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Publication numberUS229499 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 29, 1880
Filing dateJan 20, 1880
Publication numberUS 229499 A, US 229499A, US-A-229499, US229499 A, US229499A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Explosive shell
US 229499 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

fGj.W.TURNER.V Explosive Shell.

`"Patented June 249, 1880.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent ineens, dma June" as, 1880;

Application tiled January 20, 188i).

and it consists in the combination of the bodyf|` of the shell',having'inclined air-inlets, and ai telescopic`tubearranged wit-hin the rear end ofthe shell, to be extended as a caudal append age by the force of the air after the shell leaves the mouth ot' the gun, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.

In the drawings. Figurelrisa longitudinal Y 'section of my shell with the caudal appendage closed. Fig. 2 is` a similar view, showing the caudal appendage extended. Figs. 3 and 4. are detailed views.

A represents the body ot' theshell, made in cylindrical form, of the bestlaminated steel or lron.

B is the breech or breech-pin, ttting the size of the shell, with heavy screw-threads to prevent explosion in the rear, and in the center ofthe breech is screwed or otherwise fastened a metallic tube, C, for incasing the fuse. A percussion-cap, a, is placed o'n the rear end ofthe tubeG, anda iianged cap, D, covers the same, as shown.

lln front of the breech B is the powder-chamber E, and in front of. this again a chamber for thcinissiles l?,I which latter should accordv in size with the caliber ofthe gun and the pur vposes for which they are intended.

In the front end of the shell is inserted the cap or point G, made in the usual form for elongated shells, and having a neck which lits ,the muzzle of the shell with small screwthreads.

In the rear of the breech B is formed a chamber for containing the caudal appendage, which consists of two or more telescopic tubular sections, I I, held in the shell by means of an annular ring, d, fastcnedon the shoulder -metal or material. 'to close the rear end mog the shell. Directly in'rear of the breech B are inclined herein set forth.

e in the extreme rear end'of the shell. tubes or tubular sections are to be made of galvanized iron, zinc, or other non-corrosive A sabot, H, is then fitted holes or air-passages b, through which theair enters as soon as the projectile leaves themuzzle of the gun, and, acting a ainst thecircumferential flange of the cap ,removes the same from the end of the tube G. It also throws out the sabot H and causes the telescopic caudal appendage to be extended, whi ch, acting as a feather to an arrow, prevents the -shell from turning in 'the air, or, in other words, keeps the point of the shell directly in -frou t.

The point G is hollowed out, as shown, formipgwrallambenj, which is to be filled with bucks-hot, adding largely' to the destructive qualities of theprojectile.

For ride-gunsahe caudal appendage may be dispensed with and a wooden plug putin, with a center hole to accommodate the fuse-plug.

l lAt the rear end ot' the shell are attached two sheet-metal cups, L L, each of which is struck up ot a single piece and has its edges notched. The two cups are placed together, 'so as to have the metal between the notches overlapping. These portions of metal or teeth will spread when the gun is tired and take into the riding, so as to give the rotary or twisting motion to the shell.

These Having thus fully described my invention, l

vwhat ,I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

ln an elongated shell, the combination of the body A, having inclined air-inlets b, and

In'testimonythat I claim` the foregoing IV have hereunto set .my hand this `16th day ot' January, 1880.

, G. W. TURNER. Witnesses:


H. J. ENNIs.

gun, substantially as

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2426239 *Dec 28, 1942Aug 26, 1947Renner Henry MRocket shell
US3412962 *Apr 10, 1967Nov 26, 1968Claud R. KillianRetractable air drag reducing aircraft attachment
US4674706 *Feb 21, 1986Jun 23, 1987Hall Robert CProjectile with an extendable boattail
US4882996 *Oct 28, 1988Nov 28, 1989Diehl Gmbh & Co.Explosive projectile assembly with a projectile body
US6657174 *Oct 18, 2000Dec 2, 2003Bofors Defence AbMethod and design for increasing the firing range of artillery shells
US7262394 *Mar 5, 2004Aug 28, 2007The Boeing CompanyMortar shell ring tail and associated method
US8312813 *Jul 30, 2010Nov 20, 2012Raytheon CompanyDeployable fairing and method for reducing aerodynamic drag on a gun-launched artillery shell
US20050224631 *Mar 5, 2004Oct 13, 2005The Boeing CompanyMortar shell ring tail and associated method
US20110024549 *Feb 3, 2011Raytheon Company, General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems (OTS)Deployable fairing and method for reducing aerodynamic drag on a gun-launched artillery shell