|Publication number||US2284770 A|
|Publication date||Jun 2, 1942|
|Filing date||Nov 30, 1940|
|Priority date||Nov 30, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2284770 A, US 2284770A, US-A-2284770, US2284770 A, US2284770A|
|Original Assignee||Clemens Scheuer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
AJune 2, 1942-. c. SCHEUER GARMENTv RACK Filed Nov. 30, 1940 'INVENIOR .CMMI/vs Sc//EUE/e:
Patented June 2, 1942 UNITED "STAT l 2,284,770 GARMENT RACK This inventionrelatesto garment or clothes carrying racks or stands, as for displaying the articlesfor sale or show purposes, and has particular` reference to movable racks of this type.
Heretofore, in garment houses or establish-` ments, where articles are exhibited for inspection` by buyers, necessitatingmovementof quantities of garmentsbetiifeen` diierent parts or ,rooms of the establishments, damage `hasbeen caused to floors or ground surfaces, owing to the construe-V tion of` rack bases, and one of theobjects of 4this invention is the provision of a rack with which vsuch damage may be eliminated. l
Another of the present objects is the provision of an organization in which the constituent elements are so arranged structurally and functionally as to assure `improved results with parts which may be manufactured at reasonable 4cost and which may retain` their eiiicient Yworking qualities for a relatively long period of time.
More specifically stated, a feature of the invention is a base for an article supporting rack, in which an annular rim isof such construction that when the rack, with or without articles thereon, is moved as by its steminto an inclined position, the rim,iwhile at rest or during movement, being of arcuate cross section, may always engage the floor or supporting surface with a roundedportion thereof, so as to bring about'the result herein described.
On the top portion of the instant rackwith its stem,on e particular cross supportfor articles is shown, but thestructures are not limited in practice tosuchjsupport, and others, not shown, but substantially similar to theillustrated unit,l andV adapted for the same purpose, may be used. The` entire outer surface of the rack, as seen in service, is plated or of chromium finish, and it is a feature of the rack, including said cross arm, that acute angles or edges are eliminated, with a View to preventing injury to articles carried thereon.
Firms or houses of the nature mentioned `use racks in varying numbers, a large quantity being sometimes in use, and at other times it being de sirable to take some of the devices `out of actual service.. Yet another object of `this invention therefore resides in a rack which may be readily taken apart and again assembled manually, or without the aid of tools, by any usual clerk or employee, so that racks not actually in use may, with economy of space, be compactly housed.
The present rack is therefore of advantage, in accordance with still another of the objects involved, for the purpose of being packed, especial- 1y in quantities, and shipped, as to distributors or l parties 4which could not formerly obtain Va` rack having the benets-and advantages ofthe instant device. f
with the above indicated objectsand advan-v tages inview, as well as others which will hereinafter appear, the essentialffeatures of the present improved constructions are herein clearly described 'and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which; y
Fig. 1 is Va view in perspective of an article supporting rack embodying the improvements of this invention; v Y y Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical central section of the base portion of the rack;
Fig. 3 is a central vertical section of the top end of the rack stern, with its cross arm;
Fig. 4 is a partial longitudinal central section of a cross arm; and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view of a base and stemV 1 position.
. disc part I0 and formed witha centrally dis- Y 4 along the end of the stern `I3 than required for Figure 6 shows a portion of the upon a resilient door covering.
' As shown in said drawing, the base of the rack,
which is of cast metal, is substantially flat in its posed downwardly projecting boss Il,`in which is a tapped opening I2.
Rising from the base I0 is a rodor stern I3,
Which may be of tubular construction and prothe opening 'I 2, and the upper part of the thread I5 engages threads within the lower portion I6 of a combined locking nut and manipulating element, the latter, of tubular construction,having an upper part I9 `which is capable of being grasped by the hand of a user to eiect the locking operation. Y 2 Y A bore ZI of the upper part I9 of the manipulable lock nut is of greater diameter than the bore of the lower portion I6, and therefore the face of the bore ZI is spaced from 'the plated surface of the stem I3 thereat, so that said surface may not become injured or defaced in any way in the assembly.
Since the disc portion I0 of the base is of uniform depth just outwardly of the hub II, and
not overweighted, while the rim 22, which is far- Y thest from the central aperture I2, is of considerable weight, this arrangement tends to give vbase resting stability tothe device, as when a Vload of garments are disposed on one or both side members of a cross arm 23,24.
Surfaces of floors on which display stands or article supporting racks of the present type are usedV include those of linoleum, polished surfaces, and carpets. As seen in Fig. 2, an annular rim 22, of arcuate cross section on its lowermost and outwardly facing sides, is of such formation that it moves, travels or rolls, on such surfaces without causing injury thereto. Thisformation also facilitates the rolling operation, and one particular or selected inclination is shown in Fig. 5, where an annular tread portion 25 engages a fioor surface 26.
In the showing'of Fig. 2, an annular base portion or tread 30 rests on a ground 3|, Curved slightly above the tread part 3] and ground 3 I ,as when said ground is of any firm material, is a tread portion 32, the latter being of such contour as to be spaced from the ground '3 l. This surface part 32 terminates at a ring or edge part 33, and the distancefrom the edge 33 to the plane of the tread portion 30 is such that when a floor covering is of any yieldable material, such as carpet, the depth to which the tread 30 may become temporarily indented into Vthe covering (see Fig. 6) may only be such thatno part of said covering, as at its top surface, extends above the edge 33.
Thus, according to the diagrammatic showing of said Fig. 6, a yieldable and substantially resilient covering 34 'is seen on'a floor 3|. In the figure last mentioned, the annular rim portions 35 and 25 are shown in dot and dash lines, as when the base is in horizontalposition, and in the floor covering 34- is represented an indentation, as caused by the tread 35. But on removal of the base of the rack from the covering 34, its resiliency is such that the depressed part 35 resumes its normal position, aligned with the other top surface parts of the covering.
Similarly, when a base I is rolled on its tread along a carpet or yieldable surface as just described, an annular part 'forms a temporary indentation 35, which again becomes level or normal after passage thereover of said base.
The thread I4 of the rod I3 removably engages in the tapped bore 40 of a cap or casting 4I, and below the bore 4D, on Ythe inner face of the cap is a plain or unthreadedfskirt 42. The inner diameter of the skirt 42 is greater than that of the bore 40, so that the thread I4 is entirely covered and concealed, thereby also to add to the neat appearance of the device.
In thecap 4I is a plain cross aperture 43, and a communicating smal1,`internal threaded aperture 44, the latter being axial of the cap. Adapted to register with the aperture 44 Vis a plain or unthreaded aperture 5I, in the tubular arm 23, 24, and this arm, for assembly purposes is 'slidable into the aperture 43.
Into the bore ofthe tubular arm 23, 24 is slidablymoved a rod 45, the opposite ends of which are threaded, and centrally fast on the rod 45 is a thickened part or collar 45, with which a set screw 4 1 at its end engages, thereby to hold said rod 'with its collar 46 releasably fast, said screw being placed in position before assembly of the head 4I with the stem or rod I3.
The opposite ends of the rod 45, with their mountings, are similar, so that a description of one is equally applicable to the other. Threadedly mounted on an end of the rod 45 is a garment retaining disc 48, as presently described. The inner face of the disc 48, as herein indicated, is plain and smooth, and fast therewith is a plug 49 having, lin a bore 50 thereof, threads which mesh with the end threads of the aforesaid cross rod. The discs 48 are manipulable for removing and replacing the end garment retainers, the plugs 49 being freely turnable Within the bore of the tube 23, 24. It is another feature of the collar 46Y that it tends to position the ends of the rod 45 axially of the tube, so as to facilitate assembly. On removal of the end mountings 48 fromthe telescoped rods 23, 24, 45, garments or articles with loops or openings therein, such as well known in trade, may readily-be placed on the cross supports.
` In the top of the cap 4Iis a threaded recess 53, in which may be inserted a threaded end of a stem 54, shown in broken lines, of al holder or frame 55, in which may be inserted any card or.
the like, not shown, for receiving thereon indicia relating to articlessupported on the garment rack. The spaces between the frame 55 and the members 23, 24 are such as -to freely admit of the placing of articles on said' members.
Variations may be resorted to within the scope of the inventionand parts of the improvements may be used without others.
l. In a garment rack having a vertical stem, a base from which -said stern rises and comprising a disc having an annular rim of under and outwardly facing arcuate `c'rosssection, said rim having an annular'port-ionthereof for resting on the ground, and annular portionsoutwardly of the first portion-and inwardly thereof.
2. A Ygarment rack according to claim 1, in which said inward annular portion is spaced from the ground.
3. In aV garmentv rack having a normally vertical stem, a base towhich the lower end of the stem is attached, saidv base comprising a disc having an annular rim forming a surface of under and outwardly facing arcuate cross section, said surface having VitsV lowermost annular portiona'daptedtonormally rest-on the ground, the outwardly facing portion of said surface forming a tread, whereby the stem andr base may be inclined to one side Vso that the rack'may then be moved Vby rolling the tread along the'ground.
4. In a garment rack, incombination, a base having a central threadedopening, a stem having itsvlower end threaded and disposed in said opening, said stem having a portion of the threads thereof extendingY uppermost of the base, a cylindrical lock nut having a lower portion thereof threadedly engaging said uppermost threads, and an elongate nut portion extending from said lower nut'portion and forming a manipulating part,v said manipulating part being formed with a threadless bore, the latter having its boundary face spaced from said stem.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2469896 *||Jun 15, 1945||May 10, 1949||Schaef Harold M||Adjustable pedestal stool|
|US3243051 *||Jun 24, 1964||Mar 29, 1966||Garcy Corp||Display fixture assembly|
|US3288413 *||Sep 7, 1962||Nov 29, 1966||Jack E Gregory||Portable gymnasium standard|
|US3335989 *||Jun 1, 1965||Aug 15, 1967||Bachmann Emil Heinrich||Stand for optical instruments|
|US3391887 *||Nov 14, 1966||Jul 9, 1968||Doerner Products Co Ltd||Chair base|
|US4919368 *||Mar 27, 1989||Apr 24, 1990||Garrett Elmer E||Portable stand with removable bar|
|US6702129 *||Oct 7, 2002||Mar 9, 2004||Peggy R. Harris||Expandable clothes support structure|
|US9096968 *||Aug 14, 2014||Aug 4, 2015||Moses Munoz||Portable clothesline system for heavy garments|
|U.S. Classification||248/158, 211/196|