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Publication numberUS2280691 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1942
Filing dateAug 19, 1941
Priority dateAug 19, 1941
Publication numberUS 2280691 A, US 2280691A, US-A-2280691, US2280691 A, US2280691A
InventorsLouis Edelmann
Original AssigneeLouis Edelmann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stepladder
US 2280691 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 21, 1942. L. EDELMANN STEPLADDER v Filed Aug. 19, 1941 2 SheetsSheet l 32 7//////IIIII/II/I INVENTOR Edelmamn WITNESSES Louis ATTORNEYS Ap 1942. L. EDELMANN.

STEPLADDER Filed Aug. 19, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Lauzs Edelmawn ATTORNEYS WITNESSES Patented Apr. 21, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.

This invention relates to ladders and more particularly to the type of ladder commonly known as a step-ladder.

An object of the invention is to provide a sturdy, collapsible ladder which will offer more security to the user than those ladders now in use.

A further object is to provide in a folding ladder a broader step than is now available.

A still further object is to provide a ladder having a broad step which will fold into a space not larger than that used by ladders with the conventional step.

Other objects and purposes of my invention will become apparent as the description proceeds.

In the accompanying drawings- Fig, 1 is a side view in section of a ladder embodying my invention, said ladder being in the open position;

Fig. 2 is a side view in section of the same ladder in folded position; and

Fig. 3 is a cross-section of the ladder, taken on the line 33 of Fig. 1.

I provide a ladder having the conventional front leg members H] and rear leg members ll, said rear leg members being provided with the usual braces l2 and I3. The leg members l and II are joined at the top by conventional means, such as the bracket l4 and the platform |5, the rear members I being pivoted at IE to the bracket H. The members ID are provided with the usual steps l1, 18, I9 and 20. Hinged to the rear of the steps I 1, IS, IS and are supplemental steps 2|, 22, 23 and 24. While I have shown a hinge 23 having a continuous pintl 26, any type of hinge or a series of hinges may be used. The steps 2|, 22, 23 and 24 are pivoted at their inner ends to a supporting member 21 by means of rods 28. The rod 28 which supports the step 2| engages a slot 29 in the depending arm 30 which is pivotally supported at 3| to the bracket M. A conventional folding platform 32, mounted on arms 33, may be pivoted at 34 to the rear leg members II and is supported by the ends 35 of the arms 33 engaging the under side of the steps l1 and 2|. A brace 36 having forked members 31 and 38 pivoted to the rear leg members II at 39 and 40 and having a single member 4| pivoted to forked members 42 and fastened to the supplemental step 23 at 43, is also provided. The member 4| may have an extension 45 extending under the step member l9 to further brace it and for purposes which will be hereafter described.

It will be seen when the ladder is folded that the rod 28 will slide upwardly in the slot 29 and the supplemental steps 2|, 22, 23 and 24 will fold on their hinges 25 inside the leg members and the supporting member 21 so that the ladder when folded takes up little more room than a ladder Without the supplemental steps. In unfolding the ladder, the end 45 of the bracket member 4| may be used to force the rear members outwardly and the steps downwardly, or the ladder may be unfolded in the conventional manner.

It will be seen with my improved ladder that a much larger step is provided so that the user may place his entire foot on the step and avoid the fatigue which is so often suffered where the step provides only suflicient space for the ball of the foot. The ladder will be particularly advantageous to painters and carpenters who are required to stand on ladders of this type for extended periods of time.

I claim:

1. The combination with a folding step-ladder having leg members and stationary steps supported by said leg members, of supplemental steps hinged to the rear of said stationary steps and adapted to fold upwardly when said ladder is folded.

2. The combination with a folding step-ladder having leg members and stationary steps supported by said leg members, of supplemental steps hinged at one side to said stationary steps, and pivotal supporting means at the other side of said stationary steps.

3. The combination with a step-ladder having leg members pivotally joined at one end and stationary steps supported by one of said leg members, of supplemental steps, said supplemental steps being hinged at one edge to said stationary steps, an arm pivotally supported by said leg members, a slot in said arm, a supporting member mounted for slidable engagement with said slot, and means on said supporting member pivotally engaging the other edge of each of said supplemental steps.

4. The combination with a folding step-ladder having leg members and stationary steps supported by said leg members, of supplemental steps, said supplemental steps being hinged at one edge to said stationary steps, a ladder brace fixed to one ofsaid supplemental steps and pivotally connected to the other leg member, a member hinged to and connecting each of said supplemental steps, an arm depending from said ladder, a slot in said arm, and connecting means on said member engaging said slot whereby said member may slide upwardly in said slot.

5. The combination with a folding step-ladder having front and rear leg members and stationary steps supported by said front leg members, of supplemental steps, said supplemental steps being hinged at one of their edges to said stationary steps, a ladder brace fixed to one of said supplemental steps and pivotally connected to the rear leg members, a member hinged to and connecting each of said supplemental steps, an arm depending from the top of said ladder, a slot in said am, and connecting means on said member engaging said slot whereby said member may slide upwardly in said slot when said ladder is folded causing said supplemental steps to fold and whereby said member will support said supplemental steps when said ladder is opened.

6. The combination with a folding step-ladder having front leg members fixed to a platform, rear leg members pivoted to said platform and stationary steps supported by said front leg members, of supplemental steps, said supplemental steps being hinged at one of their edges to said stationary steps, and means hinged to the other edge of each of said supplemental steps and depending from said platform said supplemental steps.

LOUIS EDELMANN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2622783 *Dec 13, 1950Dec 23, 1952Mahoney Henry GLadder
US4485892 *Jul 26, 1983Dec 4, 1984Cosco, Inc.Platform stool
US4723631 *Sep 17, 1986Feb 9, 1988Raymond TremblayFoldable ladder
US5762163 *Aug 22, 1996Jun 9, 1998Cosco, Inc.Step stool
US6536557Aug 23, 2001Mar 25, 2003Cosco Management, Inc.Utility tray for step stool
US6550579Aug 10, 2001Apr 22, 2003Cosco Management, Inc.Step stool
US8397870 *Sep 8, 2011Mar 19, 2013Werner Co.Flip ladder with tray and method
US9097063 *Mar 8, 2013Aug 4, 2015Werner Co.Flip ladder with tray and method
US20120000051 *Jan 5, 2012Parker Thomas WFlip ladder with tray and method
US20140251729 *Mar 8, 2013Sep 11, 2014Werner Co.Flip Ladder with Tray and Method
WO2000040824A1 *Jan 7, 2000Jul 13, 2000Cosco Man IncFolding step stool
Classifications
U.S. Classification182/161, 182/176
International ClassificationE06C1/387, E06C1/00, E06C1/16
Cooperative ClassificationE06C1/16, E06C1/387
European ClassificationE06C1/387, E06C1/16