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Publication numberUS2287611 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1942
Filing dateJul 25, 1940
Priority dateJul 25, 1940
Also published asDE929795C
Publication numberUS 2287611 A, US 2287611A, US-A-2287611, US2287611 A, US2287611A
InventorsGeorge C Harbison
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shelf
US 2287611 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 23, 1942. G..(:. HARBISON 7 2,287,511

SHELF Filed July 25, 1940 Inventor": Ge orge C. Han-bison,

His Attorneg.

Patented June 23, 1942 SHELF George C. Harbison, Erie, Pa., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application July 25, 1940, Serial No. 347,456 6 Claims. -(Cl. 211-150) My invention relates to shelves for cabinets such as refrigerators and the like.

Shelves of relatively small area have hitherto been provided in refrigerators and disposed in the space between the cooling element or evaporator and one of the side walls, thereby utilizing this space for storage purposes as for the support of small articles. been removable or arranged to tip up or both in order to increase the storage space for tall articles, such as bottles, which may then be placed upright on the next lower shelf.

It is an object of my invention to provide a new and improved shelf of this type which shall be easily positioned in one of a pluralityof vertically spaced-apart positions, or moved to a position permitting the upright storage of tall articles whereby the maximum flexibility of 'arrangement is obtained.

It is another object of the invention to provide a shelf of the above described type which is slidable and has selective vertical positions.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

For a better understanding of my invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a partial view of a refrigerator provided with a shelf embodying the principles of my invention; Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the shelf shown in Fig. 1 in one position thereof; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the shelf of Fig. 2 in its tipped up position; Fig.4 is a perspective view of the shelf of Fig. 2 in its inverted position; and Fig. 5' is men- I larged cross sectional view illustrating details Inasmuch as the refrigerating machine is not a.

part of my invention, the complete details thereof are not shown as any suitable refrigerating device may be employed. A suitable thermal control arrangement is provided including a temperature adjusting device I 5 mounted on the Such shelves have the compartment II, I have provided a pair of shelves I8 supported on either side of the cooling element from the side walls by means of brackets or supports l9.

Each of the shelves l8 comprises a border frame comprising end portions 20 and 2| and side portions 22 and 23. The side portion 23 is displaced out of the plane of the shelf l8 for a purpose to be hereinafter described. The frame in the plane of the shelf I8 is completed by a portion 24 suitably secured at the ends thereof to the border frame as by welding. In order to provide an article supporting surface, a plurality of spaced-apart longitudinally extending members 25 is provided, the members being secured to the end portions 20 and 2|, respectively, in any suitable manner as by welding, for example. In order to provide a neat and distinctive appearance, a decorative strip 26 has been applied to the frame portion 20. If desired, a similar decorative strip may be applied to the other end portion 2|. 4

In order to support the shelf I8, I have provided a pair of brackets or supports I9. Each of the brackets I9 is provided with a guide slot 2'! therein for slidably receiving one of the side members 23 or 24, these side members thus forming cooperating supporting portions for the shelf. The brackets are secured to the side wall 28 of the food compartment II by suitable means such as a screw 29 threaded through apertures in the bracket I 9 and wall 28 into threaded engagement with a nut 30 welded to the outside surface of the wall 28. In order to obtain a quiet smooth sliding action between the border frame of the shelf and the brackets, the supporting brackets I are preferably formed of some non-metallic substance, such for example as a resinous condensation product having a suitable filler, for example,-the material obtainable on the market under the trade name of Textolite.

In order to limit the outwardly sliding movement of the shelf I 8, the brackets l9 are placed near the front of the side wall 28 so that engagement between an end border frame and the rear bracket will prevent further outward movement.

In order to protect the finish on the rear food compartment wall I provide a buffer member 3| of some suitable material, as rubber for example, so arranged as to engage the shelf at the end of its inward sliding movement.

In order positively to maintain the shelf 18 in a horizontal position I have provided each bracket with a depending portion l9 as by cutting away a portion of each of the brackets 19 to provide a bearing surface 32 or stop against which one of the shelf supporting portions 23 or 24 is adapted to bear. Thus, when the shelf is in the position shown in Figs. 2 and 5, the supporting portion 24 serves to support the shelf from the brackets I9 while the portion 23 cooperates with surface 32 to maintain the shelf It! in a horizontal position. In the shelf position shown in Fig. 4, the supporting portion 23 'engages the slots or grooves 21 while the supporting portion 24 performs the function of maintaining the shelf in the horizontal position. It will be readily seen that this construction renders the shelf readily movable and it will also be seen that the shelf may be rotated or pivoted about the supporting member disposed in the slot 21. -If it is desired to store relatively tall articles on the shelf IS, the shelf l8 may thus be removed or tilted into the position shown in Fig. 3. In order to retain the shelf I8 in its tilted or tip-up position, I have provided a suitable retaining member, such as a headed stud 33, so positioned as to engage the side frame portion 22 as shown in Fig. 3. I'he ends of the article supporting rod adjacent the side portion 22 are displaced at each end thereof to permit passage of the headed stud.

Because of the above-described construction, it will be seen that the provision of the spacedapart supporting portions of the shelf [8 serve to provide selective, vertically spaced-apart positions of the shelf by inversion of the shelf. Thus, if it is desired to provide more storage space between the shelf i8 and the top wall of the storage compartment, the shelf may be placed in the position shown in Fig. 4. On the other hand, if more room is desired for storage purposes between the shelf 16 and the shelf l8, the shelf may be inverted and replaced in the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2. Of course, additional space may be provided by removing or tipping the shelf, as described.

While I have shown a particular embodiment of my invention, other modifications will readily be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, instead of employing a pair of spacedapart brackets l9, one bracket of sufficient length to rigidly support the shelf may be used. I do not therefore desire my invention to be limited to the particular construction shown and described and I intend in the appended claims to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

I 1. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet, said shelf having two different surfaces either of which may be used as an article supporting surface, shelf supporting means including a bracket on said wall and a pair of vertically spaced-apart supporting portions extending longitudinally of said shelf along a marginal edge thereof, said portions serving to selectively position the shelf in one of two vertically spacedapart positions by inversion thereof. said means being arranged and constructed for engaging and retaining one .of said supporting portions in order to permit the selective pivotal movement of said shelf between a substantially horizontal and a substantially vertical position thereof, and also being constructed and arranged to slidably engage said shelf.

2. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet, said shelf having two different surfaces either of which may be used as an article supporting surface, shelf supporting means including a bracket on said wall and a pair of spaced-apart supporting portions extending longitudinally of said shelf along a marginal edge thereof, said means being constructed and arranged to permit inversion of the shelf for selectively positioning said shelf in one of two vertically spaced-apart positions, said means also being arranged and constructed for engaging and retaining one of said supporting portions in order to permit the selective pivotal movement of said shelf between a substantially horizontal and a substantially vertical position thereof, said means also being constructed and arranged to slidably engage said shelf.

3. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet, said shelf having two different surfaces either of which may be used as an article supporting surface, shelf supporting means including a bracket on said wall and a pair of spaced-apart supporting portions extending longitudinally of said shelf and adjacent the marginal edge there of, said .portions serving to selectively position the shelf in one of two vertically spaced-apart positions by inversion thereof, said means being arranged and constructed for engaging and retaining one of said supporting portions in order to permit the selective pivotal movement of said shelf between a substantially horizontal and a substantially vertical position thereof, said means also being constructed and arranged to slidably engage said shelf, means for retaining said shelf in the substantially horizontal position, and means for holding said shelf in the substantially vertical position.

4. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet, said shelf having two different surfaces either of which may be used as an article supporting surface, shelf supporting means including a bracket on said wall and a pair of vertically spaced-apart supporting portions extending longitudinall of said shelf and adjacent the marginal edge thereof, said portions serving to se lectively position the shelf in one of two vertically spaced-apart positions by inversion thereof, said means being arranged and constructed for engaging and retaining one of said supporting portions in order to permit the selective pivotal movement of said shelf between a substantially horizontal and a substantially vertical position thereof, said means also being constructed and arranged to slidably engage said shelf, a portion of said bracket being arranged to receive one of said supporting portions for supporting said shelf from said wall and another portion of said bracket being arranged to cooperate with the other of said supporting portions for positively maintaining said shelf in a horizontal position,

5. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet or the like, said shelf having two different surpartment for supporting said shelf from one of stop for the other of said supporting portions in order to maintain said shelf in a horizontal position when said shelf is placed in association with said support.

6. In combination, a shelf for use in the food storage compartment of a refrigerator cabinet or the like, said shelf havingjtwo different surfaces, either of which may be used as an article supporting surface, a pair. of vertically spaced apart supporting portions extending along a marginal edge of said shelf, one of said portions lying substantially in the plane of said shelf, means carried by a wall of said storage compartment for supporting said shelf from one of said supporting portions, said means including a support having a longitudinally extending groove in the upper surface thereof for slidably retaining one of said supporting portions, said support having a depending portion providing a stop for another supporting portion in order to maintain said shelf in a horizontal position-when said shelf is placed in association'with said support, said groove and said supporting portions being constructed and arranged for engaging and retaining one of said supporting portions in order to permit pivotal movement of said shelf between a substantially vertical and a substantially horizontal position of said shelf,.and means. for holding said shelf in the substantially vertical position.

, GEORGE C. HARBISON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2479858 *Sep 1, 1945Aug 23, 1949Servel IncRefrigerator shelf
US2582812 *Jul 3, 1946Jan 15, 1952George WiseCabinet unit with changeable interiors
US2760649 *Nov 16, 1953Aug 28, 1956Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2767042 *Mar 18, 1953Oct 16, 1956Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2895617 *Jul 11, 1955Jul 21, 1959Chamberlain CorpShelf and supporting bracket therefor
US4533056 *Feb 13, 1984Aug 6, 1985George KrikorianShelf and bracket therefor
US4589349 *May 14, 1982May 20, 1986The Mead CorporationExtendible shelf
US4725935 *Dec 9, 1986Feb 16, 1988Westinghouse Electric Corp.Cantilevered task light
US4904032 *Jan 9, 1989Feb 27, 1990General Electric CompanyShelf support system for a refrigerator cabinet
US5642924 *Feb 29, 1996Jul 1, 1997White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Shelf system for a refrigerator cabinet
US5813741 *Jan 23, 1996Sep 29, 1998White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Adjustable shelf for a refrigerator
US7784868Jan 6, 2009Aug 31, 2010Cushion Seats, Inc.Stadium seat
US7931336 *Aug 30, 2010Apr 26, 2011Cushion Seats, Inc.Stadium seat
US7971737 *Sep 4, 2007Jul 5, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyAdhesively mountable angled wall shelf
US8182056Aug 28, 2008May 22, 2012Electrolux Home Products, Inc.Offset weight supporting slide
US8205942 *Apr 26, 2011Jun 26, 2012Cushion Seats, Inc.Stadium seat
US8336976 *Apr 22, 2010Dec 25, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Keeping device for refrigerator and refrigerator having the same
US8403438 *May 21, 2010Mar 26, 2013Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Variable shelf and refrigerator having the same
US8444239Apr 30, 2012May 21, 2013Electrolux Home Products, Inc.Offset weight supporting slide
US20100283368 *Apr 22, 2010Nov 11, 2010Lg Electronics Inc.Keeping device for refrigerator and refrigerator having the same
US20110127897 *Dec 1, 2009Jun 2, 2011Jonathan NashShelf for an appliance
WO2010029053A2 *Sep 8, 2009Mar 18, 2010Arcelik Anonim SirketiA cooling device
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/313, 211/134, 108/62
International ClassificationF25D25/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25D25/02, F25D2325/023, F25D2331/803, F25D2325/021
European ClassificationF25D25/02