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Publication numberUS2294013 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 25, 1942
Filing dateJan 9, 1942
Priority dateJan 9, 1942
Publication numberUS 2294013 A, US 2294013A, US-A-2294013, US2294013 A, US2294013A
InventorsWallace Frank C
Original AssigneeMonogram Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clamping tool
US 2294013 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug- 25, .1942- F. c. WALLACE 2,294,013

CL'AMPING TOOL Filed Jan. 9, 1942 be passed through the perforations.

Patented Aug. 25, 19,42 I

CLAMPING TOOL Frank C. Wallace, Los Angeles, Califgassignor to Monogram Manufacturing Co., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Application `l'anu'ary 9, 1942, Serial No. 426,227

Claims.

'Thisinvention relates to Vclamping tools and in -its more particular aspects it has to do with temporary fasteners for clamping perforated sheets together in superposed relation, with their perforations in register, for th'e reception of rivets or the like. This present invention is by way of improvements upon my copending applications, Serial No. 387,085, led April 7, 1941, and Serial` No. 408,085, filed August 23, 1941.

In the clamps of my said copending applica- .tions a split retaining. member is slidably mount--y ed in a body to be projected therefrom for in.- sertion through the registering perforations in the sheets, said retaining member having an enlarged outer end portion which engages the sheet farthest from the clamp body as the retaining member is retracted towards th'e body, thus clamping the superposed sheets between said enlarged outer end portion and the clamp body. A spreader is used to diametrically spread the legs of the retaining member apart. This spreader has a portion extending outward from the bodybetween the expansible legs of the retaining member to a point spaced outwardly from the body a distance slightly greater than the combined thickness of the sheets to be clamped, and it is necessary to project the enlarged ends of the retaining member outwardly beyond the outer end of said spreader portion al distance sufficient to enable them to be flexed together to When the device of my said prior applications is in inoperative or non-clamping position position the retracting spring in the body acts to' draw the enlarged ends of the retaining member inwardly against the outer face of the body end wall.- This materially increases`the non-functional protractive movement of the retaining member in the next subsequent use, thus requiring greater manual operating effort and wear ofthe parts.

It is therefore one of the principal objects of my present invention to provide a clamp which reduces to a minimum the manual travel of the retaining member and the effort necessary for. operation, and which also reduces to a minimum the wear on the parts.v

Another object of my present invention is thel tool embodying abody projection around the v 'retaining member, which'is insertable through register the perforations and protect their side walls, as well as reduce to a minimum wear on `the retaining member. Still further `objects and advantages are inherent in my invention and h'ow those as well as the foregoing are achieved will become apparent from preferred adaptation thereof, for which purpose I shall refer tothe accompanying drawing, in

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing my clamp in course of being applied through perforations in the sheets;

Fig. 2 is an elevation showing the clamp in another position Wh'ich 1t occupies in course of being applied in and removed from perforations the sheets; y

Fi 3 is an elevation showing the device in clamping position;

Fig. 4 is a sectionon line d-- of Fig. 1;

Fig.5 is a fragmentary section showing a, vari,- ational form; and

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary section showing another variational form.

With particular reference to'Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, I show at 5 a cylindricsbody presenting van annular ange 6 at its outer end to be engaged by a clamp applying tool, not shown. For instance, an applying tool suitable for this .purpose is shown in the copending application of H. H. Helbush et al., Serial No, 411,878, filed September 22, 1941. Body 5 has an end wall 'I provided with a central h'ole 8 to slidably pass the retaining member to be described.

A plunger I0 having a central longitudinal bore Il, countersunk at one end I2, is. slidably mounted in the bore of the body, the plungerl having a reduced diameter inne` end portion I5.

A retaining member consisting of two parallel pins 20 headed at their inner ends 2l and en-v larged attheir outer ends 22 to' provide shoulders 22a, is also slidably mounted inthe body, the inner ends of the pins being mounted in the vlongitudinal bore Il. of the plunger. The heads 2| of the pins t in the countersink 'I2 and the pins are spread apart and made secure in this mounting by means of a barY 25 inserted therebetween, all as-more particularly described and claimed in my copending application Serial No. 427,449, led Jan. 20, 1942. i l

The outer end of the bo\dy has an annular' groove 21, into which the yperipheral portion of an end cap 23 is crimped. This cap has a central opening 29 concentric with hole 8 andthe the registering perforations to more accurately cap portion around the openingn projects outwardly and is beveled to present a dimple 30 conforming to the shape of a countersink C pro'- vided in perforation P in sheet S. A companion sheet is designated as S'. The end wall of the cap 28 is spaced from the end wall 1 of the body whereby to provide a space therebetween to receive the cup-shaped inner end 32 of a tubular member 33, the pins 20 being vslidable through the tubular member 33.

A T-shaped spreader having a cross arm 35 and a, central arm 36 is disposed between the pins 20, the cross arm 35 resting and being rotatable in the recess 31 provided in the cup-shaped end portion 32 of thA tubular member. The tubular member is also rotatable with respect to cap 28 and body 5. While the spreader is free to rotate with the retaining member, it is held against longitudinal movement between the end wall 1 and the inner end portion of the tubular member. Central arm 3B of the spreader projects outwardly from the cap 28 between pins 20 and beyond the outer end of tubular member 33 so that when inserted through registering perforations in the sheets its outer end projects beyond the exterior surface of the sheet farthest from the cap. A coil spring 40 seats at one end against the inner surface of end wall l and at its opposite end against the plunger IU, the reduced diameter portion I5 of the plunger fitting into the end of the spring.

In operation, a clamp applying tool (not shown) -is used to hold the body and push the plunger through the registering perforations in the sheets (see Fig. l) the pins being made of a resiliently fiexible material. The tubular portion 33 projects substantially through the registering perforations and dimple 30 fits within the countersink C (see Fig. 2). Then the spring is released and acts to retract the pins and resiliently clamp the sheets between shoulders 22a and the cap 2B together with dimple 30 (see position of Fig. 3). To remove the clamp,l the applying tool is again applied to the body to push the plunger inwardly to the positionof Fig. 2, in which position the enlarged ends 22 of the retaining pins may be iiexed together and permit withdrawal through the perforations.

In the form of Fig. 5, the parts are as before described except that instead of forming the dimple 30 as an integral part of the end cap 28,

I here show an end cap 28a having a relatively larger central opening 29a and I show a tubular insert having a cup-shaped end portion 32a. and an exteriorly beveled outer dimple portion 33a adapted to fit into the countersink C in sheet S, this dimple terminating in the tubular end portion 33h. Here also the tubular insert is rotatable with respect to the end cap and body.

In the device of Fig. 6 the parts are also as rst described with the following exceptions: Instead of providing an end cap 28 as first described, I here -provide an enlarged opening 8a through the end wall la of the body 5 and mount the cupshaped inner end portion 32h of member 33c within the body, the outer end of the tubular member projecting outwardly through opening 8d.- Cross arm 35 of the spreader rests and is rotatable in the recess 31a provided by the cupshaped inner end 32h of the tubular member, the tubular member being rotatable relative to the body. A washer 50 is interposed between the 75 inner end of the spring 40 andthe end 32D of the tubular member, so that the cross arm 35 is held against longitudinal movement between this washer and the inner end portion of the tubular member. The end wall 'la of the body presents a projection 30a through which hole 8a also passes, the projection having a beveled outer annular surface whereby to fit into and conform to the shape of the countersink C provided in the sheet S.

V/'hile I have resorted to considerable detail for the purpose of making my invention understood, I wish it understood that within its broader scope, as defined by the appended claims, various modications and adaptations may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

1. A device for temporarily clamping together superposed perforated sheets, comprising: a body, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body, said retaining member having its outer end projecting through the inner end of the Vbody and being protractable and retractable with respect thereto, a clamp element carried by the outer end of the retaining member, and means projecting outwardly from the inner end of the body in position to be engaged by said clamp element upon retraction of the retaining member whereby to limit retractive movement of the latter.

2. A device for temporarily clamping together superposed perforated sheets, comprising: a cylindric body,n an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body, said retaining member having its outer end projecting through the inner end of the body and being protractable and retractable with respect thereto, a clamp element carried by the outer end of the'retaining member, resilient means in the body normally urging the retaining member into retracted position, and a tubular projection extending outwardly from the inner end of the body around the retaining member, the outer end of said projection being engageable by the clamp element upon retractive movement of the retaining member and functioning to arrest said movement in such position that the clamp element is spaced outwardly from the inner end of the body a distance equal to the length of the projection.

3. A device for temporarily holding together superposed perforated sheets, comprising: a cylindric body, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body, said retaining member having its outer end projecting through the inner end of the body and being protractable and retractable with respect thereto, a clamp element carried by the outer end of the retaining member, resilient means in the body normally urging the retaining member into retracted position, and a sleeve around said retaining member, said sleeve being concentric with and projecting outwardly from the inner end of the body in position to be engaged by the clamp member upon retractive movement of the retaining member whereby to limit said movement.

4. A device for temporarily holding together superposed perforated sheets, comprising: a cylindric body, anelongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body, said retaining member having its outer end projecting through theinner end of the body and being protractable and retractable with respect thereto, a clamp element carried by the outer end of the retaining member, and a sleeve disposed around the retaining member and being insertable into registering perforation ,n the sheets, said sleeve having an outside diameter substantially equal to Ithe diameter of said perforations and projecting outwardly from the inner end of the body a distance substantially y equal to the combined thickness ofthe sheets. ,7,

5. In a device for temporarily holding together superposed sheets having registering perforations,

shapeof .the countersink, an opening through said end portion and projection, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body, the outer end of the retaining member extending through said projection and being protractable and retractable with respect thereto whereby to engage and clamp said sheets inwardly against the'projection.

6. In a device vfor temporarily holding together superposed sheets having registering perforations, one of which perforations has a countersink, a cylindric body having a coaxial end projection insertable in and conforming to the shape of the countersink, a central opening through said projection, a concentric tubular portion extending outwardly from the projection, said tubular portion being insertable in and conformingto the shape of the perforations, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body and extending through said projection and tubular member, and means on the outer end of ,the retaining member functioning to clamp said sheets against the projection, 7. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: 'a cylindrical body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, an end cap secured to the body in position spaced outwardly from the end wall, a hole through the cap concentric with said opening, a,

projection carried by the cap and being insert-y able in a perforation in at least one of the sheets, a passageway through the projection concentric with said hole, and an elongated retainingmember reciprocally mounted in the body and extending outwardly through said projection, said retaining member being protractable and retractable with respect to the projection whereby to engage and'clamp the sheets towards the cap.

8. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, an end cap secured to the body in position spaced outwardly from the end wall, a hole through the cap concentric with said opening, a

. having its inner end disposed between the end wall and cap and having its outer end extending outwardly through and beyond the projection whereby to be inserted in registering perforations in the sheets.

9. The device of daim a in which said sieeve and cap are relatively rotatable.

10. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, an end cap secured to the body in posiend disposed in and held against longitudinal tion spaced outwardly from the end wall, a hole through the cap concentric with said opening, a projection carried by the cap and being insertable in a perforation in at least one of the sheets, a passageway through the projection concentric with said hole, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body and having parallel legs extending outwardly through said projection, said legs being protractable and retractable with respect to the projection whereby to engage and clamp the sheets towards the cap. a sleeve around said legs, said sleeve having its inner end disposed between the end wall and capv and having its outer vencl extending outwardly through and beyond the projection whereby to be inserted in registering perforations in the sheets,

land a spreader having itsJ inner end rotatably anchored in the inner end of the sleeve; said ysleeve extending outwardly therefrom between said legs whereby to spread the legs apart.

11. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric 'body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, an end cap secured to the body in .position spaced outwardly from the end wall, a hole through the cap concentric with said opening, a projection carried by the capand being insertable in a perforation in at least, one of the sheets, a passageway through the projection concentric with said hole, an elongated retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body and having parallel legs extending outwardly through said' projection, said legs being protractable and retractable with respect to the projection whereby to engage and clamp vthe sheets towards the cap, a sleeve around said legs, said sleeve havingits inner end disposed between the end wall and cap and having its outer end extending outwardly through and beyond the projection whereby to be inserted in registering perforations in the sheets, a spreader having its inner end rotatably anchored in the inner end of the sleeve, said sleeve extending outwardly therefrom between said legs whereby to spread the legs apart, and a radial projection on the outer end of each of thelegs, said last-named projections -being engageable against the Vouter end of the sleeve upon retraction of the legs whereby to limit the retractive movement of the legs.

l2. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, a tubular member having an `enlarged inner end disposed in'and held against longitudinal movement with respect to the body, said member extending outwardlyrthrough and beyond saidl vopening and being insertable in atleast one of said perforations, and a retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body and having a 13. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric body having an end wall, an openingthrough the end wall, a tubular member having an enlarged inner movement with respect to the body, said member extending outwardly through and beyond said opening and being insertable in at least'one of said perforations, and a retaining member reci-procally mounted in the body and having a radially expansible .portion extending outwardly ithroughthe tubular member for engaging and clamping ,the sheets towards the endwall, said retaining member presenting a stop element engageable against the outer end of the tubular member when thedevice is removed from the sheets whereby to limit mov-ement of the retaining member inwardly of the body.

14. A device for retaining perforated sheets in superposed relation, comprising: a cylindric body having an end wall, an opening through the end wall, a tubular member having an enlarged inner end disposed in and held against longitudinal movement with respect to the body, said member extending outwardly through and beyond said opening and being insertable in at least one of said perforations, a retaining member reciprocally mounted in the body and having a radially expansible portion extending outwardly through .the tubular member for engaging and clamping the sheets towards the end Wall, and

an expander having a head portion rotatably secured in the inner end of the tubular member, said expander having a portion extending outwardly through the tubular member in expanding engagement,- with the retaining member.

15. The device of claim 12 in which said tubular member and body are relatively rotatable. FRANK C. WALLACE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2454416 *Oct 25, 1943Nov 23, 1948Cleveland Pneumatic Tool CoFastener
US4892449 *Mar 1, 1988Jan 9, 1990Northrop CorporationReleasable fastener with gauge, and method
US5042787 *Mar 20, 1989Aug 27, 1991Aerospatiale Societe National IndustriellePinning fastener with internal mechanism
US5952014 *Apr 18, 1997Sep 14, 1999Hitachi Electronics Engineering Co., Ltd.Apparatus for texturing magnetic data recording disc surfaces
US6978988 *May 20, 2002Dec 27, 2005Charles ChupickFree-floating hydraulic clamping device with edge-gripping arbor
US7070375 *Oct 15, 2004Jul 4, 2006The Boeing CompanyClamping fastener grip length indicator
US7596846May 12, 2006Oct 6, 2009The Boeing CompanyClamping fastener grip length indicator
US8448929 *Jul 25, 2008May 28, 2013Lisi AerospaceRiveting screw tack and use thereof for temporarily fixing a boring grid to elements to be assembled
US20110232072 *Jul 25, 2008Sep 29, 2011Philippe ProtRiveting screw tack and use thereof for temporarily fixing a boring grid to elements to be assembled
Classifications
U.S. Classification269/48.4
International ClassificationB25B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B31/005
European ClassificationB25B31/00B