US 2287797 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 30, 1942.
s. M. HANLEY APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Filed July 29, 1939 5 Sheets-Sheet l IJE-a-l 0 0 n 7 N N P 060 cow oO coo eQo 0 G G G O 0 0 O O 0 0 0 0 000 .000 o6 Q70 6 O O 0 O O O O 7 Q Q 0 0 0 0 c Q H Q s 7 I.|..|u..L .fl.||
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IN V EN TOR. 6mm) 9%. Zea wee ATTCRNEY June 9,42. s. M. HANLEY APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS 5 Sheets-Shed 2 mw Q INVENTOR. c3121 Mia? 91? EPA/443 BY 4. A TTORNEY June 30, 1942. HANLEY v APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Filed July 29, 1959 i J l I Vlmfagllff afflgfflllllllllfl If! ATTORNEY INVENTORf 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 June 30, 1942. '5 HANLEYt 2,287,797
I APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Filed July 29, 1959 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 8 I EN TOR.
WATTJORNEY I June 30, 1942., s HANLEY 2,287,797
APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Filed July 29, 1959 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 1125;15 v I -11 663 621 5 85a IN V EN TOR. 03/ 91b. 961M4 ATTCRNEY Patented June 30, 1942 APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Stanley M. Hanley, Grosse Pointe, Mich., assignor to Power Equipment Company, Detroit, Mich.,
a partnership Application July 29, 1939, Serial No. 287,425
My invention relates broadly to an improved apparatus for controlling electric circuits and more particularly to means for establishing detachable electrical connection between a multiplicity of interlocking push key switches and a terminal system associated with a selective switching system and an improved construction of apparatus embodying such means.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide apparatus for controlling electric circuits in which a multiplicity of coacting push key switches are arranged in units which may be readily detached and replaced with respect to a plurality of circuit terminals which are associated with selected switching apparatus.
Another object of my invention is to provide an improved construction of switching system in which circuit terminals are arranged in groups and electrically connected through selective switching means and in which the circuit terminals are adapted to be detachably engaged by contact means associated with groups of interlocking push key switches, the groups of push key switches being readily removable and replaceable with respect to the circuit terminals.
Still another object of my invention isto provide a construction of guide for a push key unit which is adapted to be inserted or removed with respect to a supporting frame structure and detachable electrical connection established with circuit terminals in accordance with the act of inserting the push key switches with respect to the supporting frame structure.
A further object of my invention is to provide a construction of electrical circuit control apparatus in which a multiplicity of interlocking push key switches are arranged in interchangeable groups and adapted to be inserted into or removed from a frame structure for establishing electrical connection with circuit terminals alignable with contact members carried by the groups of push key switches.
A still further object of my invention is to provide an arrangement of interlocking push key multiple contact switches which are detachably removable by a translatory movement with re spect to a plurality of aligned circuit terminal members for establishing various electrical circuit permutations and combinations in coaction with a multiplicity of selector switches operative to selectively shunt or test certain of the'circuits through the multiple contact switches.
Other and further objects of my invention reside in a circuit controlling unit including selector switches and detachably mounted interlocking multiple contact push key switches as set forth more fully in the specification hereinafter following by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a front view of a multiplicty of removable push key strips showing the switch actuators; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 22 of Fig. 1 and showing the coactive relation of the removable push key switch units and the selective switching mechanism associated therewith; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken on line 33 of Fig. 2 and showing the guide means for the removable push key switch units adjacent one side of the supporting structure and. illustrating the manner in which terminal connections are made to the electrical contacts supported from the fixed panel structure within the apparatus; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the guide means at one side of the fixed frame structure; Fig. 5 is an enlarged plan view of the apparatus of my invention with certain of the parts shown in horizontal section and illustrating the position of the push key switches wholly in engagement with the electrical circuit terminals which extend from the supporting panel within the apparatus; Fig. 6 is a view similar to the view shown in Fig. 5 but illustrating one of the groups of the push key switch units partially removed from the cabinet structure and with the detachable electrical connections thereof disengaged from the circuit terminals supported by the panel structure within the apparatus; Fig. 7 is a rear view of the panel structure within the apparatus illustrating the selective switching mechanism supported by the panel structure; Fig. 8 is a side elevational view of one of the groups of removable push key interlocking switch units shown on an enlarged scale; Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 99 of Fig. 8 and showing the multiple contacts carried by the removable multiple contact interlocking push key switch units and the circuit terminals which extend from the insulated panel structure in the apparatus; Fig. 10 is a fragmentary front elevational view on an enlarged scale looking toward the circuit terminals which are carried by the insulated panel structure; Fig. 11 is a side elevational view of the circuit terminals illustrated in Fig. 10 and showing the association thereof with the selective switching means carried by the panel structure; Fig. 12 is an enlarged elevational view showing the contacts carried by the removable push key switch unit in electrical and mechanical engagement with the circuit terminals on the cal connection with the circuit terminals.
insulated panel structure within the apparatus and in association with the selective switching means; Fig. 13 is a small perspective view showing one of the individual insulated panels carrying the electrical circuit terminals with which connection is established when the push key switch unit is moved into operative position; Fig. 14 illustrates one of the electrical circuit arrangements which may be employed in the apparatus of my invention for establishing various circuit permutations and combinations and performing various electrical tests with respect thereto; Fig. 15 shows the actuated position of one of the push key switches; and Fig. 16 shows the restored position of one of the push key switches.
My invention is directedto apparatus for controlling electric circuits in which quick detachable electrical connection may be established, broken and reestablished between a plurality of electric circuit terminals associated with selective switching mechanism and a plurality of interchangeable interlocking multiple contact push key switches. In the system of my invention, the selective switching mechanism is supported adjacent one side of an insulated panel structure while circuit terminals connected therewith project'with respect to the opposite side of the panel structure. Guide means are arranged in alignment with the panel structure and adapted to form means for guiding multiple contact push key interlocking switch units into position for establishing detachable mechanical and electri- The multiple contact interlocking push key switches are arranged in groups in frames which carry guide means engageable with the guide means adjacent the panel structure with insulation means supported intermediate the guide means on the removable push key switch frame structure on which there are mounted contact terminals adapted to establish detachable connection with the contact terminals on the panel structure. The groups of interlocking push key switches are quickly interchangeable and when one group of push key interlocking switches is removed, another group may be functioning. The interlocking arrangement of the push key switches enables various circuit permutations and combinations to be established through the functioning of individual push key switch actuators. The fact that mechanical and electrically engageable detachable connections are provided between the insertable and removable push key strip unit and circuit terminals aligned with the contacts carried by the removable unit permits a quick breaking of the circuit connections without the necessity of unsoldering a mutliplicity of electrical conductors when an operation is to be performed with respect to perhaps only a single conductor or circuit. Moreover, the slack and lost motion connection which must normally be allowed in any arrangement which contemplates the removal of a multiple contact push key switch is a source of annoyance and congestion in positions where space is restricted. The construction provided in the system of my invention permits the quick removal of an entire push key multiple contact switch unit, the adjustment of circuits terminating in the exposed circuit terminals and the quickreplacement of the push key switch unit after adjustment of the several circuits. The selective switching means mounted with respect to the panel structure enables test to be carried out in the circuits leading to multiple contacts of the itnerlocking multiple contact push key switches.
Referring to the drawings in more detail, reference character designates the front of the cabinet structure in which the apparatus of my invention is housed and with respect to which a closed housing is provided by means of a removable top section 2 integrally connected with the back section 3 and integrally connected with the side wall sections 4 and 5. The front wall I is formed integral with the base plate 6 which is apertured as represented at "I for the passage of multiple conductor cable 8 through which the conductors extend for establishing electrical connection with the sets of terminals 9 mounted on insulated panels indicated at H] and H. The insulated panels Ill and H are supported in spaced relation to vertically extending panels I2 and M by means of suitable brackets indicated at l5 and Hi. The vertical panels |2 and M serve as means for supporting horizontally extending guide means I! and H3 in the form of panels having inwardly directed portions which serve as guide rails or tracks for the guide means I9 and 20, respectively, of each of the removable and replaceable multiple contact push key switch units that I have designated generally at 2|.
The vertically extending panels l2 and M are connected through flanges |2a and Me with the rear of panel l. The opposite ends of panels I2 and I4 are connected through flanges |2b and I4?) with insulated panel 22. The insulated panel 22 provides a support at one side for circuit terminals indicated generally at 23, Fig. 6, and on the opposite side for selective switches indicated generally at 24. The circuit terminals indicated at 23 are constituted by pins 25 which are mounted on insulated strips 26 supported in spaced relation to panel 22 by means of spacer members 21. The pins 25 are each provided with lugs 25a which grip the sides of the insulated strips 26 and provide soldering terminals for the connecting leads indicated generally at 28 which lead to the terminals and contacts of selective switches 24 on the opposite side of insulated panel 22. The selective switches 24 are mounted on insulated supports constituted by strips of insulation material shown at 29, 29a, 30, 3|, 32, 33, 34 and 34a, Figs. '7 and 12, which are assembled in position between end strips 35 and 36 and secured together by means of through bolts indicated generally at 31. The assembly of strips 29--34 between end strips 35 and 36 permits the secure mounting of the contact members and jaws of the switches 24. The strips 29, 3| and 34 are each slotted in predetermined spaced relation to receive the sets of contact switch jaws 38, switch hinge posts 39 and contact switch jaws 40, respectively. The switch hinge posts 39 provide pivot means in which the switch blades 4| are pivotally mounted at 42-. In the case of the three upper selective switches mounted on panel 22 as illustrated in Fig. 7 the switch blades 4| are arranged in triple units, the blades being interconnected by insulation means constituting actuators as represented at 43. The switches thus arranged constitute three pole double throw switch units. In the lower switch unit on panel 22 in-Fig. '7 the hinge switch blades 4| are pivotally connected to switch hinge posts 39 which are spacially related in close proximity to each other and adjacent blades 4| interconnected by insulation means 44 for actuating pairs of adjacent switch blades 42 simultaneously. This arrangement is carried out for each of the switches 'I have indicated in Fig. 14. That is to say, for
purposes of forming a test provided by the circuit of Fig. 14, switches 45 and 46 may be actuated as single pole double throw switches whereas the remaining switch units in the lower set of switches operate as double pole double throw switches.
The removable push key switch units indicated generally at 2| constitute units which are insertable into and removable from the cabinet structure with the guides l9 and 28 on the removable push key switch units engaging guides l1 and |8 within the cabinet structure. The push key switch units 2| comprise a frame formed by a metallic strip 41 having an insulated facing 48 fastened thereto by screws 49, the strip 41 constituting a fastening means for bolts 58 and 5|, Fig. 9, which extend through sets of tubular spacer members 52 and 53 and hexagonal spacer members 54 and 55 with an intermediate transversely extending frame 56 disposed therebetween. The headed ends of the bolts 56 and 5| pass through angle pieces 51 and 58 which form the supports for the guide means I9 and 28. The angle pieces 51 and 58 have the guide members and |9 fastened to opposite sides thereof. The angle pieces 51 and 58 serve as supports for the strips of insulation material which I have shown at 59, 68 and 6|. The strips of insulation material are superimposed with respect to each other and are spaced at their ends by separator plates 62 and 63 and the stack thus formed, centralized with respect to the operating mechanism of the interlocking coacting key switches by the inclusion of spacer members 66 and. 61, is firmly secured together by sets of screws 64 and 65, The guides l9 and 28 project beyond the limits of the angle pieces 51 and '58 and engage.
opposite sides of the flanges l8 and I1 respectively, to permit the push key switch unit to be moved into position or to be removed from the cabinet structure.
The strip of insulation material 59 carries sets of resilient jaw members 68 which have lug portions extending around the edge of the strip and beneath the strip as indicated at 68a and terminating in a connecting portion indicated at 68b, Fig. 12. The connecting portion 68b is substantially aligned with the multiple contacts of the individual push key switches. The parallel extending strip 6| also carries a multiplicity of resilient contact members indicated at 69. These resilient contact members 69 have portions extending around strip 6| and between strips 6| and 66 as indicated at 69a. and terminating in lugs 691) which are also aligned with the contacts of the multiple contact push key switches and establish electrical connection with the contacts thereof as illustrated. The resilient contacts 68 and 69 establish translatory connection with the contact terminal pins supported on panels 26 mounted with respect to the insulated panel structure 22. The slidable mechanical and electrical engagement and disengagement between contacts 68 and 69 and pins 25 is shown more clearly in Fig. 12 in which the contacts are illustrated fully engagedbut adapted to be disengaged by an outward sliding action. The pins 25 are electrically connected with the selective switches 24 and so establish a complete circuit and 15.
fore break operation so that the electrical circuit The leaf is maintained continuous at all times. springs are indicated at 1|, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 11 and 18 with insulation strips therebetween and secured in a stack as represented in Figs. 8, 14 and 15. Leaf springs 13 and 16 are each provided with cam shaped ends 13a and 16a and with contact members 13b and 16b. The spring pressed key actuators 88 each operate against a coil spring 8| which surrounds the key actuating stem 82 and exerts a continuous force against the end of the frusto-conical cam device 53 carried by actuating stem 82. The actuating stem 82 passes through strips 41 and 48 and through the transversely movable locking bar 84. An interengaging cone is carried by each actuating stem 82 and is adapted to pass freely through an aperture in looking strip 84 or to abut with and be obstructed by transversely movable locking bar 84 according to the position of the transversely movable locking bar.
Referring to Fig. 6, it will be seen that spring member. 86 maintains continuous tension on transversely movable locking bar 84. Accordingly, when any one of the push key actuators 88 is pushed in, the frusto-conical shaped member 85 passes freely through the aperture in transversely movable locking bar 84 and contacts are established as represented in Fig. 15. It will be seen that the cam shaped member 83 which is of insulation material spreads leaf springs 13 and 16 establishing contact with leaf springs 1| and 18 while breaking contact between leaf springs 12 and 1| and 11 and 18. However, it will be observed that before breaking the contact between leaf springs 1| and 12 and 11 and 18, contact is first made between strips 13 and 1| and 16 and 18. This is highly important in order to maintain the continuity of the circuits connected with the contacts of the push key switches. As represented in Fig, 16 the transversely movable locking bar 84 has been shifted by the depression of another key actuator in the group of key actuators in the unit, as a result ol' which cone shaped member 85 is no longer retained or obstructed whereupon spring 8| restores the actuator back to normal position as illustrated in Fig. 16. Here again however it will be observed that circuits are made between the leaf springs 12 and 1| and 11 and 18 before circuits are broken between leaf springs 1| and 13 and 16 and 18 and the switch restored to the position illustrated in Fig. 16. During the reciprocal movement the actuating stem 82 is centered with respect to the leaf springs by insulated member 81 extending between leaf springs 14 The contact points for leaf springs 12 and 11 are illustrated at 12a and 11a adapted to make c'ontact with coacting contacts carried by strips 1| and 18 when in the position illustrated in Fig. 16.
In order to provide proper compensation when the circuit leading to the equipment is opened, I provide a resistor 88 which extends at an angle to each of the push key switches and accordingly may be arranged within the limits of the external physical dimensions of the push key switches.
Fig. 14 illustrates diagrammatically and schematically the arrangement of the push key switches illustrating the contacts thereof and the sleeve-like connections 68 which detachably connect with the pins 25. I have shown the compensating resistors 88 adapted to be connected in lieu of equipment upon depression of the key actuators 80. I have illustrated one of the selector switches 24 at 89 arranged to selectively connect either of two equipments directly to the circuit leading to the transfer switch 90 by shunting the circuit through the other. The switch indicated at 90 permits the line to be transferred from conditions of normal operation to conditions of test. Test conditions are carried out by actuation of either of the switches indicated at 9| by which either the "tip or the sleeve side of the line may be tested. That is to say, the single pole double throw switches 45 or 46 as shown in the lower left hand corner of panel 22 may be used I to effect independent test on either the tip or sleeve side of the circuit of a telephone or telegraph system.
The apparatus of my invention is applicable generally to any system in which various circuit permutations and combinations are to be selectively set up and utilized at various times. The fact that so many different circuits may be controlled by the apparatus of my invention renders the apparatus particularly applicable in telephone and telegraph systems. I realize that my invention has wide and various applications and I do not intend my invention to be limited to any particular field of use. I realize that modiflcations may be made in the construction of apparatus of my invention and I intend no limitations upon my invention other than may be imposed by the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows:
1. A switching system comprising in combination, a fixed frame, insulated panel means mounted on said fixed frame, pin connectors supported with respect to one side of said insulated panel means, selector switches connected with said pin connectors and mounted with respect to the other side of said insulated panel means, apertured front panel means mounted in parallel relation to said insulated panel means opposite said pin connectors, a removable frame insertable into and removable from said fixed frame through the aperture in said front panel means, said removable frame carrying a multiplicity of electrical switches operative to effect various circuit permutations and combinations, and socket connectors insulatingly supported on said removable frame and electrically connected with certain of the contacts on said electrical switches, said socket connectors being aligned to mechanically engage said pin contacts on said insulated panel means when said removable frame is inserted in position with respect to the front panel means of said fixed frame for establishing an electrical circuit between the contacts on said electrical switches and the selector switches on said insulated panel means.
2. In a system for controlling electrical circuits, a panel structure containing a multiplicity of rows of pin terminals projecting from one side thereof, selector switches supported with respect to the opposite side of said panel structure and electrically connected with selected pin terminals, a face panel mounted in fixed parallel relation to said panel structure opposite said pin termi nals, a multiplicity of removable frame members, each of said frame members carrying a multiplicity of electrical switches operative to eflect various electrical circuit permutations and combinations, a multiplicity of resilient socket members insulatingly mounted on each of said removable frame members and electrically connected with selected contacts on said electrical switches, said face panel being apertured for passage of said removable frame members, and said resilient socket members being mechanical- 1y engageable in groups with said pin terminals as the respective removable frame means are inserted in position with respect to said panel structure.
3. In a circuit controlling system, a frame structure including forward and rearward panel members maintained in parallel relation, a multiplicity of electrical contactors insulatingly supported by the rearward panel member in said frame structure. a removable electrical switch unit adapted to be inserted into or removed from said frame structure, said forward panel member being apertured for passage of said removable switch unit, electrical contactors carried by said removable electrical switch unit and adapted to establish mechanical and electrical connection with the contactors carried by said rearward panel member, selector switches carried by said rearward panel member and electrically connected with the electrical contactors thereon. said switch unit including a multiplicity of multiple contact switches, said multiple contact switches having separate sets of contacts, input connections between one set of said contacts and selected electrical contactors carried by said switch unit, output connections between another set of said contacts and other electrical contacts carried by said electrical switch unit, and individual circuits compensating means connected and supported between other sets of said contacts whereby upon actuation of said electrical switches various circuit combinations and permutations may be effected.
4. In a control system for electrical circuits, a frame structure including an insulated panel member, selector switches mounted on one side of said panel member and electrical contactors mounted on the opposite side of said panel member and electrically connected with said selector switches, an apertured front panel member mounted in parallel relation to said insulated I panel member opposite said electrical contactors,
guide means carried by said frame structure, a multiplicity of electrical switch units insertable and removable through the aperture in said front panel member, guide means on said units engageable with the guide means on said frame structure, a multiplicity of multiple contact electrical switches carried by said units and electrical contactors carried by said switch units and electrically connected with selected contacts of said multiple contact switches, the last said contactors being engageable with the contactors mounted on said insulated panel member, said electrical switches being operative to establish various electrical circuit permutations and combinations and said selector switches being operative to selective ly shunt and to test the circuits through the multiple contacts of said electrical switches when said switch units are inserted in said frame structure.
5. switching apparatus for interconnecting a plurality of transmission lines with a like plurality of electrical devices in various system arrangements, comprising a cabinet having a combined base and front panel structure and a cover member forming an enclosure, said base and sion lines, said switch units and said inner panel having coacting electrical contactors mounted thereon and engaged when said switch units are positioned in said cabinet, and a multiplicity of shunting switches mounted on the back of said 20 inner panel and having connectors extending through said inner panel to certain of the contactors mounted on the front thereof, said switches being operable to shunt the transmission lines across the switch means of any of said switch units for leading the transmission lines to the remaining switch units, whereby the shunted switch "units related to certain of said electrical devices may be removed from said cabinet for inspection or replacement without precluding the operation of unshunted switch units for connecting the electrical devices related thereto to any one of the transmission lines, said switch means having individual circuit compensating means supported by direct connection on the switch means for connection with the transmission line related thereto when the electrical device related thereto is disconnected or connected with another of the transmission lines.
- STANLEY M. HANLEY.