Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2294214 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 25, 1942
Filing dateJul 1, 1940
Priority dateJul 1, 1940
Publication numberUS 2294214 A, US 2294214A, US-A-2294214, US2294214 A, US2294214A
InventorsLudwik Seinfeld
Original AssigneeLudwik Seinfeld
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sealing means
US 2294214 A
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1942- 'L. SEINFELD 2,294,214

SEALING MEANS Filed July 1, 1940 s Sheets$heet' 1 L. SEINFELD 1 SEALING MEANS Aug. '25, 1942.

3 sheets-sheet 2 Filed July 1, 1940 INVENTOR= Laa'wlk Seiljld Patented Aug. 1942 SEALING MEANS Ludwik Seinfeld, New York, N. Y. Application July 1, 1940, Serial No. 343,427 a 9 Claims. (01. 137-111 My present invention relates to sealing means and more particularly to means for establishing sealing relationship between a lower and an upper apparatus member constructed and arranged for the independent flow of at least one fluid or gas stream therebetween and so that one is stationary and the other movable along this stationary member.

It is the main object of my present invention to achieve'even pressure over the entire sealing faces of the sealing members and so prevent formation of slits or uneven wear between the stationary apparatus member and the apparatus member moving e. g. sliding along this stationary member. a

It is a further object of my present invention to attain complete and permanent sealing relationship between these apparatus members which are moving relatively to each other thereby avoiding leakage of fluids or gases through slits between the contacting faces of these members.

It is still a further object of my invention to provide sealing relationship between an annular sealingface arranged on the top of a lower apparatus member and an annular sealing face arranged at the bottom of an upper apparatus member and contacting the sealing face on the top of the lower apparatus member during rotation of one of these members about an axis normal to these sealing faces.

The manner in which above objects are attained and specific preferred embodiments of the claimed new sealing means are shown in the following detailed description and accompanying drawings to which reference will now be made.

In the drawings Fig. 1 is a vertical section of an absorber provided with sealing means of the type claimed in the appended claims,

Figure 2 a plan view of the bed plate of the adsorber and the new liquid sealing means, shown without the rotating bowl and the pressure tight vessel,

Figure 3 a plan section of the adsorber along of the bowl, and

sorber with inlet and outlet openings at the top and bottom of the bowl.

Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

In the embodiment of my new apparatus shown in Figures 1 to 3, 6 and 1 the beds of adsorbing material 2 are supported by wire cloth filter leaves 3 resting on grates 4, fixed in a circular bowl 5; this bowl is divided in a number of cells by partition walls 6. Bowl 5 rotates around the stationary axis 1-1 and is supported by rollers 8 running on rail 9. Power for rotating the bowl is transmitted through shaft l0, gear II and elasticclutch l2. The shaft I0 is supported by two bearims, l3 and enters bed plate 14 by stuffing box l5. Shaft I6 carrying the elastic clutch I2 is supported by ball bearings l1.

As shown in Fig. 1 openings 52 are provided in the bottom wall 20 for the steam, gas and air stream entering and leaving the adsorber continuously during its rotation. The preferably finished bottom wall 20 cooperates with a fluid seal in order to prevent leakage of gases from the cells or nozzles 40-5! to the outside or from one of the openings 52 to another opening without entering the bowl. This fluid seal consists in a floating sealing gasket I floating in a high boiling water insoluble liquid I8 heavier than water, as for instance mercury, filling partly the substantially circular trough IS in bed plate M. The buoyancy provides generally the necessary pressure between the sealing gasket 5 and the of this process where only low sealing liquid depth is required, or when a sealing liquid of low specific gravity must be chosen, the necessary pressure of the'floating gasket l against base plate .14 is secured by springs 22 submerged in the sealing liquid and arranged under the floating gasket.

When gas pressure inside the rotating bowl 5 exceeds the counter pressure of the depth of the liquid seal I8 the rotating parts of the adsorber and the liquid seal are encased in a pressuretight vessel 23 screwed to the bed-plate. By

keeping the space between vessel 23 and bowl 5 at approximately the same pressure as prevail- 1 Figure '7 avertical section of a modified ad- 55 log in the gas streams passing through the bowl 5 trouble free functioning of the liquid seal can be assured.

The sealing gasket can be constructed of two or more parts to reduce manufacturing costs.

The adsorbent material 2 is filled into the bowl 5 through openings on'top of the bowl covered by plate 24 and discharged by handholes 25 when necessary.

Cooling coils 26 welded to the trough IS in bedplate 14 prevent evaporation of the sealing liquid.

A preferred embodiment of shown in Fig. 4.

As shown in Fig. 5 each of the stationary conduits serving as inlet and outlet for the gas, air and steam streams has the shape of a conical pipe 53 ending at its one end in a circular opening 54 and at its other end in one of the archshaped nozzles 40-5l adapted to cooperate with corresponding openings orchannels 40'--5l in sealing gasket I. Thus the entering gas streams are evenly distributed over the openings 52 of the cells.

The construction of the adsorber can of course be either reversed by fixing the nozzles for gas,

steam and air inlet and outlet to a top-cover or this gasket is y altered in such a way that bed-plate as well as top-cover are provided with said nozzles. Thus in Fig. 6 an adsorber is shown having inlet and outlet openings at the top of the bowl. In this case nozzles 55 are fixed to the top-cover 56 of the bowl, furthermore a trough 51 is secured to top-cover 56 and rotates together with the bowl. This trough 51 is partly filled with sealing liquid 55 and a circular sealing gasket 62 is floating in this liquid. This sealing gasket has a similar shape as the gasket 1 provided for the adsorber with nozzles in the bed-plate, shown in Fig. .1. The nozzles 55 which are fixed to the top-cover 56 of the bowl reach .into the channels of this gasket thereby compelling this gasket to rotate together with the bowl. By the sealing fluid the gasket is. pressed against a stationary packing plate 60 having' a finished surface, connected with the stationary conduits 5|, sealing thereby one conduit from the other. Furthermore bafiie plates 59 are fixed to this stationary packing plate I50; these baffles dip into the sealing liquid 58 in the rotating trough 51 thereby preventing leakage of gases from the cells or conduits to the outside.

Furthermore it is also possible to provide an adsorber with combined inlet and outlet openings in the top and the bottom of the bowl, as shown in Fig. 7. The construction and arrange ment of the fluid seals i. e. the troughs, the gaskets and the baflles being similar to the gasketsand baiiles described in connection with means comprising in combination a horizontal I flat sealing face at the bottom of said upper apparatus member, a vessel secured-to the upper part of said lower apparatus member under the sealing face of said upper apparatus member,

said vessel being open at the top and closed at the walls and the bottom, a sealing liquid in said vessel, and an intermediate sealing member provided at its top with a substantially fiat sealing face said sealing faces at the bottom of said upper apparatus member and on the top of said intermediate sealing member surrounding the path of said fluid or gas stream or streams between the lower and upper apparatus members,

said intermediate sealing member floating in said sealing liquid and being buoyed up by said liquid with a force sufficient to press the sealing face of said intermediate sealing member against the horizontal sealing face at the bottom of the upper apparatus member and to establish thereby permanent sealing relationship between said lower and upper apparatus member.

2. Means for establishing sealing relationship between a lower and an upper apparatu,member between which members at least one fluid or gas stream passes, one of said apparatus members being stationary while the other is rotatable along said stationary apparatus member,

said sealing means comprising in combination a horizontal, substantially annular, flat sealing face at the bottom of said'upper apparatus member, said sealing face being arranged coaxially with the axis of rotation of the rotatable memher, a substantially annular channel-shaped vessel secured coaxially with the axis of rotation of the rotatable member to the upper part of said lower apparatus member under-the sealing face of said upper apparatus member, said vessel being open at the top and closed at the the adsorber shown in Figs. 1 and 6, a detailed description seems unnecessary. The construction of the fluid seal in the bottom' corresponds to the construction shown in Fig. 1, and that of the fluid seal in the top of :the bowl to the construction shown in Fig. 6;

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of my invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features, that, from the standpoint of the prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic or specific aspects of this invention, and therefor such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalency of the following claims.

walls-and the bottom, a sealing liquid in said vessel, and an intermediate sealirg member provided at its top with a substantially fiat sealing face said sealing faces at the bottom of said upper apparatus member and on the top of said intermediate sealing member surrounding the path of said fluid or gas stream or streams between the lower and upper apparatus members, said intermediate sealing member floating in said sealing liquid and being buoyed up by said liquid with a force suflicient to press the sealing face of said intermediate sealing member against the horizontal sealing face at the bottom of. the upper apparatus member and to establish thereby permanent sealing relationship lower and upper apparatus member.

3,. Means for establishing sealing relationship between a lower and an upper apparatus member between which members at least one fluid or gas stream passes, one stationary while the other is rotatable about a vertical axis along said stationary apparatus ber, an annular channel-shaped vessel secured between said v -of said members being openings in said sealing face connected with said in horizontal position to the upper part of said lower apparatus member under the horizontal annular sealing face of said upper apparatus member, said channel-shaped vessel being open at the top and closed at the walls and the bottom, a sealing liquid in said vessel, and an annular intermediate sealing member provided at its top with a substantially flat sealing face said sealing faces at the bottom of said upper apparatus member and on the top of said intermediate sealing member surrounding the path of said fluid or gas stream or streams between the lower and upper apparatus members, said intermediate sealing member floating in said sealing liquid and being buoyed up by said liquid with a force sufiicient to press the sealing face of said intermediate sealing member against the horizontal sealing face at the bottom of the upper apparatus member and to establish thereby permanent sealing relationship between'said lower and upper apparatus member.

4. Means for establishing sealing relationship between a lower and an upper apparatus member between which members at least one fluid or gas stream passes, one of said member being staat the top and closed along the walls and the bottom, a sealing liquid in said trough, and an annular channel-shaped sealing gasket being open at its bottom, closed along its walls and top. and provided on its top with a substantially sealing face, said sealing faces at the botof said upper apparatus member and on the top of said annular sealing gasket Surrounding I the path of said fluid or gas stream or streams between the lower and upper apparatus members, said sealing gasket floating in' said sealing liquid in said trough and being buoyed up by said liquid with a force sufficient to press the sealing face of said sealing gasket against the horizontal sealing face at the bottom of the upper apparatus member and to establish thereby permanent sealing relationship between said lower and upper apparatus member during rotation of one of said members.

5. Sealing means for use between a lower and an upper apparatus member, each of which is provided with conduits, and one of which is stationary while the other is rotatable about a vertical axis, said sealingv means comprising in combination a horizontal, substantially annular flat sealing face at the bottom of said upper appaconduits in said upper apparatus member, an annular channel-shaped trough secured in horizontal position to the upper part of said lower apparatus member parallel to and under the horizontal annular sealing face of said upper apparatus member, scaling liquid in said trough, nozzles connected to said conduits in said lower apparatus member, said nozzles passing through the bottom of said trough and reaching above the level of the sealing liquid in said trough, and an annular sealing gasket having on its-top a substantially flat sealing face and floating in said sealing liquid and being buoyed up by the same with a force sufficient to press the sealing face of said sealing gasket against the sealing face on the upper apparatus member and to establish thereby sealing relationship between said sealing faces, said sealing gasket being provided with passages connecting the gasket bottom with said sealing face on the top of said gasket and being arranged in said trough in such a manner that said nozzles in said trough reach into said passages from their bottom ends.

6. In sealing means of the type claimed in claim 5, said openings inthe annular sealing face at the bottom of the upper apparatus member and said openings in the annular sealing face at the top of the floating sealing gasket being arranged spaced from the inner and outer cir-.

cular edges of said sealing faces along circles of equal diameters.

7. In sealing means of the type claimed in claim 5, the annular sealing face at the bottom of the upper apparatus member and the annular sealing face on top of said floating sealing gasket being of substantially equal size and arranged superimposed one upon another coaxially with the axis of rotation of the rotatable apparatus member.

8. In combination with sealing means of the type claimed in claim 5, a circular baflie plate secured to the upper apparatus member coaxially with the axis of rotation of the rotatable member, said baflle plate reaching into the sealing liquid in the sealing trough secured to the lower apparatus member.

9. In combination with sealing means of the type claimed in claim 5, inner and outer baflle plates secured to the sealing face of the upper apparatus member coaxially with the axis of rotation of the rotatable member, said inner baffie plate having an outer diameter being smaller I than the inner diameter of said annular sealing gasket and said outer bafile plate having an inner diameter being larger than the outer diameter of said gasket, both baflle plates arranged reaching into the sealing liquid in said sealing trough, so that said annular sealing gasket is floating in a ring-shaped space, the bottom of which isformed by the sealing liquid, the walls by said baffle plates, and the top by the sealing face of the upper apparatus member.

LUDWIK SEINFELD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2422105 *Oct 19, 1945Jun 10, 1947Surface Combustion CorpCooling apparatus for heat-treated work using air jets
US2507608 *Oct 28, 1946May 16, 1950Miller Ernest BApparatus for dehydrating gas and recovering condensable hydrocarbons therefrom
US2549968 *Jul 30, 1948Apr 24, 1951Phillips Petroleum CoMeans and method for selective lowpressure desorption of liquids
US2563531 *Nov 26, 1946Aug 7, 1951 Kotary house base
US2744731 *May 11, 1951May 8, 1956Brandt HerbertRegenerative heat exchanger
US2852233 *Dec 23, 1952Sep 16, 1958Parsons C A & Co LtdRegenerative heat exchangers especially for combustion turbines
US2927599 *Nov 30, 1956Mar 8, 1960John StetsonSewer connector for rotating building
US3057604 *Jan 16, 1956Oct 9, 1962Gen Motors CorpRotary regenerator
US3077103 *Feb 10, 1958Feb 12, 1963Gen Motors CorpChromatographic method and apparatus
US3154098 *Mar 19, 1962Oct 27, 1964Black Clawson CoFluid transfer device
US3193916 *Oct 12, 1961Jul 13, 1965Combustion EngApparatus for disassembling a rotor from its support bearing
US3270803 *Dec 21, 1961Sep 6, 1966Combustion EngSealing arrangement for rotary heat exchanger
US4321961 *Nov 10, 1980Mar 30, 1982Midland-Ross CorporationThermal energy exchanging device
US4409006 *Dec 7, 1981Oct 11, 1983Mattia Manlio MRemoval and concentration of organic vapors from gas streams
US4452612 *Sep 22, 1982Jun 5, 1984Cubemco, Inc.Multicompartment; pressure gradients
US4781215 *May 20, 1985Nov 1, 1988Mayhall Jr Riley HPackage wrapping machine system
US4946479 *Oct 28, 1988Aug 7, 1990Daikin Industries, Ltd.Apparatus for solvent recovery
US5080700 *Sep 19, 1990Jan 14, 1992Maschinenfabrik Andritz ActiengesellschaftRotatable adsorber apparatus for continuously purifying gases
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/247, 34/87, 285/11, 165/9, 96/125, 285/272, 34/242, 137/580, 137/255
International ClassificationB01D53/06
Cooperative ClassificationB01D53/0446, B01D53/06
European ClassificationB01D53/06