US 2284967 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 2, 1942. J. L. yRAY mL 2,284,967
STAND FOR DRESS-FORMS AND THE LIKE Filed May 9, 1940 Patented June Z, 1942 ArtNr OFFICE STAND FOR DRESS FORMS AND THE LIKE Joseph L. Ray, Darien, Conn., and Ralph F. Palmer, Montclair, N. J., assignors to The Singer Manufacturing Company,
This invention relates to stands for dress-forms and the like, and more particularly for dressforms comprising a hollow shell molded to conform to the contours of a human model.
The invention has for its primary object to provide a stand facilitating the mounting thereupon of hollow dress-forms of various sizes and insuring a firm `support for the dress-form mounted upon the stand. More specifically, the invention aims to provide a dress-form stand requiring a minimum of adjustment thereof to adapt the stand for use with hollow dress-forms of different sizes and postures.
' A further object of the invention is to provide a dress-form stand with convenient means forv either securing the dress-form against turning movement upon the stand or for permitting turning movements of the dress-form at will, and preferably, in any vertically adjusted position of the dress-form upon the stand.
Other and more specific objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description and claims.
The invention consists in the dress-form stand structure as hereinafter described in connection with the accompanying drawing which illustrates a preferred embodiment of the invention and in which:
Fig. 1 is a view in side elevation of the improved stand, with a dress-form supported thereby shown in vertical section. Fig. 2 representsl an enlarged viewin side elevation of the upper portion of the stand, with the neck-frame shown partly in section. Fig. 3 represents an enlarged top-plan view of the neck-frame of the stand. Fig.y 4 represents an enlarged top-plan view of the adjustable arms for supporting the lower portionof a dressform. Fig. 5 is a d etail view, partly in side elevation and partly in vertical section, of one of the adjustable arms illustrated in Fig. 4 and the supporting means therefor. Fig. 6 represents an ing arms, the section being taken on the line 6 6 of Fig. 4.. Fig. 7 is a fragmentary View, partly in elevation and partly in vertical section, illustrating the stand-collar designed to provide for vertical and turning adjustments of the dressform. Fig. 8 represents an enlarged cross-section of the stand substantially on the line 8 8 of Fig.y 1 and showing the base-frame in top plan View. Fig. 9 is a fragmentary View in side elevation and partly in vertical section of the baseframe of the stand.
The stand illustrated in the drawing has a base-frame of generally conical outline including enlarged transverse section of one of the SupportaA horizontally and rectangularly disposed basewire I of substantial rigidity. Suitably connected, as by soldering or welding, to each side portion of said base-wire, medianlyof the length of each side portion, is one end of a wire-strut 2, said wire-struts extending inwardly at right angles from the base-wire I, but at a common acute angle with respect to the horizontal plane of the base-wire so as to converge above said plane'. The converging ends of the wire-struts 2 are secured, as by soldering or welding, to the under face of a header-plate 3 which is centrally extruded to provide an apertured and depending flange 4 receiving the threaded lower end of a vertically disposed standard in the form of a tubular bar 5.
Secured, as by soldering or welding, to each of the corner-portions of the base-Wire I are auxiliary wire-struts 6 which are bent to extend downwardly below the base-wire I and to provide inwardly rounded feet 'I for the base-frame. Like the wire-struts 2, the wire-struts 6 also extend inwardly from the base-wire I, but diagonally of said base-wire and at a common angle to the horizontal plane of said base-wire which,
is somewhat more obtuse than that of' the wirestruts 2, so as to converge at a substantial distance 4vertically above the header-plate 3. I'he convergent ends of the wire-struts 6 are secured, as by soldering or welding, to the under face of a preferably vfluted header-disk 8 which is centrally slitted to provide a plurality of segments 9 bent downwardly to embrace the standard-bar 5, thereby to support said bar in vertical position.
Telescopically disposed in the tubular standardbar 5 is a vertically adjustable extension-bar I@ secured in adjusted position by a thumb-screw II threaded into the upper reduced portion of a collar I2 and preferably having apointed end for engagement with the extension-bar I0. The collar I2 has a standard-bar aperture I3 and a reduced extension-bar aperture E4 in alnement with the aperture I3, thereby dening a shoulder I5 between said apertures and disposed in overlying engagement with the upper end of the standardbar 5, the collar being releasably secured upon the standard-bar by a thumb-screw I5. By loosening the thumb-screw I6, the collar I2 andthe extension-bar I0 are free to be together turned about the longitudinal, axis .of the standard-bar 5 in any vertically adjusted position of said extension-bar. Y
The flattened upper end of the extension-bar Ill-is horizontally apertured to pivotally receive a transverse supporting-rod I 'I of a'tiltable neckframe I8 having the general form of a truncated cone. The supporting rod I1 engages the extension-bar IIB medianly of the length of said rod and is preferably bent slightly downwardly adjacent the opposite sides of the extension-bar Ill. The ends of the rod I1 are secured, as by soldering or Welding, to the under side of an intermediate frame-ring I9 Which, in a vertical position of the neck-frame I8, is disposed in a plane substantially normal to the extension-bar IEI.
Attached as by soldering or welding, to the primary frame-ring I9 are a plurality of upwardly convergent frame-ring spacing members in the form of wire-loops 2li of substantially equal length. The wire-loops 2Q are secured to the frame-ring intermediate the lengths of said wire-loops and preferably so as to be substantially equally spaced about the frame-ring I9. The upper ends of said wire-loops are suitably secured, as by soldering or welding, to the under side of an upper neck-frame ring 2I which is of smaller diameter than and is disposed in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of the framering I9. The divergent lower ends of the wireloops 23 are secured to the upper side of a lower neck-frame ring 22 of larger diameter than but also disposed in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of the intermediate frame-ring I3.
The intermediate neck-frame ring I9 is pref- I erably reinforced by a pair of substantially parallel stiiiening-rods 23 disposed transverse to and at opposite sides of the extension-bar Ill, the opposite ends of said rods 23 being suitably secured, as by soldering or welding, to the under side of the ring I9. The lower neck-frame ring 22 is similarly reinforced by a pair of stiffening-rods 24 disposed substantially parallel to the rods 23.
A dress-form skirt support is carried by a collar 25 secured by a thumb-screw 26 upon the extension-bar IG for vertical adjustment thereof. To the upper reduced portion 2d of the collar 25 is suitably secured a horizontally disposed supporting-plate 21 having two oppositely directed supporting-arms 2B of substantially equal length and two relatively shorter and also oppositely directed arms 29 which are lengthwise disposed substantially normal to the arms 28. The arms 28 and 29 are fluted to provide the upper faces of said arms with spaced and substantially parallel channels 30 extending lengthwise of the respective arms Slidably disposed in the channels of each of the arms 28 and 29, for adjustment lengthwise of said arms, are the parallel members of an elongated wire-loop arm-extension 3| confined by a clamp-plate 32 overlying the wire-members of the arm-extension. The clamp-plates 32 are fiuted to provide the under faces thereof with channels 33 opposed and parallel to the channels 33 of the respective arms 28 and 29, each of said clamp-plates having downwardly bent endflanges 34 in engagement with the side-edges of their supporting arms. The clamp-plates 32 are each provided with an upstanding boss 35 which is apertured and threaded to receive a clampplate securing thumb-screw 33 passed upwardly through an aperture in the arm 28 or 29, and between the wire-loop members of the arm-extension 3I. Preferably, a washer 31 is interposed between the head of the thumb-screw 3B and the arm into which it is threaded. As illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawing, the inner end portions of the arm-extension 3I are bent upwardly to provide stops which limit outward movement of the arm-extensions upon their supporting arms.
Suitably secured to the outer ends of the respective arm-extensions 3l are horizontally disposed carriers 38 extending transversely of the lengths and to opposite sides of said arm-extensions. The free end portions of the carriers 38 are preferably slightly bent horizontally inwardly, and fitted upon the bent portions of said carriers are preferably cylindrical and horizontally spaced dress-form engaging members 39 of rubber or equivalent yielding material. The armextensions 3| associated with the longer arms 28 are preferably correspondingly longer than those associated with the relatively shorter arms 29.
By loosening the thumb-screws 36, the armextensions 3l may be readily adjusted lengthwise of the arms 28 and 29, the end-flanges 34 of the clamp-plates serving to prevent said clampplates from turning about the loosened securing screws 33, and thereby insuring that the armextensions 3l are conned upon the supportingarms therefor.
In Fig. 1 of the drawing, a dress-form A (illustrated in vertical section) is shown supported by the described stand. The dress-form A comprises a hardened hollow shell molded to conform to the contours of the torso of a human model, and includes a collar portion B and a skirt portion C; The dress-form A is mounted by passing it downwardly over the upper end of the stand until the collar B of the dress-form rests upon the neck-frame I8. The conical shape of the neck-frame I8 accommodates different sizes of neck-openings in the collar portion B of the dress-form and, being self-tiltable, the neck-framel adapts itself to the neck-posture of the model from which the form was made. Consequently, no manually effected adjustments are required to be made of the neck-frame, either as to size or posture of the dress-form.
The collar 25 of the skirt-portion support of the stand is now vertically adjusted upon the extension-bar I 0 so that the cylindrical members 39 of said support are at a level slightly above the lower edge of the dress-form. The arm-extensions 3I are now adjusted lengthwise of the supporting arms 28 4and 29 therefor until the cylindrical members 39 contact the innerY face of the dress-form, whereby the dress-form is now definitely supported at the opposite ends thereof. Because of the line contact afforded by the cylindrical members 39, they are readily adapted to meet the conditions incidental to different form configurations. The arms 28 and the varm-extensions 3i supported thereby are made longer than the arms 29 to span the dressform below the hip portions thereof, the shorter arms 29 and the arm-extensions 3I thereof providing for engaging the 'front and back portions of the dress-form. l
By loosening the thumb-screw II of the collar I2, the extension-rod may be vertically "'adjusted in conformity with the desired height of the dress-form, maintained by `again tightening said thumb-screw IE. When tightened against the standard-bar, the thumb-screw I6 serves to hold the dress-form against turning upon the stand, but by loosening said thumbscrew IB the dress-form may be freely turned while fitting a dress thereto in any vertically adjusted position of the dress-form.
Having thus set forth the nature of the invention what we claim herein is:
l. In a stand for hollow dress-forms and the like, comprising a base, a `standard rising vertically from said base, and dress-form supporting means carried by said standard, the improvement which consists in the provision of a neck-portion supporting frame including a plurality of frame-rings of different diameters and disposed in substantially parallel planes, a plurality of upwardly convergent frame-ring spacing members, and a pivot-rod carried by said neck-frame and supported by said standard providing for tilting movements of the neck-frame relatively to the standard.
2. In a stand for hollow dress-forms and the like, comprising a base, a standard rising vertically from said base, and dress-form supporting means carried by said standard, the improvement which consists in the provision of a neckportion supporting frame including 'a plurality of frame-rings of different diameters and disposed in substantially parallel planes, a plurality of upwardly convergent frame-ring spacing members in the form of wire-loops attached to said frame-rings, a rod pivotally mounted upon said standard and carried by said neckframe, and substantially parallel frame-ring stiiTening-rods having their opposite ends connected to the same frame-ring at opposite sides of said standard.
3. In a stand for hollow dress-forms and the like, comprising a base, a standard rising from said base, and dress-form supporting means carried by said standard, the improvement which consists in the provision of a neck-portion supporting frame including upper, intermediate and lower frame-rings of successively increasing diameter and severally disposed in substantially parallel planes, a plurality of upwardly convergent frame-ring spacing members attached to each of said rings, a pair of substantially parallel stiiTening-rods disposed at opposite sides of said standard and connected at their opposite ends to a frame-ring, and a neck-frame supporting rod pivotally mounted upon said standard and connected to the intermediate framering of said neck-frame.
4. In a stand for dress-forms and the like, comprising a, base, a standardrising fromsaid base, and dress-form supporting means'carried by said standard, the improvement which consists in the provision of a supporting-plate having a plurality of arms mounted upon and eX- tending transversely ofsaid standard, said arms being provided with substantially parallel guidechannels extending lengthwise of the arms, armextensio-n members adjustably disposed in said channels, clamp-plates provided with guidechannels complemental'to said arm-channels for receiving said arm-extension members, means for securing said clamp-plates to said arms inv diierent set positions of said arm-extension members, and dress-form engaging members carried by said arm-extension members.
5. In a stand for dress-forms and the like, comprising a base, a vertically disposed standard rising from said base, and dress-form supporting means carried by said standard, the improvement lwhich consists in the provision upon said standard of a plurality of oppositely directed arms having guide-channels extending lengthwise of said arms, arm-extensions in the form of elongated wire-loops slidably disposed in said guide-channels, clamp-plates releasably secured upon said arms in engagement with said arm-extensions --and having end-flanges vin engagement with the side edges of said arms, and dress-form engaging means carried by the outer ends of said arms.
6. A stand for dress-forms and the like, comprising, a base, a vertically disposed standard rising from said base, a neck-frame supported by the upper end of the standard, a plurality of oppositely' directed and horizontally extensible supporting arms mounted upon said standard, and individually yieldable dress-form engaging members carried by and disposed at opposite sides of the outer ends of the respective supporting arms. I
JOSEPH L. RAY. RALPH F. PALMER.