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Publication numberUS2280700 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1942
Filing dateJan 23, 1941
Priority dateJan 23, 1941
Publication numberUS 2280700 A, US 2280700A, US-A-2280700, US2280700 A, US2280700A
InventorsNorman C Hall
Original AssigneeDu Mont Allen B Lab Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pointer for dials
US 2280700 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1942- N. c. HALL 80,700

POINTER FOR DIALS Filed Jan. 23, 1941 INVENTOR Patented Apr. 21, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE POINTER FOR. DIALS Norman C. Hall, Caldwell, N. 1., assignor to Allen B. Du Mont Laboratories, Inc., Passaic, N. 1., a corporation of Delaware Application January 23, 1941, Serial No. 375,828 2 Claims. (Cl. 116-124.!)

adapted for dials and the hands movable there-- over although it is not restricted to this particular use.

Many objects, such as the dials for radio and television sets, for example, are located in dark or semi-dark places or the places where they are located are often dark. By this invention the portions of such objects that one needs to see are rendered visible in such a way that the adjustments for tuning or other purposes can be made without difficulty or groping in the dark.

In carrying out this invention a product or material is used which is capable of receiving light at some particular surface area from a source of light and conducting the same interiorly to the area or surface where it is desired that the light should escape, thus rendering visible such area or surface. Also, the light which escapes serves to illuminate objects which it strikes, sumciently to render the same visible, while no light escapes from the remainder of the surface. Certain synthetic resins possess this property. Polymerized vinyl compounds. such as vinyl chloride or monochlorethylene known as Lucite", are illustrative of such a' product.

The invention will be more particularly described in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

- Fig. 1 is a section through an illustrative embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a similar section through a modification;

Figs. 3 and 4 are plan viewson an enlarged scale of some of the details; and

Fig. 5 is a plan view of a dial.

In the drawing, reference character i indicates a panel upon which dials and the like may be placed by engraving or any other suitable manner. This panel may be made of any suitable material such as Bakelite, for example. A box 2 is mounted on the back side of the panel I,

' and one or more electric lights 3 may be installed in this box.

A rotatable shaft 4 is mounted on the box 2 and extends through an enlarged opening I in is mounted at the end of the shaft 4 for rotating it. A hand or pointer 'l is mounted on the shaft 4 and may be cemented to the knob i. This hand or pointer is-made of material such as that described above which is adapted to receive light at one portion, transmit it interiorly, and permit it to emit from a particular portion of its surface that is adapted for emitting the light.

A circular groove 8 is provided on the lower side of the hand or pointer l, concentric with the shaft 4. This groove has one side 9 thereof ground or roughened and disposed with respect to the source of light 3 so that light will enter readily. It is therefore preferably made perpendicular to the source of light 3. The major portion of the surface on the hand 1 is highly polished to prevent light from escaping, but a portion of the surface of it near its end is roughened or ground to cause light to escape. In this way the roughened or ground portion of the pointer itself is rendered visible and objects near it are illuminated.

In the modification shown in Fig. 2, the opaque knob 8' is removably attached to the shaft 4 by means of the set screw II. A cylinder ll of the light transmitting material described above is mounted on the shaft 4 and has its lower end surface II prepared and disposed so that light from the source enters and is conducted to the desired exit surface where it escapes. The upper end of the cylinder ll terminates in a flange II. The

hand or pointer II is made of the light transmitting material and is integral with the cylinder ii and flange ll so that light entering at the surface it passes into the hand M.

In Figs. 3 and 4 the end of the hand or pointer 1 is shown on an enlarged scale, and these figures illustrate some of the ways that the light is permitted to escape from the hands or pointers. In Fig. 3 the end of the pointer is ground or roughened along its edge along whatever portion it is desired that the light should be permitted to escape, and a roughened line I5 is provided on the upper surface at the end to serve as an indicator. The remainder of the surface is high- 1y polished to prevent the light from escaping.

The modification shown in Fig. i differs from that shown in Fig. 3 in that the edges of the pointer l are covered with opaque material l6 except near the end, so that the light that escapes from the ground or roughened end will have the effect of a beam of light. The light that escapes from the hands or pointers I not only renders them visible. but also illuminates objects the panel I. An opaque knob t, such as Bakelite, such as the gradua o s of a dia or examp e.

Fig. 5 is a plan view of a dial Il that is made of light transmitting material of the character described above. The entire surface of this dial may be polished or covered with opaque material except the area where it is intended for the light to enter and other areas such as lines and numerals that are roughened or ground to emit light and render such areas visible. This is an illustration of the sort of dials that may be used in connection with knobs and pointers described above. It is obvious that a multiplicity of hands and dials may be illuminated from a single source of light in accordance with this invention.

While electric lights have been illustrated as the source of light that enters the hands or pointers, any other source of light may be used. For example, the panel I may be in a place that is in semi-darkness even during the day-time and daylight could be introduced from the outside through a rod of material of the sort of which the hands or pointers 1 and II are made, and caused to strike the surfaces 9 or l2, thus illuminating desired portions of the hands I or I.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a stationary source of light, a pointer for a dial, and a revoluble shaft upon which said pointer is mounted, said pointer being constructed of light-transmitting material having the major portion of its surface of such a character as to prevent light from escaping and having surfaces near opposite ends thereof of such character as to permit ingress of light near one end and egress of light near the other end thereof, said surface which permits ingress of light being disposed perpendicularly to a beam of light from said source of light, said pointer'having a cylindrical portion extending along said shaft having said ingress surface thereon.

2. In combination, a pointer for a dial, a revolubie shaft upon which said pointer is mounted, said pointer being constructed of light-transmitting material having the major portion of its surface highly polished to prevent light from escaping and having roughened surfaces near opposite ends thereof to permit ingress 'of light near one end and egress of light near the other end thereof, said pointer having a cylindrical portion extending along said shaft having saidingress surface thereon, and a source of light located to direct a beam of light substantially at right angles to said ingress surface.

NORMAN C. HALL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2711153 *Sep 11, 1951Jun 21, 1955Robert H WendtAutomobile speed limit indicator
US2861537 *Apr 8, 1957Nov 25, 1958Avien IncIlluminated instrument
US2902970 *Oct 9, 1957Sep 8, 1959Avien IncIlluminated dial pointer
US3005439 *Apr 20, 1959Oct 24, 1961Avien IncIndirectly illuminated pointer for indicating devices
US5171080 *May 28, 1991Dec 15, 1992Allied-Signal Inc.Method of reducing light leakage from internally illuminated panels
US6663251 *Apr 26, 2002Dec 16, 2003Auto Meter Products, Inc.Gauge with illuminated dial and pointer
US7278749Jan 6, 2005Oct 9, 2007Sullivan John TGauge with large illuminated gauge face
US7357096 *Feb 13, 2006Apr 15, 2008Denso CorporationMeter panel for use in automotive instrument
US7553037Sep 11, 2007Jun 30, 2009Sullivan John TLight diffusion device for a gauge dial plate
US20060146542 *Jan 6, 2005Jul 6, 2006Sullivan John TGauge with large illuminated gauge face
US20060185576 *Feb 13, 2006Aug 24, 2006Denso CorporationMeter panel for use in automotive instrument
US20080002388 *Sep 11, 2007Jan 3, 2008Sullivan John TLight diffusion device for a gauge dial plate
US20150047553 *Feb 19, 2013Feb 19, 2015Sonceboz Automotive SaRear-mounted instrumented module for a dashboard
Classifications
U.S. Classification116/332, 116/288
International ClassificationH03J1/02
Cooperative ClassificationH03J1/02
European ClassificationH03J1/02