|Publication number||US2295720 A|
|Publication date||Sep 15, 1942|
|Filing date||Apr 16, 1941|
|Priority date||Apr 16, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2295720 A, US 2295720A, US-A-2295720, US2295720 A, US2295720A|
|Inventors||Dietzmann Siegfried J, Riemann Karl F|
|Original Assignee||Atus P Reuther, William E Beatty|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept 15, 1942- s. J. DIETZMANN ETAL 2,295,720
sUcKER Ron TOOL Filed April 16, 1941A 2 SheetS-Sheei'I l A7923. 7 RII/war# Sept' 15, 1942v s. J. DIE'rzMANN ETAL v2,295,720
SUCKER ROD TOOL Filed April 16, 1941 2 Sheets-Shed'l 2 Patented Sept. 15, 1942 SUCKER ROD TOOL Siegfried J. Dietzmann, Los Angeles,
' Paula, Calif.,
per cent to William E. Beatty and two and one-half per Riemann, Santa two and one-half Rcuther, both of and Karl F. Y assignors of cent to Atus P.
Los Angeles, Calif.
Application April 16, 1941, serial No. 338,814
This invention relates to a sucker rod tool for uncou-pling the sucker rod -as used in oil wells.
When the oil well becomes sanded up, it is necessary to pull the pump string, that is it is necessary to uncouple the sucker rod and its tubing, and ,remove them section by section until the full length f the sucker rod and its tubing have been removed from the well, for repair purposes. Heretofore it has been customary when the well is sanded up, to fasten a wheel to the sucker rod, the wheel having four levers or bars on each bar, the men walk around in a circle to twist the sucker rod in an attempt to make it unscrew at one of its sections. During this time, the hoist applies a lifting force to the sucker rod. lf the workmen cannot apply enough torsional force to the sucker rod to make it uncouple at one of its joints, it is customary to seta post in the path of one of the levers and then the men duck and let go of the levers so that one of them will strike the post and jar it to bring about the uncoupling. This practice is very `dangerous and has resulted in the loss of life and limb for two reasons. In the iirst place, bearing in mind that the sucker rod is several thousand feet long, four men twisting it can store up a large amount of torsion in it, and when the levers are released, if the men dont get out of the way fast enough, they are struck and seriously injured. In the second place, when the men are in the act of twisting the sucker rod, with the hoist pulling upwards on it, the sucker rod frequently comes uncoupled at an unexpected moment, whereby the tension of the hoist pulls the sucker rod and the four levers connected to it upwardly with a rapid jerk, and workmen have been seriously injured by being struck under the chin or otherwise by the upwardly moving levers. y
it is an object of the present invention to overcerne the above defects and to provide a sucker rod tool which may be used with safety, and without hazard to life and limb as alcove noted.
Another disadvantage of the prior practice isl dangerous, it is slow and tedious and requires the services' of several' men t@ cperate it. It is another object ofthe invention to provide a sucker rod tool which may be readily applied to the sucker rod and which may be operated by a single handle requiring the services of only one man. Although of course, more than one man could operate the handle if desired, or in fact it could be operated by any suitable source of power.
in section, of the sucker rod tool of Fig, 1, with The safety features and various advantages certain parts broken away. Figs. 3, 4 and 5 and 6 are sectional views on lines 3 3, 4 4, 5 5, 6 6 respectively.
Fig.A '7 is 'a plan view partly in section of a dog for preventing clockwise rotation of the gear.
Fig. 8 is a view in elevation, partly in section, of a modification for turning the gear at different speeds.
Fig. 9 is a sectional Referring in detail View on line 9 9 of Fig. 8. to the drawings, the reference No. I representsv pump tubing of an oil well, the tubing being in position in the well with a sucker rod 2 therein. As usual, the tubing I is made up in sections, and the sucker rod 2 is also made up in sections and provided with screw couplings 3. The top of sucker rod 2 is connected vto a cable i connected to a hoist not shown to pull upwardly on thevsucker rod 2 while it is being uncoupled, It is assumed that the oil well has been sanded up, and that the pur/np string 2, 3 must be removed from the well for repair purposes. This is accomplished according to the present invention by means of a sucker rod` tool 5 which comprises a frame 6 which is adapted to be supported at the top of tubing I by means of the tubing clamps 1 and 8, although the clamp 8 may be omitted. Clamp 'I comprises a semi-circular portion 9 as on the frame 6 with a cooperating semi-circular bandl Il, the portions 9 and I t being removably clamped around the tubing I by means of nuts and bolts such as II. The clamp 8 comprises a brace I2 pivotally connected at i3 to the bottom of frame 5 and pivotallyconnected at I4 Ato a bracket I 5 having a chain clamp I 6. The frame 6 has a horizontal arm I1 having a central aperture I8 in which iits4 the sleeve IS of a ring gear 2U. The top of arm I1 is provided with a plurality of balls 2| which serve as a bearing support for the gear 20. yThe sleeve I9 has a groove 22 and a pair of cooperating lock pins 23 and 24 shown in Fig. 6, to prevent vertical movement of gear 20. The sleeve I9 extends above gear 20 a substantial distance as shown Vat 25 and it houses a mandrel or clam-p 26 with which it has a sliding key lit. The sleeve portion 25 is provided with a lateral slot 21 in which the key 2.8 on mandrel 26 slides. The mandrel 26 is secured to the sucker rod 2 by means of the bolt 29 which has its inner end rotatably secured to a block 38, or bolt 29 may bear loosely on the block 39. The mandrel 26 has a lateral slot 3l to receive the sucker rod 2, this slot communicating with a central bore 32 having steel block inserts 33 and 34, a corner of each thereof projecting into the central bore 32 in order to bite into the sucker rod 2 when the bolt 29 is turned down, to prevent the mandrel 26 from slipping on the sucker rod 2.
Gear as shown in Fig. 6 has spiral or helical teeth 35 and across these teeth is cut a slot 36 to receive the sucker rod 2. Slot 36 after it crosses the teeth 35 is turned radially as shown at 31 and communicates with the central bore of the sleeve I9-25, welded to gear 29 at 15.
The sleeve portion 25 and the key 28 and slot 21 are elongated as shown, in order to permit the mandrel 26 to ride up and down with the motion of the sucker rod 2 when the gear 29 is rotated. Also, the key 28 and the slot 21 permit the mandrel 26 to slide out of the sleeve 25 when the sucker rod 2 is uncoupled, this operation not enabling danger to the workmen. The gear 20 is rotated by a suitable means such as the pinion 38 rotatably mounted in bearings 39 and 40 formed in the upwardly extending arms 4l and 42 of the frame 6. Frame 6 has an overhanging bracket 43 in which is rotatably mounted a roller 44 bearing on the top of gear 20 to keep it in mesh with the pinion 38. The pinion 38 is provided with a suitable handle 45 for rotating it.
As shown in Fig. 1, the frame 6 is provided with a dog 46 which is pressed by a spring 41 to engage the edge of the teeth 35 in order to prevent the gear 20 from moving clock-wise when it is being turned counter-clockwise by the handle 45 to uncouple the sucker rod 2.
The bearing formed by the arm l1 is provided with a slot 48 as shown in Fig. 6 to receive the sucker rod.
In the use of the tool, with clamps 1 and 8 open, the tool 5 is moved into position on the tubing I as shown in Fig. 1, at this time the 1 gear 20 having been rotated so that the slots 36, 31 in gear 20 and the slot 48 in the bearing l1 are in alignment so that the sucker rod 2 will pass through these slots to the bore of the gear 20. At this time the mandrel 26 is not in position on the sucker rod 2. It is then applied thereto, and the mandrel 26 is turned so that the key 28 will drop in the slot 21. The mandrel 26 is then secured to the sucker rod 2 by the bolt 29. 4 to counteract the weight of the sucker rod, which is usually several thousand feet long, and the device is ready to operate by simply turning the handle 45. The dog 46 prevents the gear 29 from turning back, and when enough torsion is applied to the sucker rod 2 to uncouple it, the upper portion of the sucker rod 2 jumps up carrying with it the mandrel 26 which does not endanger the workmen operating the handle 45.
According to the modification shown in Fig. 8,
the bracket 49 has no lower tubing clamp on it such as 8 and instead terminates in a tubing clamp 59. The bracket 49 has an arm 5l which provides a bearing 52 for the gear 53 which has one set of teeth 54 on its underside and another set 55 on its top. Bearing 52 is provided with a sucker rod receiving slot 56 as before, and the gear 53 is provided with a slot such as 36, 31' above described. Bracket or frame 49 carries a pinion 51 meshing with the teeth 55 and a The hoist pulls upwardly on the cable pinion 58 meshing with the teeth 54. Pinions 51 and and 58 are of dierent sizes in order to rotate the gear 53 at a high or low speed. The pinions are driven one at a time by means of a suitable handle such as 59. G ear 53 is provided on its periphery with notches 69 which cooperate with a dog 6| to prevent the gear 53 from turning back when it is under torsion of the sucker rod 2. The front of bracket 49, and the same is true of frame 6, may be about as wide as a human hand in order to provide a hand hold, and the edges of the frame 49 may be undulating as shown at 63 to form a hand grip.
The invention relates broadly to the use of a sucker rod clamp which is adapted to slide up and down in and automatically uncouple from its driving element, and it will be understood that various modications may be made in the safety device herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the present invention.
l. A sucker rod tool comprising the combination of a frame, means for securing said frame to the top of tubing from which a sucker rod projects, a gear rotatably carried by said frame, means for rotating said gear, said gear having a central bore communicating with a sucker rod receiving slot, a mandrel having a sliding key fit with the central bore of said gear, said mandrel having a lateral slot and a central bore to receive the sucker rod, and means for securing said mandrel to the sucker rod.
2. A sucker rod tool comprising a mandrel having a lateral slot and a bore to receive the sucker rod, means for securing said mandrel to the sucker rod, a gear having a socket to slidably and non-rotatively receive said mandrel, and means for rotating said gear, whereby said mandrel is adapted to slide out of said gear when the sucker rod is uncoupled.
3. A sucker rod tool comprising a frame, a gear rotatably carried thereby, said gear having a central bore and slot, and said frame having fastening devices permitting the sucker rod to pass through said slot to the axis of said gear and permitting said frame to be laterally applied to the tubing, a mandrel having a sliding key t with the bore of said gear and means for securing said mandrel to the sucker rod.
4:. A sucker rod tool comprising a frame having a tubing clamp, a mandrel having a sucker rod receiving bore, said mandrel having a cut for laterally assembling said mandrel around the sucker rod, a gear having a socket for said mandrel, a bearing for said gear on said frame, said gear and said bearing each having a cut to permit laterally assembling said gear and said bearing coaxially of the sucker rod, and means for rotating said gear.
5. A sucker rod tool comprising a frame, means for securing said frame to tubing from which a sucker rod projects, a gear having teeth, a bearing on said frame for said gear, said gear having a central bore to receive the sucker rod, said gear having a slot extending from the periphery of said gear across said teeth and communicating with said bore, a sucker rod receiving slot in said bearing, a mandrel fitting said bore and having a slot to laterally receive the sucker rod, means for securing said mandrel to the sucker rod, a key on said mandrel adapted to engage the inner end of the slot in said gear, and a cooperating rotatable member on said frame for driving said gear.
6. A sucker rod tool comprising a combination of a frame, means for securing said frame to the top of tubing from which a sucker rod projects, a gear having teeth on opposite sides thereof rotatably carried by said frame, a pinion for the teeth on each side of said gear, said gear having a central bore and a lateral slot to receive the sucker rod, a bearing for said gear, a sucker rod receiving slot in said bearing, a, mandrel having a sliding key fit with the central bore of said gear, and means for securing said mandrel to the sucker rod.
7. A sucker rod tool comprising a frame having a tubing clamp, a mandrel having a sucker rod clamp, said mandrel having a cut to laterally receive the sucker rod, a gear, a bearing on said frame for said gear, said bearing and said gear having cuts to laterally receive the sucker rod, said gear having a bore to slidably and non-rotatively receive said mandrel, and means on said frame for rotating said gear.
8. A sucker rod tool according to claim 7 ccmprising a plurality of pinions operatively connected to drive said gears at diierent speeds, and bearings on said frame for said pinions.
SIEGFRIVED J. DIETZMANN. KARL F. VRIEMAN'N.
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|US2475606 *||Nov 14, 1945||Jul 12, 1949||Gagnon Theodore L||Turnbuckle wrench|
|US2586185 *||Feb 7, 1950||Feb 19, 1952||Stuwe Henry||Flywheel rotating device|
|US2623734 *||Apr 15, 1947||Dec 30, 1952||Sibble Walter C||Power-operated pipe wrench|
|US2795985 *||Mar 9, 1955||Jun 18, 1957||Stanton Ironworks Co Ltd||Joints in pipes|
|US3293959 *||Jun 15, 1964||Dec 27, 1966||Kennard Thomas A||Pipe supporting well tool|
|US4844171 *||Mar 22, 1988||Jul 4, 1989||Russell Jr William G||Adapter|
|US5361831 *||Apr 26, 1993||Nov 8, 1994||Atlantic Richfield Company||Rod coupling breakout device|
|US5388647 *||Feb 12, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||Mcglothlin; Charles E.||Sucker rod back off tool|
|US7331746 *||Nov 29, 2004||Feb 19, 2008||Iron Derrickman Ltd.||Apparatus for handling and racking pipes|
|US7794192 *||Apr 18, 2007||Sep 14, 2010||Iron Derrickman Ltd.||Apparatus for handling and racking pipes|
|US20060113073 *||Nov 29, 2004||Jun 1, 2006||Wright Monte N||Apparatus for handling and racking pipes|
|US20070193750 *||Apr 18, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Iron Derrickman Ltd.||Apparatus for handling and racking pipes|
|U.S. Classification||166/77.51, 81/57.16|
|International Classification||E21B19/00, E21B19/16|