US 2295697 A
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SECTIONAL GUIDE FOR CABINET DRAWERS Filed July 22, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FZ Z. flak Bnventor 6 24 I, jv'ichoZags .ifuzen tic,
Sept. 15, 1942. N. SULENTIC SECTIONAL GUIDE FOR CABINET DRAWERS Filed July 22, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 95. ER w Wm EE H Patented Sept. 15, 1942 SECTIONAL GUIDE FOR CABINET DRAWERS Nicholas Sulentic, Waterloo Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa Application July 22, 1940, Serial No. 346,688
My invention relates to improvements in sec tional guides for cabinet drawers, and an object of my improvements is to furnish extension separable members for insertion between the end walls of a drawer and the inner side walls of a cabinet or the like, secured separably to both, and. lockably connected slidably together, and tool means for unlocking the members to permit removal of the drawer.
This object I have accomplished by the means which are hereinafter described, claimed and illustrated in the appended drawings, it being understood that my invention covers variations in the respective parts.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet or chest with a swingable top, and a plurality of slide drawers slidably seated therein for extension therefrom, and laterally mounted therein by means of connected extensible members, separably. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one of the drawers, showing its extension members as mounted on one end thereof as also on a part of a side wall of the cabinet, the extension members not being shown on the opposite side wall. Figs. 3 and 4 are like side bars showing their outer faces. Fig. 5 is an intermediate bar, showing one side face thereof. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the movably connected assemblage of said side and intermediate bars, showing a tool as being used in effecting a separation of the bars. Fig. 6a is a fragmentary plan view, partly in section, of the side and intermediate bars in interengagement with eachother, the drawer partly withdrawn. Fig. 6b is a fragmentary perspective View of the side and intermediate bars in interengagement with each other, the drawer completely housed. Fig. 7 is a longitudinal section taken through the intermediate bar and apposed side bars. Fig. 8 is an end elevation of the intermediate bar. Fig. 9 is an end elevation of one of the side bars. Fig. 10 is a longitudinal section of the intermediate bar, with a medial portion broken away. Fig. 11 is a medial longitudinal section of an end part of a side bar, including its inturned end lug and adjacent aperture.
In Fig. 1 is shown an open front cabinet with a hinged top I8 and having an open front between end walls and the top I8 may be swung erect and held erect by the hinged brace I9. superposed drawers 2!] and 2| are mounted in the cabinet and protrusible forwardly therefrom on fixed and slidable sectional supports as at I, I6 and 5 positioned between the ends of the drawers and the side walls I1 of the cabinet and secured to both, by electric welding of the steel side bars I and 5 to and between steel side walls respectively of the cabinet at IT and of the drawer or drawers 2|, or, if the said walls are of wood, other fastening means may be employed.
As shown in Fig. 2, side bars I and 5, spaced apart, are fastened on the end walls, with an intermediate bar I6 between and slidably supported on the side bars. The drawers may have any desired handles 20a on their front Walls. In Fig. 1, while the upper drawer 2i] has on each end a single set of side bars with an intermediate bar I6, the lower drawer has on each outer end wall a superposed pair of the like elements for supporting a heavier loading. The side bars I and 5, being spaced apart, are reversed in relative positions, as shown in the Fig. 6b, an end elevation, with their upper and lower inturned edge parts rimmed to produce inward- 1y opening longitudinal channels. The intermediate bar is preferably made of like but reversed bars I2, I5 and 8, and I3, I6 and 9 whose 1ongitudinal edge parts I3 and 9, and I2 and 8 are offset respectively from each other transversely as shown in Fig. 8 with apposed and welded medial parts [5 and I6. As shown in Figs. '7, 8 and 10, bar springs I0 and I4 are mounted on opposite sides of the intermediate bar in the side depressions I6 and I 5 respectively and spaced apart at their inner free ends longitudinally and oppositely with their outer end parts united by welding to the opposite sides of the bar and relatively offset. Fig. 6b shows the side bars and intermediate bar as telescoped together, with the forked walls I3 and 9 of the intermediate bar I6 rideable loosely in the opposed channeled parts above and below the side bars I and 5.
In Figs. 6, 6b, 9 and 11 are shown at one end of each side bar I and 5 relatively opposite, inturned lugs 3 and 6 projecting nearly to the wall parts I6 and I5, and adjacent to each lug longitudinally is a medial aperture or hole 4 and 1 in alinement medially with the lugs 3 and 6. It will be seen, referring to Figs. 6 and 7, that when a drawer such as 20 or 2| is fully extended together with the extensions of the side bars along the intermediate bar, the free end of each spring is opposite the holes I and 4. In Figs. 1 and 2, an angle-bar 22 may be mounted in each rear inner corner of the drawer 20, while its side arm as also the abutting part of the side wall of the drawer are apertured in alinement at 23. When the arm sections I and 5 are extended along the intermediate bar outwardly (Fig. 6) the hole 4 in the bar I will be in alinement with the hole 23 traversing the angle-bar 22 and the abutting side wall of the drawer. The operator may then push a tool 24 through said alined apertures to compress the adjacent spring end toward or against the abutting wall of the intermediate bar, thus releasing it from the lug and as the intermediate bar may be moved in one direction longitudinally the tool is withdrawn at the moment when the abutting end of the spring Ill passes the lug, whereby further movement between the abutting elements will disconnect them. The other appliances at the opposite end of the drawer before the actual separation of the first set may be disconnected similarly by the operator using the tool 24 in the same way as some relative play is possible between the parts of the arms before the arms are fully extended and disconnected. V
A drawer is thus strongly mounted for carrying relatively heavy loads, yet is easily extended or returned manually without sagging or disconnection.
The combination with a cabinet and a drawer, the drawer having a transverse hole in a side wall thereof, of slides composed of inner members connected to the drawer and outer members similar to the inner members and connected to the cabinet, the slide on the drawer having an inturned lug at the inner end and the slide on the cabinet having an inturned lug at its outer end, each slide having a hole therethrough spaced narrowly from the adjacent lug, a central member composed of a pair of similar parts having their backs secured together and shaped to engage each of said inner and outer members, leaf springs secured at one nd of each to the front and rear, opposite walls of the central member respectively with their free ends directed oppositely thereon relative to each other and the leaf springs cooperating with the lugs to function as stop means for normally preventing complete removal of the drawer from the cabinet, whereby when certain of the inner and outer members are extended relative to each other to locate the hole in one member opposite to the free end part of the underlying spring of the abutting member, a tool may be passed through the inner end of the hole in said side wall and the hole in the abutting outer member to compress the adjacent spring to thus release its free end from the abutting lug, permitting separation of said central member from the adjacent side member and also from the drawer.