US 2281657 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. A. AQUINO May 5, 1942.
PACKAGE Filed May 4, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. jd/Vd/Q/" 67 dyad/10 BY rrow/my May 5, 1942 s. A. AQUINO 2,281,657
PACKAGE Filed May 4, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. y
S. A. AQUINO May 5, 1942.
PACKAGE I Filed May 4, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR.
- 5a/yaf0/v a.
Patented May 5, 1942 to The Hinde & Dauch Paper Company,
Sandusky, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application May 4, 1940, Serial No. 333,326
This invention pertains to the field of special packaging adapted to be made of corrugated board or similar materials and has for its purpose the provision of a package in which articles which need to be protected against both abrasion and crushing are suspended within a container and spaced from the top and bottom thereof. In the preferred embodiment illustrated and described, the principles of my invention are applied to a specialized package where the articles in danger of damage by crushing are packed flat and relatively wide in proportion to their length, and where certain other parts of an assembly to which the crushable articles belong, and which are not in danger of being crushed, but require surface protection, are nested with the parts of the package.
Among the advantages of my invention are security of shipment, compactness of arrangement, ease and speed in the work of packing, economy of material, and facility for opening and unpack- In the drawings, which are to be taken as an example of the invention but not as a limitation upon modifications of the principle,
Fig. 1 is a separated perspective of the invention applied to a specific boiler jacket, and illustrating both the package and its contents;
Fig. 2 is a vertical central section through the package and contents of Fig. 1, closed, on the plane 2-2;
Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section on the plane 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Figs. 4 and 5 are perspectives showing members D and C respectively from Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a perspective showing the members of Figs. 4 and 5 combined in one piece;
Fig. 7 is a perspective showing a modified channel taking the place of member F of Fig. 1, inner parts being omitted;
Fig. 8 is the blank of Fig. 4 laid flat; and
Fig. 9 is the blank of channel F, Fig. 1, laid flat.
The example which Figs. 1, 2 and 3 show of my invention consists of a package holding a boiler jacket, which packet is made up of two trays B and E and smaller flat sections H, four in the embodiment shown. Each tray has a main panel B or E, a side flange B or E and an end flange B or E and is made of highly lacquered thin sheet metal which must be protected from surface marring and from bending or denting. The flat sections H are each made of a thin highly lacquered flat metal sheet H and a relatively soft asbestos backing H Each of the sections H is usually separately Wrapped in paper before packing, but the paper wrapping is omitted to simplify the drawings.
The sections H are laid in a saddle D, Fig. 4, preferably made of a single blank, Fig. 8, having a central panel D and sides upfolded as at I) and then downfclded to a greater depth as at D so that the central panel D is suspended between its sides, and is fixed against downward or upward movement. The sides D are notched as at D to receive straps S passed around to secure the pile of sections. H firmly in the saddle. In this specific package the sections H are narrower than the panels 13 and E, so that the spacer C is used to prevent side motion when the saddle is assembled with the other elements. The preferred form of spacer is a tube of square cross section held together by tape T. Alternatively 1 the saddle and spacer may be a single piece, as
shown in Fig. 6.
In the package, the lid A and bottom G are of conventional formation and proper size. The channel F is of corrugated or solidfiber board (preferably corrugated as having more cushioning effect) and may be parafiine coated if necessary to protect surfaces of trays B and E which come against it. The channel consists of a web F, bottom flanges F and top flanges F, and is conveniently made of a single blank, Fig. 9, folded along appropriate creases, shown as dotted lines. Alternative forms may be used, for example, angle-folded strips F F Fig. 7, at bottom and top, those at the top resting upon the packed elements B and C which are omitted to simplify the figure.
In making up the package the channel F is set inside the bottom G, its web F constituting a wall liner and its flanges bottom and top positioners. The top flanges F are turned up, the tray E put in place, the loaded saddle D and its spacer C put next, followed by the tray B. Everything nests snugly as can be seen in Figs. 2 and 3. The top flanges F are then turned down to horizontal, the lid A is put on, and the package appropriately and firmly fastened by any suitable means not shown.
If either or both trays are not used, the channel may be employed if needed for strength and for fitting the saddle closely into the outer box, and since the outer box will not need to be larger than the saddle, no side spacer will be necessary.
From this it will be seen that I have invented a package in which the contents are nested or interfitted with the packing elements, in which those parts subject to injury by crushing are protected from crushing forces, and those subject to injury by abrasion are so firmly held that no rubbing can take place. It will alsovbe noted that the principles here shown can be applied with suitable modification of detail to packing other merchandise than here illustrated, maintaining firmness of position, cushioning effect and protection of contents.
The description and illustration set out the preferred specific embodiment of my invention, the scope thereof being defined by the following claims.
1. A package comprising a load and protection for the same; said load comprising a group of flat articles and another group of articles having flat faces of greater area than said flat articles and with edge flanges transverse to said flat faces, the flat articles being subject to injury by either crushing or abrasion and the flanged articles being subject to injury by abrasion; said protection comprising an outer box, a channel therein, and a saddle; said channel having vertical members fitting inside the outer walls of the package and horizontal members fitting inside the top and bottom walls of the package, said vertical and horizontal members forming upper and lower angles at their intersections; said saddle comprising a horizontal panel suspended between vertical uprights below the tops of said uprights a distance not less than the height of a pile of said flat articles thereon, but above the bottoms of said uprights; said flanged articles being disposed with their flat faces below and above said saddle with the flanges of said articles against said vertical channel members; and spacing means filling the lateral distance from saddle upright to channel which is left on one side because of the less width of the flanged articles than of the articles in the saddle.
2. A package comprising a load and protection for the same; said load comprising a group of flat articles subject to injury by either crushing or abrasion and another group of articles having flat faces and with edge flanges transverse to said flat faces, the flanged articles being subject to injury by abrasion; said protection comprising an outer box, a channel therein, and a saddle; said channel having vertical members fitting inside the outer walls of the package and horizontal members fitting inside the top and bottom walls of the package, said vertical and horizontal members forming upper and lower angles at their intersections; said saddle comprising a horizontal panel suspended between vertical uprights below the tops of said uprights a distance not less than the height of a pile of said flat articles thereon, but above the bottoms of said uprights; said flanged articles being disposed with their flat faces below and above said saddle with the flanges of those articles which are below the saddle extending upwardly between said saddle and said vertical channel members and against the inner faces of said vertical channel members, and the flanges of those articles which are above the saddle extending downwardly between said saddle and said vertical channel members and against the inner faces of said vertical channel members.
SALVATORE A. AQUINO.