US 2294276 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 25,1942. J, N. cALLlNlcos 2,294,276
AERONAUTICAL CHART Filed Dec. 2, 1940 i BY M ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 25, 1942 UNETED STTES OFFICE 2 Claims.
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in aeronautical charts, and it has more particular reference to a cellulose lm processed aeronautical chart which may improve or replace the untreated paper aeronautical charts of the present time.
Aeronautical charts now in use in this country are made and distributed by private concerns, and the United States Government (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Washington, D. C.) Considering the duration of service these charts render to the aviator they are expensive, mainly because they are not sold in large enough quantities. By the same token enough are not sold because they are too expensive for the very limited use a pilot may derive from them.
Aeronautical charts are not only used for reference work by non-scheduled fliers and student pilots, but are also used to plot courses on them,
by pencil lines, lines for track made good and lines to gure the drift angle. These lines cannot be erased without erasing some of the printed colors and markings of the chart itself. Two or three attempts to erase pencil lines on the same part of a chart will invariably leave a blank spot or spots representing miles of terrain. If it is flat land it is unimportant, but should it be mountainous country, country with high power transmission lines, high radio towers, or air space reservations (explosive areas, etc.), the danger cannot be over-emphasized.
Aeronautical charts are handled quite roughly due to the fact that the smallest sectional is approximately 24 X 48 in size, and the cockpit of an airplane is of very limited size. These charts must be folded, refolded and unfolded over and over again, and strapped on the thigh for continuous reference. Necessarily they must be very pliable and durable. The untreated charts in use today are pliable but very far from durable. Though the paper is of fine quality, untreated charts cannot but tear with the slightest provocation after being creased more than a few times.
Aeronautical charts at the present time have no protection from rubbing against damp or soiled clothing, from finger marks and dirt in general. In as much as altitudes are shown on said charts with different shades of pastel colors one can readily see that cleanliness and clearness of a chart is most essential. No matter how careful one is with untreated paper charts they soon soil to the extent that one cannot tell whether certain sections originally were printed in brown, tan, light green, medium greenV or dark green.
It is because of the reasons outlined above that most American airmen, both amateur and' pro-.
fessional alike, resort to automobile maps for their navigational problems. They use these because they are free. andA is absolutely unsafe for aerial navigation. Our Government has spent much time and money in order to make fine aeronautical charts. pertinent information thereon is invaluable to airmen, and yet because of the expense involvedl they are seldom used.
This invention proposes to so process theseA Government maps and similar aeronautical charts that the added expense will be slight indeed considering the added' features and the durability of the charts.
The invention proposes the use of cellulose film to process the aeronautical charts and makethem economical to use because they will out-last untreated charts to l. Cellulose film processed aeronautical charts will add safety on the airways, as they can always be clean as new because all markings done on the cellulose lm with a black china marking or Cellophane pencil may be very easily erased by rubbing with a soft cloth which does not abrade the surface but simply absorbs the markings without smearing.
Cellulose lm processed aeronautical charts, in accordance with this invention, will be extra durable even under the roughest use because the cellulose film will act like an invisible armour plate, besides keeping it moisture proof, grease proof, dirt proof and at the same time, pliable.
Cellulose film processed aeronautical charts, in accordance With this invention, will be practical and are needed for the development of safer aerial navigation.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawing, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawing forming a material part of this disclosure:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cellulose lm aeronautical chart constructed in accordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan View of the aeronautical chart This practice is not proper- The illustrating the manner in which the device is to be used.
The cellulose lm aeronautical chart, in accordance with this invention, includes a sheet of cellulose film I0 and a flexible chart I I mounted on the bottom face thereof. A substance I2 which may be readily erased is disposed on the top of the cellulose lm I0 for laying out a course on the chart. The flexible chart II may comprise a separate sheet of paper with the chart material IIa printed on the top face thereof. Or the flexible chart may comprise printed matter on the bottom face of the cellulose sheet I0 so that this printed matter may be viewed from the top. The substance I2 may comprise black china marking or a Cellophane pencil marking or other similar material, which may be erased by rubbing with a soft cloth which does not abrade the surface but simply absorbs the markings without smearing. The chart II may be cemented throughout its entire area to the bottom face of the cellulose lm I 0, or may be cemented along edge portions thereof, or at certain points.
The cellulose lm I0 is illustrated with a pair of side extensions IIJa at adjacent edges of the cellulose lm I0. Each of these side extensions is formed with a slot IUP, parallel to the edge of cellulose sheet I0. 'I'humb tacks or the like 20 may be engaged through these slots to guide the device to various parallel positions, for marking While I have illustrated and described the pre' ferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:
1. An aeronautical chart, comprising a sheet of cellulose film, a exible chart mounted on the bottom face of said film to be viewed through said lm, side extensions on adjacent edges of said cellulose film, each of said side extensions being formed with an elongated slot, and means selectively engageable through one of said slots so that said chart may be moved either parallelly upwards or downwards relative to said slots to mark the cellulose film with a stationary marker.
2. An aeronautical chart, comprising a sheet of cellulose lm, a flexible chart mounted on the bottom face of said film to be viewed through said film, side extensions on adjacent edges of said cellulose film, each of said side extensions being formed with an elongated slot, and means selectively engageable through one of said slots so that said chart may be moved either parallelly upwards or downwards relative to said slots vto mark the cellulose film with a stationary marker, comprising a pair of thumb tacks selectively engageable through either of said slots.
JAMES N. CALLINICOS.