US 2292984 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. ALVARE'Z, JR
SPEED SHINGLING CLIP Filed Sept. 16, 1941 Patented Aug 11, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
srnnn SIiINGLlNG our Alfonso Alvarez, Jr.,0edar Grove, N. J. V Application September 16, 1941, Serial No. 411,067
(c1.1oa sa) 4 Claims.
This invention relates to shingles, and more particularly to a supporting clip therefor,
.An object of this invention is to provide an improved supporting clip for shingles which is engageable with the lower edge of a shingle.
Another object of this invention is to provide a.
clip which is so constructed asto provide an insulating air space between the under side of the shingle and the wall.
A further object of this invention i to provide a clip of this kind which will permit moisture to drain out from underneath the shingle so that the underside of th shingle will not quickly rot. A further object of this invention is to provide a clip of this kind which will permit the even positioning on the wall of the shingles.
A further object of this invention is to provide in combination a fibrous heat insulating sheet A further object of this invention is to provide a shingle clip which permits racking of the shingles with the use of a minimum quantity of nails and which prevents marring 01 the finish of the shingles.
A further object of this invention is to provide a clip of this kind which will prevent splitting or breaking of the shingles during or after application.
A further object of this invention is to provide a clip of this kind which will not only support the shingles in rack form but will also reinforce the side walls of the house.
To the foregoing objects and to others which may hereinafter appear, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be more specifically referred to and illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein are shown embodiments of the invention, but it is to be understood that changes,
, variations and modifications may be resorted to At the present time in the construction of houses the sheathing which is attached to the studs is formed of fibrous sheets nailed to the studs and where the weatherboarding is formed of. shingles it is necessary to nail wooden strips over the sheathing in order to provide a means to which the shingles may be nailed. However with a clip constructed according to this invention those wooden strips may be omitted, as the clips are nailed to the studs, thus efiecting an economy in the number of nails used in addition to eii'ecting an economy in the time necessaryto apply the shingles.
A further object of this invention is to provide a clip of this kind which is formed at its upper portion with a seat upon which a fibrous undershingle is adapted to rest, the under or inner shingle forming a heat insulating means beneath the outer shingle.
A further object of this invention is to provide a clip of this kind which constitutes a clamping means for shingles disposed between studs so i that these latter shingles need'not be nailed to temng devices l3 engage.
which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a wall structur constructed according to embodiment of this invention,
Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of my improved shingle clip,
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a shingle used with the clip, and
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale of the'clip in applied position.
Referring to the drawing the numeral l0 designates the fibrous sheathing roof or wall, which is secured to studs l0 and the numeral I I designates generally a shingle mounted on the outer side of th sheathing It. A shingle supporting clip I2 is secured by fastening devices l3 to sheathing l0 and the stud l0 and supports the shingle I l.
The clip I2 is constructed from an elongated piece of sheet metal which is bent longitudinally to form a substantially U-shapedclip in trans- Verse section. The clip I! includes an inner wall or leg 14, and an outer wall I5 which is connected at the lower end thereof to the inner wall I by means of a connecting or bottom wall Hi. The two walls l4 and 15 are disposed in upwardly convergent relation. The inner wall It is substantially longer than the outer wall or leg l5 and at desired spaced intervals the inner wall I is formed with opening ll through which the fas- The openings I! are spaced above the top edge of the outer wall l5 and spaced apart a suflicient distance so that the fastening devices l3 in the form of nails may be readily driven through the shingles and the sheathing ill into the studs Ill. The inner wall H at the upper portion thereof has formed integral therewith an acutely bent flange I8 which is adapted to provide a means whereby the inner wall may be tensioned by the fastening devices 7.
l3. As shown in the drawing the flange l8 positions the inner or rear face of the inner wall 7 away from an adjacent shingle and the pressure movement.
The shingle II at the lower edge thereofis formed with an inner rabbet l9 and an elongated slot 20 is formed in the shingle I l in which the short wall or leg I of the clip I2 loosely engages. The rabbet i9 provides a depending outer portion 2| which is disposed outwardly of the clip l2 and extends below the bottom wall IS.
The bottom wall I6 of the clip i2 is substantially wider than the thickness of the shingle between the slot and the inner side 22 thereof so as to thereby form an air space 23 between overlapping shingles and also between the shingles and the sheathing III. A fibrous sheet 24 is disposed beneath each row of shingles, a portion of the sheet engaging-over the outer sides of preceding shingles adjacent the upper portions thereof and engaging beneath succeeding shingles. The width of the heat insulating sheet 24 is such as to extend from the flange I8 to the upper end of a succeeding shingle as shown in Figure 1 of the drawing. For the first tier or row of shingles the sheet 24 contacts for its entire width with the outer face of the sheathing Hi. The fibrous sheet 24 coacts with the insulating air space 23 in forming a heat insulating means beneath the shingles. The lower edge of the fibrous sheet 24 rests on the flange [8 which forms a seat for the sheet 24.
In order to provide a means whereby any moisture which may collect beneath the shingles ll may be drained out, the bottom wall 46 of the clip I 2 is formed with a plurality of drain openings 25 which are positioned inwardly from the inner faces 22 of the shingles II, as shown in Figure 4. The openings 25 also provide a means whereby the inner sides of the shingles Il may be kept dry so that the shingles will not rot from their under sides. The provision of the short outer wall forms a metal flashing which prevents moisture from entering the space 23 about the lower ends of the shingles II, and the slot 20 provides a means whereby the exposed lower portions of the shingles I i will not warp.
In the application of the shingles and clips, the lowermost fibrous sheet 24 is secured in any suitable manner to the sheathing I0 or the studs I0 adjacent the lower edge of the sheathing. The clip I2 is then cut off by means of a shears or the like for the desired length and then nailed over the insulating sheet 24, the nails l3 being driven through the sheathing into the studs Ill. The lower edges of the lowermost'tier or row of shingles H are then mounted on the outer wall ii of the clip. The next clip I2 is then nailed over the lower tier or row of shingles II in parallel relation to the lower clip i2, and the nails I! for attaching the clip [2 also securing certain of the shingles of a preceding tier or row'of shingles to the sheathing. The flange l8 will bite into the lower row of shingles and tightly clamp the shingles intermediate the studs Illagainst the sheathing Ill. The intermediate shingles are heldin position by theouter wall l5 engaging the slot 20 and by the clamping flange l8. The space between adjacent pairs of clips [2 will constitute the exposed lengths of the shingles to the weather.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that these clips constitute a rack for supporting the lower edges of the shingles in addition to preventing warping oi the shingles, and the shingles can be readily placed in even horizontal rows or tiers with a minimum of labor and a minimum quantity of nails.
What I claim is:
1. A shingle clip comprising an elongated sheet bent transversely thereof to form a clip body substantially U-shaped in transverse section with the bight thereof lowermost, one leg of said body being substantially longer than the other leg and constituting an inner leg, and a flange carried by the upper free edge of the body of said constituting an inner leg, and a flange carried by the upper free edge of the body of said inner leg, said flange extending rearwardly of said inner leg to thereby form a horizontal seat upon which a heat insulating member may engage. said inner leg having a plurality of spaced apart openings for receiving attaching devices, and the bight of said body having spaced apart drain openings.
3. In combination a clip member U-shaped in transverse section and having an inner leg longer than the outer leg, a rearwardly extending clamping flange carried by said inner leg, a shingle formed with a rabbet at its lower end extending outwardly from the inner face of the shingle, said shingle also having an elongated upwardly extending slot, the short or outer leg of said clip member engaging in said slot and the bight of said clip member being of such width as to position the lower portion of a succeeding shingle in spaced relation with respect to a preceding shingle and to thereby form an air space between overlapping shingles, said bight also having drain openings communicating with said air space.
4. In combination a clip member U-shaped in transverse section and having an inner leg longer than the outer leg, a rearwardly extending clamping flange carried by said inner leg, a shingle formed with a rabbet at its lower end extending outwardly from the inner face of the shingle, said shingle also having an elongated upwardly extending slot, the short or outer leg of said clip member engaging in said slot and the bight of said clip member being of such width as to position the lower portion of a succeeding shingle in spaced relation with respect to a preceding shingle and to thereby form an air space between overlapping shingles, said bight also having drain Y openings communicating with said air space, and
a fibrous heat insulating-sheet secured to the outer face of a shingle seating upon and extending upwardly from said flange.
ALFONSO ALVAREZ, J a.