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Publication numberUS2287262 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1942
Filing dateMay 7, 1940
Priority dateMay 7, 1940
Publication numberUS 2287262 A, US 2287262A, US-A-2287262, US2287262 A, US2287262A
InventorsMerry Fred D
Original AssigneeAmerican Warming Ventilation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire damper
US 2287262 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

5 Sheets-Sheet 2 F. D.MERRY FIRE DAMPER Filed May 7, 1940 INVENTOR FRED D. MERRY W nonusys FIE-.5-

June 23, 1942.

June 23, 1942- F. 1;. MERRY 2,287,262-

FIRE DAMPER Filed May 7, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 mVmon fem D. MERRY ATTORNEYS 5 Patented June 23, 1942 i UNITED STATE.

TENT OFFICE American Warming and Ventilating Company,

Toledo, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application May 7, 1940, Serial No. 333,796

9 Claims.

This invention relates to fire dampers, and particularly to those of the automatic closing type for use in the openings of ventilating flues, or the like;

An object of the invention is the provision of an improved and highly efficient damper of this character,'the blade or blades of which are retained in open positoin by means that is automatically releasable under predetermined heat conditions and which when, releasedmove to andare locked in closed position.

A further object of. the invention is the provision in connection with. a, damper of this character of means movably carried by therdamper blade at its edges and retained in retracted inoperative position on the blade when the latter is in other than closed position and isautomatically operable to move to joint-closing bladelocking position when the blade is in closed poe sition.

Further objects and advantages of the'invention will be apparent from the following detailed description thereof andfrom the accompanying drawings illustrating different embodiments of the invention, in which Figure 1 is a fragmentary side view of a damper embodying-the'invention, with the blade in closed and locked position; Fi 2 is a similar fragmentary view with the damper in open position; Fig. 3 is a side edge view of a damper embodying the invention, with the blade in open position; Fig. 4 is-a vertical section on the line 4-4 in Fig. 1, showing the damper in closed andlocked position; Fig. 5 is a side view of a form of the invention including multiple blades or louvres, with the same in closed and locked position; Fig. 6 is a similar fragmentary side view of such form; of the invention, with the blades in open position; Fig. 7 is an edge elevation of a multiple blade form damper embodying the invention, with the blades held in open position, and Fig. 8 is a-fragmentary sectional view thereof taken on the line 8--8 in Fig. 5.

Referring to Figs. 1, 2, 3 and. 4 of the drawings which illustrate the invention in association with a single blade or louvre type damper, l designates a damper frame for insertion or building into a ventilating or intake opening of a draft flue, or the like,as well understood in the art, and II a damper blade mounted therein.

The frame NJ, in the present instance, provides a rectangular opening. Lock flanges I2 and I3 extend the full length of and project inwardly, respectively, from the top and bottom alls of the opening intermediate their side edges, and stop flanges I4 project inwardly from both side walls of the opening for cooperation with the damper blade when closed.

The blade II is of plate-form and is of a sizeto adapt it, when closed, to overlap, at its top and bottom edges, the respective sides of the lock flanges l2, l3, and also to overlap the stop flanges M. It is provided at opposite side edges in axial alignment with trunnions I5 fitting into respective bearing openings l6 in each upright or side member of the frame. The trunnions, in the present instance, seat in a transverse crimp I! in the blade and are secured therein by welding, or in any other suitable manner. These trunnions are disposed substantially centrally of the top and bottom edges ofthe-blade, but in upwardly ofiset relation to the center of gravity thereof, so that the tendency of the blade; is to close by gravity action.

The blade H is provided at its upper edge, at the side thereof which has stop coaction with the frame flange I2, with a lock strip 20 which extends the length of the blade edge and is mounted thereon for limited movements radially of the blade axis. The strip 20 and a. companion backing strip 2|, at the opposite side of the blade edge, are rigidly connected at intervals lengthwise of the blade by bolts 22 which project through radial slots 23 in the blade, thus permitting inward and outward movements of the strips 20, 2|,- relative to the blade. Whenthe strips 20, 2|, are in inward retracted position, thev strip 2!] stands in position to pass freely under the flange 2 during a closing movement of the blade; When the blade is in closedposition and the strips 20, 2|, are moved outwardly, they straddle the flange I2 so that the front strip 20 coacts therewith to prevent an opening of the blade and to provide a closev joint between the flange and blade. The outer edge portion of the strip 20 is outwardly inclined to facilitate its engagement with the flange so that when moved outwardly it has a wedgelike action on the flange to draw the opposing blade edge closely thereto.

a The blade at its lower edge is provided with a radially shiftable lock-strip 25 connected by a series of bolts 26,-through radial slots 21 in the blade, to a backing strip 28 at the opposite sides of the blade'edge. When the strips 25, 28, are retracted the lock-strip 25 passe freely-over the frame flange I3, and when projected, said lockstrip has wedge engagement with said flange in opposition to the blade edge to lock the blade to the flange and to provide a tight joint between it and the blade edge the same as described for the upper edge strips 20, 2|.

A link and lever connection is provided between the upper and lower sets of edge strips at one side of the blade and near opposite ends thereof and is of a nature to caues the strips to have opposing movements in unison when either set is moved. This connection, in the present instance, includes at each end of the blade a lever 36 pivoted to the blade at 3| and extending lengthwise thereof, and links 32 and 33 pivoted to opposite ends of the lever and projecting .in opposite directions therefrom, with one pivoted at its outer end to the lower edge strips 28 while the other is pivoted at its outer end to the upper edge strip 20. The weight of the lower set of strips 25, 28, and their attachments, is such relative to the upper set of strips 20, 2|, and their attachments, that when the blade is in vertical or closed position, both sets are moved, by gravity action of the former, to protracted positions, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4.

The lower strip 28, in the present instance, has a finger 35 projecting laterally therefrom at each end in the plane of swinging movements of the blade and from the side of the blade which is uppermost when the blade is in open position. A pin 36 projects outwardly from each finger 35 crosswise of the frame In and in guided engagement with the inner side of a respective guide-bar 37 on the adjacent frame upright. Each of these guide bars has a pair of laterally spaced legs a, a, attached to and rigidly projecting from the frame and connected by a pin guiding portion including an arcuate part b concentric to the swinging axis of the blade, and a vertically disposed part c at the lower end of the part b. The guide parts b coact with the pins 36 to retain the sets of blade edge plates 20, 2| and 25, 28, in retracted positions when the blade is in other than substantially vertical or closed position, and when in the latter position the pins are released by moving into register with the well formed by the part c, thus permitting the edge strips to move to projected locking engagement with the respectiveframe flanges l2, I3.

When the blade is in closed position the pins 36 coact With the guide parts to tend to lock the blade in such position, thus cooperating in this respect with the edge strips 20 and 25 in engagement with their respective frame flanges.

It is apparent that the guides 31 and cooperating parts are disposed at the outer or accessible side of a damper opening to permit manual, or manually-controlled, release of the blade locking parts and an opening of the blade.

The blade is retained in open position by a chain 46 provided with a fusible link 4| and conected at one end to an eye 42 on the frame I0 and at its other end to an eye 43, in the present instance, on the lower edge strip 28 of the blade.

The application of the invention to a damper of the multiple blade or louvre type is illustrated in Figs. 5, 6, '7 and 8. In this form of the invention, 50 designates the frame forming the damper opening, and 52 the lock flanges projecting inwardly from the upper and lower members, respectively, of the frame, and 53, 54 and 55 the three blades pivotally mounted one over the other for vertical swinging movements in the frame and adapted to cooperate, when in closed or substantially vertically aligned positions, to close the frame opening, as shown in Figs. 5 and 8.

These blades are mounted in the frame on trunnions 56 the same as described in the single blade form. Each of the blades is provided at its lower edge with a pair of edge strips 51 and 56, which have limited movements radially of the respective blades and correspond in operation and function to the lower edge strips 25, 28, of the single blade form. When the blades are in closed position, the lower blade 53 laps the frame flange 52, while the lower edges of each of the other blades lap the upper edge of the blade next below. At the same time the edge strip 51 on the .lower blade has locking coaction with the frame flange 52, while the corresponding edge strips of the remaining blades have locking coaction with the upper edges of the adjoining blades the same as if such edge were a flange on the frame. The upper blade has at its upper edge a pair of edge strips 60 and 6|, which are connected together and are adapted to have limited movements radially of the blade the same as the top edge strips 20 and 2| of the single blade form of the invention. When the blade 55 is in closed position, the edge strip 60 coacts with the opposing side of the frame flange 5| to' that engaged by the edge of the blade and locks the blade in closed position. In this form of the invention, the upper blade, 55, is the only one having edge flanges at each edge thereof the same as in the single form of the invention. These edge flanges of the upper blade have link and lever connection 63 the same as shown in Fig. 1, whereby a lowering movement of the lower edge strips on the blade will effect a raising movement of the upper edge strips.

The backing stri 58 at the lower edge of each blade is providedat each end with an outwardly projecting finger 65 and these fingers, at each side of the damper, are pivotally connected to a respective bar 66 which cause the blades to have opening and closing movements in unison. The pivotal connection of the upper and lower fingers 65 with the bar 66 are extended to provide guide pins 61 which coact with respective guide bars 68 to hold the edge strips of the respe t blades in retracted position until the blades have moved to closed or vertical position and then to permit a gravity projection of the edge strips the same as described in connection with the single form. In this multiple louvre form, the fusible connection for retaining the blades in open position comprises a chain 10 anchored at one end to an arm projecting outwardly from the lower portion of the frame 56 at one side thereof, and thence extends upwardly and around sheaves l2 crosswise of the frame and thence down on the opposite side to the central portion of a loop chain 10', which connects at opposite ends to bracket fingers 13 projecting outward from the respective bars 66. The sheaves 12 are carried by arms 14 projecting from opposite sides of the top portion of the frame. The connection 10 is provided at each side of the frame with fusible links 15.

It is apparent with this multiple blade construction that when either link of the connection Ill, 10', is fused, the bladeswill be permitted to have gravity closing movements in unison and the lower edge locking strips 51 on each of the blades and the upper edge locking strips 60 on the upper blade will have protracted J'oint closing movements by gravity action when the blades are in closed positions. When the blades are in open positions the edge locking strips are retained in retracted position due to the coaction of the pins 2,287,262 Elwiththe guide bars 68. When, the blades have swung to closed position the pins 6! move into thewells at the lower ends of the guides and per. mit gravity protracted movements of the edge strips-for the purpose'described;

I wish it understood that my invention is not limited to any specific construction, arrangement or form of the parts, as it is capable of numerous modifications and changes without departing from the spirit of the claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent, is:

1. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having inwardly projecting edge parts, a blade mounted for vertical swinging movements in said frame between said parts, means carried by said blade and including inwardly and outwardly shiftable members at the upper and lower edges thereof and connections therebetween operable by gravity action to move said members into locking coaction with the respective edge parts to lock the blade in closed position when it has moved to such position, means coacting with said first means to retain its members retracted from edge part engaging positions until the blade is moved to its closed position, and releasable means for holding the blade in open position.

2. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on one of its upper and lower walls, a blade mounted for vertical swinging movements in said frame to open and closed positions and normally movable by gravity to closed position, an edge strip carried by an edge of the blade for limited radial movements relative to the swinging axis of the blade and operable by gravity action to move outward on the blade to have looking joint closing engagement with said flange when the blade is in closed position, means for preventing outward movement of said edge strip on the blade except when the blade is in closed position, and releasable means for holding the blade in open position.

3. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on each of its upper and lower walls, a blade mounted for vertical swinging movements in the frame and for stop coaction at its upper and lower edges with said flanges when closed, said blade normally by gravity action, an edge strip carried by each upper and lower edge portion of the blade for limited inward and outward movements relative thereto, means connecting said strips to have opposed movements in unison, said strips being normally operable to have sliding engagement with the respective flanges when the blade is in closed position, means acting to retain said strips in retracted position except when the blade is in closed position and means for holding the blade in open position and releasable by predetermined temperature conditions.

4. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on its lower wall, a blade mounted for vertical swinging movements in the frame and for stop coaction at its lower edge with said flange, a member movably carried by the lower edge portion of the blade and projectable by gravity action into locking and joint closing engagement with said flange when the blade is in closed position, guide means carried by the frame and cooperating with said member to retain it in retracted position except when the blade is in ingnmovement of the bladeiuntil'the member-has been retracted, and means'toretain the blade'in openpositi'on and releasable by predetermined temperature conditions.

5. In a fire damper, a frame forming an open.- ing and having'an inwardly. projecting flangeon each edge of its upper and lower walls, a. blade mounted for vertical. swinging movements inthe frame and for stop coaction at its upper and lower edges with said flanges when closed, said blade normally moving to closed position 'by gravity action, an edge member carried by each upper and lower edge portion of the blade for limited inward and outward movements relative thereto, and when moved outwardly with the blade in closed position to coact respectively with said flanges and in opposition to the blade edges to retain the blade in closed position, means carried by the blade and connecting said members to cause themto have inward and outward movements in unison, said means and members being normally operable by gravity to move to protracted positions, means coacting with one of said members to retain the members in retracted positions except when the blade is-in closed position, and means for retaining the blade in open position and releasable by predetermined temperature conditions.

6. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on its lower edge wall, a plurality of blades mounted in vertically spaced relation for vertical swinging movements in said frame and cooperating to close the opening when swung to vertical position, a member carried by the lower edge portion of each blade for limited inward and outward movements relative thereto, means connecting said members to cause them to have inward and outward movements in unison, said members being movable outward on the blades by gravity action when the blades are in closed positions with the member on the lower blade in joint closing engagement with said flange and with the members on each of the other blades in joint closing engagement with the upper edge of the blade next below, means for retaining the members in retracted positions when the blades are in closed position, and releasable means for retaining the blades in open positions.

7. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on its lower edge wall, a plurality of blades mounted in vertically spaced relation for vertical swinging movements in said frame and cooperating to close the opening when swung to vertical position, a member carried by the lower edge portion of each blade for limited inward and outward movements relative thereto, means connecting said members to cause them to have inward and outward movements in unison, said members being movable outward on the blades by gravity action when the blades are in closed positions with the member on the lower blade in joint closing engagement with said flange and with the members on each of the other blades in joint closing engagement with the upper edge of the blade next below, means operable to retain said members in retracted positions except when the blades are in closed positions and releasable means for holding the blades in open position.

8. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on each of its upper and lower walls, a plurality of blades mounted in said frame one above the closed position and, tov then act. to prevent openother and for vertical swinging movements to cooperate with said flanges to close the frame opening, a member carried by the lower edge portion of each of said blades for limited inward and outward movement relative thereto, means connecting said members to cause them to have inward and outward movements in unison, said members being projected when the blades are in closed position with the lower member coacting with the lower flange to close the blade joint therewith and with the other members coacting with the upper edge portions of the blades next below to close the joints therebetween, a member carried by the upper edge portion of the upper blade for inward and outward movements relative thereto and for joint closing engagement with said upper flange when the blades are in closed position, means connecting the members on said upper blade to cause them to have protracting and retracting movements in unison, means coacting with certain of said members to retain them in retracted position except when the blades are in closed positions and releasable means for holding the blades in open position.

9. In a fire damper, a frame forming an opening and having an inwardly projecting flange on each of its upper and lower walls, a plurality of blades mounted in said frame one above the other and for vertical swinging movements to cooperate with said flanges to close the frame opening, a member carried by the lower edge portion of each of said blades for limited inward and outward movements relative thereto, means connecting said members to cause them to have inward and outward movements in unison, said members being projected when the blades are in closed position with the lower member coacting with the lower flange to close the blade joint therewith and with the other members coacting with upper edge portions of the blades next below to close the joint therebetween, a member carried by the upper edge portion of the upper blade for inward and outward movements relative thereto and for joint closing engagement with said upper flange when the blades are in closed position, means connecting the members on said upper blade to cause them to have protracting and retracting movements in unison, and means coacting with certain of said members to retain them in retracted positions except when the blades are in closed positions, and fusible means connected to and normally retaining said blades in open positions.

FRED. D. MERRY.

Patent No. 2,287,262.

CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.

' June 25, 19L 2.

FRED D. MERRY.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows: Page 5, sec- 0nd column, line 14.8, claim 6, after "positions" insert --exc'ept--; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this Lem day of Au ust, A. D. 19L 2.

Henry Van Arsdale,

(Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2494835 *Aug 25, 1947Jan 17, 1950Airolite CompanyVentilator
US3165050 *Nov 13, 1962Jan 12, 1965 Universal fire damper with engaging means
US3172347 *Nov 13, 1962Mar 9, 1965American Warming VentilationUniversal fire damper with angular axle
US3283691 *Sep 8, 1964Nov 8, 1966William ReiterVentilating duct damper
US3312159 *Apr 14, 1965Apr 4, 1967Shepherd WyleyCombination fire and volume damper
US3543439 *Oct 7, 1968Dec 1, 1970Frederick William PantlandFire dampers
US3633600 *Nov 24, 1969Jan 11, 1972Daito SeisakushoFuse-melt-type apparatus for intercepting flow of an overheated medium through a duct
US3832940 *Jun 28, 1973Sep 3, 1974Pacific Air Prod CoLouver unit having a fire resistant seal
US3899156 *Jan 23, 1974Aug 12, 1975Mccabe Francis JSingle blade fire damper
US4452184 *Oct 29, 1982Jun 5, 1984Honeywell-Braukmann GmbhBoiler draft control device
US5020423 *Jul 20, 1990Jun 4, 1991Mestek, Inc.Rotating blade damper with blade lock and stop mechanism
US5217407 *Jun 11, 1991Jun 8, 1993Tomkins Industries, Inc.Fire damper with auxiliary springs
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/369, 126/287.5
International ClassificationF24F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationF24F13/15
European ClassificationF24F13/15