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Publication numberUS2283915 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 26, 1942
Filing dateDec 1, 1938
Priority dateDec 1, 1938
Publication numberUS 2283915 A, US 2283915A, US-A-2283915, US2283915 A, US2283915A
InventorsSamuel F Cole
Original AssigneeSamuel F Cole
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Syringe
US 2283915 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. F. COLE May 26. 1942.

SYRINGEy Filed Dec. l. 1938 Ivn :iz

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Patented May 26, 1942 UNETED STATES PATENT @FFME SYRINGE Samuel F. Cole, Bethesda, Md. Application December 1, 1938., Serial No. 243,461 16 claims. (ci. 12s- 218) v k This invention relates to syringes and comprises a modication of the device disclosed in my prior Patent No. 2,129,675, issued September 13, 1938.

The primary objects of this invention are: to provide a syringewhich is adapted for the exact administration of liquids-under pressure, if desired; to provide a syringe pipettel which is adapted for the accurate transfer of liquids; to

provide a syringe burette which is adapted for the precise measurement of liquids; to provide instrumentsv of the above character in which the pistonY will have a rotative inward stroke, and both a rotative and a sliding outward stroke; and to provide a device of the above character which is simple in operation and construction. Other objects will be apparent upon the following disclosure of this invention.

In the accompanying drawing, wherein similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views:

Figure 1 is a front elevation, partly in section, of the modication of my invention which is adapted for use as a syringe or as a burette.

Figure 2 is a horizontal cross-section of Figure 1 on line 2-2`.

Figure 3 is a front elevation of the modication of my invention adapted for use as a pipette.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View of the upper portion of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a horizontal cross-section of Figure 3 on line 55.

The present invention differs from theaforementioned prior invention in that it eliminates the micrometrical sleeve II of the latter'invention, and effects measurements of comparable accuracy by means of the threaded engagement of the barrel and plunger of the instrument, and also by adapting the plunger to subdivide the individual graduations of the scale which is inscribed on the barrel. The plunger employed in the modiiication of my invention shown in Figures 1 and 2 is designed for a rotative inward stroke, and for either a rotative or a sliding outward stroke. The plunger employed in the modification shown in Figures 3, 4 and 5 is designed for either a rotative or a sliding stroke in either direction. Obviously, a sliding stroke of the plunger permits the more rapid charging 0f the barrel of the device, and, to adapt the threaded plunger for a sliding outward stroke, the hereinafter described release means is employed. Two modifications of this means are illustrated-one for use with buttress threads (Figures 1 and 2), and one for use with V threads (Figures 3, 4 and 5). Either of these means may be employed with each modication of my invention.

Referring know to 'Figures 1 and 2, the numeral I denotes a cylindrical glass barrel which is open at its upper end and 'provided with the conventional discharge nipple 2 at its lower end, said nipple being adapted'to support a hypodermic needle or the equivalent. The tubular glass plunger 3 is ground toa sliding iit in the bore of barrel I and extends above the upper end thereof. The upper end of the barrel is firmly attached within the tubular seat 4 which is formed by the contracted lower end of the tubular barrel-extension 5. The upper end of plunger 3 is rmly attached within the vtubular seat 6 which is formed in the lower end of the exteriorly threaded plunger-extension 1. The threads on the plunger-extension are of the buttress type,

vand are in engagement with the cooperating interior threads of the hereinafter described resilient tongues 9. The upper end of the/ plungerextension 'I terminates in the knurled head 8 by means of which the' plunger nitty/be operated.

The above mentioned release means. comprises a plurality of longitudinally disposed resilient tongues 9 which are formed in, and integral with, the barrel-extension 5. The require flexibility may be imparted to these tongues by"` reducing their thickness, as indicated by the nu` meral I0, for as much of their length as may be necessary. The upper end of tongues 9 are of sufiicient thickness to permit of their inward provjection beyond the inner surface of the barrelance between the inner surface of the barrel-extension 5 and the outer surface of the plungerextension 'I. The resiliency of these tongues provides adequate tension to maintain a constant frictional contact between the threaded surfaces, and also suicient flexibility to permit the lateral movement of vthe free end of the tongues during the sliding contact of the threaded surfaces incidental to the outward stroke of the plunger.

Barrel I is inscribed with any suitable longitudinally disposed scale I I which is readable with reference to either the periphery of the lower end of the plunger, or to a suitable circumferentially disposed line on the plunger. The barrel is also inscribed with a longitudinal graduation in the form of an index-line I2 which is shown bisecting the graduations of scale I I. Inscribed around the lower end of plunger 3, and viewable through the barrel, are the longitudinally disposed graduations I3 which are registerable with the index-line I2, and adapted -to subdivide the individual graduations of scale II into fractional parts thereof.

The operation of the above described embodiment of my invention is as follows:

The barrel I is charged by a sliding outward stroke of the plunger 3. The plunger is then rotated to expel the trapped air and to bring its lower end into registration with the desired graduation of scale II simultaneously with the alinement of the predetermined graduation I3 with the index-line I2. The contents of the barrel may then be discharged by rotating the plunger-extension at the desired rate. Obviously, fractional parts of the quantities indicated' by the registration of the plunger with the scale on the barrel are indicated by the alinement of the graduations of the plunger with the indexline.

The above described embodiment of my invention, when used with a suitable hypodermic needle, is especially adapted for use as a microsyringe. However, when modified by reducing the diameter and increasing the length of the plunger-head 8 to form an elongated knurled member adapted for relatively rapid rotation between the thumb and forefinger, the device becomes a syringe-burette. The latter embodiment is especially adapted for chemical work, such as micro-analysis. When thus used as a burette, the discharge nipple 2 may be elongated to dispense with the use of detachable needles, and the device should be clamped in a suitable support (not shown) to hold it vertically in a fixed position.

The operation of this syringe-burette is substantially the same as the micro-syringe. A number of modifications of this device will be obvious, such as connecting a reservoir to the barrel by means of a three-way stop-cock communicating with the discharge-nipple.

When used as a syringe-pipette (see Figures 3, 4 and 5), my invention is further modified to permit the rotation of the cylindrical glass barrel I4, and its attached barrel-extension I5, on the tubular glass plunger I6, and its attached plungerextension Il. These members are similar to the corresponding elements in the rst described embodiment, and are joined in the same manner. It will be obvious that the operation of this device differs from conventional practice in that the plunger is held stationary, while the barrel is rotated thereon. The finger ring I8, on the upper end of the plunger-extension I'I, provides a means for supporting the device in operating position. The lower end of barrel I4 terminates in the elongated discharge-nozzle I9, which may be replaced by suitable detachable members, if desired.

The plunger-release illustrated in Figure 4 differs somewhat from that shown in Figure l. owing to the fact that the buttress threads of the latter have been replaced with V threads which engage the corresponding threads on the inwardly projecting upper ends of the exible tongues 22.

Referring now especially to Figure 4, the barrel-extension I5 is provided with a plurality of longitudinally disposed rectangular grooves 20 in z its outer surface. These grooves communicate with prolongations in the form of correspondingly disposed rectangular apertures 2| in the barrel-extension I5, and accommodate the lower in the apertures 2I. Unlike tongues 9, the tongues 22 are normally sprung outwardly to automatically provide adequate clearance between their interiorly threaded upper ends and the threads on the plunger-extension I1. This clearance permits the disengagement of the tongues and the plunger-extension, and thereby permits the sliding outward stroke of the plunger I5.

The numeral 23 denotes a knurled collar which is slidably confined on the barrel-extension I5 between an upper stop and a lower stop. The upper stop comprises an outwardly projecting annular rim 24 which is integral with the barrelextension I5, while the lower stop is formed by the outwardly projecting head of the screw 25, which is confined within the longitudinal groove 26 in the inner surface of collar 23. Screw 25 cooperates with groove 2S to permit the limited sliding movement of collar 23 and to prevent its rotation on the barrel-extension I5. Access to screw 25 is through the annular aperture 2'I in the lower end oi collar 23. Collar 23 is utilized to depress the outwardly projecting portions of tongues 22 and to thereby force their threaded inner surface into engagement with the threads on the plungerextension Il. The inner wall of the upper end of collar 23 is flared as indicated by the numeral 28 therein. The free portion of tongues 22 lie withto facilitate the upward movement of the collar against the projecting tongues.

The barrel I4 is graduated with the scale 29 which is readable with reference to the periphery of plunger I6. Inscribed on the lower end of the barrel-extension I 5 are the circumferentially disposed graduations 30 which are readable with reference to the longitudinal index-line 3I inscribed on plunger I6.

This embodiment of my invention may be conveniently operated with one hand by inserting the forefinger through the ring I8 to support the device in operating position, and by rotating the barrel by means of the collar 23 which is held between the thumb and second finger. This device is charged by pushing the collar in the direction o'f the discharge-nipple to release the plunger which may thereafter be manipulated in the conventional manner. After the barrel is charged, the collar is Ypushed upwardly to bring the threaded tongues again into engagement with the barrel. Measurement, and discharge of the contents of the barrel, is effected by rotating the barrel to bring the desired graduation of scale 30 into alinernent with the index-line 3| for minute quantities, and the desired graduation of scale 29 into registration with the lower end of the plunger for larger quantities.

Obviously, the value of graduations I3 and 30 are determined by the pitch of the threads on plunger-extensions 'I and I'I in relation to the spacing of the graduations of scales II and 29 respectively. While the drawing shows relatively fine threads, the pitch of the threads may vary to accommodate the devices to their specic purpose.

Various modifications of my invention may be made, also embodiments in numerous types and classes of syringe devices, and all such modifications, variants and adaptations are to be construed as within the scope of my invention if consistent with the following claims.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

l. In a device of the character described, the combination of a tubulated container for liquids, a liquid ejecting means adjustably mounted within the container, indicia on the container readable with reference to the periphery of the ejecting means to indicate primary measurements, indicia on the ejecting means, and secondary indicia on the container adapted to cooperate With the indicia on the ejecting means to supplement the primary measurements.

2'. In a device of the character described, the combination of telescopically engaged cylindrical members, multiple scales on one of said members, and an index-line on the other member the graduations of one of said scales being registerable with the periphery of the cooperant member to indicate primary measurements, and the indexline being registerable with the graduations of the other of said scales to subdivide the graduations of the rst named scale.

3. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel provided with a threaded portion, a discharge orice in said barrel, a plunger provided With a threaded portion in engagement with the threaded portion of the barrel, a longitudinal scale inscribed on the barrel and readable with reference to the periphery of the plunger for coarse measurements, and supplemental indicia inscribed on the plunger and on the barrel,` the supplemental indicia on the plunger being registerable with the supplemental indicia cn the barrel to indicate fractional parts thereof, the said threaded portion of the barrel providing an adjustable bearing concentric with the longitudinal axis of the barrel.

4. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel provided with a threaded portion, a discharge orifice in said barrel, a plunger provided with a threaded portion in engagement with the threaded portion of the barrel, means for releasing the engagement between the threaded portions of the barrel and the plunger, independent primary and secondary indicialinscribed on the barrel, and secondary indicia inscribed on the plunger, the primary indicia on the barrel being registerable with the periphery of the plunger, and the secondary indicia on the plunger being registerable with the secondary indicia on the barrel to indicate fractional parts of the primary indicia.

5. In a device of the character described, the combination of a graduated cylindrical barrel, an index-line inscribed on the barrel, a discharge nipple in the lower end of the barrel, a plunger adjustably confined Within the barrel and inscribed with a circumferential scale, a plunger supporting means attached to the barrel, and a plunger rotating means releasably coupled to the supporting means, the circumferential scale being registerable with the index-line to indicate fractional parts of the graduations on the barrel.

6. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge orice in the barrel, a plunger adjustably mounted within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a plunger supporting means comprising a plurality of threaded resilient tongues integral with the cylindrical extension, a threaded extension member integral with the plunger and in releasable engagement with the supporting means, a longitudinally disposed scale inscribed on the barrel, said longitudinal scale being'readable with reference to the periphery of the plunger, a longitudinally disposed index-line inscribed on the barrel, and a circumferential scale inscribed on the plunger, said plunger being rotatably adjustable to register the graduations of the circumferential scale, with the index-line to supplement the longitudinal scale.

V7. In a device of the character described, 'the Acombination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge orifice in the barrel, a plunger adjustably mounted Within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a lthreaded extension member attached to the plunger, resilient supporting means for the plunger extension concentric with the cylindrical extension, a primary scale and an index-line inscribed on the barrel, and a second- Ythe cylindrical extension, an extension member integral with the plunger Yand provided with a micrometer screw adapted for releasable engagement with the supporting means, said plunger being rotatably adjustable to register the micrometer graduations with the index-line to subdivide the graduations of the scale.

9V. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge orice in the barrel, a plunger adjustably mounted within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a plurality of outwardly sprung resilient tongues in cooperative relation with the cylindrical extension, threads on the tongues, a threaded extension member attached to the plunger` and in releasable engagement with the resilient tongues, a collar slidably mounted on the cylindrical extension and adapted to depress the resilient tongues to cause their engagement with the threaded plunger extension, primary means for indicating the position of the plunger within the barrel, and secondary means for supplementing the primary means. v 10. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge orifice in the barrel, a plunger adjustably mount ed within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a plurality of threaded resilient tongues in cooperative relation with the cylindrical extension, a threaded extension member attached to the plunger and in releasable engagement with the resilient tongues, a scale on the barrel, an index-line associated with the scale, and graduations on the plunger registerable with the index-line to indicate fractional parts of the graduations of the scale.

11. In a device of the character described, the combination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge nozzle communicating with the barrel, a plunger Y adjustably mounted within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a plurality of threaded resilient tongues in cooperativerelation with the cylindrical extension, a threaded eXtension member attached to the plunger and in releasable engagement with the resilient tongues, means to operate the resilient tongues, a scale on the barrel, a scale on the cylindrical extension, and an index-line on the plunger registerable with the scale on the cylindrical extension to subdivide the graduations of the scale on the barrel.

12. In a device of the character described, the

combination of a cylindrical barrel, a discharge nozzle communicating with the barrel, a plunger adjustably mounted Within the barrel, a cylindrical extension attached to the barrel, a plurality of threaded resilient tongues in cooperative engagement with the cylindrical extension, a threaded extension member attached to the plunger in releasable engagement with the resilient tongues and terminating in a supporting member, means to control the resilient tongues, a scale on the barrel, a scale on the cylindrical extension, and an indicating means on the plunger registerable with the scale on the cylindrical extension to subdivide the graduations of the scale on the barrel.

13. In a device of the character described, the combination of a syringe barrel, a plunger mounted Within the barrel, threaded means on the barrel and plunger adapted to adjust the relative longitudinal and the relative axial positions of the barrel and the plunger, and independent means to simultaneously measure the resultant longitudinal and axial movement of the barrel and plunger in units of Volume, the said independent means comprising primary and secondary indicia on the barrel and secondary indicia on the plunger, the primary indicia being registerable with the periphery of the plunger to measure the longitudinal movement, and the secondary indicia being mutually registerable to measure the axial movement.

` 14. In a device of the character described, the

combination of a cylindrical container provided with a plunger, a discharge orice in said container, indicia inscribed on the container readable with reference to the periphery of the plunger to eiect coarse measurements, and indicia inscribed on the container and on the plunger adapted to cooperate to eiect ne measurements.

15. In a device of the character described, the combination of an inner and an outer tubular member, supporting means for adjustably coupling said members, a discharge orice in the outer member, the inner member forming a plunger, indicia inscribed on the outer member registerable with the periphery of the inner mem. ber for indicating relatively coarse measurements, and supplemental indicia inscribed on the outer and inner members adapted for alinement to indicate fractional parts of the coarse measurements.

16. In a device of the character described, the combination of a graduated cylindrical container, a discharge orice in the container, a longitudinal index line inscribed on the container, a plunger adjustably confined Within the container and inscribed With a circumferential scale, the circumferential scale being registerable With the index line to subdivide the graduations on the container, and supporting means for releasably coupling the container and the plunger.

SAMUEL F. COLE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2457313 *Mar 5, 1945Dec 28, 1948Lockhart Marshall LHypodermic syringe
US2475939 *Jul 12, 1946Jul 12, 1949Applezweig NormanCartridge syringe
US2792834 *Sep 22, 1955May 21, 1957Scientific IndustriesOperating device for syringe or pipet
US3398860 *Oct 18, 1965Aug 27, 1968Cutter LabMetering devices for liquids
US3884220 *Sep 21, 1973May 20, 1975Leo J HartnettMethod for injecting X-ray contrast media for venography of the female pelvis
US4664635 *Sep 12, 1985May 12, 1987Divetronic AgSimulation device
US4810249 *Mar 12, 1987Mar 7, 1989Habley Medical Technology Corp.Linear and Vernier-type syringe
US5062828 *Feb 6, 1990Nov 5, 1991Waltz Roger LHypodermic syringe
US5112317 *Jan 18, 1989May 12, 1992Nosta AgInjection device
US5728075 *Oct 10, 1994Mar 17, 1998Pharmacia & Upjohn AktiebolagInjection devices
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US6793660Aug 20, 2001Sep 21, 2004Synthes (U.S.A.)Threaded syringe for delivery of a bone substitute material
US6916308Jun 6, 2001Jul 12, 2005Cook IncorporatedHigh pressure injection syringe
US7261559 *Apr 1, 2005Aug 28, 2007Ultradent Products, Inc.Syringe delivery system for dispensing a dental composite or other highly viscous material
US7604618Jun 23, 2005Oct 20, 2009Cook IncorporatedHigh pressure injection syringe
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US7976510 *Feb 26, 2009Jul 12, 2011Becton, Dickinson And CompanySyringe with adjustable two piece plunger rod
US8066713Mar 31, 2003Nov 29, 2011Depuy Spine, Inc.Remotely-activated vertebroplasty injection device
US8172813 *Feb 26, 2009May 8, 2012Becton, Dickinson And CompanySyringe with two piece plunger rod
US8333773Aug 30, 2007Dec 18, 2012Depuy Spine, Inc.Remotely-activated vertebroplasty injection device
US8360629Jul 6, 2006Jan 29, 2013Depuy Spine, Inc.Mixing apparatus having central and planetary mixing elements
US8361078Jun 16, 2009Jan 29, 2013Depuy Spine, Inc.Methods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue
US8415407Feb 22, 2006Apr 9, 2013Depuy Spine, Inc.Methods, materials, and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue
US8480681Jul 7, 2010Jul 9, 2013Christopher JordanPressured syringe for the injection of a viscous liquid through a cannulated surgical screw bone filler adapter
US8540722Jun 16, 2009Sep 24, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLCMethods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue
US8579908Sep 22, 2004Nov 12, 2013DePuy Synthes Products, LLC.Device for delivering viscous material
EP1424945A2 *Aug 20, 2002Jun 9, 2004Synthes (U.S.A.)Threaded syringe for delivery of a bone substitute material
WO2006108085A2 *Mar 31, 2006Oct 12, 2006Ultradent Products IncDental syringe for composite or viscous material dispensing
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/211, 222/158, 604/224
International ClassificationA61M5/315
Cooperative ClassificationA61M5/31575, A61M5/31591, A61M5/31586, A61M5/31558, A61M5/31505, A61M5/31551
European ClassificationA61M5/315F3A, A61M5/315E2B1A, A61M5/315F2B2