1983||Fuju Jiko Kabushiki Kaisha||Magnet base for tool|
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|US20050216125 *||Mar 15, 2005||Sep 29, 2005||University Of Vermont||Systems comprising a mechanically actuated magnetic on-off attachment device|
|DE970126C *||Jun 23, 1950||Aug 21, 1958||Max Baermann||Durch die Wirkung eines Magnetfeldes betaetigte Bremse oder Kupplung|
|DE974848C *||Mar 6, 1951||May 18, 1961||Deutsche Edelstahlwerke Ag||Dauermagnetische Schienenbremse|
|DE1185311B *||Apr 12, 1962||Jan 14, 1965||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Dauermagnetische Spannvorrichtung|
|DE1189285B *||Apr 11, 1959||Mar 18, 1965||Schiess Ag||Vorrichtung zum Messen des Nachstellweges eines Werkzeugtraegers von Werkzeugmaschinen mittels einer Messuhr|
|U.S. Classification||335/295, 248/206.5, 269/8, 279/128, 248/904, 33/DIG.100, 409/903|
|International Classification||H01F7/02, B23Q3/154|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S33/01, H01F7/0226, Y10S409/903, B23Q3/1546, Y10S248/904|
|European Classification||B23Q3/154C, H01F7/02A3|