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Publication numberUS2292391 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1942
Filing dateJun 10, 1940
Priority dateJun 10, 1940
Publication numberUS 2292391 A, US 2292391A, US-A-2292391, US2292391 A, US2292391A
InventorsBurbank Clifford D, Merriman Henry H
Original AssigneeBurbank Clifford D, Merriman Henry H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wrench
US 2292391 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 11, 1942. H. H. MERRIMAN ET AL 2,292,391

WRENCH Filed June 10, 1940 1M EmoRs.

HENRY H. MEEFUMAN (Ju jzzD. BurzBA K ATZORN'EYS.

Patented Aug. 11, 1 942,

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WRENCH Henry H. Merriman and Clifford D. Burbank, Jackson, Mich.

Application June 10, 1940, Serial No. 339,652 12 Claims. (01. 81-61) which is very convenient in use in the applica tion of'or the taking ofi of nuts and one which is capable of withstanding relatively heavy stresses.

Second, to provide a Wrench in which certain of the working parts are effectively lubricated.

Third, to provide a structure which is simple and economical in its parts and the assembly thereof.

Objects relating to details and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow.- The invention is defined and pointed out in the claims.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, .in which:

Fig. 1 is a side view of our improved wrench partially broken away and in section.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view partially in section on line 22 of Figs. 1 and 3.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view partially in section on line 3--3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section on line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a diassembled view of the driving and holdingsprockets and the spindle.

Our improved wrench comprises a chambered body unit designated generally by the numeral l which constitutes a combined housing and handle. This unit has generally flat sides, rounded edges, and is tapered for economy in stock and lightness in weight and also for convenience in grasping the smaller end constituting the handle.

This body unit I comprises a pair of members 2 of channel section disposed in facing relation with their flanges in edge. to edge abutting relation and secured together by rivets 3, 3, 4, 4 and 5. Certain of these rivets perform functions in addition to rivets as will appear as the description proceeds. The members 2 are-preferably provided with internal abutting bosses 6 receiving the rivets 3.

The body members are provided with opposed members 1 adjacent the head end of the body unit providing bearings for the driving ratchet 9 and the holding ratchet I0. These members 9 and I0 have hub-like journal portions H and i2 respectively journaled in the bearing openings 1.

The members 9 and H] are disposed in side by ide relation and have non-circular spindle rey The spindle groove I8 which is engaged by the pin IQ for prevceiving openings l3 receiving the non-circular socket spindle M which in a reversible wrench of the type illustrated is slidably arranged in the socket members and provided with ball detents l5 seated in bores l6 and yieldably supported by means of the springs H. The outer ends of the bores are slightly upset to retain the balls.

The spindle is shifted axially to be projected at either side of the unit, the detents acting alternately to frictionally retain the spindle in its adiusted position and to retain a wrench socket. is provided with a longitudinal tion.

The ratchet wheel I0 is provided with a holding pawl 23,which is pivoted on the rivet 5 that is, the element 5 constitutes in th s assembly the double function of a rivet and a pivot mounting for the pawl. The pawl is yieldingly urged to theratchet wheel by means of the coiled spring 24 which is supported by the U-shaped holder 25, one arm of which has a laterally turned end 26 engaging within the spring. The bight portion of this holder is engaged with the spindle 21 while its other arm 28 is engaged with one of the bosses 6 so that the pawl is yieldingly urged against the ratchet wheel; This provides a very simple and effective mounting for the spring.

The actuating chain 22 is connected at one end to the coiled retracting spring 29 by means of the coupling link 30, the other end of the spring being connected to one of the rivets 4, see Figs. 1 and 3. I

To lubricate the chain, I provide a lubricating roller 3| preferably of felt or other lubricant absorb'ng material, this roller being mounted on the spindle 21 so that the roller engages or is engaged by the chain as the chain is actuated, thus lubricating the links and the lubrication is transferred by the links to the driving ratchet which being continuously driven in one direction results in an effective lubrication of both the chain and the ratchet wheel.

The pull rod 32 is connected to the other end of the actuating chain, this pull rod being in turn connected to the pull chain 33. It will be understood, however, that the pull chain 33 might be any desired flexible member or element.

The pull chain extends through an opening 34 in the end of the handle to receive the combined grip and return spring 35, the chain being provided with a headed coupling member 36. This grip constitutes a resilient stop, absorbing the shock when the pull chain isreleased while in extended position and suddenly retracted by the retracting spring 29. It also serves a further purpose-namely, that of permitting limited yielding movement in the event that actuating stress is applied to the handle prior to the complete seating of the pawl 23. In the event that occurs, there is some retracting movement on the actuating chain and this combined stop and grip may yield to prevent injury to the chain and other parts of the wrench.

A stop 31 is slidably mounted on the pull rod 32 to coact with one of the bosses 6 which constitutes a stop on the body unit and also to coact with the enlarged end 38 of the rod which constitutes a stop, thus limiting the actuating stroke of the pull chain and preventing injury to the retracting spring ,29 or displacement of the parts.

In operation, the spindle is projected to the desired side for'putting on or taking ofi a nut as the case may be, and in the event of putting on the nut, the nut is started and quickly turned up by manipulation of the actuating chain. When the nut is substantially seated or its turning resistance is such as to render further manipulation by means of the actuating chain inconvenlent, the wrench-may be manipulated by swinging the handle. The manipulation in removing the nut is the reverse.

Our improved wrench is economical in its parts and the parts are easy to assemble. The structure is compact and may be used in many restricted places where it is not very practical to use an ordinary wrench. Also it has the advantage of permitting very rapid work.

We have illustrated and described our improvements in an embodiment which we have found very satisfactory. We have not attempted to illustrate or describe other embodiments or adaptations as it is believed this disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt our improvements as may. be desired.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a body unit, a rotatable ratchet mounted on said unit, a pawl coacting therewith, a coiled pawl actuating spring, and a U-shaped holder for said spring having one arm terminating in a lateral extension receiving said spring, said body unit being provided with a member with which the bight of said holder loosely engages and with a second member with which the other arm of said holder engages, said spring engaging said pawl under compression and biasing the holder to maintain the holder arms against said members.

2. In a ratchetwrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding nected to theouter end of said rod and provided with a grip. I

3. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to one end of said chain, a pull rod connected to the other end of said chain, a stop member operatively associated with said rod to limit the actuating movement of the chain, a flexible pull element connected to the outer end of said rod, and a coiled spring on said pull element constituting a return stop member, said coiled spring being yieldable to permit a limited retracting movement of the actuating chain in the event that the holding pawl is not in completely seated engagement with the holding ratchet when actuating stress is applied to the handle. 7

4. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to one end of said chain, a pull rod connected to the other end of said chain, a stop member operatively associated with said rod to limit the actuating movement of the, chain, a flexible pull element connected to the outer end of said rod, and a yieldable return stop for said chain.

5. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a holding pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to one end of said chain, a pull rod connected to the other end of said chain, a step member operatively associated with said rod to limit the actuating movement of the chain, and a yieldable cushion element engaging said chain and body unit at the completion of the retracting movement of the chain to permit further limited retracting movement thereof in the event the holding pawl is not in completely seated engagement with the holding ratchet.

6. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drii ingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to one end of said chain, and a combined grip and a return stop connected with said chain externally of said unit, said return stop being upon engagementsaid unit yieldable to permit alimited retracting-"movement of the actuating chain in the event that the holding pawl is not in completely seated engagement with the holding ratchet when actuating stress is applied to the handle. 1 7. In a ratchet wrench, chambered body unit co housing and handle, rotatably mounted h: chain engaging ratchet eth,;,a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, ,a. .%spiiidle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a holding pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to one end of said chain, and a yieldable return stop for said chain coacting with said unit and permitting limited retracting movement of the chain in the event the holding pawl 't he' oombination of a g a combined is not completely seated when actuating stress is applied to the handle of the wrench.

8. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet and a holding pawl coacting therewith, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain havingtransverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to said body unit and to one end of said chain, yieldable means disposed between said chain and body unit constituting a cushion therebetween adapted to yield following completion of the normal retracting movement of the chain to permit further limited movement thereof in the event the holding pawl is not completely seated on the holding ratchet, and stop means limiting the actuating stroke of said chain.

9. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit constituting a combined housing and handle, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit provided with chain engaging ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a spindle holding ratchet and a holding pawl coacting therewith,

an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, yieldable means disposed between said chain and body unit constituting a cushion therebetween adapted to yield following completion of the normal retracting movement of the chain to permit further limited movement thereof in the event the holding pawl is not completely seated on the holding ratchet, and a retracting spring connected to said body unit to one end of said chain.

10. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a body unit, a rotatable spindle driving wheel rotatably mounted on said unit, a spindle drivingly connected to said wheel, a spindle holding ratchet rotatable with said wheel, a pawl coacting with said holding ratchet, a coiled pawl actuating spring, a U-shaped holder for said spring having one arm terminating in a lateral exten-- sion receiving said spring, said body unit being provided with a member with which the bight of said holder loosely engages and with a second member with which the other arm of said holder engages, said spring engaging said pawl under compression and biasing-the holder to maintain the holder arms against said members, and a flexible actuating member operatively associated with said driving wheel.

11. In a ratchet wrench, the combination of a chambered body unit, a spindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit and provided with driving ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a holding ratchet operatively associated with said driving ratchet, a holding pawl coacting with said holding ratchet, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actuating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring conneced to said chain, pull means for said chain, a lubricant roller mounted to be engaged by said chain as the chain is actuated and retracted for supplying lubricant thereto, and means associated with said holding pawl and lubricant roller simultaneously resiliently urging the pawl against the holding ratchet and the roller against the chain.

12. In a ratchet wrench, the-combination of a chambered body unit, aspindle driving ratchet rotatably mounted on said unit and provided with driving ratchet teeth, a spindle drivingly connected to said ratchet, a holding ratchet rotatable with said driving ratchet, a holding pawl coacting with said holding ratchet, an actuating chain coacting with said driving ratchet, said chain having transverse members drivingly engaging the driving ratchet teeth on the actu-- ating stroke thereof and sliding over the teeth on the retracting movement of the chain, a retracting spring connected to said chain, pull means for said chain, a lubricant supply means positioned within said body unit to be engaged by said chain as the chain is actuated and retracted for supplying lubricant 'thereto, and means associated with said holding pawl and said lubricant supply means simultaneously resiliently urging the pawl against the holding ratchet and the supply means against the chain.

' HENRY H. MERRIMAN.

CLIFFORD D. BURBANK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2603996 *Dec 17, 1948Jul 22, 1952Herman P HendershottFlexible drive means for socket wrenches
US2603998 *May 17, 1948Jul 22, 1952Schwartz Joseph PCable actuated wrench
US2643564 *May 28, 1952Jun 30, 1953Nat Telephone Supply CoPortable hand tool for alternative direct and step-by-step operation
US2655063 *Oct 13, 1952Oct 13, 1953Carrick Virgil PDrive means for double-ended socket wrenches
US4099430 *Dec 23, 1976Jul 11, 1978Studola Roger DRewind ratchet wrench
US4224844 *May 14, 1979Sep 30, 1980Henriksen Ronald WRatchet bolt drive apparatus incorporating bidirectionally operable reciprocating drive means
US4656894 *Apr 7, 1986Apr 14, 1987Goetz Harold ERatchet wrench
US4813309 *Nov 25, 1987Mar 21, 1989Kang Byung KAutomatically controlled socket wrench
US4898052 *Jun 28, 1988Feb 6, 1990Kang Byung KAutomatically controlled socket wrench
US6889579Jan 23, 2004May 10, 2005Loggerhead Tools LlcAdjustable gripping tool
US7748298Apr 11, 2006Jul 6, 2010Loggerhead Tools LlcAdjustable gripping tool
US7992470Apr 11, 2005Aug 9, 2011Loggerhead Tools, LlcAdjustable gripping tool
US8402863Oct 8, 2009Mar 26, 2013Loggerhead Tools, LlcAdjustable gripping tool
US8833209Mar 25, 2013Sep 16, 2014Loggerhead Tools, LlcAdjustable gripping tool
WO2008123773A1 *Mar 20, 2008Oct 16, 2008A V Custom Style B VA wrench provided with a rotary head mechanism having pulling means
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/57.46, 81/61, 81/57.43
International ClassificationB25B13/00, B25B13/46
Cooperative ClassificationB25B13/467
European ClassificationB25B13/46B3