|Publication number||US2288649 A|
|Publication date||Jul 7, 1942|
|Filing date||Jan 27, 1939|
|Priority date||Jan 27, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2288649 A, US 2288649A, US-A-2288649, US2288649 A, US2288649A|
|Inventors||Norman P Robie|
|Original Assignee||Carborundum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y N. P. ROBIE 2,288,649
MULTiPLE CLOTH BACKING FOR FLEXIBLE ABRASIVEARTICLES I Filed Jan. 2'7, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. NORMAN F? ROBIE I ATTORNEY.
# 1 1942. L N. P. RQBIE Y 2,288,649
MULTIPLE CLOTH BACKING FOR FLEXIBLE ABRAS IVEQARTICLES 7 Filed Jan. 2'7, 1,939 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 i 1 '11,. lull im fig g h ww AHEESHEIIIEE M im g mm w wwn wwu j? fi lm i g iwhb ww 'gl hh di hkz i mww-r w; jim gmn wl u g mm aw 25 25 6 INVENTOR NORMAN P. RQBI E.
Patented July 7, 1942 MULTIPLE CLOTH BACKING FOR. FLEXIBLE v ABRASIVE ARTICLES Norman P. Robie, Niagara Falls, N. Y., assignor to The Carborundum Company, a corporation of Delaware Application January 27, 1939, Serial No. 253,162
This invention relates to the manufacture of abrasive sheets for use in grinding discs, abrasive belts, and the like. The invention relates more particularly to multiple cloth backings or supports forabrasive discs or belts. While the type of backing for the working surface of an abrasive sheet as described in the .present specification may be used for either abrasive'discs or for abrasive belts, its usewill be described particularly with respect to abrasive belts. sirable that an abrasive belt should combine great strength in the line of motion-of the belt with the flexibility necessary to carry the belt around the cylindrical surfaces where the belt contacts with thesupporting pulleys. It is desirable therefore to use a backing for the abrasive particles in which the tensile strength in the direction of travel of the belt is greater than the tensile strength in the direction of the width of the belt.
In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention the backing for the. abrasive sheet may be made of a multiple cloth in which the double layer of threads running parallel to the direction of motion of the belt are very much stronger than the transverse threads.
The disclosure is illustrated by means of the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is an enlarged transverse section of an abrasive-coated sheet used to form an endless abrasive belt, the section being taken in a plane at right angles to the direction of motion of the belt;
Figure 2 is an enlarged plan view of the back ing surface 'to which the abrasive coating was applied;
Figure 3 is an enlarged transverse section of two single cloths where each series of weft threads interweaves only its own warp threads;
Figure 4 is an enlarged transverse section of a double cloth formed from two single cloths of the type shown in Figure 3 with the threads of one cloth interweaving the threadsof the other cloth;
' Figure 5 shows an enlarged plan of another Figures 11 and 12 illustrate a backed cloth in so It is: highly dewhich there are two series or weftthreads and one series of warped threads.
Referring to the drawings in detail Figures 1 and 2 illustrate one embodiment of the present invention wherein the multiple cloth backing (of an endless abrasive belt) is much stronger in the direction of travel than across the direction of belt travel. The backing for the abrasive coating ll ismade of amultiple cloth H! in which the threads I that are parallel to thedirection of travel of the belt as indicated by the arrow A in Figure 2 are in a double layer and are much stronger than the transverse threads 8. The strong threads 7 are shown in transverse section in Figure 1 as a double layer, the upper layer 9 just under the abrasive coating and the lower layer l0 parallel to and below layer 9. The transverse threads 8.weave the double layerof threads a 9 and [0 together.
specimens diiler in weight and number of threads per unit area.
Longitudinal strength direction of belt travel Transverse specimen No. strength The longitudinal strength of these specimens of .multiple cloths was 100% or more greater than the transverse strength. Still another advantage of these multiple cloths is that its resistance to stretch is much greater in the longitudinal direction or direction of belt travel. Thus the higher strength and higher resistance to stretch in the direction of belt travel make these multiple cloths eminently suitable for endless abrasive belt backings.
In Figure 3 there is shown an upper or face layer of cloth I3 in which a series of weft threads is interwoven only with its own series of warp threads. The backing layer It is woven in a similar manner. Two distinct fabrics are formed one above the other by independent movement The thinner threads 8 may be of the two series of weft threads through its own series of warp threads. In Figure 4 on the other hand a double cloth is shown in which the face layer and backing layer are tied together by means of the two threads which are represented by solid black circles and which lie below the other five solid black circles.
Figures 5 and ,6 illustrate a double cloth weave in which the threads l5 and I! are in the face layer in the left portions of these views and are in the backing layer on the right side of these views. The threads l6 and I8 are shown in the backing layer on the left side and in the face layer on the right side.
Figures 7 and 8 show a treble cloth in which the upper or face layer is composed for the most part of light colored threads while the bottom layer is composed of dark colored threads. The
. intermediate layer is composed for the most part of threads which are-shown as smaller in diameter merely to make "it easier to distinguish the intermediate layer. The three layers are tied together by occasional intermingling of threads of the intermediate layer with those of the upper layer and by intermingling of threads of the bottom layer with those of the intermediate layer. This is illustrated by means of the threads I9 andZl inFigure 8.
Figures 9 and 10 illustrate a warp backed cloth in which there is one series of weft threads 24 and two series of warp threads indicated by the reference characters 22 and 23 respectively.
Figures 11 and 12 illustrate a weft-backed cloth in which there is one series of warp threads 25 and two series of weft threads denoted by the reference characters 28 and 21 respectively.
In order to increase the surface of contact between the adhesive and the cloth the threads of the cloth may be roughened with sandpaper or the like.
This invention is not limited to multiple cloth backings containing unequal strengths in the longitudinal and transverse directions. For the manufacture of sanding discs, we prefer to use a thick strong multiple cloth with equivalent strengths in the longitudinal and transverse directions. This cloth is filled with suitable sizing adhesives to strengthen and stiffen it and may or may not be further reinforced by cementing fiber or paper board layers to the cloth.
The term-multiple cloths, as used in this specification, includes backed cloths containing an extra series of either warp or weft threads, and double or treble. cloths wherein several cloth layers are combined by means of common threads interweaving them together. The term is also taken to include backed and double cloths containingextra wadding threads of thick yarn to increase the weight and thickness of the cloth. Broadly the term is taken to include any cloth wherein additional threads are introduced over and above the usual warp and weft threads of the plain single cloths heretofore used as flexible coated abrasive backings.
The multiple cloths as herein defined are characterized in that they make possible a thicker, heavier and stronger cloth than is possible with a single cloth structure with threads of equal size. A heavy strong single cloth can only be made by using thick yarns, in conjunction with which it is necessary to employ few threads per unit area. On the other hand a thick, strong multiple cloth can be made with finer yarns and more threads per unit area which provides a smoother more closely woven surface whose pores are easier to fill with sizing and whose smooth surface is easier to coat with abrasive particles.
The varieties of multiple cloths capable of being produced by the textile industry are exceedingly numerous and many of, them are of no value to us for the purposes of this invention, for some of them are designed for the purposes of presenting a pleasing design, of providing thickness for warmth, and for the purpose of backing high quality threads with cheaper threads.
The varieties of multiple cloths in which we are interested for the purposes of this invention are those which provide added strength in one or all directions, those which provide thickness and strength without thick coarse threads, and those which provide thickness in a single cloth structure capable of absorbing large amounts of stiffening reinforcing adhesive sizing.
It is not intended to limit the multiple cloths useful as abrasive backings to the weaves shown in the drawings, as many others oi equivalent usefulness are possible, The relative strength and thickness of the warp and weft threads or the 35 face and backing threads may be varied widely.
Further many changes may be made in the character of the abrasive and of the binder without departing from the spirit of the invention which is defined in the compass of the following claims:
1. A flexible abrasive article comprising a layer of abrasive particles bonded to a backing of multiple cloth made up of a plurality of layers of parallel longitudinal threads'and of transverse threads which draw the multiple layers and the parallel longitudinal threads close together, in which the strength of the cloth is substantially greater in a direction parallel to the longitudinal threads than in a transverse direction.
2- An abrasive belt comprising a layer of abrasive particles bonded to a backing of multiple cloth in which the parallel threads constituting the principal threads of the parallel layers of cloth are disposed parallel to the direction of motion of the belt.
3. The flexible abrasive belt described in claim 2 in which the strength of the sheet per unit length is at least fifty per cent greater in a direction parallel to the longitudinal threads than in a transverse direction.
4. A flexible abrasive belt.comprising a layer of abrasive particles adhesively attached to a backing of multiple cloth in which the stronger threads'of the parallel layers of cloth lie parallel to the direction of travel of the belt.
NORMAN P. ROBIE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2672715 *||Apr 25, 1951||Mar 23, 1954||Gustav Walters||Abrasive belt|
|US4478610 *||Feb 6, 1984||Oct 23, 1984||Carborundum Abrasives Company||Method of preparing flexible backing material for use in coated abrasives|
|US4867760 *||Aug 17, 1984||Sep 19, 1989||Norton Company||Coated abrasive|
|US5346590 *||Jan 29, 1993||Sep 13, 1994||Tamfelt Oy Ab||Dryer screen in a paper machine|
|U.S. Classification||51/297, 15/208|
|International Classification||B24D11/00, D03D11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B24D11/00, D03D11/00, D03D2700/0114|
|European Classification||D03D11/00, B24D11/00|