US 2281999 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1942-- B. RIEBAC'K 2,281,999
GARMENT FASTENER A Filed May 20, 1940 0% /Ggl m F ErIY T JB oearch Hoom -UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GARMENT FASTENER Bertha Rieback, New York, N. Y.
Application May 20, 1940, Serial No. 336,155
This invention relates to a garment fastener that is so designed that all of its parts may be made rugged, small and flat and of course the main object of the invention is to provide a fastener which will withstand laundering including the rough usage and treatment which such devices receive from the heavy, power driven mangles.
While I refer to this device as a garment fastener and while I refer to laundering, indicating that the device is particularly useful on washable garments I do not desire that such statements be considered as limiting the use of this device as I have found that when made in appropriate sizes this fastener may be used wherever a garment fastener is desired, or it may be satisfactorily used to fasten other devices than garments.
All of the particular features of this device as well as the details of construction and operation will be fully set forth as the specification progressess and the accompanying drawing should be referred to for a complete understanding of the description which follows:
All of the figures of the drawing are on an enenlarged scale as such is necessary to properly illustrate the device.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a greatly exaggerated view of a slotted plate, this figure is a plan view.
Fig. 2 is an edge view or side elevation of the plate shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of a rivet member.
Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the rivet member shown in Figure 3.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a button operable in the slot of Fig. 1, and retained by the rivet shown in Figures 3 and 4.
Fig. 6 shows the button in side elevation.
Fig. 7 is a plan view of another engaging member and Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the member shown in Figure 7.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of a device having a different shaped slot and a different securing means.
Fig. 10 shows still another type of slot and securing means.
Fig. 11 is also a plan view showing a still further change in the slot.
Fig. 12 shows in side elevation an expansible engaging member.
Fig. 13 is a plan view of a disk shaped device with a slot of a still different shape, and
Fig. 14 is a view in side elevation showing two of the parts engaged and also indicating the movement of engagement.
Fig. 15 is a plan view of a device having an additional plate for securing the device.
Fig. 16 is a plan view of a device somewhat similar to the device shown in Figure 15, but. having straps rather than a complete plate.
Fig. 17 shows in side elevation a riveting plate, one of a pair of adapted to secure any of my devices and particularly the device shown in Figure 18.
Fig. 18 is a plan view of a device having a slot of modified shape.
Similar reference characters indicate like parts in all the figures where they appear.
At l, in Figure 1, I show a plate which may be formed of metal or any other suitable material, the midlength portion of which is raised as indicated at 2, to allow or provide a free space under the plate for a greater portion of its length.
The plate I, is provided with a circuitous slot commencing with the perforation 3, and continuing to form an elbow 4, at about mid-length the slot.
So that the slot just referred to shall be readily recognized and for the purpose of further reference I will give the several parts of the slot independent reference numerals.
The wider portion of the slot, that part between the perforation 3, and the elbow 4, is indicated by the numeral 5, and after passing the elbow 4, the slot becomes quite narrow as shown at 6, which terminates in a transverse slot 1, which extends almost fully across the plate I.
A button or stud shaped engaging member, the head of which is adapted to engage in the perforation 3, and ride in the slots 4, 5, 6 and l, is shown in Figures 5 and 6, where the base is indicated at 8 and the head is shown at 9.
The button or stud 8, 9, is secured to one part of a garment or other device by a rivet having a base l0 and a pin H, which is adapted to enter the head of the button to be expanded therein in the manner well understood as such a securing means is quite well known in the button trade.
The plate I, will be secured to another co-operating or co-acting part of a garment and I show sew holes as indicated at l2 for this purpose.
With the parts secured to a garment as described the button or stud head 9, may be entered into the perforation 3, in the plate and moved along the slot 5, past the elbow 4, through the narrow portion 6, of the slot and into the transverse slot 1, here to come to rest or ride freely in any direction as shall be determined by the move. ment of the body of the wearer of the garment,
but I desire to call attention to the fact that when passing through the narrow portion 6, of the slot, the button meets considerable resistance and so it is intended, the constriction of the slot being sufficient to prevent the accidental movement of the button into the slot 6, and while I do not be lieve that the button could ever travel the whole length of the slot 3, 4, 5, 6, and thus disengage itself accidentally, yet, I prefer the slot narrowed at 6, as shown and described.
For different types of garments and for different types of work different securing means, different shaped slots and even different engagement members or buttons may be found desirable and I will now briefly describe several that will be found shown in the drawing.
In Figure '1, I show a button head 13, supported by a plate l4, which is provided with sew holes l5. This device allows considerable distance between the slotted plate and the member adapted to be engaged therewith.
In Figure 9, I show a plate provided with a relatively short slot formed with the perforation IS, the elbowed portion I1, and the transverse portion l8. This plate is well adapted to operate with the button and plate l3-I4 shown in Figures '1 and 8.
The plate shown in Figure 9 and which is indicated at I9, is provided with prongs 20, 2|, 22 and 23, which are adapted to be passed through the garment and bent back on the underside of the plate to secure the plate in operable position.
In Figure 10, I show a plate 24, quite similar to the plate I9, but provided with slots and 26, which indicate that my device may be secured to or by means of tape.
In Figures 11 and 12, I show a somewhat different construction, here the plate 21, is provided with a slot having an elbow 28, but in this construction the slot need not be narrowed to the extent found in the other devices as it is my intention to provide a split and resilient button as shown at 29, in Figure 12, to operate with this plate and slot, the button entering the perforation 30, in the plate 21, must be compressed to pass through the slot in the plate 21, and when in the transverse portion of the slot it will be displaced only with difficulty.
The plate 32, in Figure 13, indicates that any of my plates may be disk shaped. In the transverse slot of this plate I provide a rounded portion in which the button may come to rest to retain the parts of the device in line to an extent that may be found very desirable.
Figure 14 of the drawing shows two co-operating parts of any of my devices engaged, the dotted lines 34, indicating the point of engagement, the solid lines 35, indicating the position of rest and the arrow 36, indicating the direction of movement.
The proper securing of the device is one of the great problems in the use of garment fasteners due in part to nature of the materials with which they are called upon to operate. I have described some securing means in connection with Figures 1, 9, and 10 of the drawing but in Figures 15, 16, 1'1 and 18 I show other securing means that may be found to have detogether through the holes such as 40, with which both parts are provided.
In Figure 16, the plate 4|, is provided with two projections as shown at 42 and 43, both of which are adapted to be folded over to engage a cloth or fabric between the arms and plate in the same manner as the plates 31 and 38, and thereafter rivets or stitches secure the parts in operative relation.
In Figure 17, I show a bar having two rivets projecting therefrom. This bar is one of a pair operable with a plate such as that shown in Figure 18, the rivets entering the holes 44, in the plate 45, to retain the plate.
In connection with this plate 45, it will be noted that I have provided a perforation and slot of quite a different shape thus indicating that the engaging member need not always be a round headed button member, obviously a square headed member will operate with this device.
It is believed that the operation of all of my devices will be fully understood from the description thereof and it will be understood that modifications, other than those shown may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit or sacrificing the advantages of this invention.
I desire that it be fully understood that while I have described my device, for the most part, as a garment fastener, I am fully aware that there are many uses to which it may be readily adapted and without change of its construction.
The uses that I have in mind are so numerous that I cannot even catalog them without making this specification unduly long, even so I believe that new uses will be found from time to time and I believe that my device lends itself to any change of size that may be found desirable to meet any and all uses that may present themselves.
Having carefully and fully described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patents is:
1. A garment fastener comprising a plate having a cigzuitous and restricted slot therein the side walls'ofwhich approach each other and a connected slot transverse to said first slot and a member adapted to be engaged in said slot to be retained therein.
2. A garment fastener comprising a plate member provided with a slot the side walls of which are not parallel and a second slot connected with said first mentioned slot and having its longitudinal axis tmnsrerse ih the axis of said firstmentioned slot and an engaging member adapted 'te'niserarrrn both said slots and having a portion of a size greater than the width of said first slot and a portion movable in both said slots but with its free movement limited by the sidewalls of said slot.
3. A garment fastener comprising a plate having a raised portion provided with a tapered circuitous slot and a transverse parallel sided slot connected to said first mentioned slot and a headed member adaptedtdbaentered through saidatanered slided slot and to operate'in said parallel sided slot with its head under said raised portion and to have its movement restricted by the side walls of said tapered slot.
4. A garment fastener comprising a plate having a gcuitous slot therein and a second straight sided slot'tm nsverse to said first mentioned slot and connected therewith and an engaging member adapted to enter freely at L: i Dim),
one portion of said first slot, to have its movement; restricted by the approaching sidewalls of another portion of said slot and to move freely in said transverse slot, said engaging member being provided with means to prevent its disengagement with said plate except in the direction of engagement.
5. A fastening device comprising a plurality of plates, one of said plates being provided with a plurality of connected slots therein the side walls of which are at an angle to each other and the other said plate being provided with a friction producing means adapted to engage in the slots of the first mentioned plate and means such as a plurality of rivetable members cooperating with each of said plates for securing said plates in co-active position.